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Contemporary outfit including a black jumper

A jumper (in American English), pinafore dress or pinafore (British English) is a sleeveless, collarless dress intended to be worn over a blouse, shirt or sweater.

In British English, the term jumper describes a sweater. Also, in more formal British usage, a distinction is made between a pinafore dress and a pinafore, which, though a related garment, has an open back and is worn as an apron.

A sundress, like a jumper, is sleeveless and collarless. However it isn't worn over a blouse or sweater, and is of a distinctly different cut and fashion.

The apron dress may be viewed as a special case of the jumper. Typically, if the design of the dress is directly inspired by an apron (having a bib in front and ties in the back, for example), the garment is described as an apron dress.[1]

The Viking Apron Dress (admittedly a construction based on conjecture from the Hedeby fragments), is of a design that is in line with a standard jumper. The name was probably chosen as the dress was sometimes worn on top of a sleeved dress.

See also

  • Gymslip (A British pinafore worn as athletic wear or school uniform)
  • Sarafan


  1. ^ Note these pattern examples: early 1950's, 1974, and an unknown time period. Compare with this magazine excerpt and jumper dress patterns: women's magazine Paris Modes (Sept. 1909), 1940, 1956, 1960.

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