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History of Japan
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Glossary
This article is about the Japanese era name. For the software company, see Koei.

Kōei (康永 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) of the Northern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Ryakuō and before Jōwa. This period spanned the years from April 1342 to October 1345.[1] The emperor in Kyoto was Emperor Kōmyō (光明天皇 Kōmyō-tennō ?).[2] Go-Kōgon's Southern Court rival in Yoshino during this time-frame was Emperor Go-Murakami (後村上天皇 Go-Murakami-tennō ?).

Contents

Nanboku-chō overview

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

During the Meiji period, an Imperial decree dated March 3, 1911 established that the legitimate reigning monarchs of this period were the direct descendants of Emperor Go-Daigo through Emperor Go-Murakami, whose Southern Court (南朝 nanchō ?) had been established in exile in Yoshino, near Nara.[3]

Until the end of the Edo period, the militarily superior pretender-Emperors supported by the Ashikaga shogunate had been mistakenly incorporated in Imperial chronologies despite the undisputed fact that the Imperial Regalia were not in their possession.. [3]

This illegitimate Northern Court (北朝 hokuchō ?) had been established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji. [3]

Change of era

  • 1342 Kōei gannen (康永元年 ?): The era name was changed to Kōei to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Ryakuō 5.[4]

In this time frame, Kōkoku 1340-1346 was the Southern Court equivalent nengō.

Events of the Kōei era

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2005). "Kōei" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 541; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 294-297; Nussbaum, p. 541.
  3. ^ a b c Thomas, Julia Adeney. (2001). Reconfiguring modernity: concepts of nature in Japanese political ideology, p. 199 n57, citing Mehl, Margaret. (1997). History and the State in Nineteenth-Century Japan. p. 140-147.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Titsingh, p. 297.

References

External links

Kōei 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Gregorian 1342 1343 1344 1345

Preceded by:
Ryakuō

Era or nengō:
Kōei

Succeeded by:
Jōwa

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