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Committee for State Security
Комитет государственной безопасности
Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti
Emblema KGB.svg
The KGB Sword-and-Shield emblem.
Agency overview
Dissolved 6 November 1991 (de facto)
3 December 1991 (de jure)
Jurisdiction Council of Ministers of the USSR
Headquarters Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
55°45′31.2″N 37°37′32.16″E / 55.758667°N 37.6256°E / 55.758667; 37.6256
.The KGB (КГБ) is the common abbreviation for the Russian: About this sound Комитет государственной безопасности (Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti or Committee for State Security).^ The KGB was a union-republic state committee, controlling corresponding state committees of the same name in the fourteen non-Russian republics.

^ The East German Ministry for State Security, known as Stasi, worked closely with the KGB. Like the KGB it was responsible for both internal repression and espionage abroad.
  • Divide and Conquer: The KGB disinformation campaign against Ukrainians and Jews »  News & Publications »  The Institute of World Politics 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.iwp.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Directorate's operations were coordinated with the scientific and technical collection activities of other KGB elements, and with the State Scientific and Technical Committee ( GNTK).

.It was the national security agency of the Soviet Union from 1954 until 1991. It was the Soviet Union's premier internal security, intelligence, and secret police organization.^ Andrei Sakharov endured a less onerous punishment by the KGB (the Soviet secret police).

^ Their main message was that the Soviet Union was threatened by the large-scale efforts of Western intelligence agencies to penetrate the country by using cultural, scientific, and tourist exchanges to send in spies.

^ The Soviet secret police and intelligence service had a long history of using disinformation to discredit political opponents.
  • Divide and Conquer: The KGB disinformation campaign against Ukrainians and Jews »  News & Publications »  The Institute of World Politics 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.iwp.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The contemporary State Security Agency of the Republic of Belarus uses the Russian name KGB. Most of the KGB archives remain classified, yet two on-line documentary sources are available.^ This paper relies on two main documentary sources on KGB-Barzani ties.
  • The Kurds and the KGB - by Dr. Kamal Said Qadir 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.antiwar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, they differed from local branches of most union-republic ministerial agencies, such as the MVD, which were subject to dual subordination.

^ The second source is the so-called Mitrokhin archive , which was smuggled to the West by the defected KGB officer Vasili Mitrokhin after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
  • The Kurds and the KGB - by Dr. Kamal Said Qadir 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.antiwar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1][2]

Contents

Modus operandi

.Many experts consider the KGB to have been the world's most effective intelligence agency in its time.^ The KGB was the primary agency responsible for supplying the Kremlin with foreign intelligence.

^ IT'S TIME AGAIN FOR DARKFALL As many of you know, KGB began it's official presence on the Darkfall NA1 server almost two weeks ago.
  • The KGB Oracle - Forums powered by UBB.threads™ 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC oracle.the-kgb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the time, several thousand KGB officers reported to a headquarters at Karlshorst, outside Berlin; Soviet military intelligence also was stationed in East Germany.
  • Putin's Career Rooted in Russia's KGB (washingtonpost.com) 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: News]

[3] .It operated legal and illegal espionage residencies in target countries where the legal resident spied from the Soviet embassy, and, if caught, was protected with diplomatic immunity from prosecution; at best, the compromised spy either returned to Russia or was expelled by the target country government.^ Instead, he has been caught by what Mr. Julian described as an old "Cold War" law that prohibits Canada from accepting spies as residents, or anyone who has engaged in subversive action against democratic governments.
  • Ottawa rejects former KGB agent’s deportation appeal 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The duties of this department included the staff of KGB "legal" Residencies [rezidenty] in Soviet embassies, operating under legal cover while engaged in intelligence collection, espionage, and active measures, as well as KGB illegals [apart from those operating under assignment from the Executive Action and Disinformation Departments].

^ Specialists in Soviet embassies monitored local communications and provided technical assistance to the Residency.

.The illegal resident spied unprotected by diplomatic immunity and worked independently of the Soviet diplomatic and trade missions, (cf. the non-official cover CIA agent).^ The Second Chief Directorate was responsible for internal political control of Soviet citizens and foreigners residing within the Soviet Union, including both diplomats and tourists.

^ Dtente permitted a vast influx of Soviet and East European diplomatic, cultural, and commercial officials into the United States and other Western countries.

^ Based on Mitrokhin’s account, the report consists of the following statements: Richard Zorge had been working as an agent in the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Soviet Ministry of Defense.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

.In its early history, the KGB valued illegal spies more than legal spies, because illegals penetrated their targets more easily.^ Last year kgb served more than a hundred million consumers globally and answered nearly a billion questions.
  • Press Releases « news room 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC news.kgb.com [Source type: General]

^ An Illegal Trainer (KGB history of agent "Halef").
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In 2007, kgb served more than a hundred million consumers globally and answered over a billion questions.
  • Press Releases « news room 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC news.kgb.com [Source type: General]

.The KGB residency executed four types of espionage: (i) political, (ii) economic, (iii) military-strategic, and (iv) disinformation, effected with "active measures" (PR Line), counter-intelligence and security (KR Line), and scientific–technologic intelligence (X Line); quotidian duties included SIGINT (RP Line) and illegal support (N Line).^ June 01 2007 - This 25 April 1974 directive from the Centre is attributed to an author identified as “Sviridov.” It was sent to KGB Line A residencies in Beirut, Cairo, Damascus, Baghdad, Aden, Samaa, and others, and contains instructions for planning “active measures.” “Sviridov” identified a variety of channels through which the KGB could influence Middle Eastern governments, militaries, and political groups, while suppressing anti-Soviet groups.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The KGB relied heavily on the intelligence services of satellite countries in carrying out both active measures and espionage operations.

^ In addition to straightforward intelligence collection and counterintelligence, the KGB participated in the Kremlin's program of active measures.

[4] .At first, using the romantic and intellectual allure of "The First Worker–Peasant State" (1917), "The Fight Against Fascism" (1936–39), and the "Anti-Nazi Great Patriotic War" (1941–45) the Soviets recruited many idealistic, high-level Westerners as ideological agents .^ The Soviets used foreign communists to spread the disinformation.One of them, Michael Hanusiak, a member of the Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA), visited Ukraine in the early 1970s, where the KGB provided him with information on Ukrainians who were supposedly Nazi war criminals.
  • Divide and Conquer: The KGB disinformation campaign against Ukrainians and Jews »  News & Publications »  The Institute of World Politics 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.iwp.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Together with the International Department of the Central Committee, the KGB funnelled money to these organizations and recruited Soviet agents to serve on their administrative bodies.

