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Kowa (康和 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Jōtoku and before Chōji. This period spanned the years from 1099 through 1104. The reigning emperor was Horikawa-tennō (堀河天皇 ?).[1]


Change of Era

  • January 24, 1099 Kōwa 1 (康和元年 ?): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Jōtoku 3, on the 28th day of the 8th month of 1099.[2]

Events of the Kōwa Era

  • 1099 (Kōwa 1, 6th month): Kampaku Fujiwara Moromichi died at age 38; and Moromichi's son, Fujiwara Tadazane took over his father's responsibilities.[3]
  • 1100 (Kōwa 2): The dainagon, Fujiwara Tadazane, is elevated to udaijin.[4]
  • 1101 (Kōwa 3, 2nd month): The former kampaku, Fujiwara Morozane, died at age 60.[4]


  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 172-177; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 317-320; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 202.
  2. ^ Brown, p. 319.
  3. ^ Titsingh, pp. 176-177.
  4. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 177.


External links

Kōwa 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th
Gregorian 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:



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