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Kalhora
Pacco Qillo Round Tower.png
A sketch of the Pacco Qillo (c. 1845) drawn by Lieut. Edwards.
Total population
40,000 - 50,000
Regions with significant populations
Pakistan:
   30,000 - 50,000
Languages

Sindhi

Religion

Islam

Related ethnic groups

Sindhi

Kalhora or Kalhoro Sindhi: (ڪلهوڙا) is the name of a Sindhi tribe in Sindh, Pakistan.

Contents

History

The Kalhora (ڪلهوڙا) Abbasi's are of Arab origin and descent from ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (566 – 662) (العباس بن عبد المطلب), (c. 566 – c. 653) was a paternal uncle and Sahabi (companion) of Muhammad and progenitor of the Abbasi Khalifa of Baghdad and Qahira. Sultan Ahmad II, son of Shah Muzammil of Egypt left that country and arrived in Sindh with a large following of Arabs ca. 1370. He married a daughter of Raja Rai, Dhorang Sahta, receiving a third of the country in dowry. Amir Fathu'llah Khan Abbasi, is the recognized ancestor of the dynasty. He conquered the Bhangar territory from Raja Dallu, of Alor and Bhamanabad, renaming it Qahir Bela. Amir Muhammad Chani Khan Abbasi entered the imperial service and gained appointment as a Panchhazari in 1583. At his death, the leadership of the tribe was contested between two branches of the family, the Kalhoras and Daudpotas.

Kalhora Dynasty

The Kalhora tribe established the Kalhora Dynasty that ruled Sindh from 1701 to 1783.

The Kalhora dynasty was perhaps the first to represent the locals' aspirations.

The most probable reason which made them 'Revolutionary' and become Torch Bearers of 'Self Determination' in Sind was really the oppression and injustice they faced from the Mughal imperialism and the unmagnanimous attitude of 'Ulmas' of the time. Kalhoras had no political ambitions. They were basically 'Darwaish Sifat' Religious sect and followers of Syed Mohammad of Jaunpur who believed him to be 'Mehdi-e-Maud' whose grand father Syed Osman Sherazi an Aalim of high stature came to Delhi along with King Taimoor in 801 A.D. After the departure of Taimoor, Syed Osman Sherazi stayed in Delhi and than shifted to Jaupur which was the centre of Ilm-o-Adab and was commonly known as SHIRAZ of HIND.

The Serai family of Rajanpur

The Serai family are descended from the Kalhoro ruler, Mian Adam Shah Kalhoro, who is buried in Sukkur in Sindh. The family settled in Rajanpur, in Punjab, after they were expelled from Sindh, by the Talpur rulers.[1] They are descended from Mian Abdul Nabi, a brother of Ghulam Shah Kalhora, who settled in the town of Kola Makhdum. The family use the title Khwaja, and the family are known as the khwajas of Hajipur.

Important Kalhora's

See also

References

  1. ^ A Glossary of the tribes & castes of Punjab by H. a Rose page 382
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