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Judo
(柔道)
Jigoro Kano and Kyuzo Mifune.jpg
Jigoro Kano (r) and Kyuzo Mifune (l).
Focus Grappling
Hardness Full Contact
Country of origin Japan Japan
Creator Kano Jigoro
Famous practitioners Mitsuo Maeda, Kyuzo Mifune, Keiko Fukuda, Masahiko Kimura, Gene LeBell, Anton Geesink, Yasuhiro Yamashita, Neil Adams, Hidehiko Yoshida, Kosei Inoue
Parenthood Various jujutsu schools, principally Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū, Kito-ryū, and Fusen-ryū
Descendant arts Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Kawaishi-ryū jujutsu, Kosen Judo, Sambo
Olympic sport Since 1964[1] (men) and 1992[2][3] (women)
Official website kodokan.org
.Judo or Jūdō (柔道 jūdō?, meaning "gentle way") is a modern Japanese martial art (gendai budō) and combat sport, that originated in Japan in the late nineteenth century.^ Developed in Japan in the late nineteenth century, Judo is a Japanese martial and combat sport.
  • Tag: Judo - Explore content tagged Judo on eHow.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Judo is a "soft-form" martial art.

^ Judo is a martial art , one of the few that are pure sports martial arts.
  • judo@Everything2.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the object is to either throw one's opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue one's opponent with a grappling manoeuvre, or force an opponent to submit by joint locking the elbow or by executing a choke.^ How to fall safely on the mat How to escape from grabs How to apply wrist and joint locks How to use momentum to escape an attack How to do throws Body mechanics to better apply a technique or throw an opponent How to control an opponent on the ground How to compete in a Judo Match   .

^ Osaekomi waza : matholds and pins Shime waza : choking and strangling techniques Kansetsu waza : arm bars and joint locking techniques .
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ Ground technique - You learn how to grapple , subdue and control others in various grappling techniques Locks - You learn how to bend and manipulate joints (wrists, elbows and shoulders in particular) so the person you do them on can't get away.
  • judo@Everything2.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Strikes and thrusts (by hands and feet)—as well as weapons defences—are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice (randori).^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Learn how to do a 2 handed over shoulder throw in competitive judo in this free video clip on marital arts.
  • Tag: Judo - Explore content tagged Judo on eHow.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo also encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.Ultimately, the philosophy and subsequent pedagogy developed for judo became the model for almost all modern Japanese martial arts that developed from "traditional" schools (koryū).^ The colored belts that are used by almost every modern martial art system were developed for Judo.

^ Judo is a "soft-form" martial art.

^ Judo is one of the oldest Japanese martial arts and is also an Olympic sport.
  • SportJudo Homepage 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC sportjudo.org [Source type: News]

.In addition, the worldwide spread of judo has led to the development of a number of offshoots such as Sambo, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu and Bartitsu.^ There are many styles of Judo: Olympic Judo: American Combat Judo: Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Judo-do: Kawaishi-ryu jujutsu: Kosen Judo: Russian Judo: Sambo (especially Sport Sambo) Applies to all Regions (66) .
  • Judo Resources from the Virtual Library of Sport 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: News]

^ Our athletes have been extremely successful in various types of competition, such as Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, Submission Grappling, Mixed Martial Arts and, of course, Olympic Sport Judo.
  • MySpace - RISING SUN JUDO - 39 - Male - LAS VEGAS, Nevada - myspace.com/risingsunjudo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the beginning this has been due to my Dojo, Hidden Valley Judo and Jiu Jitsu .
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) was developed after Mitsuyo Maeda brought judo to Brazil in 1914. At the time, judo was still often commonly referred to as "Jiu-Jitsu", which explains why this derivative of judo is called Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu rather than Brazilian Judo.^ There are many styles of Judo: Olympic Judo: American Combat Judo: Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Judo-do: Kawaishi-ryu jujutsu: Kosen Judo: Russian Judo: Sambo (especially Sport Sambo) Applies to all Regions (66) .
  • Judo Resources from the Virtual Library of Sport 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: News]

^ Our athletes have been extremely successful in various types of competition, such as Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, Submission Grappling, Mixed Martial Arts and, of course, Olympic Sport Judo.
  • MySpace - RISING SUN JUDO - 39 - Male - LAS VEGAS, Nevada - myspace.com/risingsunjudo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the beginning this has been due to my Dojo, Hidden Valley Judo and Jiu Jitsu .
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Practitioners of judo are called jūdōka.^ Practitioners of judo are called judoka .
  • Son of Siam / Judo / Cincinnati, OH 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC sonofsiam.com [Source type: News]

History and philosophy

Kano Jigoro

Early life of the founder

.The early history of judo is inseparable from its founder, Japanese polymath and educator Jigoro Kano (嘉納 治五郎 Kanō Jigorō, 1860–1938).^ The father of Judo is Professor Jigoro Kano (1860-1938).
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ A kata guruma is one of the original moves developed by Jigoro Kano, the man who invented judo.
  • Tag: Judo - Explore content tagged Judo on eHow.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Check this description of Judo by Jigoro Kano himself.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

Kano was born into a well-to-do Japanese family. His grandfather was a self-made man a sake brewer from Shiga prefecture in central Japan. However, Kano's father was not the eldest son and therefore did not inherit the business. Instead, he became a Shinto priest and government official, with enough influence for his son to enter the second incoming class of Tokyo Imperial University.

Founder pursues jujutsu

.Kano was a small, frail boy, who, even in his twenties, did not weigh more than a hundred pounds (45 kg), and was often picked on by bullies.^ There were even a few people who did not climb - the Black Hills are beautiful so just being there is enough reason.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

^ When I hire someone into a company, even a person who is fairly junior, I am not surprised if they are better at something than I am.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Materials of jacket are recommended using more than 70% cotton, and weight of the materials are recommended to be less than 1 kg/ ㎡ .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.He first started pursuing jujutsu, at that time a dying art,[4] at the age of 17, but met with little success.^ He studied jujutsu at an early age and founded the Kodokan to teach the art of Judo.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

.This was in part due to difficulties finding a teacher who would take him on as a student.^ If anyone at a university or community college would be interested in being part of a program to attract certified public school teachers in order to develop Judo in public schools.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.When he went to university to study literature at the age of 18, he continued his martial arts studies, eventually gaining a referral to Fukuda Hachinosuke (c.1828–c.1880), a master of the Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū and grandfather of Keiko Fukuda (born 1913), who is Kano's only surviving student, and the highest-ranking female jūdōka in the world.^ Unlike some of the more stylized traditional martial arts, Judo does not rely on aesthetic judgments by masters to determine which technique is better.
  • SportJudo Homepage 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC sportjudo.org [Source type: News]

^ It is not as useful for the Judo expert or an individual who has not yet begun Judo training, but it is the kind of basic information that lower rank students may be required to know for promotion.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ He studied jujutsu at an early age and founded the Kodokan to teach the art of Judo.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

.Fukuda Hachinosuke is said to have emphasized technique over formal exercise, sowing the seeds of Kano's emphasis on free practice (randori) in judo.^ Randori: free practice.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ A formal demonstration of prearranged techniques of Judo.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ Jujutsu retains more dangerous self defense techniques, while Judo can generally be practiced with full force and complete safety.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

A little more than a year after Kano joined Fukuda's school, Fukuda became ill and died. .Kano then became a student in another Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū school, that of Iso Masatomo (c.1820–c.1881), who put more emphasis on the practice of pre-arranged forms (kata) than Fukuda had.^ You can compete either in SHIAI (fights) or KATA (practice forms), though you do not have to compete at all.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ I’ve read more books, watched more film, put in more hours and done more time than you could imagine.

^ This tournament included competition in Nage No Kata and Katame No Kata, practice forms which teach competition skills, and Ju No Kata and Kime No Kata, forms which teach self defense.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Through dedication, Kano quickly earned the title of master instructor (shihan) and became assistant instructor to Iso at the age of 21. Unfortunately, Iso soon took ill, and Kano, feeling that he still had much to learn, took up another style, becoming a student of Iikubo Tsunetoshi (1835–1889) of Kitō-ryū. .Like Fukuda, Iikubo placed much emphasis on free practice.^ His Dojo places particular emphasis on the practical use of Aikido in everyday life, and much of his teaching starts from that point.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

.On the other hand, Kitō-ryū emphasized throwing techniques to a much greater degree than Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū.^ Should one Judge express an opinion of a higher degree and the other Judge an opinion of a lower degree than that of the Referee, the Referee must maintain his opinion.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Throwing an opponent on the front of his body, knee(s), hand(s), or elbow(s) will only be counted as the same as any other attack.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ I had gotten good at throws, and relied on my strength and size on the ground rather than my technique.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

Founding

.By this time, Kano was devising new techniques, such as the "shoulder wheel" (kata-guruma, known as a fireman's carry to Western wrestlers who use a slightly different form of this technique) and the "floating hip" (uki goshi) throw.^ Notably, these are the Ogoshi, Uki Goshi, and similar hip throws.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Seoi Nage (shoulder throw) is blocked you drop to your knees and do do almost a drop Tsurikomi Goshi (lift pull hip throw).
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

^ We spent the day working on self defense techniques and learned a new kata of self defense.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

.However, he was already thinking about doing far more than just expanding the canons of Kitō-ryū and Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū.^ But I think this tells me a lot more than just: My throws are getting pretty good, my ground game needs a lot of work.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I love working wit new students… It’s amazing how much more it sometimes makes you think when you teach something, rather than just do something.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When doing so, It is far easier to move a box-spring than it is a big, floppy mattress.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Full of new ideas, Kano had in mind a major reformation of jujutsu, with techniques based on sound scientific principles, and with focus on development of the body, mind and character of young men in addition to development of martial prowess.^ However, many martial arts styles have a heavy focus on spiritual development and enlightenment ; this element is absent in other performing arts.
  • judo@Everything2.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Martial sports such as judo focus mainly on the development of skills for the sake of winning competitions (though they do focus on mental training).
  • judo@Everything2.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Martial arts such as kung fu and hapkido focus entirely on developing skill for the sake of self-defense, self-improvement, and spiritual enlightenment .
  • judo@Everything2.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In May 1882, at the age of 22, when he was just about to finish his degree at the University, Kano took nine students from Iikubo's school to study jujutsu under him at the Eisho-ji, a Buddhist temple in Kamakura, and Iikubo came to the temple three days a week to help teach.^ When I received my green belt (the first belt above white in Judo), it took me about nine months to feel like I really was “a green belt.” What does that mean?
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I had said the other day that tori's throw, just about any one in the book, has to drive uke's center of gravity straight down.
  • PlanetJudo. All the latest Judo Blogs and news in one place. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.planetjudo.com [Source type: General]

^ Jigaro Kano studied the various schools of Jujitsu, and wanted to create a form of exercise that would help to strengthen mind and body like Jujitsu but would also be surviveable.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.Although two years would pass before the temple would be called by the name "Kodokan", or "place for teaching the way", and Kano had not yet been accorded the title of "master" in the Kitō-ryū, this is now regarded as the Kodokan's founding.^ He studied jujutsu at an early age and founded the Kodokan to teach the art of Judo.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ Baltimore Judo Club has has been teaching Kodokan Judo for over 55 years.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ I had the opportunity to coach a gentleman by the name of Ray Marquez who place 3rd in the World at the Masters Judo Championships.

