Kalkaska County, Michigan: Wikis

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Kalkaska County, Michigan
Map of Michigan highlighting Kalkaska County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the U.S. highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Seat Kalkaska
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

571 sq mi (1,479 km²)

10 sq mi (26 km²), 1.71%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

16,571
28/sq mi (11/km²)
Founded 1871
Website www.kalkaskacounty.net

Kalkaska County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is part of the Traverse City, Michigan, Micropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the population was 16,571. The county seat is Kalkaska[1].

Contents

Geography

  • According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 571 square miles (1,478 km²), of which, 561 square miles (1,453 km²) of it is land and 10 square miles (25 km²) of it (1.71%) is water.
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Geographic features

  • Kalkaska County has over 80 lakes and 275 miles (443 km) of streams and rivers.
  • Much of the county is marshland.
  • County elevation ranges from 595 feet (181 m) to about 1,246 feet (380 m). This makes it one of the more uneven counties in the Lower Peninsula.
  • The Pere Marquette State Forest covers much of the county.

Glaciers shaped the area, creating a unique regional ecosystem. A large portion of the area is the so-called Grayling outwash plain, which consists of broad outwash plain including sandy ice-disintegration ridges; jack pine barrens, some white pine-red pine forest, and northern hardwood forest. Large lakes were created by glacial action.[2]

Lakes

Rivers

Highways

US Highways

Michigan State Trunklines

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 16,571 people, 6,428 households, and 4,634 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 10,822 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.54% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.6% were of German, 12.4% English, 10.4% Irish, 10.0% American, 6.3% Polish and 5.1% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.8% spoke English as their first language.

Kalkaska County
Year Population Change
1940 5,159 -
1950 4,597 -10.9%
1960 4,382 -4.7%
1970 5,372 22.6%
1980 10,592 97.2%
1990 13,497 27.4%
2000 16,571 22.8%
2006 (est.) 17,330 4.6%

There were 6,428 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,072, and the median income for a family was $39,932. Males had a median income of $31,860 versus $20,455 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,309. About 8.20% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

History

  • The first settler in Kalkaska County was an Englishman named William Copeland, who purchased land in the northwest corner of the county in 1855. The county was set off in 1840 and originally called Wabasee until 1843. [4] See, List of Michigan counties. The name Kalkaska is thought to be a Chippewa word meaning flat or burned-over country. An alternative theory is that this is a neologism or neonym created by Henry Schoolcraft, originally spelled Calcasca. Some theorists suggest this is word play. Schoolcraft's family name formerly was Calcraft, and the Ks may have been added to make the name appear more like a Native American word.[5] See also, List of Michigan county name etymologies.
  • Logging was the first important industry.
  • The discovery of substantial deposits of oil and natural gas resulted in the construction of a processing plant by Shell Oil Company in 1973 and a major economic boom in the community.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Kalkaska County elected officials

(information as of June 2009)

Landmarks

  • The National Trout Festival is considered to be a 'holy day of obligation' in Kalkaska. Practitioners gather together to share stories and meet next to the giant trout in mid-town.[6]

Cities, villages, and townships

Notes

Further reading

  • Kalkaska Genealogical Society: Big Trout, Black Gold: History of Kalkaska County, Michigan. nd.

External links

Coordinates: 44°41′N 85°05′W / 44.69°N 85.08°W / 44.69; -85.08


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Kalkaska County, Michigan
Map
File:Map of Michigan highlighting Kalkaska County.png
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1871
Seat Kalkaska
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.71%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

16571
Website: www.kalkaskacounty.net

Kalkaska County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is part of the Traverse City Micropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the population was 16,571. The county seat is Kalkaska6.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,478 km² (571 sq mi). 1,453 km² (561 sq mi) of it is land and 25 km² (10 sq mi) of it (1.71%) is water.

Kalkaska County has over 80 lakes and 275 miles of streams and rivers. Starvation Lake and Lake Skegemog are located in the county with many others. The largest rivers include the Manistee, Boardman, and Rapid River.

Kalkaska Sand, the state soil of Michigan, was named after the county because of the large amounts deposited in the area from the glaciers in the Ice Age.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 16,571 people, 6,428 households, and 4,634 families residing in the county. The population density was 11/km² (30/sq mi). There were 10,822 housing units at an average density of 7/km² (19/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.54% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 98.8% spoke English as their first language.

Kalkaska County
Year Population Change
1940 5,159 -
1950 4,597 -10.9%
1960 4,382 -4.7%
1970 5,372 22.6%
1980 10,592 97.2%
1990 13,497 27.4%
2000 16,571 22.8%
2005 (est.) 17,239 4.0%

There were 6,428 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,072, and the median income for a family was $39,932. Males had a median income of $31,860 versus $20,455 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,309. About 8.20% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

History

The first settler in Kalkaska County was an Englishman named William Copeland, who purchased land in the northwest corner of the county in 1855. The county was originally called Wabasee. The name Kalkaska is thought to be a Chippewa word meaning flat or burned-over country. Logging was the first important industry.

The discovery of substantial deposits of oil and natural gas resulted in the construction of a processing plant by Shell Oil Company in 1973 and a major economic boom in the community.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Kalkaska County elected officials

(information as of September 2005)

Cities, villages, and townships

External links

Further reading

  • Kalkaska Genealogical Society: Big Trout, Black Gold: History of Kalkaska County, Michigan. nd.

Coordinates: 44°41′N 85°05′W / 44.69, -85.08

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Kalkaska County, Michigan. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Kalkaska County, MichiganRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Michigan  +
Short name Kalkaska County  +

This article uses material from the "Kalkaska County, Michigan" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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