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Kaarel Eenpalu: Wikis


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Kaarel Eenpalu

Kaarel Eenpalu (until 1935 named Karl August Einbund) (May 28, 1888 in Tartu County, Estonia - January 27, 1942, Kirov Oblast, Russia) was an Estonian journalist, politician and head of state.



Eenpalu was educated at the Hugo Treffner Gymnasium in Tartu. Between 1909 and 1914 he studied law at Tartu University and later graduated from Moscow University.


From 1910 to 1912 and in 1915 he was member of the editorial board of the Postimees Daily in Tartu, in 1918 editor of Postimees, in 1920 editor-in-chief of "Tallinna Teataja" (Tallinn Gazette) daily, and in 1924 editor-in-chief of the "Kaja" (Echo) newspaper.


Eenpalu was active in World War I, serving as a battery commander in the First Estonian Artillery Regiment in 1917 and 1918. During the Estonian War of Independence in 1918-1919, he first commanded the Tartu High School students' battalion, and then a battery in the Second Estonian Artillery Regiment.

Political career

Eenpalu was a member of the Estonian Constituent Assembly (Asutav Kogu, 1919-1920), member of National Assembly (Riigikogu, 1920-1937), member of the Chamber of Deputies (Riigivolikogu, since 1938) and held a series of high government offices of the newly independent Estonian state. In 1919-1920 he was State Controller. In 1920, 1921-1924, and 1924-1926 he held the position of the Minister of Internal Affairs, and can thus be considered a founder of the Estonian Police. From June 22, 1926 to July 19, 1932 and from May 18, 1933 to August 29, 1934 he was Speaker of the III, IV and V Riigikogu. From 19 July to 1 November 1932 he was the head of state (Riigivanem, literally "Elder of State"). In 1934-1938 he was again Minister of Internal Affairs, and in 1938-1939 he was the Prime Minister of Estonia.


After the Soviet Union occupied Estonia in June 1940, Eenpalu, along with a number of other leading Estonian politicians, was arrested and subsequently deported to Russia. He died in 1942 in a Soviet prison camp in Vyatka (Vyatlag), Kirov (Vyatka) Oblast.

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Preceded by
August Rei
Speaker of the Riigikogu
1926 - 1932
Succeeded by
Jaan Tõnisson
Preceded by
Jaan Teemant
State Elder of Estonia
Succeeded by
Konstantin Päts
Preceded by
Jaan Tõnisson
Speaker of the Riigikogu
1933 - 1934
Succeeded by
Rudolf Penno
Preceded by
Prime Minister of Estonia
1938 - 1939
Succeeded by
Jüri Uluots




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