^ He was a Soviet prisoner of war who had volunteered to work for the Nazis as a camp guard.
  • Divide and Conquer: The KGB disinformation campaign against Ukrainians and Jews »  News & Publications »  The Institute of World Politics 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.iwp.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

. . but the Russo–German Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (1939) and the suppressed Hungarian Uprising (1956) and Prague Spring (1968) mostly ended ideological recruitment. .By the 1960s and 1970s, the Red Army's invasions and the infirm Brezhnev's corrupt, poor leadership repelled young, left-wing radicals from the Soviet Socialist cause—so, the KGB blackmailed and bribed Westerners into spying for the Soviet Union.^ The KGB probably favoured the invasion because of the threat posed by a possible spillover of unrest into the Soviet Union.

^ In May 1971, after the defeat of the anti-Sadat opposition group “left Nasserists,” the KGB’s leadership role in the organization came to light.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Their main message was that the Soviet Union was threatened by the large-scale efforts of Western intelligence agencies to penetrate the country by using cultural, scientific, and tourist exchanges to send in spies.

.The KGB classed its spies as agents (intelligence providers) and controllers (intelligence relayers).^ The kgb 542542 text service combines the power of the company’s best-in-class knowledge database with the judgment and skill of a specially-trained community of agents—kgb Special Agents—who provide quick, accurate responses to any question.
  • Press Releases « news room 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC news.kgb.com [Source type: General]

^ Furthermore, the KGB, as the main provider of intelligence to the leadership, was in a position to influence decision making by screening and interpreting the information.

^ Together with satellite intelligence services, the KGB helped to organize military training and political indoctrination of leftist guerrillas, as well as providing arms and advisers.

The false-identity legend assumed by a Russian-born illegal spy was elaborate, the life of either a "live double" (participant to the fabrication) or a "dead double" (whose identity is tailored to the spy). .The agent then substantiated his or her legend by living it in a foreign country, before emigrating to the target country; thus the sending of US-bound illegal residents via the Soviet residency in Ottawa, Canada.^ Ottawa rejects former KGB agent’s deportation appeal Canada.com Network .
  • Ottawa rejects former KGB agent’s deportation appeal 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ June 01 2007 - Information on KGB counter-intelligence surveillance of Soviet tourists vacationing in other socialist countries who had contact with foreigners.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The Second Chief Directorate was responsible for internal political control of Soviet citizens and foreigners residing within the Soviet Union, including both diplomats and tourists.

.Tradecraft included stealing and photographing documents, code-names, contacts, targets, and dead letter boxes, and working as "friend of the cause" agents provocateur who infiltrate the target's group to sow dissension, influence policy, and arrange kidnaps and assassinations.^ How well it applies to supporting sympathetic opposition groups who may or may not use assassination as a form of political protest is somewhat of an open question.
  • Russia, the KGB and radioactive poisoning. | We Saved Hitler's Brain | Cracked.com Forums 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To present a list of names of American intelligence officers and agents who have refused to work for DULLES on political, moral and other grounds; f) about utilization by the CIA leadership of senior officials from the State Department, including ambassadors, for subversive and intelligence operations that cause great harm to USA prestige.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (While the agents mentioned in KGB reports were given code names, the co-optees were listed by their real names.
  • Divide and Conquer: The KGB disinformation campaign against Ukrainians and Jews »  News & Publications »  The Institute of World Politics 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.iwp.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

History

.Occasionally, the KGB would secretly murder citizens under the order of Stalin.The Cheka was established to defend the October Revolution and the nascent Bolshevik state from its enemies—principally the monarchist White Army.^ The difference was that the agent was a full time operative of any nationality, while the co-optee was a Soviet citizen, only occasionally called upon to carry out KGB orders.
  • Divide and Conquer: The KGB disinformation campaign against Ukrainians and Jews »  News & Publications »  The Institute of World Politics 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.iwp.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Barzani family has established a brutal and corrupt feudal political system in Iraqi Kurdistan under the pretext that they led the Kurdish revolution.
  • The Kurds and the KGB - by Dr. Kamal Said Qadir 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.antiwar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bogdan Stashynsky, the KGB assassin, later defected to West Germany and revealed how Soviet intelligence had ordered him to murder the Ukrainian leader.
  • Divide and Conquer: The KGB disinformation campaign against Ukrainians and Jews »  News & Publications »  The Institute of World Politics 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.iwp.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

To ensure the Bolshevik régime's survival, it suppressed counter-revolution with domestic terror and international deception. .The scope of foreign intelligence operations prompted Lenin to authorise the Cheka's creation of the INO (Innostranyi Otdel – Foreign-intelligence Department)—the precursor to the First Chief Directorate (FCD) of the KGB. In 1922, Lenin's régime re-named the Cheka as the State Political Directorate (OGPU).^ The First Chief Directorate of the KGB was responsible for KGB operations abroad.

^ The First Chief Directorate (Foreign Operations) was responsible for all foreign operations and intelligence gathering activities.

^ The Second Chief Directorate also played a role in foreign intelligence in 1989.

[5]
.The OGPU expanded Soviet espionage nationally and internationally, and provided to Stalin the head personal bodyguard Nikolai Vlasik.^ Sudoplatov mentions in his memoirs that he was responsible for the assassination of Trotsky on Stalin's order, and for the atomic espionage that led to the building of the Soviet atom bomb.
  • The Kurds and the KGB - by Dr. Kamal Said Qadir 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.antiwar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The vagaries of Stalin's paranoia influenced the OGPU's performance and direction in the 1930s, i.e. fantastic Trotskyist conspiracies, etc. .Acting as his own analyst, Stalin unwisely subordinated intelligence analysis to collecting it; eventually, reports pandered to his conspiracy fantasies.^ There was always a sound and pragmatic side to intelligence: the collection and analysis of information.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The middle history of the KGB culminates in the Great Purge (1936–38) killings of civil, military, and government people deemed politically unreliable—among them, chairmen Genrikh Yagoda (1938) and Nikolai Yezhov (1940); later, Lavrentiy Beria (1953) followed suit.^ KGB covert action to destabilize Western interests in the Middle East and put additional pressure on the Kassim government of Iraq.
  • The Kurds and the KGB - by Dr. Kamal Said Qadir 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.antiwar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the entry, Lucy showed support for the KGB’s branch in Jakarta and displayed much affection for Russian people, history, literature and culture.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

Ironically, Yezhov denounced Yagoda for executing the Great Terror, which from 1937 to 1938 is called Yezhovshchina, the especially cruel "Yezhov era".[6]
.In 1941, under Chairman Lavrentiy Beria, the OGPU became the NKGB (People's Commissariat for State Security, integral to the NKVD) and recovered from the Great Purge of the thirties.^ The OGPU (Obyeddinenoye Gosudarstvennoye Politicheskoye Upravlenie, for Unified State Political Directorate), successor to the short-lived GPU, lasted from 1923 to 1934, when it was converted into the GUGB (Main Administration of State Security) and integrated into the NKVD (Peoples Commissariat for Internal Affairs).
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only do we have a corporate-press under the thumb of our "National Security State" and its lies -- but under the control of the CIA/Pentagon.

