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Julius Christian Stockhausen (22 July 1826, Paris – 22 September 1906, Frankfurt am Main) was a German singer and singing master.

Life

Stockhausens' parents, Franz Stockhausen Sr. (1792–1868), harpist and composer, and Margarethe Stockhausen née Schmuck, soprano, were musicians of some ability who recognized his talent and encouraged his development.

Before he had reached his 20th year he was an excellent performer upon the piano, organ, violin, and cello. In 1845 he entered the Conservatoire de Paris, where he studied piano with Hallé and Stamaty and singing with Manuel García. In 1849 he continued his studies with Garcia in London. He quickly won fame as a remarkable concert singer (baritone). From 1862 to 1869 he resided in Hamburg as conductor of the Philharmonic Society and Singakademie. The next five years he spent in Stuttgart as Kammersänger to the King of Württemberg, then he became conductor of Stern's Gesangverein at Berlin, where he remained until 1878, being then called to Hoch Conservatory at Frankfurt as professor of singing. Differences with Raff, the director, led to his resignation the following year and the establishment of his own school, which immediately became world famous. After Raff's death (1882), Stockhausen returned to the conservatory, but continued his own school. Students of Stockhausen include Jenny Hahn, Johannes Messchaert (also: Johan), Hermine Spies, Horatio Connell, Hugo Goldschmidt, Karl Perron, and Max Friedlaender. He wrote an excellent Gesangsmethode (1884), translated into English by his pupil Sophie Löwe (1884). His brother Franz Stockhausen Jr. was an eminent choral conductor who studied with Moscheles. His daughter, Julia Wirth, née Stockhausen (1886-1964), married the famous German violinist Emanuel Wirth. She was the author of Stockhausen's biography.

Works

  • Julius Stockhausens Gesangsmethode. Leipzig: C. F. Peters, 1884.
  • Stockhausen, Julius. A Method of Singing. Translation: Sophie Löwe. London: Novello, Ewer and Co., 1884.
  • Julius Stockhausens Gesangstechnik und Stimmbildung. Frankfurt am Main: C. F. Peters, 1886/87.

Literature

  • Wirth, Julia. Julius Stockhausen: der Sänger des Deutschen Liedes. Frankfurt am Main: Englert/Schlosser, 1927.
  • Stiftung Dr. Hoch's Konservatorium Joseph Hoch zum 100. Todestag, Frankfurt am Main: Kramer, 1974.
  • Cahn, Peter. Das Hoch'sche Konservatorium in Frankfurt am Main (1878–1978), Frankfurt am Main: Kramer, 1979.

External links

This article incorporates text from an edition of the New International Encyclopedia that is in the public domain.

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