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The central Judean Mountains
The populated area around Jerusalem. View from Jerusalem's entrance

The Judean Mountains, (Arabic: جبال الخليل; Transliteration: Jibal al-Khalil, Hebrew: הרי יהודה‎; Transliteration: Harei Yehuda) also referred to as the Judean Hills or Hebron Hills and Jibal al-Khalil, is the name for the mountain range in Israel and the West Bank where Jerusalem and several other biblical cities are located.

Running generally north-south, the mountains extend both to the west and east of Jerusalem, the southern end known as Mount Hebron. Other important cities in the mountain range are Hebron, Bethlehem and Ramallah. The range forms a natural division between the Shephelah coastal plains to the west and the Jordan Rift Valley to the east, as well as causing the rain shadow responsible for the Judean desert.

In prehistoric times, animals no longer found in the Levant region were found here, including elephants, rhinoceri, giraffes and Wild Asian Water Buffalo.[1] The range has karst topography including a stalactite cave in Nahal Sorek National Park between Jerusalem and Beit Shemesh and the area surrounding Ofra, where fossils of prehistoric flora and fauna were found.

The Judean Mountains have an Israel Railways line which from Bet Shemesh along the Brook of Sorek and Valley of Rephaim into Jerusalem's southern train station. Currently, a plan for development of the Judean Mountains region is in progress.

The most holy places of Judaism are located in this mountain range (the Temple Mount and the Tomb of the Patriarchs).

External links

Coordinates: 31°40′N 35°10′E / 31.667°N 35.167°E / 31.667; 35.167

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The Judean Mountains, (Arabic: جبال الخليل; Transliteration: Jibal al-Khalil, Hebrew: הרי יהודה‎; Transliteration: Harei Yehuda) also referred to as the Judean Hills or Hebron Hills and Jibal al-Khalil, is the name for the mountain range in Israel and the West Bank where Jerusalem and several other biblical cities are located.[citation needed]

Running generally north-south, the mountains extend both to the west and east of Jerusalem, the southern end known as Mount Hebron. Other important cities in the mountain range are Hebron, Bethlehem and Ramallah. The range forms a natural division between the Shephelah coastal plains to the west and the Jordan Rift Valley to the east, as well as causing the rain shadow responsible for the Judean desert.[citation needed]

In prehistoric times, animals no longer found in the Levant region were found here, including elephants, rhinoceri, giraffes and Wild Asian Water Buffalo.[1] The range has karst topography including a stalactite cave in Nahal Sorek National Park between Jerusalem and Beit Shemesh and the area surrounding Ofra, where fossils of prehistoric flora and fauna were found.[citation needed]

The Judean Mountains have an Israel Railways line which from Beit Shemesh along the Brook of Sorek and Valley of Rephaim into Jerusalem's southern train station. Currently, a plan for development of the Judean Mountains region is in progress.[citation needed]

The most holy places of Judaism are located in this mountain range (the Temple Mount and the Tomb of the Patriarchs).

External links


Coordinates: 31°40′N 35°10′E / 31.667°N 35.167°E / 31.667; 35.167


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