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Juscelino Kubitschek bridge
The Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge viewed from the eastern lake side.
The Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge viewed from the eastern lake side.
Locale Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brazil[1]
Maintained by Governo do Distrito Federal
Designer Alexandre Chan and Mário Vila Verde[1]
Design asymmetric Arch bridge with suspended deck[1]
Total length 1,200 metres (3,900 ft)[1]
Width 24 metres (79 ft)[1]
Height 60 metres (200 ft)[1]
Longest span 720 metres (2,400 ft)[1]
Beginning date of construction 2000
Completion date 2002
Coordinates 15°49′25″S 47°49′46″W / 15.82361°S 47.82944°W / -15.82361; -47.82944Coordinates: 15°49′25″S 47°49′46″W / 15.82361°S 47.82944°W / -15.82361; -47.82944
Juscelino Kubitschek bridge is located in Brazil
Ground view of the JK Bridge.
Aerial view of the JK Bridge.
Night view of the JK Bridge.
Approach to the JK Bridge.

The Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge (Portuguese: Ponte Juscelino Kubitschek), also known as the President JK Bridge or just the JK Bridge, crosses Lake Paranoá in Brasília, D.F. It is named for Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, former president of Brazil, who in the late 1950s decided to build Brasília as the new capital of the country. It was designed by architect Alexandre Chan and structural engineer Mário Vila Verde.[2]

The main span structure has four supporting pillars submerged under Lake Paranoá, and the deck weight is supported by three 200-foot tall asymmetrical steel arches that crisscross diagonally. The decks are suspended by steel cables alternating at each side of the deck, interlacing in some kind of twisted plane (parabolic like). The entire structure has a total length of 1,200 m, and it was completed at a cost of US$56.8 million (R$160 million - Brazilian Reais, current 2003).[3] The bridge has a pedestrian walkway and is accessible to bicyclists and skaters.

Contents

Awards

Despite the structural design complexity and the higher cost of the chosen solution, these characteristics give the bridge a great architectonical beauty and grandiosity, up to the level of Brasilia’s majestic scale. Inaugurated on December 15, 2002, this bridge immediately became one more of Brasilia’s favorite landmarks, especially at night.[4] Chan won the Gustav Lindenthal Medal for this project at the 2003 International Bridge Conference in Pittsburgh. This medal is awarded "for a single, recent outstanding achievement showing harmony with the environment, aesthetic merit and successful community participation".[5]

This bridge was also awarded the "Premio Abcem 2003" (ABCEM Award) – Best Steel Work of the Year, Bridges and Highway Overpasses Category, granted by the Brazilian Metal Construction Association (Associação Brasileira da Construção Metálica, ABCEM).[6]

The bridge architectural design seems similar to a pedestrian walkway in the Port of Nagoya Public Aquarium[7] located at 35 05 25 N 136 52 47 E. However architectural design also included structure shapes and solutions that step away from that footbridge.

Dimensions

The main characteristics of the structure are:[8]

  • Total length: 1,200 m
  • Main span supported by the archs: 720 m
  • Deck Width: 24 m (three lanes in each direction)
  • Lateral sideways for pedestrians and bicycles: 1.5 m (on each side)
  • Rise: 60 m
  • Clearance: 18 m
  • Arch span: 3 x 240 m

References

External links

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