.Judo[5] was originally known as Kano Jiu-Jitsu or Kano Jiu-Do, and later as Kodokan Jiu-Do or simply Jiu-Do or Judo.^ From the beginning this has been due to my Dojo, Hidden Valley Judo and Jiu Jitsu .
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When I first started into Judo and Jiu Jitsu a few years ago I was pretty aggressive.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The most complete book written about Judo is still Kodokan Judo, written by Jigoro Kano.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.In the early days, it was also still referred to generically simply as Jiu-Jitsu.^ In the 1950s, 60s and the very early 70s in the USA , almost all martial training was called simply “judo,” an easy, generic name.
  • Hock Hochheim's Police Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.hockscqc.com [Source type: General]

[6]

Meaning of Judo

Formalism and strict conduct are typical of traditional judo.
.Judo: "The way of gentleness".
The word "judo" shares the same root ideogram as "jujutsu": "" (?), which may mean "gentleness", "softness", "suppleness", and even "easy", depending on its context.
^ Bismarck Gentle Ways Judo News Lights, Camera, Action by Russell Sorenson .
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

^ This past June, the Bismarck Gentle Ways Judo dojo hosted an Aikido Seminar with Guy Hagen.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

^ Java collection classes share same syntax as Judo container data structures.
  • Frequently Asked Questions about Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.judoscript.org [Source type: Reference]

Such attempts to translate are deceptive, however. The use of in each of these words is an explicit reference to the martial arts principle of the "soft method" (柔法 jūhō?). The soft method is characterized by the indirect application of force to defeat an opponent. .More specifically, it is the principle of using one's opponent's strength against him and adapting well to changing circumstances.^ Sometimes we chastise (yes, I am one of the few people who regularly uses the word 'chastise') those people for not being more dedicated, more on top of things, more some thing.
  • PlanetJudo. All the latest Judo Blogs and news in one place. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.planetjudo.com [Source type: General]

^ Many judo instructors around the world think that this change ONLY manipulates the techniques one can use in judo, when it fact this SMALL RULE changes EVERYTHING!!!!

^ The counter, which is called O Uchi Ggari Gaeshi, deconstructs this leverage yet uses the very same ideas against him.
  • PlanetJudo. All the latest Judo Blogs and news in one place. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.planetjudo.com [Source type: General]

.For example, if the attacker was to push against his opponent he would find his opponent stepping to the side and allowing his momentum (often with the aid of a foot to trip him up) to throw him forwards (the inverse being true for pulling).^ Once we would stand up, he kept pushing the pace, pushing us to grab back onto some one an keep going.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You push, expecting a specific result, and it bends and sways under the pressure, absorbing some of it, and not being tipped and moved as easily as you would hope.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Koshi Garuma, or the head-throw (known in wrestling as the head-and-arm) can be a very good throw as an opponent is swinging at you, or as you step in to punch.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Kano saw jujutsu as a disconnected bag of tricks, and sought to unify it according to a principle, which he found in the notion of "maximum efficiency". Jujutsu techniques that relied solely on superior strength were discarded or adapted in favour of those that involved redirecting the opponent's force, off-balancing the opponent, or making use of superior leverage.^ I had gotten good at throws, and relied on my strength and size on the ground rather than my technique.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Lakewood, Washington - USA) Maximum Efficiency Mutual Benefit and Welfare -The maxims of Jigoro Kano, Founder of Kodokan Judo.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

The second characters of judo and jujutsu differ. Where jujutsu (柔術 jūjutsu?) means the "art", "science", or "techniques" of softness, judo (柔道 jūdō?) means the "way" of softness. The use of "" (?), meaning way, road or path (and is the same character as the Chinese word "tao"), has philosophical overtones. This is the same distinction as is made between Budō and Bujutsu. Use of this word is a deliberate departure from ancient martial arts, whose sole purpose was for killing. .Kano saw judo as a means for governing and improving oneself physically, mentally, emotionally and morally.^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo also encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.He even extended the physical principle of maximum efficiency into daily life, evolving it into "mutual prosperity". In this respect, judo is seen as a holistic approach to life extending well beyond the confines of the dojo.^ Maximized Living has teamed with USA Judo to deliver a holistic, whole-athlete approach...
  • USA Judo | US Olympic Headquarters for the Most Practiced of the Martial Arts 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.usjudo.org [Source type: News]

^ (Lakewood, Washington - USA) Maximum Efficiency Mutual Benefit and Welfare -The maxims of Jigoro Kano, Founder of Kodokan Judo.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

Judoka (practitioner)

.A practitioner of judo is known as a judoka or "judo practitioner", though traditionally only those of 4th Dan or higher were called "judoka". The suffix -ka, when added to a noun, means a person with expertise or special knowledge on that subject.^ Now, while many of those same traits are also powerful, and effective in Judo and Jujitsu, if you rely on them only, I think you miss the spirit of what these arts are.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Only personal habits and tactless actions with fair sex seem to be blocking his 4- dan.

.Other practitioners below the rank of 4th dan were called kenkyu-sei or "trainees". However, today the term judoka is used worldwide to refer to any practitioner of judo without any particular level of expertise being implied.^ In other words, Judo passes SQL and other parameters via JDBC API to the specific JDBC driver being used without further filtering and interpretation.
  • Frequently Asked Questions about Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.judoscript.org [Source type: Reference]

^ If, however, you would like to search for a martial arts book, video, T-shirt, uniform or other product, from Amazon.com , feel free to use the search link below.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ I need to be able to be humble and learn (which I think I do pretty well at in Judo), but along with that humility, I need to make sure that I still recognize my abilities, and am “humble” without being “humbled”, or “broken”.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

.A judo teacher is called sensei.^ Students from the NDSU Judo Club attending Camp Bushido West one summer returned all abuzz about a new teacher at camp, Sensei Bueno and a martial art called Arnis.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

The word sensei comes from sen or saki (before) and sei (life) – i.e. one who has preceded you. In Western dojos it is common to call any instructor of dan grade sensei. Traditionally, that title was reserved for instructors of 4th dan and above.

Judogi (uniform)

The jūdōgi is made from a heavy weave to withstand the strength of throwing and grappling.
.Judo practitioners traditionally wear white uniforms called jūdōgi, which simply means "judo uniform", for practising judo.^ (The first Contestant called shall wear the blue Judogi; the second shall wear the white.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ When I received my green belt (the first belt above white in Judo), it took me about nine months to feel like I really was “a green belt.” What does that mean?
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the 1950s, 60s and the very early 70s in the USA , almost all martial training was called simply “judo,” an easy, generic name.
  • Hock Hochheim's Police Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.hockscqc.com [Source type: General]

Sometimes the word is seen shortened simply to gi (uniform). .The jūdōgi was created by Kano in 1907, and similar uniforms were later adopted by many other martial arts.^ If, however, you would like to search for a martial arts book, video, T-shirt, uniform or other product, from Amazon.com , feel free to use the search link below.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ He has studied a variety of martial arts, but has always credited Gentle Ways' dojo and Sensei Borgen's teaching as a benchmark for all other dojo's and teachers.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

^ There was something familiar to everyone there from all different martial arts, and many things new.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

.The modern jūdōgi consists of white or blue cotton drawstring pants and a matching white or blue quilted cotton jacket, fastened by a belt (obi).^ The contestant’s name may be worn on the belt, uniform lower front top of the jacket and upper front top of the pants and must be a maximum of 3cm x 10cm.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

The belt is usually coloured to indicate rank. The jacket is intended to withstand the stresses of grappling, and as a result, is much thicker than that of a karate uniform (karategi).
.The modern use of the blue judogi was first suggested by Anton Geesink at the 1986 Maastricht IJF DC Meeting.^ (The first Contestant called shall wear the blue Judogi; the second shall wear the white.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

[7] .For competition, a blue jūdōgi is worn by one of the two competitors for ease of distinction by judges, referees, and spectators.^ The decision of the contest where one contestant is unable to continue because of injury, illness or accident during the contest shall be given by the Referee after consultation with the Judges according to the following clauses: .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ At the announcement of Hantei by the Referee, the Referee and the two (2) Judges shall raise the appropriate coloured flag high above their heads to indicate which contestant they consider to be the winner.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ A Discussion is possible and necessary only if the Referee or one of the Judges has clearly seen something which was not visible to the other two (2), and which could change their decision.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.In Japan, both judoka still use a white judogi and the traditional red sash (based on the colours of the Japanese flag) is affixed to the belt of one competitor.^ A blue and a white flag shall be placed in a holster affixed to each chair.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Flags (Referee) A blue and a white flag for the Referee to use in the Hantei situation in the “Golden Score” contest shall be available close by the contest area (e.g.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.Outside Japan, a coloured sash may also be used for convenience in minor competitions, the blue jūdōgi only being mandatory at the regional or higher levels.^ Once the contest has started, the contestants may only leave the competition area if given permission to do so by the Referee.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

Japanese practitioners and purists tend to look down on the use of blue jūdōgi.[7]

Techniques and practice

.While judo includes a variety of rolls, falls, throws, hold downs, chokes, joint-locks, and strikes, the primary focus is on throwing (投げ技 nage-waza?), and groundwork (ne-waza).^ At the seminar on Saturday Sensei Bueno presented a wide range of techniques including Arnis, joint locks, takes downs and matwork.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.Throws are divided in two groups of techniques, standing techniques (tachi-waza), and sacrifice techniques (捨身技 sutemi-waza?).^ Te waza : hand and arm techniques Koshi waza : hip techniques Ashi waza : foot and leg techniques Ma sutemi waza : rear sacrifice techniques Yoko sutemi waza : side sacrifice techniques .
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ Though ground work is clearly his preference, we also did tachi waza (standing techniques.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

^ When performing Sutemi-waza, a throw is considered valid if the thrower has one half or more of his body within the contest area.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.Standing techniques are further divided into hand techniques (手技 te-waza?), hip techniques (腰技 koshi-waza?), and foot and leg techniques (足技 ashi-waza?).^ Te waza : hand and arm techniques Koshi waza : hip techniques Ashi waza : foot and leg techniques Ma sutemi waza : rear sacrifice techniques Yoko sutemi waza : side sacrifice techniques .
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ Though ground work is clearly his preference, we also did tachi waza (standing techniques.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

.Sacrifice techniques are divided into those in which the thrower falls directly backwards (真捨身技 ma-sutemi-waza?), and those in which he falls onto his side (橫捨身技 yoko-sutemi-waza?).^ When performing Sutemi-waza, a throw is considered valid if the thrower has one half or more of his body within the contest area.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Kawazu-gake (Yoko-sutemi-waza) .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ MA-SUTEMI-WAZA .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.The ground fighting techniques (ne-waza) are divided into attacks against the joints or joint locks (関節技 kansetsu-waza?), strangleholds or chokeholds (絞技 shime-waza?), and holding or pinning techniques (押込技 osaekomi-waza?).^ Osaekomi waza : matholds and pins Shime waza : choking and strangling techniques Kansetsu waza : arm bars and joint locking techniques .
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ Osaekomi-waza, Shime-waza, Kansetsu-waza, appears in need of or calls for a rest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ At the seminar on Saturday Sensei Bueno presented a wide range of techniques including Arnis, joint locks, takes downs and matwork.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

.A kind of sparring is practised in judo, known as randori (乱取り?), meaning "free practice". In randori, two adversaries may attack each other with any judo throw or grappling technique.^ Randori: free practice.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ Jujutsu retains more dangerous self defense techniques, while Judo can generally be practiced with full force and complete safety.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

^ It is not as useful for the Judo expert or an individual who has not yet begun Judo training, but it is the kind of basic information that lower rank students may be required to know for promotion.
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

.Striking techniques (atemi-waza) such as kicking and punching, along with knife and sword techniques are retained in the kata.^ Nage waza (throwing techniques), Katame waza (grappling techniques), Atemi waza (striking techniques) .
  • judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC judo.i.ph [Source type: General]

.This form of pedagogy is usually reserved for higher ranking practitioners (for instance, in the kime-no-kata), but are forbidden in contest, and usually prohibited in randori for reasons of safety.^ We did Nage no Kata (forms of throwing), Kime no Kata (forms of decision), Joshi Goshin Ho (women's self defense) and Ju no Kata (forms of gentleness).
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

^ Demonstration of various waza against cooperating partner, a practice contest against a representative of the grade you are trying for, and Nage and Katame-no-Kata.