^ "The state security bodies should not be seen as an institution that works against society and the state; one needs to understand what makes them work against their own people.
  • Putin's Career Rooted in Russia's KGB (washingtonpost.com) 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: News]

Yet, the NKGB unwisely continued pandering to Stalin's conspiracy fantasies—whilst simultaneously achieving its deepest penetrations of the West. .Next, Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov centralised the intelligence agencies, re-organising the NKGB as the KI (Komitet Informatsii – Committee of Information), composed (1947–51) of the MGB (Ministry for State Security) and the GRU (Foreign military Intelligence Directorate).^ On 4-7 August 1961, the foreign ministers of four Western countries (the United States, Great Britain, France and West Germany) held secret consultations in Paris.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Second Chief Directorate also played a role in foreign intelligence in 1989.

^ The First Chief Directorate was responsible for all international Soviet clandestine activities, apart from military intelligence collection by the GRU and political initiatives of the Communist Party itself.

.In practice making an ambassador head of the MGB and GRU legal residencies in his embassy; intelligence operations are under political control; the KI ended when Molotov incurred Stalin's disfavor.^ The Second Chief Directorate was responsible for internal political control of Soviet citizens and foreigners residing within the Soviet Union, including both diplomats and tourists.

^ After a flurry of defectors following Stalins death, the political and military intelligence apparatus had been reorganized, and its discipline and morale seemed to be restored.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The military espionage and intelligence service GRU is without any changes and involved in the same type of operations [ example ].

.Despite its political end, the KI's contribution to Soviet Intelligence was reliant upon illegal residents- spies able to establish a more secure base of operations in the target country.^ They generally consisted of one or more KGB representatives, whose purpose was to ensure the observance of security regulations and to monitor political sentiments among employees.

^ The KGB relied heavily on the intelligence services of satellite countries in carrying out both active measures and espionage operations.

^ Their main message was that the Soviet Union was threatened by the large-scale efforts of Western intelligence agencies to penetrate the country by using cultural, scientific, and tourist exchanges to send in spies.

[7]
.Moreover, expecting to succeed Stalin as leader of the USSR, the ambitious head of the MVD (Ministry of Internal Affairs), Lavrentiy Beria merged the MGB and the MVD on Stalin's death in 1953. Anticipating a coup d'etat, the Presidium swiftly eliminated Beria with treasonous charges of "criminal anti-Party and anti-state activities" and executed him.^ From the available evidence, it appears that the department did not involve itself as deeply in KGB affairs as it did in the activities of other state agencies, such as the MVD. Given the sensitive nature of KGB functions, the party leadership may have been reluctant to allocate to the State and Legal Department the most important decisions about KGB personnel and policy.

^ (All-union ministries and state committees, by contrast, did not have corresponding branches in the republics but executed their functions directly through Moscow.

^ After Stalin's death on March 5, 1953, Sakharov gradually became involved in broader social and scientific questions.

In the event, the MGB was renamed KGB and detached from the MVD.
.Mindful of ambitious spy chiefs—and after deposing Premier Nikita Krushchev—Secretary Leonid Brezhnev and the CPSU knew to manage the next over-ambitious KGB Chairman, Aleksandr Shelepin (1958–61), who facilitated Brezhnev's Stalinist palace coup d'état against Khrushchev in 1964—despite Shelepin not then being in KGB. With political reassignments, Shelepin protégé Vladimir Semichastny (1961–67) was sacked as KGB Chairman, and Shelepin, himself, was demoted from chairman of the Committee of Party and State Control to Trade Union Council chairman.^ The KGB was originally designated as a "state committee attached to the Council of Ministers."

^ Aleksandr Shelepin , KGB chief in the 1960s, in 1961 sent a memorandum to Nikita Khrushchev containing plans "to cause uncertainty in government circles of the USA, England, Turkey, and Iran about the stability of their positions in the Middle and Near East."
  • The Kurds and the KGB - by Dr. Kamal Said Qadir 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.antiwar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Contains autopen signature of Yuri Andropov , Chief of KGB who later became a Soviet premier.
  • Collect Russia SOVIET BADGES KGB, NKVD and Law Enforcement Awards & Badges Soviet Russian 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.collectrussia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the 1980s, the glasnost liberalisation of Soviet society provoked KGB Chairman Vladimir Kryuchkov (1988–91) to lead the August 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt to depose President Mikhail Gorbachev.^ Vladimir Kryuchkov, later a KGB chief and conspirator in the August 1991 hardline coup attempt, was to a large extent a product of this specialization in scientific-technical espionage.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No doubt the KGB was wondering how far Sakharov would go and if he would dare jeopardize his august position within society.

^ Mikhail Gorbachev on 15 December 1987 to a group of communist party officials, cadres and Soviet military personnel in Uzbekistan.

.By then, however, Soviet society's disrespect for the KGB had (among other reasons) exhausted popular support for the régime of the CPSU. The thwarted coup d'état ended the KGB on 6 November 1991. The KGB's successors are the secret police agency FSB (Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation) and the espionage agency SVR (Foreign Intelligence Service).^ The KGB was the primary agency responsible for supplying the Kremlin with foreign intelligence.

^ Honestly, I would probably never find myself using KGB. And by the way, having the acronym for your service be exactly the same as the one used for the Soviet secret police is never a good idea.

^ At that conference, some of the KGB documents cited in this article were described in a paper (The Mentality of Soviet Society and the Cold War) by Russian historian Vitaly S. Lelchuk (Institute of Russian History, Russian Academy of Sciences), sparking a general discussion of the intelligence services role in the Kremlins handling of the U-2 affair.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

KGB in the US

The world war interregnum

.That responsibility fell to the GRU (military intelligence), who recruited the ideological agents Julian Wadleigh and Alger Hiss, who became State Department diplomats in 1936. The NKVD's first US operation was establishing the legal residency of Boris Bazarov and the illegal residency of Iskhak Akhmerov in 1934.[8] Throughout, the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) and its Gen.-Sec'y Earl Browder, helped NKVD recruit Americans, working in government, business, and industry.^ It was Alger Hiss who rescued Vassiliev.
  • Red Harvest: The KGB in America 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To present a list of names of American intelligence officers and agents who have refused to work for DULLES on political, moral and other grounds; f) about utilization by the CIA leadership of senior officials from the State Department, including ambassadors, for subversive and intelligence operations that cause great harm to USA prestige.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The First Chief Directorate was responsible for all international Soviet clandestine activities, apart from military intelligence collection by the GRU and political initiatives of the Communist Party itself.

