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Junkers Ju 488: Wikis

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Ju 488
Role Heavy bomber
Manufacturer Junkers
Primary user Luftwaffe
Number built 2
Developed from Junkers Ju 188
Junkers Ju 288
Junkers Ju 388

The Junkers Ju 488 was a proposed heavy strategic bomber, to be used by Germany in World War II, the project never got past the prototype stage.

In an effort to produce an advanced four engined strategic bomber for the Luftwaffe, a proposal was made by Junkers during 1944 to create a simplified design by combining sub-assemblies of the Ju 188, Ju 288, and Ju 388 to new wing and fuselage assemblies. This would result in a sleek aircraft with a length of almost 20.4 m (67 ft) and a wingspan of nearly 31.4 m (103 ft). The Ju 488 was to be initially powered by four BMW 801J radial engines. Later versions were to be powered by four Jumo 222 engines. The first two prototypes, Ju 488 V401 and V402 had fuselage sections constructed at the Latécoère factory in France, while the other components were being prepared at Junkers factories in Germany. The Ju 488 V401 and V402 fuselages were completed by 1944, but were damaged by French resistance on 16 July, 1944. Construction of four more prototypes, the V403 to V406, continued at low priority and were not finished by the end of the war.

The Junkers Ju 488 represented the last, and most serious, challenge to Heinkel, in that German aviation's firm to promote the Heinkel He 277 to production status, and on which all design work stopped early in April 1944, with the Ju 488 itself being abandoned late that same year.

Specifications (Ju 488A)

Data from

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Length: 23.24 m (76 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 31.28 m (102 ft 7¾ in)
  • Height: 6.09 m (20 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 88.00 m² (947.22 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 21,000 kg (46,297 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 36,000 kg (79,366 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4× Junkers Jumo 222A-3/B-3 24-cylinder liquid cooled engine, 1,864 kW (2,500 hp) each

Performance

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 20 mm MG 151 cannons in dorsal barbette and 2 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns in tail barbette
  • Bombs: up to 5,000 kg (11,023 lb) of disposable stores in internal bay

References

  • Filly, Brian. Junkers Ju 88 in Action, part 2. Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1991.
  • Green, William. Warplanes of the Third Reich. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1970. ISBN 0-356-02382-6.
  • Smith, J.R. and Kay, Anthony. German Aircraft of the Second World War. London: Putnam and Company, Ltd., 1972. ISBN 0-370-00024-2.
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