^ This tournament included competition in Nage No Kata and Katame No Kata, practice forms which teach competition skills, and Ju No Kata and Kime No Kata, forms which teach self defense.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.Also for reasons of safety, chokeholds, joint locking, and the sacrifice techniques are subject to age or rank restrictions.^ At the seminar on Saturday Sensei Bueno presented a wide range of techniques including Arnis, joint locks, takes downs and matwork.
  • Gentle Ways, inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC gentleways.com [Source type: General]

For example, in the United States one must be 13 or older to use chokeholds, and 16 or older to use armlocks.
.In randori and tournament (shiai) practice, when an opponent successfully executes a chokehold or joint lock, one submits, or "taps out", by tapping the mat or one's opponent at least twice in a manner that clearly indicates the submission.^ In the final, Travis controlled his match with Antoine Valois-Fortier (CAN), ultimately locking in an armbar against the Canadian who tried unsuccessfully to stand out of the submission before he was forced to tap out.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

When this occurs the match is over, the tapping player has lost, and the chokehold or joint lock ceases.

Kata (forms)

.Forms (kata) are pre-arranged patterns of attack and defence, which in judo are practised with a partner for the purpose of perfecting judo techniques.^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Much of the more dangerous forms used in Jujitsu are still in Judo but only in Kata form.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Much of the more dangerous forms used in Jujitsu are still in Judo but only in Kata form where they can be practiced in a controlled manner.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.More specifically, their purposes include illustrating the basic principles of judo, demonstrating the correct execution of a technique, teaching the philosophical tenets upon which judo is based, allowing for the practice of techniques that are not allowed in competition, and to preserve ancient techniques that are historically important but are no longer used in contemporary judo.^ Judo Formal Techniques includes a historical background, theoretical aspects and a tremendous amount of detail with clear, concise explanations about the study and performance of the two Kata.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Grass roots knowledge about cutting edge techniques used in international competitions as well as time honored Judo tactics as taught by some of the best teachers available.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo also encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Knowledge of various kata is a requirement for the attainment of a higher rank.
There are seven kata that are recognised by the Kodokan today:
There are also other kata that are not officially recognised by the Kodokan but that continue to be practised. .The most prominent example of these is the Go no sen no kata, a kata that focuses on counter-attacks to attempted throws.^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Randori (sparring)

Judo emphasizes a free-style sparring, called randori, as one of its main forms of training. .Part of the combat time is spent sparring standing up, called tachi-waza, and the other part on the ground, called ne-waza.^ Osaekomi-waza, Shime-waza, Kansetsu-waza, appears in need of or calls for a rest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.Sparring, even subject to safety rules, is much more practically effective than only practising techniques on their own, which is what jujutsuka were used to doing.^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo also encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Many judo instructors around the world think that this change ONLY manipulates the techniques one can use in judo, when it fact this SMALL RULE changes EVERYTHING!!!!

^ I love working wit new students… It’s amazing how much more it sometimes makes you think when you teach something, rather than just do something.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Using full strength develops the muscles and cardio-vascular system on the physical side of things, and it develops strategy and reaction time on the mental side of things, and helps the practitioner learn to use techniques against a resisting opponent.^ It is a system of self-defense, a physical and mental discipline that was first contested in the Olympic Games at the Tokyo Olympic Games in 1964.
  • USA Judo | US Olympic Headquarters for the Most Practiced of the Martial Arts 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.usjudo.org [Source type: News]

^ The Kito-ryu used it in developing a system of ran, the same one later used by Kano to develop randori.

^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo also encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.A common saying among judoka is "The best training for judo is judo."^ I must say that your seminar was by far the best practical/tactical training in which I have ever been exposed.
  • Hock Hochheim's Police Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.hockscqc.com [Source type: General]

.There are several types of sparring exercises, such as ju renshu (both judoka attack in a very gentle way where no resistance is applied); and kakari geiko (only one judoka attacks while the other one relies solely on defensive and evasive techniques, but without the use of sheer strength.^ Judo is one of the best sports for boys and girls not only to develop self-confidence but as a sport that teaches skills that are transferable to all other sports.
  • USA Judo | US Olympic Headquarters for the Most Practiced of the Martial Arts 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.usjudo.org [Source type: News]

^ Only one Canadian visually impaired judoka is headed to the Paralympic Games.

^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo also encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

)

Combat phases

Tachi-waza ends and ne-waza begins once the jūdōka go to the ground.
In judo, there are two main phases of combat: the standing phase, tachi-waza; and the ground phase, ne-waza; with each phase requiring its own (mostly separate) techniques, strategies, randori, conditioning and so on. Special training is also devoted to "transitional" techniques to bridge the gap. Jūdōka may become quite skilled in one phase and be rather weak in the other, depending on where their interests most lie, although most are balanced between the two. .Judo's inclusion of both the standing and ground phases of combat gives judoka the ability to take down opponents who are standing up and then pin and submit them on the ground.^ But, put a person who has only had a few classes up against someone who has a year or so of experience, and although they will still likely lose most of the time, and may not be any good at submitting the opponent, they will still be able to hold the person down fairly well (assuming the have good balance), and can grab hold of things and squeeeeze..
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Referee should announce Mate when a contestant who is face down on the Tatami, with his opponent clinging to his back, succeeds in rising to a half standing position, with his hands clear of the Tatami, indicating a loss of control by the opponent.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ When one contestant pulls his opponent down into Newaza not in accordance with Article 16 and his opponent does not take advantage of this to continue into Newaza, the Referee shall announce Mate, stop the contest and penalise with Shido the contestant who has infringed Article 27 (8).
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

Standing phase

.In the standing phase, which has primacy according to the contest rules, the opponents attempt to throw each other or use standing joint-lock and choke/strangulation submission techniques which, while legal in the standing phase,[8] are quite rare due to the fact that they are much harder to execute standing than throws are.^ Jujitsu is a form of control that uses punches, kicks, blocks, wrist-locks, leg-locks, throws, pins, arm-locks and strangles.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Much of the more dangerous forms used in Jujitsu are still in Judo but only in Kata form where they can be practiced in a controlled manner.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Some jūdōka, however, are very skilled in combining takedowns with submissions, where a submission technique is begun standing and finished on the ground. However throwing with a joint-lock is strictly prohibited.
.The main purpose of the throwing techniques (nage waza) is to take an opponent who is standing on his feet, mobile and dangerous, down onto his back where he cannot move as effectively.^ As the red danger zone is part of the contest area, any contestant whose feet are still touching the red danger zone in the standing position shall be considered as being within the contest area.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Once we would stand up, he kept pushing the pace, pushing us to grab back onto some one an keep going.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Referee should announce Mate when a contestant who is face down on the Tatami, with his opponent clinging to his back, succeeds in rising to a half standing position, with his hands clear of the Tatami, indicating a loss of control by the opponent.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

Thus, the main reason for the throw is to control the opponent and to put oneself in a dominant position. In this way the practitioner has more potential to render a decisive outcome. Another reason to throw the opponent is to shock his body through smashing him forcefully onto the ground. .If an opponent executes a powerful yet fully controlled throw, he can win a match outright (by ippon) on the basis that he has displayed sufficient superiority, a lower score is given for lesser throws.^ In the semifinals, Stevens met 2007 World medalist Euan Burton (GBR) and, while he kept Burton from scoring, Stevens lost the match by a trio of penalties and Burton went on to win the gold.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Stevens’ next opponent was Camilo who won the 2007 World Championships in spectacular fashion, throwing all of his opponents for ippon (instant win).
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ In the final minute, Azizmov still hadn’t attacked and was given a third penalty which, combined with the throw for a waza-ari earlier in the match, combined to give Stevens the win with 54 seconds remaining.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.A score for a throw is only given when executed starting from a standing position.^ When it is not clearly apparent, the Referee may after the official signal, point to the blue or white tape (starting position) to indicate which contestant scored or was penalised.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Once the contest has started, the contestants may only leave the competition area if given permission to do so by the Referee.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.In keeping with Kano's emphasis on scientific analysis and reasoning, the standard Kodokan judo pedagogy dictates that any throwing technique is theoretically a four phased event: off-balancing (kuzushi); body positioning (作り tsukuri?); execution (掛け kake?); and finally the finish or coup de grâce (極め kime?).^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ The most complete book written about Judo is still Kodokan Judo, written by Jigoro Kano.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ All of the Judo techniques are laid down by the Kodokan in Tokyo, Japan.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Each phase follows the previous one with great rapidity; ideally they happen almost simultaneously ,similarly Strikes (i.e. punches, kicks, etc...) are not allowed due to their certainty of .injury, but an athlete is supposed to "take them into consideration" while training by, for example, not fighting in a bent-over position for long, since this position is vulnerable to knee-strikes and other striking attacks.^ But the Dojo has always been great in its tolerance of my kids coming with me, sometimes to learn, and sometimes just to go into the “play room” and raise hell with the other kids while we train.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I know we have seen some people come into class and ask, “How long does it take to get a black belt?” .
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

Ground phase

When practising ne-waza, the practitioners may start from their knees.
.In competition, combat may continue on the ground after a throw occurs or if the contestants otherwise legally end up on the ground; a contestant is not allowed to simply drop to the ground to commence ne-waza.^ If the same dislocation occurs a third (3rd) time, the contestant shall not be considered to be in condition to continue in the contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ When performing Sutemi-waza, a throw is considered valid if the thrower has one half or more of his body within the contest area.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Doctor, after examining an injured contestant, advises the Referees that the contestant cannot continue the contest the Referee, after consultation with the Judges, shall end the contest and declare the opponent to be the winner by Kiken-gachi.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

[9] .On the ground, the contestants aim to either obtain a hold down, or to get their opponent to submit either by using a choke or strangulation or armlock (locks on joints other than the elbow are not allowed for safety reasons.^ Toketa should be announced if, during Osaekomi, the contestant being held succeeds in "scissoring" the other contestant's leg, either from above or from below the leg.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Throwing an opponent on the front of his body, knee(s), hand(s), or elbow(s) will only be counted as the same as any other attack.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ I find this allows me to ground fight much longer than many beginners that I work with.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

)