.Other important, high-level ideological agents were the diplomats Laurence Duggan and Michael Whitney Straight in the State Department, the statistician Harry Dexter White in the Treasury Department, the economist Lauchlin Currie (an FDR advisor), and the "Silvermaster Group", headed by statistician Greg Silvermaster, in the Farm Security Administration and the Board of Economic Warfare.^ Haynes and Klehr don't mention this incident, yet they condemn Morgenthau's deputy Harry Dexter White for his own back-channel diplomacy.
  • Red Harvest: The KGB in America 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such high level meeting can only be attended by people with Soviet communist security clearance.

^ Another important facet of KGB preventive work was censorship of literature and other media, which it exercised at both an informal and a formal level.

[9] .Moreover, when Whittaker Chambers, formerly Alger Hiss's courier, approached the Roosevelt Government—to identify the Soviet spies Duggan, White, and others—he was ignored.^ Whittaker Chambers had no knowledge of Hiss after his own break with Communism in 1938.
  • Red Harvest: The KGB in America 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Ninth Directorate [Guards Directorate] provided bodyguards for principal Party leaders and their families, and the Kremlin and other major government facilities around the Soviet Union.

.Hence, during the Second World War (1939–45)—at the Teheran (1943), Yalta (1945), and Potsdam (1945) conferences—Big Three Ally Uncle Joe Stalin of the USSR, was better-informed about the war affairs of his US and UK allies, than they about his.^ But in the years of Cold War tension the intelligence services were more than just eyes, they were powerful weapons in propaganda warfare between the ideological blocs.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its origins can be traced in the tremendous war machine we've built since 1945, the "military-industrial complex" that Eisenhower vainly warned us about, which now dominates every aspect of our life.

^ If they have something to say about us, being from SMS, let them be, it’s on them.
  • KGB Philippines lays off 600+ agents | YugaTech | Philippines, Technology News & Reviews 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.yugatech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10]
.Soviet espionage succeeded most in collecting scientific and technologic intelligence about advances in jet propulsion, radar, and encryption, which impressed Moscow, but stealing atomic secrets was the capstone of NKVD espionage against Anglo–American science and technology.^ Sudoplatov mentions in his memoirs that he was responsible for the assassination of Trotsky on Stalin's order, and for the atomic espionage that led to the building of the Soviet atom bomb.
  • The Kurds and the KGB - by Dr. Kamal Said Qadir 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.antiwar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Soviet nuclear research has always been run by the Soviet [Russian] military intelligence service GRU, such logical explanation about Sakharov [and his connections] is highly warranted.

^ It was divided into both functional services--training and management of covert agents, intelligence analysis, and collection of political, scientific, and technological intelligence and geographic departments for different areas of the world.

To wit, British Manhattan Project team physicist Klaus Fuchs (GRU 1941) was the main agent of the Rosenberg spy ring..October 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In 1944, the New York City residency infiltrated the top secret Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, by recruiting Theodore Hall, a nineteen-year-old Harvard physicist.^ NEW YORK, Feb 25, 2009 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ -- KGB .

^ NEW YORK, Oct 20, 2009 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ -- KGB .

^ NEW YORK, Nov 26, 2009 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ -- KGB .

During the Cold War

Former head of Azerbaijani KGB Heydar Aliyev, ex–Azerbaijani President.
The KGB failed to rebuild most of its US illegal resident networks. The aftermath of the Second Red Scare (1947–57), McCarthyism, and the destruction of the CPUSA hampered recruitment. The last, major illegal resident, Rudolf Abel ("Willie" Vilyam Fisher) was betrayed by his assistant, Reino Häyhänen, in 1957.
.Recruitment then emphasised mercenary agents, an approach especially successful in scientific and technical espionage—because private industry practiced lax internal security, unlike the US Government.^ Vladimir Kryuchkov, later a KGB chief and conspirator in the August 1991 hardline coup attempt, was to a large extent a product of this specialization in scientific-technical espionage.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brzezinski, soon to become Carters national security advisor, said he would like to be briefed in detail on agents of influence that belong to us abroad.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this period, Khrushchev was told, 375 foreign agents were recruited, and 32 officers of the State Security were transferred abroad and legalized.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In late 1967, the notable KGB success was the walk-in recruitment of US Navy Chief Warrant Officer John Anthony Walker who individually and via the Walker Spy Ring for eighteen years enabled Soviet Intelligence to decipher some one million US Navy messages, and track the US Navy.^ In addition, many Soviet representatives who were not intelligence officers were nevertheless given some sort of assignment by the KGB. Apparently, the First Chief Directorate had little trouble recruiting personnel for its foreign operations.

^ Together with the International Department of the Central Committee, the KGB funnelled money to these organizations and recruited Soviet agents to serve on their administrative bodies.

^ In 2007, kgb launched its innovative “Ask Us Anything” two-way text messaging service in the United Kingdom and will continue to expand two-way text offerings throughout Europe and the U.S. this year and next.
  • Press Releases « news room 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC news.kgb.com [Source type: General]

[11]
.In the late Cold War, the KGB was lucky with intelligence coups with the cases of the mercenary walk-in recruits, FBI man Robert Hanssen (1979–2001) and CIA Soviet Division officer Aldrich Ames (1985).^ Cold War - CIA vs. KGB fan .
  • Cold War: CIA vs. KGB | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: General]

^ Cold War: CIA vs. KGB (2007) .
  • Cold War: CIA vs. KGB | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: General]

^ Cold War: CIA vs. KGB .
  • Cold War: CIA vs. KGB | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: General]

[12]

KGB in the Soviet Bloc

KGB[citation needed] prison doors displayed in the Museum of Occupations, Tallinn, Estonia.
.It was Cold War policy for the KGB of the Soviet Union and the satellite-state KGBs to extensively monitor public and private opinion, internal subversion, and possible revolutionary plots in the Soviet Bloc.^ Cold War: CIA vs. KGB .
  • Cold War: CIA vs. KGB | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: General]

^ The KGB was a union-republic state committee, controlling corresponding state committees of the same name in the fourteen non-Russian republics.

