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Drs. H. Muhammad Jusuf Kalla


In office
20 October 2004 – 20 October 2009
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Preceded by Hamzah Haz
Succeeded by Boediono

Golkar Party Chairman
In office
2004–2009
Preceded by Akbar Tanjung
Succeeded by Aburizal Bakrie

Incumbent
Assumed office 
2009
Preceded by Mar'ie Muhammad

Born 15 May 1942 (1942-05-15) (age 67)
Watampone, South Sulawesi
Nationality Indonesian
Political party Golongan Karya
Spouse(s) Mufidah Miad Saad
Children Muchlisa Kalla
Muswirah
Imelda Kalla
Solichin Kalla
Chaerani Kalla
Alma mater Hasanuddin University
INSEAD
Profession Businessman
Religion Islam
Website www.jusufkalla.info

About this sound Muhammad Jusuf Kalla (born May 15, 1942) was the 10th Vice President of Indonesia and Chairman of the Golkar Party in the same period. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Indonesian presidential election in 2009, and his term expired in October 2009.

Contents

Early life

Jusuf Kalla was born on 15 May 1942 in Watampone, South Sulawesi. His parents were Hadji Kalla, a local businessman and Athirah, a woman who sold Buginese silk for a living.[1] He was the second child out of 10.

After completing school, Kalla attended the University of Hasanuddin in Makassar. There, he became active with the Indonesian Student Action Front (KAMI), a student organization which supported General Suharto in his bid to gain power from President Sukarno and was elected as Chairman of its South Sulawesi branch.[1] He also had the beginnings of a political career, becoming a member of the Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD) and Chairman of the Youth Division of Golkar when it still adopted a Joint Secretariat (Sekber) format.

Businessman

In 1967, Kalla graduated from Faculty Economy of Universitas Hasanuddin in Makassar. At the time, the economic situation was still bleak and his father, Hadji contemplated shutting down the family's enterprise, NV Hadji Kalla. It was here that Kalla decided to enter the business world. Sacrificing his political activism, Kalla became CEO of NV Hadji Kalla in 1968 whilst Hadji became the Company's Chairman. In the beginning things were hard for Kalla, who only had one employee and his mother had to assist him by trading her silk and running a mini-transportation enterprise which consisted of three buses.[1]

However business improved. Under Kalla's leadership, NV Hadji Kalla expanded from export imports to the hotel industry, construction, car dealing, bridges, shipping, real estate, transportation, a shrimp farm, oil palm, and telecommunications. [1] In addition to being CEO of NV Hadji Kalla, Kalla was also the CEO for the subsidiaries established under NV Hadji Kalla. In 1977, Kalla graduated from INSEAD, an international business school based in Fontainebleau, south of Paris.

Organizational career

Aside from his business career, Kalla has also been active in various organizations. From 1979 to 1989 he was Chairman of the Indonesian Economics Graduates Association (ISEI) branch in Ujung Pandang and continues to play an advisory role in ISEI. Kalla was extensively involved with the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KADIN). From 1985-1998, he was KADIN Chairman for South Sulawesi and at one point was the KADIN Coordinator for Eastern Indonesia [1]. In addition, Kalla is also on the boards of trustees for three universities in Makassar. Kalla has also contributed socially by building the Al Markaz Mosque and becoming chairman of its Islamic centre.

Political career

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Member of the People's Consultative Assembly

Kalla returned to politics in 1987 when he was appointed to the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR) as a regional representative for South Sulawesi. He would be re-appointed to the MPR in 1992, 1997, and 1999[2].