Hold downs

.Hold downs (押さえ込み osaekomi?) are important for self defense, police work, and military hand to hand combat since the person who has control of his opponent can more easily defend or deliver strikes.^ But, put a person who has only had a few classes up against someone who has a year or so of experience, and although they will still likely lose most of the time, and may not be any good at submitting the opponent, they will still be able to hold the person down fairly well (assuming the have good balance), and can grab hold of things and squeeeeze..
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Especially when we look at Judo as more of a sport, but also self defense, it’s important to be aware of which of our throws might be effective against someone in a self defense situation, or in a no-Gi bout.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hikiwake: shall raise one of his hands high in the air and bring it down to the front of his body (with thumb edge up) and hold it there for a while.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.In judo, if osaekomi is maintained for twenty-five seconds, the person applying the hold wins the match.^ Camilo held onto the narrow lead for the final 90 seconds to win the match while Stevens placed ninth.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ In the second round, Stevens and former European U23 Champion Nick Hein (GER) also fought for five minutes before Stevens won the match by a yuko score.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

An osaekomi involves holding an opponent principally on their back, and free of their legs.
.According to the rules as they stood in 1905, it was only necessary to hold down an opponent, on his shoulders, for two seconds—said to reflect the time necessary for a samurai to reach his knife or sword and dispatch his held opponent.^ Where both contestants infringe the rules at the same time, each should be awarded a penalty according to the seriousness of the infringement.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ But, put a person who has only had a few classes up against someone who has a year or so of experience, and although they will still likely lose most of the time, and may not be any good at submitting the opponent, they will still be able to hold the person down fairly well (assuming the have good balance), and can grab hold of things and squeeeeze..
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A Discussion is possible and necessary only if the Referee or one of the Judges has clearly seen something which was not visible to the other two (2), and which could change their decision.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.The newer longer requirements can be related to the combat reality that a fighter, police officer, or soldier must immobilize his opponent for a substantial amount of time to control the situation.^ Even though I was attached in spirit and by radio to hundreds of police officers, or thousands of soldiers, I really worked alone for decades.
  • Hock Hochheim's Police Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.hockscqc.com [Source type: General]

In judo, a hold may sometimes result in a submission if the opponent cannot endure the pressure from the hold, or if a submission attempt is used to maintain the hold.

The Guard

.If the person being held down has wrapped his legs around any part of his opponent's lower body or trunk, he is pinning his opponent as much as he is being pinned, because his opponent cannot get up and flee unless the person on the bottom lets go.^ Toketa should be announced if, during Osaekomi, the contestant being held succeeds in "scissoring" the other contestant's leg, either from above or from below the leg.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ If the other person isn’t into Judo, then odds are they are going to shoot for your legs, so a sprawl into an anaconda choke is one of my favorites.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You've got grownup business to attend to, and sitting around gossiping or cutting people down behind their back is not going to help you.
  • I LOVE UP! I LOVE UP JUDO WOMEN'S TEAM! 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC mvp09.multiply.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While his legs are wrapped around his opponent, the person on the bottom can employ various attacking techniques, including strangles, armlocks and "body scissors" (dō-jime), while controlling the opponent so that he cannot effectively strike from above.^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Hooking one leg between the opponent’s legs unless simultaneously attempting a throwing technique is not considered to be the normal Kumikata and the contestant must attack within 5 seconds or the contestant will be penalised with “Shido”.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Simultaneous techniques: when both contestants fall to the Tatami after what appears to be simultaneous attacks, and the Referee and Judges cannot decide which technique dominated there should be no score awarded.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

In this position, referred to as "dō-osae" in Japanese, meaning "trunk hold",[10] the person on top does not have enough control over his adversary for the position to be considered osaekomi. (Note that while the guard is commonly used, dō-jime is no longer legal in competition judō.) .The person on top can try to pass his opponent's legs and in turn hold down or submit him, or he may try to break out of his opponent's guard and stand up.^ But, put a person who has only had a few classes up against someone who has a year or so of experience, and although they will still likely lose most of the time, and may not be any good at submitting the opponent, they will still be able to hold the person down fairly well (assuming the have good balance), and can grab hold of things and squeeeeze..
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hikiwake: shall raise one of his hands high in the air and bring it down to the front of his body (with thumb edge up) and hold it there for a while.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ When I stand-out I intend to just wrench myself from the grasp of my opponent.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

The person on the bottom can try to submit his opponent from his guard or roll his opponent over to get on top of him.
Juji gatame, cross armlock

Joint locks

.Joint locks (kansetsu-waza) are effective combat techniques because they enable a jūdōka to control his opponent through pain-compliance, or if necessary, to cause breakage of the locked joint.^ For example, in lower grade competitions, the organisers may authorise the Referees to award Ippon when the effect of a technique is sufficiently apparent, or for children's events, they may disallow Shime-waza and Kansetsu-waza altogether.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Using Kansetsu-waza in order to throw the opponent will not be considered for point scoring purposes.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Police Judo Module: Enforcement Joint Cranks/Locks and Control Measures .
  • Hock Hochheim's Police Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.hockscqc.com [Source type: General]

.Joint locks on the elbow are considered safe enough to perform at nearly full-force in competition to force submission from one's opponent.^ When performing Sutemi-waza, a throw is considered valid if the thrower has one half or more of his body within the contest area.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ I like this one, but if the opponent has any skill in grappling, and especially once they get sweaty, it can be hard to grip good enough.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

Judo has, in the past, allowed leglocks, wristlocks, spinal locks and various other techniques that have since been disallowed in competition to protect athletes' safety. It was decided that attacking those joints would result in many injuries to the athletes and would cause a gradual deterioration of these joints. .Even so, some jūdōka still enjoy learning and fighting each other informally using these techniques that are banned from formal competitions, and many of these techniques are still actively used in related arts such as sambo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, and jujutsu.^ Grass roots knowledge about cutting edge techniques used in international competitions as well as time honored Judo tactics as taught by some of the best teachers available.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ He was a champion in international Jiu-Jitsu, and has trained numerous champion athletes in Grappling, Jiu-Jitsu, Mixed Martial Arts and other disciplines.

^ Now, while many of those same traits are also powerful, and effective in Judo and Jujitsu, if you rely on them only, I think you miss the spirit of what these arts are.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

Chokes and strangulations

.Chokes and strangulations (締め技 shime-waza?) enable the person applying the choke to force the adversary into unconsciousness and even death.^ When I hire someone into a company, even a person who is fairly junior, I am not surprised if they are better at something than I am.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the other person isn’t into Judo, then odds are they are going to shoot for your legs, so a sprawl into an anaconda choke is one of my favorites.
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

Strangulation cuts off the blood supply to the brain via compression on the sides of the neck, while a choke blocks the airway from the front of the neck. The terms are frequently interchangeable in common usage, and a formal differentiation is not made by most jūdōka.[11] .In competition, the jūdōka wins if the opponent submits or becomes unconscious, a strangle, once properly locked in, can render an opponent unconscious in only a few seconds, but normally causes no injury if released promptly after this.^ The Referees should ensure that there are no spectators, supporters or photographers in a position to cause a nuisance or a risk of injury to the contestants.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

As a sport

Judo pictogram.svg
All-Japan Judo Championships, 2007 men's final
.Although a fully featured martial art, judo has also developed as a sport.^ Northern Colorado Martial Arts) 2009 Senior National Judo Championships, San Diego, California April 17-18, 2009 2009 USA Judo Senior National Championships San Diego, California Men's 81kg 1.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ We do not sell Judo books directly from Baltimore Martial Arts Academy Judo and Mixed Martial Arts Center.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ The ‘Art’ in the Martial Art of Judo .
  • Utah Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.utahjudo.com [Source type: Original source]

.The first time judo was seen in the Olympics was at the 1932 Games in Los Angeles, where Kano and about 200 judo students gave a demonstration.^ The most complete book written about Judo is still Kodokan Judo, written by Jigoro Kano.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Only my old student Tim Llacuna (seen above) is the exception because he has worked with me for years tecahing Police Judo.
  • Hock Hochheim's Police Judo 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.hockscqc.com [Source type: General]

^ For the World Championships and Olympic Games, the time duration of contests is: .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

[12] .Judo became an Olympic sport for men in the 1964 Games in Tokyo.^ Judo is an international and olympic sport.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Travis Stevens, United States Complete men's -81kg results Travis Stevens, in blue, throws Tiago Camilo of Brazil in the 81 kg judo competition Tuesday at the Olympic Games in Beijing, China.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ The Kodokan, Tokyo, Japan International Judo Federation United States Olympic Committee - Judo United States Judo, Inc.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.With the persistence of Rusty Kanokogi, an American, and many others, judo became an Olympic sport for women as well in 1988. It is often stated that the men's judo event in 1964 was a demonstration event, but according to the International Judo Federation (IJF) and International Olympic Committee, judo was in fact an official sport in the 1964 games.^ Copyright ©2007 International Judo Federation.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Judo is an international and olympic sport.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ I really love judo as well as the other grappling arts, but I want to make sure that my judo folks are taken care of.

.Dutchman Anton Geesink won the first Olympic gold medal in the open division of judo by defeating Akio Kaminaga of Japan.^ Ippon Judo Dojo) produced one of the biggest upsets during the first day of the U.S. Open Judo Championships to win gold in the 81kg division on Friday.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ A Pan American Games Champion who won his first international gold medal at the U.S. Open less than two years ago, Stevens began his Olympic Games with a first round bye and a second round match that ended in just over three minutes when he soundly defeated Franklin Ceisneros (ESA).
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.Judo then lost the image of being "Japanese only" and went on to become one of the most widely practised sports in the world.^ After his last match, Stevens described the competition as being a valuable experience toward his goal to become the best judo player in the world.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Many judo instructors around the world think that this change ONLY manipulates the techniques one can use in judo, when it fact this SMALL RULE changes EVERYTHING!!!!

^ The second most popular sport around the world, it is an exceptional form of exercise for the mind, body and spirit.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

The women's event was a demonstration event in 1988, and became an official medal event 4 years later. Men and women compete separately, although they often train together. .Paralympic judo has been a Paralympic sport (for the visually impaired) since 1988, it is also one of the sports at the Special Olympics.^ Judo is an international and olympic sport.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.Collegiate competition in the United States, especially between UC Berkeley and San Jose State University, contributed towards refining judo into the sport seen at the Olympic Games and World Championships.^ There are competitions, governed by the United States Judo, Inc.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Judo is an international and olympic sport.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ For the World Championships and Olympic Games, the time duration of contests is: .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

In the 1940s Henry Stone and Yosh Uchida, the head coaches at Cal and SJSU, developed a weight class system for use in the frequent competitions between the schools. In 1953, Stone and Uchida successfully petitioned the Amateur Athletic Union to accept judo as a sport, with their weight class system as an official component. .In 1961, Uchida represented the United States at the IJF meetings in Paris, where the IJF adopted weight classes for all future championships.^ Classes meet at the Lakewood Family YMCA, in the Tacoma area of Washington State.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Kyle Taketa, Torrance, CA, United States of America, Gardena Judo Club Male IJF Junior +100 Kg 1.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Eric Skiff, Crowley,TX, United States of America, Ruben Martin Judo Male IJF Junior 60 Kg 1.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.The IJF was created largely based on the earlier European Judo Union, where weight classes had also been used for many years.^ Many judo instructors around the world think that this change ONLY manipulates the techniques one can use in judo, when it fact this SMALL RULE changes EVERYTHING!!!!

^ Most importantly, on the judo side, 2009 is the year which many will remember.