^ Cold War - CIA vs. KGB fan .
  • Cold War: CIA vs. KGB | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: General]

.In supporting those Communist governments, the KGB was instrumental in crushing the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, and the Prague Spring of "Socialism with a Human Face", in 1968 Czechoslovakia.^ During the Hungarian October revolution of 1956 he was freed, but, after the Soviet intervention, the U.S. embassy in Budapest gave him political asylum until his death in 1971.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One hint, how to recognize those who are most likely Communist Party members, KGB .

^ Czech Republic called Civic Institute of Prague , staffed with people who were able to receive prominent communist education, have ties to the KGB organizations, and the .

.During the Hungarian revolt, KGB chairman Ivan Serov, personally supervised the post-invasion "normalization" of the country.^ Cold War: CIA vs. KGB puts you in charge of a spy network during the post-war era.
  • Cold War: CIA vs. KGB | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: General]

^ In such areas, however, KGB headquarters in Moscow appointed Russians to the post of first deputy chairman, and they monitored activities and reported back to Moscow.

.In consequence, KGB monitored the satellite-state populations for occurrences of "harmful attitudes" and "hostile acts"; yet, stopping the Prague Spring, deposing a nationalist Communist government, was its greatest achievement.^ Simply said - the United States Government is under Russian communist .

^ With the means available of the KGB to promote inquiries in the parliaments of England, France and other countries of their governments about their attitude to the hostile actions of USA intelligence intended to aggravate international tension.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the same time, the Prague Spring began to unfold in Czechoslovakia, provoking a host of expectations that communist rule could be reformed without violence.

.The KGB prepared the Red Army's route by infiltrating to Czechoslovakia many illegal residents disguised as Western tourists.^ The KGB successfully played on French suspicions of West German militarism to frustrate ratification of the European Defense Community (EDC), the Western plan to create a European army.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He concludes that the KGB should have adopted some of the same methods, and targeted Western tourists visiting socialist countries.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

They were to gain the trust of and spy upon the most outspoken proponents of Alexander Dubček's new government. .They were to plant subversive evidence, justifying the USSR's invasion, that right-wing groups—aided by Western intelligence agencies—were going to depose the Communist government of Czechoslovakia.^ They also provided the Soviet leadership with documentary evidence about military-political planning of some Western powers and the NATO alliance as whole; [...
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ever since then the American intelligence agencies and the FBI, seconded by Soviet defectors, argued that they needed more discretionary resources and rights to match a well-prepared and ruthless enemy.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Finally, the KGB prepared hardline, pro-USSR members of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CPC), such as Alois Indra and Vasil Biľak, to assume power after the Red Army's invasion.^ Once again, he was calling on behalf of imprisoned activists: the arrested demonstrators who had gone onto Red Square to protest the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia.

^ All people, Obama included, who have any ties to known Communist Party members, which .

^ Communist Party members operating for that exact purpose to cause this societal meltdown on purpose.

.The courage of the betrayed Prague Spring leaders did not escape KGB notice; the defector Oleg Gordievsky later remarked, "It was that dreadful event, that awful day, which determined the course of my own life" (The Sword and the Shield, p. 261).^ I had to get a hold of my life and find a better opportunity – which I did.
  • KGB Philippines lays off 600+ agents | YugaTech | Philippines, Technology News & Reviews 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.yugatech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The products of the Information Service did not consist of finished estimative intelligence, but rather of raw reports that were provided to senior leaders who drew their own conclusions.

^ I put my face down on my desk and wept.” Years later, in a conversation with Hedrick Smith of the New York Times, Sakharov vividly recalled the importance of these events in his own life.

The KGB's Czech success in the 1960s was matched with the failed suppression of the Solidarity labour movement in 1980s Poland. .The KGB had forecast political instability consequent to the election of the priest Karol Wojtyla, as the first Polish Pope, John Paul II, whom they had categorised as "subversive", because of his anti-Communist sermons against the one-party PUWP régime.^ How can I join those who have already filed a case against KGB? Is it an individual undertaking and if so, how does one do it?
  • KGB Philippines lays off 600+ agents | YugaTech | Philippines, Technology News & Reviews 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.yugatech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because he formally refused to partake in the election campaign of 1984, his speeches would be taken without prejudice as they are not tied to any campaign promises.
  • Text of KGB Letter on Senator Ted Kennedy 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Beatification Cause of Pius XII was started, along with that of John XXIII, which has been completed, by Pope Paul VI. I fear that the Beatification of Pius is being delayed for political reasons....
  • KGB intent on linking Pius XII with Nazis, says former spy :: Catholic News Agency (CNA) 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.catholicnewsagency.com [Source type: General]

.Despite its accurate forecast of crisis, the Polish United Workers' Party (PUWP) hindered the KGB's destroying the nascent Solidarity-backed political movement, fearing explosive civil violence if they imposed the KGB-recommended martial law.^ They generally consisted of one or more KGB representatives, whose purpose was to ensure the observance of security regulations and to monitor political sentiments among employees.

^ In such areas, however, KGB headquarters in Moscow appointed Russians to the post of first deputy chairman, and they monitored activities and reported back to Moscow.

^ Another important internal security task of the KGB was to provide the leadership with information about the dissident movement and the political attitudes and opinions of the public as a whole.

Aided by their Polish counterpart, the Służba Bezpieczeństwa (SB), the KGB successfully infiltrated spies to Solidarity and the Catholic Church, and in Operation X co-ordinated the declaration of martial law with Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski and the Polish Communist Party; however, the vacillating, conciliatory Polish approach blunted KGB effectiveness—and Solidarity then fatally weakened the Communist Polish government in 1989.

Suppressing ideological subversion

Monument to KGB victims, Vilnius, Lithuania.
.During the Cold War, the KGB actively suppressed "ideological subversion"—unorthodox political and religious ideas and the espousing dissidents.^ Yet, the KGB had its own distinctive impact on the Cold War.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to arrests, psychiatric commitment, and other forms of coercion, the KGB also exercised a preventive function, designed to prevent political crimes and suppress deviant political attitudes.

^ June 01 2007 - Contains information on active measures undertaken by the KGB residency in Ankara, Turkey during the late 1970’s and early 1980’s.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

.In 1967, the suppression increased under new KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov, who said all dissent threatened the Soviet state—including anti-Communist religious movements.^ Contains autopen signature of Yuri Andropov , Chief of KGB who later became a Soviet premier.
  • Collect Russia SOVIET BADGES KGB, NKVD and Law Enforcement Awards & Badges Soviet Russian 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.collectrussia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The text of Litvinov's conversation with the KGB can be found in Abraham Brumberg, ed., In Quest of Justice: Protest and Dissent in the Soviet Union Today, (New York, 1970), pp.

