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Julius Faucher.

Julius Faucher (June 13, 1820 in Berlin[1] - June 12, 1878 in Rome) was a German journalist and a significant advocate of Liberalism and Free Trade. He was one of the first to advocate privatizing the security functions of the state, which would eliminate taxation, therefore coming up with "a form of individualist anarchism, or, as it would be called today, anarcho-capitalism or market anarchism."[2].

Faucher's father was a member of the French colony in Berlin. In 1845, Faucher married Karoline Sommerbrodt, daughter of a hat-maker from Berlin[3], with whom he later had a daughter, Lucie, "the best joy of his eventful life."[4].

In 1844, Faucher got to know John Prince-Smith and became an advocate of Manchester Liberalism. Thus, they founded the Free Trade Association of Berlin (which didn't have much influence) and the Free Trade-newspaper Börsennachrichten an der Ostsee, later becoming the Ostseezeitung. In this newspaper, they advanced a Laissez faire trade policy. It was in this time that Faucher attended the regular meetings of several left-wing Hegelians and economists, including Max Stirner, at the Hippel Restaurant in Friedrichstraße.[5]

When the Revolutions of 1848 took place, Faucher entered combat in March 18th and 19th in Stockholm (Marsoroligheterna).[6]

In 1850, Faucher became editor of the newspaper Berliner Abendpost. After facing conflicts with the Prussian government about his Free Trade points of view, Faucher emigrated to England. There, he became correspondent for several German newspapers and later secretary to Richard Cobden.

Faucher returned to Prussia in 1861, where he was elected to the Abgeordnetenhaus (a semi-parliament) for the German Progress Party. In 1863, he founded the newspaper Vierteljahrzeitschrift für Volkswirtschaft und Kulturgeschichte (Quarterly for Economy and Culture history).

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ John Henry Mackay. "Max Stirner - Leben und Werk", Berlin 1914, p. 69
  2. ^ Raico, Ralph (2004) Authentic German Liberalism of the 19th Century Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de Recherce en Epistemologie Appliquee, Unité associée au CNRS
  3. ^ Mackay, p. 69
  4. ^ Mackay, p. 210, my translation
  5. ^ Gide Charles & Rist, Charles. A History of Economic Doctrines from the Time of the Physiocrats to the Present Day. Harrap 1956, p. 612 "Max Stirner, who was one of the most faithful members and a most attentive listener, although it does not seem that he contributed much to the discussion..."
  6. ^ Mackay, p. 197
This article incorporates information from the revision as of January 20, 2007 of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.


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