^ Judo Saskatchewan Pan American Judo Union Judo Union of Asia Oceanian Judo Union African Judo Union European Judo Union Belgian Judo British Judo French Judo Federation German Judo Federation Irish Judo Association Scottish Judo Federation Swiss Judo .
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Weight divisions

There are currently seven weight divisions, subject to change by governing bodies, and may be modified based on the age of the competitors:
Men
Under 60 kg 60–66 kg 66–73 kg 73–81 kg 81–90 kg 90–100 kg Over 100 kg
Women
Under 48 kg 48–52 kg 52–57 kg 57–63 kg 63–70 kg 70–78 kg Over 78 kg

Rules

.The traditional rules of judo are intended to avoid injuries to the participants and ensure proper etiquette.^ A part of the etiquette of Judo, the rei, is a tradition which reflects the respect and discipline that permeates the unique activities of our sport.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

Some later additions to the rules were motivated by a desire to make the sport more interesting to observers.
.Penalties may be given for being inactive during the match, or for using illegal techniques.^ Although Bischof was given a penalty as well, Stevens lost the match.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ After Cisneros was given a penalty, Stevens threw him for a yuko (quarter-point) score and later armbarred him to win the match.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.Fighting must be stopped if a participant is outside the designated area on the mat (tatami).^ The Judges must assist the Referee and sit opposite each other at two (2) corners outside the contest area.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Referee should not call Mate to stop the contestant(s) going outside the contest area, unless the situation is considered dangerous.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Should a contestant have to change any part of the Judogi outside the competition area, and the Judge to accompany the contestant is not of the same sex, an official designated by the Refereeing Director shall substitute for the Judge and accompany the contestant.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.If the referee and judges need to discuss something during groundwork, the referee will call sonomama (which means "do not move") and both fighters must stop in the position they are in.^ If after an appreciable time (a few seconds) the Referee has not noticed the standing Judges, the Judge who is closest to the Referee must immediately approach him and inform him of the majority opinion.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Before officiating a contest, the Referees and Judges should familiarise themselves with the sound of the bell or means of indicating the end of the contest on their particular Tatami, and with the position of the doctor or medical assistant.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Should both Judges express a judgment different from that of the Referee, and the Referee does not notice their signals, they should stand up and maintain their gesture until the Referee is informed of this and rectifies his evaluation.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.When they are done, the referee says yoshi and the match continues.^ Having announced “Sore-made”, the Referee shall always keep the contestants within his view, in case they do not hear his announcement and continue fighting.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Referee having announced Mate, must take care to maintain the contestants within his view, in case they do not hear Mate announced and continue fighting.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.All scores and penalties are given by the referee.^ After Cisneros was given a penalty, Stevens threw him for a yuko (quarter-point) score and later armbarred him to win the match.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Should both contestants be given a penalty, the Referee should make the proper gesture and point alternately at both contestants (left forefinger for contestant on his left and right forefinger for contestant on his right).
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.The judges can make a decision that changes the score or penalty given by the referee.^ If during the “Golden Score” contest a direct Hansoku-make is given, the result for the penalised player will incur the same consequences as during a normal contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ The decision of the contest where one contestant is unable to continue because of injury, illness or accident during the contest shall be given by the Referee after consultation with the Judges according to the following clauses: .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ A Discussion is possible and necessary only if the Referee or one of the Judges has clearly seen something which was not visible to the other two (2), and which could change their decision.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.There are slight differences to IJF rules to accommodate blind judo.^ To view the new IJF Rules or download a complete set of the International Judo Federation Refereeing rules, go to the IJF Web Site .
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ The Kodokan, Tokyo, Japan International Judo Federation     To view the new IJF Rules or download a complete set of the International Judo Federation Refereeing rules, go to the IJF Web Site .
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Competition scoring

Referee raises his hand to issue a win by 'ippon'
.The object in a judo match is to throw the opponent to the ground on his shoulder; to pin him to the ground principally on his back; or to force him to submit to a choke, strangle or an armlock.^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.Any of these score ippon (一本), immediately winning the match.^ In the semifinals, Stevens met 2007 World medalist Euan Burton (GBR) and, while he kept Burton from scoring, Stevens lost the match by a trio of penalties and Burton went on to win the gold.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ After Cisneros was given a penalty, Stevens threw him for a yuko (quarter-point) score and later armbarred him to win the match.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.Judo has three grades of score: ippon, waza-ari and yuko.^ Waza-ari awasete Ippon .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Regardless of how many Yukos are announced, no amount will be considered equal to a Waza-ari.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Azizmov was awarded the first penalty of the match and a pair of penalties for both players soon followed before Stevens threw Azizmov for a waza-ari (half-point) score.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.An ippon literally means "one point" and wins the match.^ Ippon Judo Dojo) produced one of the biggest upsets during the first day of the U.S. Open Judo Championships to win gold in the 81kg division on Friday.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ After Cisneros was given a penalty, Stevens threw him for a yuko (quarter-point) score and later armbarred him to win the match.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.An ippon is awarded for (a) a throw that lands the opponent largely on their back in a controlled manner with speed and force; (b) for a mat hold of sufficient duration (twenty five seconds); or (c) for opponent submission.^ Stevens’ next opponent was Camilo who won the 2007 World Championships in spectacular fashion, throwing all of his opponents for ippon (instant win).
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Judogi is controlled twice: the first is at sewing the back identification 、 and the second is before each contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Stevens came back several attacks later, throwing Cohen with a pickup for ippon.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.A waza-ari is awarded for a throw that does not quite have enough power or control to be considered ippon; or for a hold of twenty seconds.^ Waza-ari awasete Ippon .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Regardless of how many Yukos are announced, no amount will be considered equal to a Waza-ari.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ When performing Sutemi-waza, a throw is considered valid if the thrower has one half or more of his body within the contest area.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.A waza-ari is a half-point, and, if two are scored, they constitute the full point needed for a win.^ EXAMPLE: - Blue has scored Waza-ari and has also been penalised two (2) Shidos.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Azizmov was awarded the first penalty of the match and a pair of penalties for both players soon followed before Stevens threw Azizmov for a waza-ari (half-point) score.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Fighting for bronze, Stevens attacked seven-time World Cup medalist Dennis Huck (GER), but was countered and thrown for a waza-ari (half-point).
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.Yuko is a lower grade of score, and only counts as a tie-breaker; it is not cumulative with other yuko scores.^ Throwing an opponent on the front of his body, knee(s), hand(s), or elbow(s) will only be counted as the same as any other attack.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Should only one contestant exercise his right to fight the “Golden Score” contest, and the other contestant declines, the contestant who wishes to fight shall be declared the winner by “Kiken-gachi”.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.Scoring is lexicographic; a waza-ari beats any number of yuko, but a waza-ari and a yuko beat a waza-ari with no yuko.^ Regardless of how many Yukos are announced, no amount will be considered equal to a Waza-ari.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Azizmov was awarded the first penalty of the match and a pair of penalties for both players soon followed before Stevens threw Azizmov for a waza-ari (half-point) score.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Regardless of how many Kokas are announced, no amount will be considered being equal to a Yuko or a Waza-ari.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.(There used to be a fourth score called koka but it was removed in 2009. When the koka was in use, it was a lower score than yuko.^ Down by two penalties, Stevens was thrown by Camilo for a koka score, but still didn’t give up, nearly tying the match with a throw that was scored as a yuko in the fourth minute.
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Like yuko, koka was purely a tiebreaker. .It only counted when competitors had the same amount of waza-ari and yuko.^ Regardless of how many Yukos are announced, no amount will be considered equal to a Waza-ari.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Regardless of how many Kokas are announced, no amount will be considered being equal to a Yuko or a Waza-ari.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Throwing an opponent on the front of his body, knee(s), hand(s), or elbow(s) will only be counted as the same as any other attack.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

A yuko would beat any number of koka.)
.A fifteen-second hold down scores yuko.^ In the second round, Stevens and former European U23 Champion Nick Hein (GER) also fought for five minutes before Stevens won the match by a yuko score.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.If the person who secured the hold down already has a waza-ari, they only need to hold the hold down for twenty seconds to score ippon by way of two waza-ari (waza-ari-awasete-ippon).^ Waza-ari-awasete-ippon: First Waza-ari, then Ippon gesture.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ EXAMPLE: - Blue has scored Waza-ari and has also been penalised two (2) Shidos.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Waza-ari awasete Ippon .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.Throws further lacking the requirements of an ippon or a waza-ari might score a yuko.^ Waza-ari awasete Ippon .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Regardless of how many Yukos are announced, no amount will be considered equal to a Waza-ari.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Azizmov was awarded the first penalty of the match and a pair of penalties for both players soon followed before Stevens threw Azizmov for a waza-ari (half-point) score.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

So-called "skillful takedowns" are also permitted (e.g. the flying arm-bar) but do not score.
.If the scores are identical at the end of the match, the contest is resolved by the Golden Score rule.^ If during the “Golden Score” contest a direct Hansoku-make is given, the result for the penalised player will incur the same consequences as during a normal contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ The duration of the “Golden Score” contest shall be the same as for the previous contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Before each “Golden Score” contest, the timing clocks and scoreboards shall be fully reset as if for a new contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.Golden Score is a sudden death situation where the clock is reset to match-time, and the first contestant to achieve any score wins.^ Before each “Golden Score” contest, the timing clocks and scoreboards shall be fully reset as if for a new contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ This time both players kept up a fast pace for the five-minute regulation period before sending the match to Golden Score (sudden death overtime) where Stevens went in for a fireman's carry and was countered by Bischof for a yuko (quarter-point score) that ended the match and gave Stevens a silver medal in his first New York Open final.
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^ If during the “Golden Score” contest a direct Hansoku-make is given, the result for the penalised player will incur the same consequences as during a normal contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.If there is no score during this period, then the winner is decided by Hantei, the majority opinion of the referee and the two corner judges.^ If after an appreciable time (a few seconds) the Referee has not noticed the standing Judges, the Judge who is closest to the Referee must immediately approach him and inform him of the majority opinion.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ The decision of the contest where one contestant is unable to continue because of injury, illness or accident during the contest shall be given by the Referee after consultation with the Judges according to the following clauses: .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ At the announcement of Hantei by the Referee, the Referee and the two (2) Judges shall raise the appropriate coloured flag high above their heads to indicate which contestant they consider to be the winner.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

Representation of scores

.Judo scoreboards show the number of waza-ari and yuko scores scored by each player.^ Regardless of how many Yukos are announced, no amount will be considered equal to a Waza-ari.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Azizmov was awarded the first penalty of the match and a pair of penalties for both players soon followed before Stevens threw Azizmov for a waza-ari (half-point) score.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Regardless of how many Kokas are announced, no amount will be considered being equal to a Yuko or a Waza-ari.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.(A score of koka was also displayed until its use was abandoned in 2009.) Often an ippon is not represented on the scoreboard, because upon award of an ippon the match is immediately terminated.^ Azizmov was awarded the first penalty of the match and a pair of penalties for both players soon followed before Stevens threw Azizmov for a waza-ari (half-point) score.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ In the case of Osaekomi announced simultaneously with the time signal, the time allotted for the contest shall be extended until either Ippon (or equivalence) is scored or the Referee announces Toketa or Mate.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

Some computerised scoreboards will briefly indicate that an ippon has been scored.
Scoreboards normally also show the number of penalties imposed on each player, and sometimes the number of medical visits for each. .(Only two "medical" attentions are allowed for each competitor during a match—most often for minor bleeds.^ Only when receiving medical attention should a contestant be permitted to adopt any other position.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