^ The Chekist Anthology June 01 2007 - Information on the situation in the Middle East prepared by KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov in April 1973, prior to a 7 May 1973 discussion in the Politburo.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

.Most arrested dissidents were sentenced to indefinite terms in Gulag-administered forced labour camps—where their dissension lacked the strength it might have had in public.^ After the young dissident Wei Jingsheng composed a wall poster demanding that democratization be added to these four goals, he was arrested and sentenced to eighteen years of imprisonment.

^ The forcible confinement of dissidents in psychiatric hospitals, where debilitating drugs were administered, was an alternative to straightforward arrests.

.Moreover, Yale University archive documents record that suppressing "ideological subversion" was the principal preoccupation of Yuri Andropov and Vitali Fedorchuk when each was KGB Chairman.^ Contains autopen signature of Yuri Andropov , Chief of KGB who later became a Soviet premier.
  • Collect Russia SOVIET BADGES KGB, NKVD and Law Enforcement Awards & Badges Soviet Russian 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.collectrussia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almost immediately, KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov passed along a copy to the Politburo, characterizing the document as “anti-Marxist.” By June, Andropov was growing concerned about “demagogic attempts [by other dissidents] .

^ The Chekist Anthology June 01 2007 - Information on the situation in the Middle East prepared by KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov in April 1973, prior to a 7 May 1973 discussion in the Politburo.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

[1]
.After denouncing Stalinism in his secret speech On the Personality Cult and its Consequences (1956), Nikita Khrushchev lessened suppression of "ideological subversion". Resultantly, critical literature re-emerged, notably the novel One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn; however, after Khrushchev's deposition in 1964, Leonid Brezhnev reverted the State and KGB to actively harsh suppression—routine house searches to seize documents and the continual monitoring of dissidents.^ In the spring of 1967, no less a figure than Alexander Solzhenitsyn--whose initial novella One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich about a labor camp inmate had created a sensation in 1962 but whose subsequent major novels were now banned in the Soviet Union--appealed directly to the Writers' Union to abolish censorship for works of fiction and turn the Writers' Union itself into a defender of artistic creativity rather than a repressive tool of the regime.

^ In relocating Homyakov to Moscow, the SCD KGB was able to continue to maintain its operations in the Norwegian embassy, and receive key documents from the Norwegian military attaché.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In 1972 Brezhnev began to pursue dtente, and the regime apparently tried to appease Western critics by moderating KGB operations against dissent.

.To wit, in 1965, such a search-and-seizure operation yielded Solzhenitsyn (code-name PAUK, "spider") manuscripts of "slanderous fabrications", and the subversion trial of the novelists Andrei Sinyavsky and Yuli Daniel; Sinyavsky (alias "Abram Tertz"), and Daniel (alias "Nikolai Arzhak"), were captured after a Moscow literary-world informant told KGB when to find them at home.^ In September 1965, two Moscow writers, Andrei Sinyavsky and Yuli Daniel, were arrested for sending their stories and essays to the West where their work appeared under pseudonyms.

^ They organized petitions on behalf of Sinyavsky and Daniel and even held a demonstration in Moscow's Pushkin Square on December 5, 1965, Soviet Constitution Day, demanding respect for Soviet laws and that the trial of the two defendants be open.

^ The KGB File of Andrei Sakharov Find Russian and English language translations of all the documents.

.After suppressing the Prague Spring, KGB Chairman Andropov established the Fifth Directorate to monitor dissension and eliminate dissenters.^ The longtime head of the First Chief Directorate, Vladimir Kriuchkov, who had served under Andropov and his successors, was named head of the KGB in 1988.

^ The Fifth Chief Directorate had special operational departments for religious dissent, national minorities, the intelligentsia and the artistic community, and censorship of literature.

^ Mitrokhin describes how Hmelyova was investigated by Moscow’s Fifth Directorate of the KGB which shadowed her throughout 1969.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

.He was especially concerned with the Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and Andrei Sakharov, "Public Enemy Number One".[13] Andropov failed to expel Solzhenitsyn before 1974; but did internally-exile Sakharov to Gorky city [Nizhny Novgorod] in 1980. KGB failed to prevent Sakharov's collecting his Nobel Peace Prize in 1975, but did prevent Yuri Orlov collecting his Nobel Prize in 1978; Chairman Andropov supervised both operations.^ The first public denunciation of Andrei Sakharov.
  • The KGB File of Andrei Sakharov--List of Documents 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Gain prestige for your side by winning the Space Race, dominating the Olympic Games, or ensuring that one of your countrymen wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Cold War: CIA vs. KGB | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: General]

^ Tamm had received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1958; Kapitsa would receive the same recognition in 1978.

.KGB dissident-group infiltration featured agents provocateur pretending "sympathy to the cause", smear campaigns against prominent dissidents, and show trials; once imprisoned, the dissident endured KGB interrogators and sympathetic informant-cell mates.^ The intensity of KGB campaigns against political crime varied considerably over the years.

.In the event, Mikhail Gorbachev's glasnost policies lessened persecution of dissidents; he was effecting some of the policy changes they had been demanding since the 1970s.^ The Gorbachev leadership, as part of its general program of reform, introduced some reforms that were designed to prevent the abuse of psychiatric commitment by Soviet authorities, but the practical effects of these changes remained unclear in 1989.

^ The situation probably changed somewhat after Gorbachev introduced the policy of glasnost' in early 1987.

^ This gave Soviet dissidents and westerners leverage in demanding that the USSR end persecution on the basis of religious or political beliefs.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

[14]

Notable operations

  • With the Trust Operation, the OGPU successfully deceived some leaders of the right-wing, counter-revolutionary White Guards back to the USSR for execution.
  • NKVD infiltrated and destroyed Trotskyist groups; in 1940, the Spanish agent Ramón Mercader assassinated Leon Trotsky in Mexico City.
  • KGB favoured active measures (e.g.^ Ref was subsequently sent back to the USSR on multiple occasions to be trained by the KGB. Mitrokhin’s account of the KGB document mentions that Ref’s trading firm dealt in leather goods.
    • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

    ^ In such areas, however, KGB headquarters in Moscow appointed Russians to the post of first deputy chairman, and they monitored activities and reported back to Moscow.

