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KTO Rosomak
POL KTO Rosomak.jpg
Place of origin  Finland/ Poland
Service history
Used by  Poland
Specifications
Weight 22,000 kg (49,000 lb)
Length 7.7 m (25 ft)
Width 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in)
Height 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in)
Crew 3 (commander, driver, gunner)
8 passenger

Primary
armament
1 x 30 x 173 mm ATK Mk44 Bushmaster II gun
Secondary
armament
1 x 7.62 x 51 mm UKM-2000C coaxial general purpose machine gun
Engine DI 12 Scania Diesel
360 kW (480 hp) or 405 kW (543 hp)
Power/weight 15.6 kW/t (21.2 PS/t) (max weight)
Suspension 8×8 wheeled
Operational
range
800 km (500 mi)
Speed over 100 km/h (60 mph) on land
up to 10 km/h (10 mph) in water

The KTO Rosomak (KTO for Kołowy Transporter Opancerzony - lit. Wheeled Armored Vehicle; Rosomak is Polish for Wolverine) is 8x8 multi-role military vehicle produced by WZM S.A. (Wojskowe Zakłady Mechaniczne Spółka Akcyjna w Siemianowicach Śląskich - lit. Military Mechanical Works Joint Stock Company in Siemianowice Slaskie). The vehicle is a licensed variant of Patria's Armored Modular Vehicle.

Contents

History

In December 2002, the Polish Ministry of Defense signed a contract to buy 690 Patria AMV vehicles, to be manufactured in Poland. The main competitors of the AMV were the MOWAG Piranha and Steyr Pandur. The Polish version features major changes from the original Patria AMV, such as the ability to be transported by C-130 Hercules or to swim through water obstacles. (Some other sources say these are original features, as is the outside view cameras + flat panels system for troops inside; but the Polish variants have added Rafael applique armor and a device for detecting incoming fire.) As part of the initial order of 690 vehicles (later increased to 895[1]) will be delivered in two basic variants:

  • 313 combat vehicles armed with a 30mm gun turret, later on the number of vehicles for this variant was increased by 3;
  • 377 base line vehicles used as a base for other variants.

Additional 205 vehicles in an unspecified variant will be ordered in the 2014-2018 time frame (after the original order is completed) [2]. The name Rosomak (Polish for Wolverine) was chosen following a contest organized by the Nowa Technika Wojskowa magazine. The Rosomak will replace obsolete OT-64 SKOT APCs and partially the BWP-1 IFV currently in service with Polish Land Forces.

Variants

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KTO Rosomak

Infantry fighting vehicle variant with to Oto Melara Hitfist-30P gun turret armed with 30mm ATK Mk 44 chain gun and 7.62mm NATO round UKM-2000C machine gun. The turret has advanced fire control system with thermal sight and Obra laser warning system connected to 76 mm Wegmann smoke grenade launchers.

KTO Rosomak-M1

Infantry fighting vehicle variant modified for war in Afghanistan equipped with additional steel-composite armor, upgraded communications, special knifes to cut wires in front of driver and commander hatch, video cameras showing back an sides of vehicle on two LCD screens in troop compartment, Pilar system that detects the direction of fire. Because of additional armor this variant cannot float and has no water propellers.

KTO Rosomak-M3

Armored personnel carrier variant modified for mission in Afghanistan equipped with similar task equipment (including additional armor) as M1 variant. The main difference is that this variant is equipped with OSS-D open turret with 40mm Mk-19 grenade launcher or .50 BMG or 12.7 x 107 mm WKM-B heavy machine gun.

KTO Rosomak-WEM

(WEM for Wóz Ewakuacji Medycznej – lit. Medical Evacuation Vehicle) - armored ambulance vehicle with crew of 3, capable to transport 3 injured in stretched position and additional four in sitting position.

KTO Rosomak-S

Armored personnel carrier variant for two anti-tank teams armed with Spike anti-tank guided missile.

KTO Rosomak-WD

(WD for Wóz Dowodzenia – lit. Command Vehicle) - command vehicle for battalion commander. Demo vehicle prepared by WB Electronics was shown in late 2008 r.

KTO Rosomak-Łowcza

Air defence command vehicle equipped with Łowcza system. Similar to ZWD-10R Łowcza-3.

Combat history

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

Polish Humvee and KTO Rosomak in Afghanistan

The Polish Land Forces contingent, which is a part of the International Security Assistance Force have been operating KTO Rosomak vehicles in IFV, APC and medical evacuation vehicle variants since mid 2007. All vehicles are equipped with additional steel-composite armour.

European Union mission in Chad (2007-present)

KTO Rosomak in Chad

The Polish Land Forces contingent, which is part of the European Union Force Chad/CAR has been operating KTO Rosomak vehicles in IFV, APC and medical evacuation vehicle variants since late 2007.

Operators

Poland is the sole user of KTO Rosomak but as the first export customer of Patria AMV WZM S.A has a right to sell KTO Rosomak on export in some markets. In 2006 r. KTO Rosomak was tested in Malaysia, it is very likely to that KTO Rosomak will follow the PT-91M sold to this country.

Units equipped with KTO Rosomak:

  • 12 Brygada Zmechanizowana (12th Mechanized Brigade - crews of IIIrd turn in Afghanistan are from this unit) - Szczecin (second user)
  • 17 Wielkopolska Brygada Zmechanizowana (17th Mechanized Brigade) - Międzyrzecz (first user, vehicles and crews for Ist and IInd turn in Afghanistan and Chad are from this unit)
  • 21 Brygada Strzelców Podhalańskich (21st Tatra Highlanders Brigade) – Rzeszów (planed)
  • 15 Giżycka Brygada Zmechanizowana (15th Mechanized Brigade) - Giżycko (probably this unit will receive vehicles from increased order)

References


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