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Juragua Nuclear Power Plant
Juragua Nuclear Power Plant
Juragua Nuclear Power Plant
Country Cuba
Coordinates 22°04′00.84″N 80°30′33.12″W / 22.0669°N 80.5092°W / 22.0669; -80.5092Coordinates: 22°04′00.84″N 80°30′33.12″W / 22.0669°N 80.5092°W / 22.0669; -80.5092
Built 1983
Reactor type VVER-440 V318
Reactors canceled 2 (880 MW)
Other details

Juragua Nuclear Power Plant was a nuclear power plant under construction in Cuba in 1992 when a suspension of construction was announced following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the termination of Soviet economic aid to Cuba.


In 1976 Cuba and the Soviet Union signed an agreement to construct two 440-megawatt nuclear power reactors (VVER-440 V318) in the south central province of Cienfuegos, near Juragua. Upon completion, the first reactor (Juragua 1), would have generated over 15% of Cuba's energy demands. The construction of these reactors was a priority for Cuba because of its dependence on imported oil. This version of VVER-440 was designed to have full containment structure.[1]

The construction of the reactors began in 1983 and most of the reactor parts, except for civil construction materials, were supplied by the Soviet Union under bilateral economic cooperation agreements. The first reactor was scheduled to be operational in 1993. However, the collapse of the Soviet Union disrupted construction at Juragua, as a market economy established new economic ties and Russia began providing technical assistance to Cuba on a commercial basis. On September 5, 1992, Cuban President Fidel Castro announced a suspension of construction at Juragua due to Cuba's inability to meet the financial terms set by Russia to complete the reactors.[2] A September 1992 GAO report estimated that civil construction on the first reactor ranged from 90 to 97% complete with only 37% of the reactor equipment installed, while the second reactor was only between 20 and 30% completed.[1]


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