    ^ The KGB relied heavily on the intelligence services of satellite countries in carrying out both active measures and espionage operations.

    disinformation), in discrediting the USSR's enemies.
  • For war-time, KGB had ready sabotage operations arms caches in target countries.
.In the 1960s, acting upon the information of KGB defector Anatoliy Golitsyn, the CIA counter-intelligence chief, James Jesus Angleton, believed KGB had moles in two key places—the counter-intelligence section of CIA and the FBI's counter-intelligence department—through whom they would know of, and control, US counter-espionage to protect the moles and hamper the detection and capture of other Communist spies.^ Counter-Intelligence Protection, 1971.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

^ From the 1994 book of KGB defector Anatoliy Golitsyn .

^ Operation Paperclip brought tens of thousands of Nazis into America -- they were used to found the CIA, they were funneled into the FBI - NASA - and other government agencies.

.Moreover, KGB counter-intelligence vetted foreign intelligence sources, so that the moles might "officially" approve an anti-CIA double agent as trustworthy.^ Drawing upon KGB sources, Mitrokhin mentions that Hmelyova had passed on harmful material to foreign officials, and had spread anti-Soviet documents within her social circle.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The KGBs foreign intelligence and other divisions were heavily involved in various ways in the Berlin Crisis.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One priority was to insert KGB agents as professors of Russian, Latvian, Estonian and Lithuanian languages in the language school of USA military intelligence in Monterey, California.9 The report distinguished between old and new priorities of Soviet foreign intelligence.
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In retrospect, the captures of the moles Aldrich Ames and Robert Hanssen, proved Angleton—ignored as over-cautious—was correct, despite costing him his job at CIA, which he left in 1975.[citation needed]
Occasionally, the KGB assassinated the enemies of the USSR—principally Soviet Bloc defectors, either directly or by aiding Communist country secret services—the (alleged) air-crash assassination of Dag Hammarskjöld in 1961; the surreptitious ricin poisoning of the Bulgarian émigré Georgi Markov, shot with an umbrella-gun of KGB design, in 1978; and the (alleged) attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II in 1981.[15]
The highest-ranking Communist intelligence officer to defect, Lt. Gen. Ion Mihai Pacepa, said the Romanian Communist party leader Nicolae Ceauşescu told him about the "ten international leaders the Kremlin killed, or tried to kill": Laszlo Rajk and Imre Nagy of Hungary; Lucretiu Patrascanu and Gheorghiu-Dej of Romania; Rudolf Slansky, the head of Czechoslovakia, and chief diplomat Jan Masaryk; Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran; Palmiro Togliatti of Italy; US President John F. Kennedy; and Mao Zedong of China via Lin Biao; and noted that "among the leaders of Moscow's satellite intelligence services, there was unanimous agreement that the KGB had been involved in the assassination of President Kennedy."[16]

Organisation of the KGB

Senior staff

The Chairman of the KGB, First Deputy Chairmen (1–2), Deputy Chairmen (4–6). .Its policy Collegium comprised a chairman, deputy chairmen, directorate chiefs, and republican KGB chairmen.^ In June 1962, Yuri Nosenko, deputy head of the KGB Second Chief Directorate, internal security and counterintelligence, began passing classified Soviet documents to the CIA (and in February 1964 he, too, would defect).
  • Russian Spetsnaz.Russian martial arts. Spetsnaz - Russian System Training. Systema. /KGB vs CIA 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.kgb-militaryschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Directorates

.
  • Second Chief Directorate – counter-intelligence, internal political control.
  • Third Chief Directorate (Armed Forces) – military counter-intelligence and armed forces political surveillance.
  • Fourth Directorate (Transportation security)
  • Fifth Chief Directorate – censorship and internal security against artistic, political, and religious dissension; renamed "Directorate Z", protecting the Constitutional order, in 1989.
  • Sixth Directorate (Economic Counter-intelligence, industrial security)
  • Seventh Directorate (Surveillance) – of Soviet nationals and foreigners.
  • Eighth Chief Directorate – monitored-managed national, foreign, and overseas communications, cryptologic equipment, and research and development.
  • Ninth Directorate (Guards and KGB Protection Service) 40,000-man uniformed bodyguard for the CPSU leaders and families, guarded government installations (nuclear weapons, etc.^ Counter-Intelligence Protection, 1971.
    • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Subject : KGB 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Well, technically no branch of the U.S. Government or U.S. Armed Forces may carry out assassinations by executive order.
    • Russia, the KGB and radioactive poisoning. | We Saved Hitler's Brain | Cracked.com Forums 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Among its most sensational aspects is a section detailing the domestic opposition to Reagan’s campaign for re-election in 1984 and his decision to deploy intermediate-range nuclear forces (INFs), Pershing II missiles, into Western Europe to counter the Soviet deployment of nuclear weapons across the Warsaw Pact.
    • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Audio: The Kennedy KGB Connection Updated 6 February 2010 11:54 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

    ), operated the Moscow VIP subway, and secure Government–Party telephony. Pres. Yeltsin transformed it to the Federal Protective Service (FPS).
  • Fifteenth Directorate (Security of Government Installations)
  • Sixteenth Directorate (SIGINT and communications interception) operated the national and government telephone and telegraph systems.
  • Operations and Technology Directorate – research laboratories for recording devices and Laboratory 12 for poisons and drugs.

Other units

  • KGB Personnel Department
  • Secretariat of the KGB
  • KGB Technical Support Staff
  • KGB Finance Department
  • KGB Archives
  • KGB Irregulars
  • Administration Department of the KGB, and
  • The CPSU Committee.

The KGB's evolution

Dates Organisation
December 1917 Cheka
February 1922 Incorporated to NKVD (as GPU)
July 1923 OGPU
July 1934 Re-incorporated to NKVD (as GUGB)
February 1941 NKGB
July 1941 Re-incorporated to NKVD (as GUGB)
April 1943 NKGB
March 1946 MGB
October 1947–November 1951 Foreign Intelligence to the KI
March 1953 Merged to and enlarged MVD
March 1954 KGB
November 1991 FSK
Organization Chairman Dates
Cheka–GPU–OGPU Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky 1917–26
OGPU Vyacheslav Rudolfovich Menzhinsky 1926–34
NKVD Genrikh Grigoryevich Yagoda 1934–36
Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov 1936–38
Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria 1938–41
NKGB Vsevolod Nikolayevich Merkulov 1941 (Feb–Jul)
NKVD Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria 1941–43
NKGB–MGB Vsevolod Nikolayevich Merkulov 1943–46
MGB Viktor Semyonovich Abakumov 1946–51
Semyon Denisovich Ignatyev 1951–53
Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria 1953 (Mar–Jun)
Sergei Nikiforovich Kruglov 1953–54
KGB Ivan Aleksandrovich Serov 1954–58
Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin 1958–61
Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny 1961–67
Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov 1967–82
Vitali Vasilyevich Fedorchuk 1982 (May–Dec)
Viktor Mikhailovich Chebrikov 1982–88
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kryuchkov 1988–91
Vadim Viktorovich Bakatin 1991 (Aug–Nov)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b http://www.yale.edu/annals/sakharov/sakharov_list.htm, The KGB File of Andrei Sakharov, Joshua Rubenstein and Alexander Gribanov eds., in Russian and English.
  2. ^ http://psi.ece.jhu.edu/~kaplan/IRUSS/BUK/GBARC/buk.html archive of documents about KPSS and KGB, collected by Vladimir Bukovsky.
  3. ^ Eyes of the Kremlin
  4. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 38
  5. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 28
  6. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 23
  7. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 146
  8. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 104
  9. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) pp. 104–5
  10. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 111
  11. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 205
  12. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 435
  13. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 325
  14. ^ The Sword and the Shield (1999) p. 561
  15. ^ Italian Panel: Soviets Behind Pope Attack
  16. ^ The Kremlin's Killing Ways, by Ion Mihai Pacepa, National Review Online, 28 November 2006