)
.Electronic scoreboards also usually include timers for measuring both competition time and osekomi time.^ However manual timing clocks must also be used simultaneously with the electronic equipment to ensure their accuracy and manual scoreboard must be available in reserve.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

Penalties

The first penalty is a warning, which is noted on the scoreboard. .The second penalty is scored as "yuko" for the opponent.^ In the second round, Stevens and former European U23 Champion Nick Hein (GER) also fought for five minutes before Stevens won the match by a yuko score.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ After Cisneros was given a penalty, Stevens threw him for a yuko (quarter-point) score and later armbarred him to win the match.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.The third penalty is scored as "waza-ari". The fourth penalty is called "hansoku make," and is scored as an "ippon" for the opponent.^ Shidos = a Waza-ari to the opponent .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Shidos = Hansoku-make = Ippon to the opponent .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Waza-ari awasete Ippon .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.With a "hansoku make" the match ends permanently.^ The awarding of a direct Hansoku-make means the contestant is disqualified and excluded from the tournament, and the contest ends according to the Article 19 (d).
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.One can also get a direct "hansoku make" for serious rule violations.^ If during the “Golden Score” contest a direct Hansoku-make is given, the result for the penalised player will incur the same consequences as during a normal contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Referee shall award a penalty of Shido or Hansoku-make depending on the seriousness of the infringement.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Equivalence: Should one contestant be penalised with Hansoku-make, the other contestant shall immediately be declared the winner .
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

.In this case, the player who got "hansoku make" is disqualified from the tournament.^ While we, the US team, were using our collective Kata knowledge to work on changes after the tournament and 2 players from Spain, who placed 3rd, came into the hallway to work on Kata with us.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

As self-defense

.Judo has formed the basis for many military combatives and defensive tactics training around the world.^ Many judo instructors around the world think that this change ONLY manipulates the techniques one can use in judo, when it fact this SMALL RULE changes EVERYTHING!!!!

^ The second most popular sport around the world, it is an exceptional form of exercise for the mind, body and spirit.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

[13]
.In addition to the above, judo's background in traditional Jujitsu combined with its police and military applications, has resulted in kata specifically designed to teach technical principles for self-defense: Kime No Kata (Forms of Decision) and Kodokan Goshin Jutsu (Forms of Self Defense).^ This tournament included competition in Nage No Kata and Katame No Kata, practice forms which teach competition skills, and Ju No Kata and Kime No Kata, forms which teach self defense.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ At the present time, the videos that have been set to DVD format are the Kodokan videos "Nage-no-Kata," "Katame-no-Kata" and "Ju no-Kata."
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Renkoho Waza feature techniques specially designed for police.[14] .Joshi Judo Goshinho feature self defense techniques for women.^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo also encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

[15] .Other kata sets feature self defense applications in more subtle ways.^ This tournament included competition in Nage No Kata and Katame No Kata, practice forms which teach competition skills, and Ju No Kata and Kime No Kata, forms which teach self defense.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Various aspects of judo principles and training methods promote attributes and skills helpful in self-defense:[16][17]
  • Training with full power and speed against fully-resisting opponents: builds speed, stamina, strength, and tenacity.
  • Body and mental conditioning by repeatedly being thrown with significant force.
  • Training in safe methods to take falls.
  • Ability to accurately and quickly use balance, distance, and timing against skilled opponents in fully-resistive sparring. .Judo practitioners are experts in controlling their opponent's balance whilst maintaining their own.
  • Sports Judo rules emphasize rapid transition to pins or submissions after a take-down, which builds skills in explosive use of chokes and locks in self-defense situations.
  • Emphasis in controlling one's opponent during throws allow a practitioner to dictate the angle, direction, and force with which their opponent lands on the ground.^ Jujitsu is a form of control that uses punches, kicks, blocks, wrist-locks, leg-locks, throws, pins, arm-locks and strangles.
    • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ippon Judo Dojo) produced one of the biggest upsets during the first day of the U.S. Open Judo Championships to win gold in the 81kg division on Friday.
    • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Many judo instructors around the world think that this change ONLY manipulates the techniques one can use in judo, when it fact this SMALL RULE changes EVERYTHING!!!!

    The consequences could be gentle or lethal, depending on the judo practitioner's intentions.
However, there are some criticisms about the use of judo for self-defense training:
.
  • Over-reliance on using the judo-gi (clothing): judo training for self-defense requires experience sparring against partners not wearing a gi.^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
    • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    .However, many techniques do not strictly rely on grabbing the gi; indeed, some techniques (especially in groundwork or Ne Waza) do not use the gi at all.
  • Over-emphasis on the rules of sports judo: Some judo clubs or instructors teach judo strictly in the context of sport.
  • Lack of striking techniques: Striking techniques in judo are usually only taught to dan grades (ie.^ Grass roots knowledge about cutting edge techniques used in international competitions as well as time honored Judo tactics as taught by some of the best teachers available.
    • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Many judo instructors around the world think that this change ONLY manipulates the techniques one can use in judo, when it fact this SMALL RULE changes EVERYTHING!!!!

    ^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
    • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    black belts) for demonstrations and kata.

In mixed martial arts

.Using their knowledge of ne-waza/grappling and tachi-waza/standing-grappling, judo practitioners have also competed in mixed martial arts matches.^ Northern Colorado Martial Arts) 2009 Senior National Judo Championships, San Diego, California April 17-18, 2009 2009 USA Judo Senior National Championships San Diego, California Men's 81kg 1.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.Former Russian national judo champion Fedor Emelianenko is often ranked as mixed martial arts' number one heavyweight in the world.^ He was a champion in international Jiu-Jitsu, and has trained numerous champion athletes in Grappling, Jiu-Jitsu, Mixed Martial Arts and other disciplines.

^ Northern Colorado Martial Arts) 2009 Senior National Judo Championships, San Diego, California April 17-18, 2009 2009 USA Judo Senior National Championships San Diego, California Men's 81kg 1.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Many judo instructors around the world think that this change ONLY manipulates the techniques one can use in judo, when it fact this SMALL RULE changes EVERYTHING!!!!

.Karo Parisyan is a judo practitioner who fought successfully in the UFC.^ It’s the same system that allowed Taraje to go to the Olympics, turned Brian Picklo into one bad @$$ judo player in 6 weeks, allowed Thiago Alves to stymie and nullify Karo Parisyan’s “judo” during their UFC fight.

Rameau Thierry Sokoudjou, Kazuhiro Nakamura and Olympic gold medalist Hidehiko Yoshida were fighters in the now defunct PRIDE FC. .Other Olympic medalists and world champions judoka such as Pawel Nastula and Yoon Dong-Sik also fight in MMA. European judo bronze medalist Ferrid Kheder is another MMA fighter with a successful record, as well as Yoshihiro Akiyama and former Olympic judo competitor Hector Lombard.^ Move of the Week: Juji-Gatame (Neil Adams - GBR, 1981 World Judo Champion) Toshihiko Koga (JPN) Olympic Champion in 1992, World Champion in 1989, 1991 and 1995 Yasuhiro Yamashita: My Hero...Undefeated from 1977 to his retirement in 1985, winning all 203 of his fights.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Fighting for bronze, Stevens attacked seven-time World Cup medalist Dennis Huck (GER), but was countered and thrown for a waza-ari (half-point).
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ It was a phenomenal experience and felt great coaching Olympians, Olympic Medalists and some of our best athletes in USA Judo.

.Former WEC middleweight champion Paulo Filho has credited judo and jiu-jitsu for his success.^ He was a champion in international Jiu-Jitsu, and has trained numerous champion athletes in Grappling, Jiu-Jitsu, Mixed Martial Arts and other disciplines.

^ Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and Judo .
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

[18] .Fighters Sanae Kikuta and Hayato Sakurai also come from judo backgrounds, and Don Frye, a former UFC champion was a practising judoka, quoted judo as one of his official fighting styles.^ It’s the same system that allowed Taraje to go to the Olympics, turned Brian Picklo into one bad @$$ judo player in 6 weeks, allowed Thiago Alves to stymie and nullify Karo Parisyan’s “judo” during their UFC fight.

.Shinya Aoki, one of the top three light weight mixed martial arts practitioners in the world today also has his background in judo.^ He was a champion in international Jiu-Jitsu, and has trained numerous champion athletes in Grappling, Jiu-Jitsu, Mixed Martial Arts and other disciplines.

^ Northern Colorado Martial Arts) 2009 Senior National Judo Championships, San Diego, California April 17-18, 2009 2009 USA Judo Senior National Championships San Diego, California Men's 81kg 1.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

^ Many judo instructors around the world think that this change ONLY manipulates the techniques one can use in judo, when it fact this SMALL RULE changes EVERYTHING!!!!

.2008 Olympic gold medalist Satoshi Ishii has retired from judo to compete full time in MMA. He has signed with the Japanese promotion Sengoku.^ NYAC / USA Judo National Team FORCE) found himself facing 2008 Olympic Champion Ole Bischof (GER) for the second time when he advanced to the 81kg finals of the New York Open on Sunday in New York City.
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Styles

.Kano Jigoro's Kodokan judo is the most popular and well-known style of judo, but is not the only one.^ The most complete book written about Judo is still Kodokan Judo, written by Jigoro Kano.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ (Lakewood, Washington - USA) Maximum Efficiency Mutual Benefit and Welfare -The maxims of Jigoro Kano, Founder of Kodokan Judo.
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.The terms judo and jujutsu were quite interchangeable in the early years, so some of these forms of judo are still known as jujutsu or jiu-jitsu either for that reason, or simply to differentiate them from mainstream judo.^ Much of the more dangerous forms used in Jujitsu are still in Judo but only in Kata form.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

From Kano's original style of judo, several related forms have evolved—some now widely considered to be distinct arts:
  • Olympic judo: This is the predominant form of Kodokan judo. .
  • Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Mitsuyo Maeda introduced judo to Brazil in 1914. Maeda taught judo to Carlos Gracie (1902–1994) and others in Brazil.^ He was a champion in international Jiu-Jitsu, and has trained numerous champion athletes in Grappling, Jiu-Jitsu, Mixed Martial Arts and other disciplines.

    .Gracie named their development of judo 'Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu', as in Japan and Brazil at that time, judo was also known as 'Kano Jiu-Jitsu'. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, considering itself independent of judo, did not follow later changes in international judo rules that were added to emphasize the standing phase of the fight, nor those rules that were introduced to ban the more dangerous techniques.
  • Judo-do: In Austria, Julius Fleck and others developed a system of throwing intended to extend judo that they called "judo-do".
  • Kawaishi-ryū jujutsu: Teaching in France, Mikonosuke Kawaishi developed Kawaishi-ryū jujutsu as an alternative approach to instruction that continued to teach many techniques banned in modern Olympic/Kodokan judo competition.
  • Kosen judo (高專柔道?): As a sub-style of Kodokan judo that became popularised in early 20th century Japanese inter-scholastic competition, Kosen style has the same range of techniques but greater latitude is permitted for ground technique.^ Names of judo techniques .
    • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Judo is an international and olympic sport.
    • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Each Judo union in the world and Japan named 2 to 3 teams for competition in each Kata.
    • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    This style of judo—arguably, like BJJ—is closer to the original early 1900s judo than current Olympic judo is.
  • Russian judo: This distinctive style of judo was influenced by Sambo. .It is represented by well-known coaches such as Alexander Retuinskih and Igor Yakimov, and mixed martial arts fighters such as Igor Zinoviev, Fedor Emelianenko and Karo Parisyan.^ He was a champion in international Jiu-Jitsu, and has trained numerous champion athletes in Grappling, Jiu-Jitsu, Mixed Martial Arts and other disciplines.

