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Kalanaur
Kalanaur
Location of Kalanaur
in Haryana and India
Coordinates 28°50′N 76°24′E / 28.83°N 76.4°E / 28.83; 76.4
Country  India
State Haryana
District(s) Rohtak
Population 16,847 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

200 m (656 ft)

Contents

History

History of Kalanaur is a city and a municipal committee in Bhiwani district in the Indian state of [[Haryana The Rajputs suffered the brunt of the aggression from various Mongol-Turkic-Afghan warlords who repeatedly invaded the Indian subcontinent, then known as Hindustan. Hindustan was one of the most economically prosperous regions in the world till 18-th century and had grabbed the attention of several neighboring Islamic kingdoms.

Emperor Janamejaya (Sanskrit: जनमेजय) was the son of Maharaja Parikshit and great-grandson of Arjuna the valiant warrior hero of the Mahabharata epic.

Emperor Janamejaya's younger brother, Prince Kakshasena established a separate independent kingdom at Indraprastha, which later rose to become a dominant force in its own right.[1]

After a while, Emperor Janamejaya’s youngest brother Raja Nakay Rao established a kingdom at Kalanaur in Northern Punjab. Modern day political boundaries today locate Kalanaur City in the district of Rohtak in Haryana, India. The very name Jarral was adopted like other Rajputs did in different times after their apical ancestor, Raja Jir Rao, a Rajput direct descendant of Emperor Janamejaya and the Pandavas of the Mahabharata.

The Jarral Rajas ruled the state established by Raja Nakay Rao in Northern Punjab from its capital Kalanaur for over 350 years until Ghauris invaded Punjab and Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated in 1192. The Rajas of Punjab though independent, had accepted Prithviraj Chauhan as their supreme leader to jointly fight invaders except for the Rathod Raja Jaichand of Kannauj.

Since, Jarrals had accepted Islam after the defeat in 1192, their history from Kalanaur has been deliberately erased completely. Fortunately Mahakaleshwar Temple at Kalanaur and Mukeshwar Temple at Shahpur Kandi indicate that Kalanaur existed much before the two brothers Kala and Noor mentioned in the gazetteer as founder of Kalanaur .These two religious sites confirm Rajput rule over the area.

Besides Mughals, Kalanaur also contains important symbols of history dating back to 1000 AD. In 1000 AD it was the only important town between Lahore and Nagarkot (Kangra).

The historians of the district lament that even the government has been apathetic to the history in and around Kalanaur. Bricks from most of the important historical buildings in and Kalanaur were used for the construction of the Amritsar-Pathankot railway line in 1884.

The historians have demanded that history in Kalanaur should be conserved by the government.

Geography

Kalanaur is located at 28°50′N 76°24′E / 28.83°N 76.4°E / 28.83; 76.4[1]. It has an average elevation of 200 metres (656 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[2], Kalanaur had a population of 16,847. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Kalanaur has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 58%. In Kalanaur, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kalanaur
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  

The Tribune November 15, 2004-Chandigarh

{{The Tribune November 15, 2004-Chandigarh

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