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Kaliningrad Nuclear Power Plant
Country  Russia
Location Kaliningrad
Owner Rosenergoatom
Operator Rosenergoatom
Built 25th February 2010 -
Reactor supplier Atomenergoprom
Reactor type VVER-1200
Reactors under construction 1 (1,200 MW)
Reactors planned 1 (1,200 MW)
Status Proposed
Other details
Constructors Inter RAO UES

The Kaliningrad Nuclear Power Plant (also referred as Baltic Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) or Baltiiskaya NPP, Russian: Калининградская атомная электростанция; Калининградская АЭС or Балтийская АЭС) is a nuclear power plant under construction 13 kilometers south-east of Neman, in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia. [1][2]



The shutdown of Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant combined with Polish plans to scrap coal-fired generation in compliance with environmental regulation[3] means the Baltic region faces an energy crisis by 2015. Kaliningrad in particular will be isolated from what supplies are available, as the Baltic states have filed applications to de-synchronize themselves from the Russian electricity grid and join the ENTSO-E grid.[3]

Kaliningrad's precarious dependence on energy imports will be reversed when the nuclear power plant comes online. A framework construction agreement was signed between the head of Rosatom Sergei Kiriyenko and Governor of Kaliningrad Oblast Georgy Boos on 16 April 2008. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed the order for construction of the 2,300 Megawatt plant in September 2009.[1]

Technical features

The Kaliningrad Nuclear Power Plant will consist of two AES-2006 VVER pressurized water reactors with capacity of 1150 MWe each, supplied by Atomstroyexport.[2] These are a modified version of the reactors planned for the Belene Nuclear Power Plant in Bulgaria. The pair of reactors will secure a continuous supply of power to Kaliningrad with excess power being exported into the EU market. Lithuania, Poland and Germany are potential customers.[4]

The first reactor is planned to be operational by 2016 with onsite construction started in 2010, and the second build-out will be from 2012 to 2018.[1] Cost is expected to be around €6 billion and design is to be completed by the end of 2009. Two further reactors could be added in the future depending on economic development in Kaliningrad and in the Baltic region in general..[5]

Project development

The project is developed by Rosatom’s subsidiary Inter RAO UES.[2][6] According to Rosatom, 49% of shares in the project will be offered to European companies. This will be the first Russian nuclear power plant with foreign participation.[5] It is not decided yet which companies will participate in the project. One company which has shown interest in the project is ČEZ.[7]


As reported by a Russian news agency RIA Novosti, Rosatom started construction of the Baltic nuclear power plant on February 25, 2010. According to Sergey Kirienko, major construction works are to begin in March 2010. [8]

Unit Reactor type Net
Baltic 1 VVER-1200 1150 MW 1200 MW 25.2.2010 (2016) -
Baltic 2 VVER-1200 1150 MW 1200 MW (2012) (2018) -


  1. ^ a b c "Russia to build Kaliningrad nuclear plant". UPI. 2009-09-029. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  2. ^ a b c "Nuclear Power in Russia". World Nuclear Association. July 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  3. ^ a b "Baltic NPP: After 2015 the Baltic region will face energy crisis". Energoatom OJSC. 2009-07-027. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  4. ^ "Эксперты: АЭС в Калининградской области решает много проблем. (NPP in the Kaliningrad Oblast solves a lot of problems)" (in Russian). CBW. 2008-07-21. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  5. ^ a b "Строительство АЭС сделает Калининградскую область регионом, через который Россия совершит геополитический прорыв: эксперт. (Construction of the NPP makes the Kaliningrad Oblast region through which Russia achieves geopolitical breakthrough: expert)" (in Russian). Regnum. 2008-04-17. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  6. ^ "Строительство АЭС даст колоссальный толчок для развития Калининградской области: эксперт. (Construction of the NPP gives a tremendous boost to the development of Kaliningrad Oblast: expert)" (in Russian). Regnum. 2008-06-26. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  7. ^ "ČEZ interested in nuke plant in Russia". CBW. 2008-07-21. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  8. ^ "Rosatom" started building Baltic NPP, RIAN (in Russian)

Coordinates: 54°56′21.55″N 22°09′44.49″E / 54.9393194°N 22.1623583°E / 54.9393194; 22.1623583



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