    ^ We do not sell Judo books directly from Baltimore Martial Arts Academy Judo and Mixed Martial Arts Center.
    • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mixed Martial Arts .
    • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    .In turn, Russian judo has influenced mainstream judo, with techniques such as the flying armbar being accepted into Kodokan judo.
  • Sambo (especially Sport Sambo): Vasili Oshchepkov was the first European judo black belt under Kano.^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
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    • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It’s the system that allowed him to create JT, Ryan Hall, Mike Fowler and turn me into a Judo submission machine.

    ^ The Monday and Wednesday Judo classes are taught by Sensei Tomas Drgon , Shodan (1st Degree Black Belt) .
    • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

    .Oshchepkov went on to create Sambo partly from judo's influence, integrating native Russian wrestling and other combative techniques into his new system.^ It’s the system that allowed him to create JT, Ryan Hall, Mike Fowler and turn me into a Judo submission machine.

    Oshchepkov died during the political purges of 1937 for refusing to deny his education and dan-rank in Japanese judo under Kano..January 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In their History of Sambo, Brett Jacques and Scott Anderson wrote that in Russia "judo and SOMBO were considered to be the same thing"—albeit with a different uniform and some differences in the rules.^ Friday, December 18th, 2009 Since the International Judo Federation came up with the new rules which were tested at the 2009 Junior Worlds I’vel seen some amazing things happen with my business and with me on the judo side.

    [19]

Safety

.Research shows that judo is a particularly safe sport for youths, though adult competitive judo has a higher incidence of injuries compared to non-collision or non-contact ball-sports for example, but similar to other competitive contact sports.^ The bowing etiquette sets Judo uniquely apart from other international sports.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

[20][21]

Chokes

.Although chokes are potentially lethal techniques, a properly applied choke hold, if released soon enough after submission or unconsciousness, causes no injury.^ Although a throwing technique may be applied simultaneously with the bell, if the Referee decides that it will not be effective immediately, he shall announce Sore-made.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Referees should ensure that there are no spectators, supporters or photographers in a position to cause a nuisance or a risk of injury to the contestants.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

Judo chokes are generally taught to the more experienced Judoka to help ensure the safety of the students.[22][23] There is ample data demonstrating the safety of applying chokeholds,[24][25][26] and training includes emergency care[27] and resuscitation (kappo).[22]

Throws

A properly applied throw performed in a controlled way should protect the opponent from injury. .However injuries may result if, for example, the thrower (Tori) lands on the opponent (Uke) as a result of a sloppy or intentionally malicious throw, or if the tori performs a sloppy throw with disregard for uke's joints (e.g., improper Osoto gari or Tai otoshi applied with lateral force to the knee; or sloppy Soto makikomi or "drop" Ippon seoi nage resulting in excessive forces into uke's shoulder).^ When performing Sutemi-waza, a throw is considered valid if the thrower has one half or more of his body within the contest area.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ However, the same bleeding injury may be treated by the Doctor on two (2) occasions.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Cohen opened up the match with the first score, just over two minutes into the match, throwing Stevens for a yuko (quarter-point) with a tai otoshi (body drop).
  • Home of 2008 Olympian and 2x Pan American Champion, Travis Stevens - (Tacoma, WA) - powered by LeagueLineup.com 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.leaguelineup.com [Source type: News]

.To best prevent throwing injuries, proper throwing techniques should be thoroughly drilled by sensei's before entering students into competition—via "fitting-in" drills (Uchi-komi's), prearranged forms (e.g., Nage-no-kata), and intense but controlled & supervised free-practice/sparring (Randori).^ Jujitsu is a form of control that uses punches, kicks, blocks, wrist-locks, leg-locks, throws, pins, arm-locks and strangles.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Beside the physical practice of techniques, Judo encompasses moral teachings and fostering the belief that Judo should be used only for defense and for the mutual welfare and benefit of the community.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Organizations

.The international organization for judo is the International Judo Federation (IJF).^ To view the new IJF Rules or download a complete set of the International Judo Federation Refereeing rules, go to the IJF Web Site .
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
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^ The Kodokan, Tokyo, Japan International Judo Federation     To view the new IJF Rules or download a complete set of the International Judo Federation Refereeing rules, go to the IJF Web Site .
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^ The Kodokan, Tokyo, Japan International Judo Federation United States Olympic Committee - Judo United States Judo, Inc.
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.Although it has no official standing in judo, the International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles (FILA) defines judo as one of the four main forms of amateur competitive wrestling practised internationally (the other three being Greco-Roman wrestling, Freestyle wrestling and sambo).^ Copyright ©2007 International Judo Federation.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ To view the new IJF Rules or download a complete set of the International Judo Federation Refereeing rules, go to the IJF Web Site .
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^ Although Stevens won four of their five matches in 2007, the crowd expected a close match and both players had nearly a hundred supporters in the stands.
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Rank and grading

An active competitor may choose not to pursue high ranks, preferring to focus on preparation for competition; for example, a silver medal was won by an ikkyu (brown belt) female competitor, Lorena Pierce, in the -70 kg category at the 2004 Paralympics. Apart from knowledge and ability, rank requirements typically include a minimum age.[28] .Therefore, it is not uncommon to find teenage competitors at national-level competition who have been practising judo for 10 years who can beat adult practitioners, but who are only purple or brown belts due to being too young to qualify for a dan rank.^ For more Local and National level competition listings, try the following link: Shufu Events Calendar .
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Through the numerous clinics offered every year MJI can help you obtain: Local, regional, national or even international level referee's certification.
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^ After his last match, Stevens described the competition as being a valuable experience toward his goal to become the best judo player in the world.
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.Once an individual attains the level of a dan rank, further promotions can be granted for a variety of reasons including skill level, competition performance and/or contributions to judo such as teaching and volunteering time.^ Ippon Judo Dojo, led by Jason and John Harai, is a completely volunteer operated non-profit 501(c)3 corporation, offering judo instruction for kids and adults of all skill levels.
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^ As such, it's mission is to promote the highest quality Judo possible through education, athlete sponsorship and insuring both athletes and Judo clubs.
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^ This tournament included competition in Nage No Kata and Katame No Kata, practice forms which teach competition skills, and Ju No Kata and Kime No Kata, forms which teach self defense.
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[29] .Therefore, a higher dan rank does not necessarily mean that the holder is a better fighter (although often it does.^ Such an intervention will necessarily mean the loss of the contest for his contestant and should therefore only be taken in extreme cases.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

)
Jūdōka are ranked according to skill and knowledge of judo, and their rank is reflected by their belt colour. .There are two divisions of rank: below-black-belt-level "grades" (kyū), and black-belt-level "degrees" (dan).^ Sensei: Steve Manzek , Shodan (1st Degree Black Belt) Contact: Steve Manzek at 301-736-5612 Email Contact: Steve Manzek All Classes are Saturdays.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ The Monday and Wednesday Judo classes are taught by Sensei Tomas Drgon , Shodan (1st Degree Black Belt) .
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ D., Godan (5th Degree Black Belt) Contact: Gene Shin at 434-296-7404 Email contact: Gene Shin, Ph.
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

This ranking system was introduced into the martial arts by Kano and has since been widely adopted by modern martial arts..October 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] As initially designed, there were six student grades ranked in descending numerical order, with 1st kyū being the last before promotion to first degree black belt (shodan).^ Sensei: Steve Manzek , Shodan (1st Degree Black Belt) Contact: Steve Manzek at 301-736-5612 Email Contact: Steve Manzek All Classes are Saturdays.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ The Monday and Wednesday Judo classes are taught by Sensei Tomas Drgon , Shodan (1st Degree Black Belt) .
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ D., Godan (5th Degree Black Belt) Contact: Gene Shin at 434-296-7404 Email contact: Gene Shin, Ph.
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There are ordinarily 10 dan ranks, which are ranked in ascending numerical order, though in principle there is no limit to the number of dan ranks.
.The tenth degree black belt (jūdan) and those above it have no formal requirements.^ Sensei: Steve Manzek , Shodan (1st Degree Black Belt) Contact: Steve Manzek at 301-736-5612 Email Contact: Steve Manzek All Classes are Saturdays.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ The Monday and Wednesday Judo classes are taught by Sensei Tomas Drgon , Shodan (1st Degree Black Belt) .
  • Baltimore Judo Club 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ D., Godan (5th Degree Black Belt) Contact: Gene Shin at 434-296-7404 Email contact: Gene Shin, Ph.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
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.The president of the Kodokan, currently Kano Jigoro's grandson Yukimitsu Kano (Kano Yukimitsu), decides on individuals for promotion.^ The most complete book written about Judo is still Kodokan Judo, written by Jigoro Kano.
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^ (Lakewood, Washington - USA) Maximum Efficiency Mutual Benefit and Welfare -The maxims of Jigoro Kano, Founder of Kodokan Judo.
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Only fifteen individuals have been promoted to this rank by the Kodokan. On January 6, 2006, three individuals were promoted to 10th dan simultaneously: Toshiro Daigo, Ichiro Abe, and Yoshimi Osawa. .This is the most ever at the same time, and the first in 22 years.^ In the final, Stevens fought Aaron Cohen for the first time this year.
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No one has ever been promoted to a rank higher than 10th dan, but:
.
Theoretically the Judo rank system is not limited to 10 degrees of black belt.^ Sensei: Steve Manzek , Shodan (1st Degree Black Belt) Contact: Steve Manzek at 301-736-5612 Email Contact: Steve Manzek All Classes are Saturdays.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ D., Godan (5th Degree Black Belt) Contact: Gene Shin at 434-296-7404 Email contact: Gene Shin, Ph.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Sensei: James R. Rivera, Yondan (4th Degree Black Belt) Contact: James Rivera at 703-670-7275 Email contact: Dale City Judo Club Practice Times = Basic Class: Friday 7:00-8:00 pm Intermediate Class: Friday 8:00-9:00 pm Open Judo Workout: Tuesday, Friday 9:00-10:00 pm and Sunday 11:30-1:00 pm .
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

.The original English language copy (1955) of Illustrated Kodokan Judo, by Jigoro Kano, says: "There is no limit...on the grade one can receive.^ The most complete book written about Judo is still Kodokan Judo, written by Jigoro Kano.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ There shall be no rest period between the end of the original contest and the start of the “Golden Score” contest.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ (Lakewood, Washington - USA) Maximum Efficiency Mutual Benefit and Welfare -The maxims of Jigoro Kano, Founder of Kodokan Judo.
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Therefore if one does reach a stage above 10th dan... there is no reason why he should not be promoted to 11th dan." However, since there has never been any promotion to a rank above 10th dan, the Kodokan Judo promotion system effectively has only 10 dans. .There have only been 15 10th dans awarded by the Kodokan in the history of Judo.^ Kodokan Judo includes a brief history and etiquette as well as the throws, pins, armlocks, strangles and counters for these techniques and it contains descriptions of the seven Kata of the Kodokan.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]
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[30]
Although dan ranks tend to be consistent between national organisations there is more variation in the kyū grades, with some countries having more kyū grades. Although initially kyū grade belt colours were uniformly white, today a variety of colours are used.

