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Junqueira Freire

Born Luís José Junqueira Freire
31 December 1832(1832-12-31)
Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Died 24 June 1855 (aged 23)
Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Occupation Poet, essayist
Nationality Brazil Brazilian
Ethnicity White
Subjects Mal du siècle
Literary movement Romanticism
Notable work(s) Inspirações do Claustro

Luís José Junqueira Freire (December 31, 1832 – June 24, 1855) was a Brazilian poet and Benedictine monk, adept of the "Ultra-romanticism" movement and author of Inspirações do Claustro. He is patron of the 25th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.


Luís José Junqueira Freire was born December 31, 1832 in Salvador, Bahia, to José Vicente de Sá Freire and Felicidade Augusta Junqueira. After completing his primary studies and Latin, he was matriculated at the Liceu Provincial of Salvador in 1849. Two years later, he joined the Benedictine Order by family reasons. Although unsatisfacted living at the monastery, there he could write and read poetries, and served as a teacher.

He demanded his secularity in 1853, and, one year later, having obtained it, he refugiated at home, where he wrote his short Autobiography. Shortly before dying, in June 24, 1855, due to heart problems he had since his childhood, Freire published the poetry anthology he wrote during his years at the Benedictines' monastery, called Inspirações do Claustro (in English: Cloister Inspirations). The poems of it speak mostly of the solitude Freire suffered at the monastery, and also another subjects, such as celibacy horror; repressed desires who disturbed him and increased in him the wish to sin; the Brazilian nationalism; revolts against rules, the world and himself; obsession by death, and the mal du siècle.

Some critics consider Junqueira Freire as the predecessor of Castro Alves, as his social poetry also incorporated the problem of the slavery.


  • Autobiografia (Autobiography1854)
  • Inspirações do Claustro (Cloister Inspirations1855)

External links



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