Wahid and Megawati Presidencies

When Abdurrahman Wahid was elected President by the MPR in 1999, Kalla was included in the Cabinet and was named Minister of Industry and Trade. He had only been in his position for six months when in April 2000, Wahid removed him from his position along with Minister of State Owned Enterprises, Laksamana Sukardi. Wahid accused both Kalla and Laksamana for corruption although he never backed it up with evidence.[3]

In July 2001, through a Special Session of the MPR, Wahid was dismissed from office and Megawati Sukarnoputri took over as President. Megawati included Kalla in her Cabinet and named him Coordinating Minister of People's Welfare. Although it was not part of his Ministerial brief, Kalla helped solve the inter-religious conflict in Poso on his native island of Sulawesi. Kalla facilitated a negotiation process which resulted in the signing of the Malino Declaration on 20 December 2001.[4] and ceased three years worth of conflict. Two months later, Kalla once again helped solve another conflict in Sulawesi. On 12 February 2002, he, together with Coordinating Minister of Politics and Society Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, managed to solve a similar conflict on Ambon and Molucca through a Second Malino Declaration.[5]

Road to Vice Presidency

Now a popular figure for assisting with the peace process in Sulawesi, Kalla considered throwing himself into the mix for the 2004 Presidential Elections. In August 2003 he announced his candidacy and enlisted to be part of Golkar's 2004 Convention which will elect its Presidential candidate [6]. As the months went on however, Kalla was considered more as a Vice Presidential candidate. He was expected to partner a Javanese Presidential candidate and his non-Javanese background was thought to be a weapon to get votes that a Javanese would have trouble getting [7].

Just days before the Golkar National Convention, Kalla made the decision to withdraw from the race. Kalla then accepted the offer of the Democratic Party's (PD) Yudhoyono to become his running mate [8]. The pair also received the support of the Crescent Star Party (PBB), the Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (PKPI), and Star Reform Party (PBR).

On 5 July 2004, the Presidential Elections were held. Kalla and Yudhoyono came first with 33% of the votes. However, 50% of votes are required for a new President and Vice President to be elected and this meant Yudhoyono going into a run-off against Megawati.

For the run-off, Kalla and Yudhoyono faced a huge challenge when Megawati formed a National Coalition consisting of her own Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle (PDI-P), Golkar, United Development Party, Prosperous Peace Party (PDS), and the Indonesian National Party (PNI). Whilst Yudhoyono gathered and consolidated political support from other parties, Kalla turned to Golkar for support. Led by Fahmi Idris and ignoring the party line, pro-Kalla elements declared their support for Kalla and Yudhoyono [9]. On 20 September 2004, Kalla and Yudhoyono won the run-offs with 60.87% of the votes.

Vice Presidency

Jusuf kalla with Russian Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin

Although he had overwhelmingly won the Presidency, Yudhoyono was still weak in the People's Representative Council (DPR). PD combined with all of its coalition partners were still too weak to contend with the Legislative muscles of Golkar and PDI-P who now intended to play the role of opposition.

With a National Congress to be held in December 2004, Yudhoyono and Kalla had originally backed Head of DPR Agung Laksono to become Golkar Chairman. When Agung was perceived to be too weak to run against Akbar, Yudhoyono and Kalla threw their weight behind Surya Paloh. Finally, when Paloh was also perceived to be to weak to run against Akbar, Yudhoyono gave the green light for Kalla to run for the Golkar Chairmanship [10]. On 19 December 2004, Kalla was elected as the new Chairman of Golkar.

Kalla's victory posed a dilemma for Yudhoyono. Although it now enabled Yudhoyono to pass legislation, Kalla's new position meant that in one sense, he was now more powerful than Yudhoyono.

Jusuf Kalla as Vice President with President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

The first sign that points to the existence of a rivalry was during the Indian Ocean Tsunami when Kalla, apparently on his own initiative assembled the Ministers and signed a Vice Presidential decree ordering work to begin on rehabilitating Aceh. The legality of his Vice Presidential decree was questioned [11] although Yudhoyono maintained that it was he who gave the orders for Kalla to proceed.

