Jumu'ah (Arabic: جمعة) (also known as jum'ah, Friday prayer, etc.) is a congregational prayer (salat) that Muslims hold every Friday, just after noon in lieu of dhuhr. It is mentioned in the Qur'an as:
The jumu'ah prayer is half the dhuhr prayer, for convenience, preceded by a khutba (a sermon as a technical replacement of the two reduced raka'ahs of the ordinary dhuhr prayer), and followed by a communal prayer, led by the imam. In most cases the khaṭīb also serves as the imam. Attendance is strictly incumbent upon all adult males who are legal residents of the locality, females are also permitted to go to the Mosque to perform the Friday prayers, and have a section that is separated from men in which they pray with fellow Muslim women, though it is only obligatory on all Muslim males.
The muezzin makes the call to prayer, called the adhan, usually 15-20 minutes prior to the start of Jum'ah. When the khaṭīb takes his place on the minbar, a second adhan is made. The khaṭīb is supposed to deliver two speeches, stopping and sitting briefly between them. In practice, the first speech is longer and contains most of the content. The second speech is very brief and concludes with a du'a, after which the muezzin calls the iqama. This signals the start of the main two rak'at prayer of Jumu'ah.
The prayers mainly have high attendance of worshipers, as compared to the ritual prayers. In Turkey for example, the ritual prayers are performed regularly by 44%, whereas going to Friday prayers was more regularly attended by 56% (25% responded that they sometimes attended and 19% that they never did).
Abu Hurayrah reported that Muhammad said: "When it is Friday, the angels stand at every door of the mosque and record the people in order of arrival, and when the Imam sits on the pulpit for delivering the sermon, qutba, they fold up their sheets and listen to the mention of Allah, the speech."
A person who goes to Friday prayer is said to have his sins between that Friday and last forgiven.