References

  • Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The Mitrokhin Archive: The KGB in Europe and the West, Gardners Books (2000) ISBN 0-14-028487-7; Basic Books (1999) ISBN 0-465-00310-9; trade (2000) ISBN 0-465-00312-5
  • Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The World Was Going Our Way: The KGB and the Battle for the Third World, Basic Books (2005) ISBN 0465003117
  • John Barron, KGB: The Secret Work of Soviet Secret Agents, Reader's Digest Press (1974) ISBN 0-88349-009-9
  • Amy Knight, The KGB: Police and Politics in the Soviet Union, Unwin Hyman (1990) ISBN 0044457189
  • Richard C.S. Trahair and Robert Miller, Encyclopedia of Cold War Espionage, Spies, and Secret Operations, Enigma Books (2009) ISBN 978-1-929631-75-9

Further reading

.
  • Yevgenia Albats and Catherine A. Fitzpatrick, The State Within a State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia — Past, Present, and Future Farrar Straus Giroux (1994) ISBN 0-374-52738-5.
  • John Barron, KGB: The Secret Works of Soviet Secret Agents Bantam Books (1981) ISBN 0-553-23275-4
  • Vadim J. Birstein.^ Andrei Sakharov endured a less onerous punishment by the KGB (the Soviet secret police).

    ^ We are told by these enemies within, KGB run agents and committed communists disguised as priests, religious and prominent laymen, not to do anything else but to pray and fight "spiritually"....

    ^ KGB and sister services' agents of influence within the western media [mainly the American .

    The Perversion Of Knowledge: The True Story of Soviet Science. Westview Press (2004) ISBN 0-8133-4280-5
  • John Dziak Chekisty: A History of the KGB, Lexington Books (1988) ISBN 978-0669102581
  • Sheymov, Victor (1993). Tower of Secrets. Naval Institute Press. pp. 420. ISBN 1-55750-764-3. 
  • Бережков, Василий Иванович (2004). Руководители Ленинградского управления КГБ : 1954-1991. Санкт-Петербург: Выбор, 2004. ISBN 5-93518-035-9 (in Russian)
  • Кротков, Юрий (1973). «КГБ в действии». Published in «Новый журнал» №111, 1973 (in Russian)

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Etymology 1

.From Russian КГБ, through phonetic spelling of Комитет Государственной Безопасности (Komitét Gosudárstvennoj Bezopásnosti), State Security Committee) and acronymization.^ KGB (transliteration of "КГБ") is the Russian-language abbreviation for State Security Committee.

^ English translation: Committee of State Security .

^ The KGB was the Soviet committee for state security.
  • Born In The USSR - Soviet KGB Pins - Shirts And More - CCCP - Russian 6 January 2010 8:43 UTC www.bornintheussr.com [Source type: General]

Initialism

Singular
KGB
Plural
-
KGB
  1. the former Soviet State Security Committee.
Translations
See also

Etymology 2

Initialism

Singular
KGB
Plural
KGBs
KGB (plural KGBs)
  1. (electronics) Known good board.
Translations

French

Etymology

From the Russian КГБ, through phonetic spelling of Komitét Gosudárstvennoj Bezopásnosti and acronymization.

Proper noun

KGB (m)
  1. KGB (the former Soviet State Security Committee)

Slovak

Abbreviation

KGB n (pronounced Ká Gé Bé)
non-declinable (i.e., remains the same in all cases)
  1. KGB (the former Soviet State Security Committee)

Simple English

File:KGB
The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield

KGB (transliteration of "КГБ") is the Russian-language abbreviation for State Security Committee, (Russian:  Комите́т госуда́рственной безопа́сности (info • help); Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti).

From March 13, 1954 to November 6, 1991, KGB was the main name for the main Soviet security agency, intelligence agency or spy agency, and the secret police agency. What the KGB did was similar to what the United States' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the counterintelligence (internal security) division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Federal Protective Service, and the Secret Service do. There were not as many laws controlling what the KGB could do as there are that control what those agencies in the United States can do.

Sometimes the KGB secretly killed people who did not agree with the Soviet Union's leaders.

In March 1953, Lavrenty Beria merged the MVD and the MGB into one agency--the MVD. In December of that year, Beria and 6 associates were executed and MVD was split. The re-formed MVD retained its police and law enforcement powers, while the second, new agency, the KGB, did the internal and external security functions, and reported to the Council of Ministers.

On July 5, 1978 the KGB was renamed as the "KGB of the Soviet Union", with its chairman holding a ministerial council seat. The KGB ended when its chief, Colonel-General Vladimir Kryuchkov, used the KGB's resources to help the August 1991 coup attempt to overthrow Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. On August 23, 1991 Colonel-General Kryuchkov was arrested, and General Vadim Bakatin was appointed KGB Chairman--and mandated to dissolve the KGB of the Soviet Union. On November 6, 1991, the KGB officially ceased to exist, although Russia's new national security organisation, the Russian Federalnaya sluzhba bezopasnosti (FSB), works in the same things that the Soviet KGB did.

Belarus is the only post-Soviet Union era country where the national security organization is still called "KGB". Belarus is where Felix Dzerzhinsky was born. Dzerzhinsky started a group called the Cheka, which was an organization that was started in the Soviet Union before the KGB was started and that was like the KGB.

[[File:|thumb|upright|Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky]]

References

Other websites

  • KGB Info from FAS.org
  • Chebrikov, Viktor M., et al, eds. Istoriya sovetskikh organov gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti. (1977) [1]

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 24, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on KGB, which are similar to those in the above article.








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