The second sign was in September 2005 when Yudhoyono went to New York to attend the annual United Nations Summit. Although Yudhoyono had left Kalla to take charge of proceedings at Jakarta, he seemed to be bent on maintaining a watch on matters at home. Yudhoyono would hold a video conference from New York to receive reports from Ministers. Critics suggest that this was an expression of distrust by Yudhoyono [12] The suggestion seemed to gain momentum when Kalla only showed up for one video conference and then spent the rest of the time taking care of Golkar matters.

Although things calmed down, especially with Golkar gaining another Cabinet position in the reshuffle, the alleged rivalry resurfaced again in October 2006 when Yudhoyono established the Presidential Work Unit for the Organization of Reform Program (UKP3R). There was accusation that this was an attempt by Yudhoyono to exclude Kalla from Government. Yudhoyono was quick to clarify that in supervising UKP3R, he will be assisted by Kalla [13].

Presidential candidacy

Kallais ran for the presidency with Wiranto as his running mate in the 2009 Indonesian presidential election, finishing third with 12.4 per cent of the vote.

Personal life

Kalla is married to Mufidah, with whom he has five children, Muchlisa, Muswira, Imelda, Solichin and Chaerani[14].

His post vice presidency include many social activities. In December 22, 2009 he was elected to became chairman of Indonesian Red Cross Society (Palang Merah Indonesia, PMI). Kalla said that under his leadership, the PMI would improve the national blood stock to prepare for any increased demand for blood by hospital patients and victims of natural disasters. [15]

Quotes

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Jusuf Kalla, Petinggi Negara yang Sederhana | Biografi | Ensiklopedi Tokoh Indonesia
  2. ^ Yayasan API, Panduan Parlelem Indonesia (Indonesian Parliamentary Guide), Jakarta, ISBN 979-96532-1-5
  3. ^ Barton, Greg (2002). Abdurrahman Wahid: Muslim Democrat, Indonesian President. Singapore: UNSW Press. p. 302. ISBN 0-86840-405-5. 
  4. ^ Tempointeraktif.com - Deklarasi Malino Mengakhiri Pertikaian di Poso
  5. ^ [Eskol-Net]- Hot Spot: "Deklarasi Malino untuk Maluku"
  6. ^ http://www.kompas.com/kompas-cetak/0308/07/nasional/480103.htm
  7. ^ Suara Merdeka - Nasional
  8. ^ BBC NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Blow to Megawati re-election bid
  9. ^ Tempo Interaktif
  10. ^ Suara Merdeka - Nasional
  11. ^ Redaksi Tempo (24th October-30th October 2005 Edition). SBY-JK Duet Atau Duel: Edisi Khusus Setahun Pemerintahan SBY-JK. Jakarta, Indonesia. p. 41. 
  12. ^ Redaksi Tempo (24th October-30th October 2005 Edition). SBY-JK Duet Atau Duel: Edisi Khusus Setahun Pemerintahan SBY-JK. Jakarta, Indonesia. p. 40. 
  13. ^ Presiden SBY: UKP3R Dipertahankan | Berita Tokoh Indonesia
  14. ^ Figur magazine, Edition XXIX/2008, p29, PT. Panca Wira Karsa, Jakarta, ISSN 1978-9386
  15. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/01/13/mar039ie-hands-over-red-cross-job-kalla.html| Mar'ie hands over Red Cross job to Kalla
  16. ^ Missing airliner 'international issue': Indonesian VP - The Vancouver Sun - retrieved on January 7, 2007.

See also

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Hamzah Haz
Vice President of Indonesia
20 October 2004 – 20 October 2009
Succeeded by
Boediono

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Jusuf Kalla (born Watampone, South Sulawesi, 1942-05-15) is the current Vice President of Indonesia.

Sourced

  • The marketing needs a better campaign based on the visitor's appetite and segment. If there are a lot of Middle East tourists traveling to Puncak to seek janda, I think that it's OK. The tourists would bring numerous benefits to the women and their offspring, as well as the country's entertainment community. If the janda get modest homes even if the tourists later leave them, then it's OK. The children resulting from these relationships will have good genes. There will be more television actors and actresses from these pretty boys and girls.

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