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Juana Bormann

Aufseherin (Female attendant)
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Juana Bormann (or Johana Borman) (1903 ÔÇô December 13 1945) was a prison guard at several Nazi concentration camps, and was executed as a war criminal at Hameln after a trial in 1945. She was not related to leading Nazi Martin Bormann.

At her trial, Bormann said she had joined the Auxiliary SS in 1938 "to earn more money." She first served at the Lichtenburg concentration camp, in Lichtenburg, Saxony under SS Oberaufseherin Jane Bernigau with 49 other SS women. In 1939 she was assigned to oversee a work crew at the new Ravensbr├╝ck women's camp near Berlin. In March 1942, Bormann was one of a handful of women selected for guard duty at Auschwitz in Poland. Short in stature, she was known for her cruelty.[1] Victims called her "Wiesel" and "the woman with the dogs."[2] In October 1942 Bormann went to Auschwitz-Birkenau as an Aufseherin. Her supervisors included Maria Mandel, Margot Drexler (Drechsel, Dreschel) and Irma Grese. Juana was eventually moved to Budy, a nearby subcamp where she continued her abuse on the prisoners.[1]

In 1944, as German losses mounted, Bormann was transferred to the auxiliary camp at Hindenburg (now called Zabrze, Poland) in Silesia. In January 1945 she returned to Ravensbr├╝ck. In March she arrived at her last post, Bergen-Belsen, near Celle, where she served under Josef Kramer, Irma Grese and Elisabeth Volkenrath (all of whom had served with her in Birkenau.) On April 15, 1945 the British army took Bergen-Belsen, finding over 10,000 corpses and 60,000 survivors. The liberators forced all SS personnel to carry the dead.

Bormann was later incarcerated and interrogated by the military, then prosecuted at the Belsen Trial which lasted from September 17, 1945 to November 17, 1945. The court heard testimony relating to murders she had committed at Auschwitz and Belsen, sometimes unleashing her "big bad wolfhound" German shepherd on helpless prisoners. She was found guilty and hanged (along with Grese and Volkenrath) on December 13, 1945.[2]

Her executioner, Albert Pierrepoint, later wrote,

She limped down the corridor looking old and haggard. She was 42 years old, standing only a little over five feet. She was trembling as she was put on the scale. In German she said: 'I have my feelings'.[3]


  1. ^ a b Bormann on
  2. ^ a b Bormann on
  3. ^ Pierrepoint, Albert (1974). Executioner. Harrap. ISBN 0245520708.  

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