Belt colours

Judo belt colours in Brazil
White Ceinture blanche.png
Blue Ceinture bleue.png
Yellow Ceinture jaune.png
Orange Ceinture orange.png
Green Ceinture verte.png
Purple Ceinture violette.png
Brown Ceinture marron.png
Black Ceinture noire.png
White and Red Ceinture blanc rouge.png
Red Ceinture rouge.png
Judo belt colours in Europe, Canada, Australia, etc.
White Ceinture blanche.png
Yellow Ceinture jaune.png
Orange Ceinture orange.png
Green Ceinture verte.png
Blue Ceinture bleue.png
Brown Ceinture marron.png
Black Ceinture noire.png
White and Red Ceinture blanc rouge.png
Red Ceinture rouge.png
In Japan, the use of belt colours is related to the age of the student. Some clubs will only have black and white, others will include a brown belt for advanced kyū grades and at the elementary school level it is common to see a green belt for intermediate levels.
In Australia the belt colours for kyu grades are white, yellow, orange, green, blue and brown.
For dan ranks, the first five are coloured black, 6th, 7th, and 8th dan have alternating red and white panels (dandara), and for 9th and 10th dan the belts are solid red.[31] .However, holders of grades above godan (5th dan) will often wear a plain black belt in regular training.^ D., Godan (5th Degree Black Belt) Contact: Gene Shin at 434-296-7404 Email contact: Gene Shin, Ph.
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

Some countries also use colored tips on belts, to indicate junior age groups. Historically, women's belts had a white stripe along the centre.[citation needed]
Examination requirements vary depending on country, age group and of course the grade being attempted. The examination itself may include competition and kata. .The kyū ranks are normally awarded by local instructors (sensei), but dan ranks are usually awarded only after an exam supervised by independent judges from a national judo association.^ National Collegiate Judo Association Eastern Collegiate Judo Association International .
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

^ Local, Regional and National Judo Events .
  • Maryland Judo Inc. 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: General]

For a rank to be recognized, it must be registered with the national judo organization or the Kodokan.

Brazil

Brazilian belt rankings are normally white, blue, yellow, orange, green, purple, brown and black (6th, 7th, and 8th dan may wear alternating red and white panels, and 9th and 10th dan holders may wear solid red belts).[32] Additionally, a grey belt may be given to very young judoka (under 11 or 13 years old) just before the blue. .Sometimes, competitors are organised into two categories depending on grading; the first is from white to orange, and the second is green through black.^ (The first Contestant called shall wear the blue Judogi; the second shall wear the white.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Blue for the first contestant and white or off-white for the second contestant.
  • International Judo Federation 15 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.intjudo.eu [Source type: Original source]

Canada

In Canada belt rankings for Seniors are, in ascending order: white, yellow, orange, green, blue, brown and finally black. Belt rankings for Juniors use white-red, white, white-yellow, yellow, yellow-orange, orange, red- green, green-blue, blue, blue-brown, and brown.[28]

United States

.In the US only senior players (adults, usually those age 16 and over) are allowed to earn dan levels, signified by wearing a black belt.^ In its twenty-sixth year, the Open is a USA Judo Senior C-Level point tournament for U.S. players and a B-Level tournament for international players.
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The USJF and USJA recognise dan grades awarded by the other organization. Advanced kyū levels can be earned by both seniors and juniors (children under the age of about 16) and are signified by wearing belts of various colours other than black. The order of belt colours can vary from dojo to dojo, depending on the dojo's organizational affiliation.
Judo kyū belt colors in the United States
Japanese
kyū names
USJF
Senior
USJF
Junior
USJA
Senior
USJA
Junior
USJA Junior
level names
Jūnikyū Judo white belt.PNG
White
Junior 12th Class
Jūichikyū Judo white belt.PNG
White
Judo yellow belt.PNG
Yellow
Junior 11th Class
Jūkyū Judo white-yellow belt.PNG
White-
yellow
Judo orange belt.PNG
Orange
Junior 10th Class
Kūkyū Judo yellow belt.PNG
Yellow
Judo orange belt.PNG
Orange
Junior 9th Class
Hachikyū Judo yellow-orange belt.PNG
Yellow-
orange
Judo green belt.PNG
Green
Junior 8th Class
Nanakyū
or USJA Senior
"Beginner"
Judo orange belt.PNG
Orange
Judo white belt.PNG
White
Judo green belt.PNG
Green
Junior 7th Class
Rokkyū Judo white belt.PNG
White
Judo orange-green belt.png
Orange-
green
Judo yellow belt.PNG
Yellow
Judo blue belt.PNG
Blue
Junior 6th Class
Gokyū Judo green belt.PNG
Green
Judo green belt.PNG
Green
Judo orange belt.PNG
Orange
Judo blue belt.PNG
Blue
Junior 5th Class
Yonkyū Judo blue belt.PNG
Blue
Judo green-blue belt.png
Green-
blue
Judo green belt.PNG
Green
Judo purple belt.PNG
Purple
Junior 4th Class
Sankyū Judo brown belt.PNG
Brown
Judo blue belt.PNG
Blue
Judo brown belt.PNG
Brown
Judo purple belt.PNG
Purple
Junior 3rd Class
Nikyū Judo brown belt.PNG
Brown
Judo blue-purple belt.PNG
Blue-
purple
Judo brown belt.PNG
Brown
Judo brown belt.PNG
Brown
Junior 2nd Class
Ikkyū Judo brown belt.PNG
Brown
Judo purple belt.PNG
Purple
Judo brown belt.PNG
Brown
Judo brown belt.PNG
Brown
Junior 1st Class
Seniors
For senior players, both the United States Judo Federation (USJF)[32] and ) the United States Judo Association (USJA)[33] specify six kyū, as listed in the table. The USJA requires "Beginners" (not a kyū) to wear a white belt until they test for yellow belt. The USJA also recommends wearing a patch specifying the practitioner's level. This is true for both kyū and dan levels.
Juniors
The USJF Juniors ranking system specifies ranks to 11th kyū (jūichikyū). The USJA Juniors ranking system specifies twelve levels of kyū rank, beginning with "Junior 1st Degree" (equivalent to jūnikyū, or 12th kyū) and ending with "Junior 12th Degree" (equivalent to ikkyū). As with the senior practitioners, the USJA recommends that juniors wear a patch specifying their rank. When a USJA Junior reaches the age of 17, their conversion to Senior rank is:[34]
  • Yellow belt converts to 6th kyu (rokyu)
  • Orange belt converts to 5th kyu (gokyu)
  • Green belt converts to 4th kyu (yonkyu)
  • Blue belt or higher converts to 3rd kyu (sankyu)
The style of belt commonly worn in modern judo

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Introduction of men's judo to the Olympics.
  2. ^ Introduction of women's judo to the Olympics.
  3. ^ The first Olympic competition to award medals to women judoka was in 1992; in 1988, women competed as a demonstration sport.
  4. ^ "Jujitsu fell into disuse with the abolition of the feudal system (1860–1865) and became almost extinct" – 2000 YEARS: Jujitsu and Kodokan Judo by Dennis Helm
  5. ^ Prior to Kano's use of the term, there was Jikishin-ryū Judo, which is an old school dating from 1724, rarely seen outside of Japan.
  6. ^ For example, Tsunejiro Tomita himself co-authored a book called Judo: The Modern School of Jiu-Jitsu in around 1906 (by Gregory, O.H. and Tomita, Tsunejiro. Published in Chicago by O.H. Gregory.)
  7. ^ a b "Introduction of the Blue Judogi". International Judo Federation. http://www.judoontario.ca/events/articles/bluejudogi.htm. 
  8. ^ Shiai rules
  9. ^ Legal ways that contestants may commence ground fighting are as a result of a throw; or of a 'skillful' takedown; or if one contestant is dragged to the ground; or if a contestant otherwise loses balance and falls to the ground. (Of course, if an Ippon is scored from the throw, the match is immediately terminated.)
  10. ^ Miller, Chris. Grappling/Submission Fighting. hsma1.com. URL last accessed on March 4, 2006.
  11. ^ The Challenges of Shimewaza by Elie A. Morrell, Shichidan (judoinfo.com)
  12. ^ The Contribution of Judo to Education by Kano Jigoro (judoinfo.com)
  13. ^ [1] Judo as a Martial Art
  14. ^ [2] Arresting techniques.
  15. ^ [3] Women's self defense
  16. ^ [4] Why Sports Judo is Effective
  17. ^ [5] Bullshido forum thread - contains some useful posts by vetted instructors and military personnel
  18. ^ "entrevista a paulo filho (interview with Paulo Filho)" (in Portuguese). youtube.com. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Jdx0WEckkM. 
  19. ^ "The History of Sombo – European Judo is really Japanese Sambo?" by Brett Jacques and Scott Anderson [6] [7] [8]
  20. ^ Sports Medicine Issues in the Young Judo Athlete – by Robert S. Nishime, M.D., USA Judo Sports Medicine Subcommittee (usjudo.org)
  21. ^ Judo Research Abstracts – on performance, safety, etc (from the Judo Information Site)
  22. ^ a b Principles of Judo Choking Techniques – by Neil Ohlenkamp (judoinfo.com)
  23. ^ Judo Choking Techniques (judoinfo.com)
  24. ^ How Safe is Choking in Judo? by E. K. Koiwai, M.D. (judoinfo.com)
  25. ^ The Safety of Judo Chokes by Leonard I. Lapinsohm M.D. (judoinfo.com)
  26. ^ Deaths Allegedly Caused by the Use of "Choke Holds" (Shime-Waza) by E. K. Koiwai, M.D. (judoinfo.com)
  27. ^ Emergency Care for Choke Holds by John Boulay (judoinfo.com)
  28. ^ a b Canadian National Kyu Grading Syllabus
  29. ^ Canadian National (Dan) Grading Syllabus
  30. ^ Ohlenkamp, Neil. "The Judo Rank System". http://www.judoinfo.com/obi.htm. 
  31. ^ "柔道帯の最高位は、何と紅!? “紅帯”所持者に投げられてきた!" (in Japanese). R25.jp. 2008-05-15. http://r25.jp/magazine/ranking_review/10002000/1112008051512.html. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  32. ^ a b "FJERJ (Judo Federation of Rio de Janeiro) - Judo Graduation". http://www.judorio.org.br/graduacao_do_judo.html. 
  33. ^ "United States Judo Association Rank Requirements". http://www.usja-judo.org/Docs2004/National%20Judo%20Rank%20System.pdf. 
  34. ^ "United States Judo Association Senior Handbook". http://www.usja-judo.org/Merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=USC&Product_Code=RM1. 

Sources

  • History of the Kodokan – University of Montana judo website.
  • Kano, Jigoro (1994) Kodokan Judo is the standard reference on judo. ISBN 4-7700-1799-5.
  • Ohlenkamp, Neil (2006) Judo Unleashed another basic reference on judo. ISBN 0-0714-7534-6.

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also judo, jûdo, and jūdō

German

Etymology

from Japanese 柔道

Proper noun

Judo n.
  1. judo

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|right|Two people practicing Judo.]] Judo, meaning "Gentle Way" comes from the ancient Samurai art in Japan, named Jiujitsu.

Jujitsu was a deadly art that used chokes, throws, joint locks, and strikes to knock out or kill opponents. Kano Jigoro who created Judo, took the safest techniques from Jiujitsu and combined them to create this new Japanese martial art.

Judo is very scientific in its training methods and fighting techniques.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 26, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Judo, which are similar to those in the above article.








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