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Kalpi(Hindi:कालपी)
Kalpi(Hindi:कालपी)
Location of Kalpi(Hindi:कालपी)
in Uttar Pradesh and India
Coordinates 26°07′N 79°44′E / 26.12°N 79.73°E / 26.12; 79.73
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District(s) Jalaun
Population 42,858 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

112 m (367 ft)

Kalpi(Hindi:कालपी) is a city and a municipal board in Jalaun district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is on the right bank of the Yamuna.

Contents

History

The city of Kalpi is believed to be known as Kalpriya Nagari in the ancient times. Over the period of time the name of the city got abbreviated to Kalpi. Kalpi is said to have been founded by King Vasudeva at the end of the 4th century. In 1196 it fell to Qutb-ud-din Aybak, the viceroy of Mohammed Ghori, and during the subsequent Muslim period it played a significant part in the history of central India. During Akbar's reign, Kalpi was a governor's seat and had a mint for copper coinage. Kalpi is also considered by some as the birth place of Ved Vyas, the author of Mahabharata.

About the middle of the 18th century it passed into the hands of the Marathas. It was captured by the British in 1803, and after 1806 remained in British possession until India's independence in 1947. Kalpi was a part of Bundelkhand Agency, formed in 1811, and also housed its headquarters from 1818 to 1824. During this period the political agent to Governor General of India was appointed and headquartered in Kalpi. In May 1858 Sir Hugh Rose (Lord Strathnairn) defeated here a force of about 10,000 freedom fighters under the Rani of Jhansi.The British East India Company made it one of their principal stations for providing "commercial investment".

Archaeology of Kalpi

Kalpi has many historical as well as archaeological sites. Few of them are enlisted below:

  • Kalpi Fort
  • Lanka Tower
  • Chourasi Gumbad (situated at west of kalpi orai road, it has 84 door arches)

Most recently the archaeological department of Uttar Pradesh has discovered a prehistoric site that has been dated back 45000 years. Excavation work is in progress on this site.

Geography

Kalpi is located at 26°07′N 79°44′E / 26.12°N 79.73°E / 26.12; 79.73[1]. It has an average elevation of 112 metres (367 feet).

Location and industry

The old town, which is on the Yamuna river, has the ruin of a fort, and several temples of interest, while in the neighborhood are many ancient tombs. Away from the river to the south-east is a lofty modern town ornamented with representations of the battles of the Ramayana. Kalpi is still a centre of local trade (principally in grain, ghee and cotton) with a station on the railway line from Jhansi to Kanpur, which crosses the Yamuna here.

In late 1970s and early 1980s Kalpi was one of the areas in central India affected by dacoits, and was frequented by the much dreaded Phoolan Devi gang. It has been declared an Industrial belt by the Government of India and is known for the hand-made paper produced here.

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kalpi

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

KALPI, or Calpee, a town of British India, in the Jalaun district of the United Provinces, on the right bank of the Jumna, 45 m. S.W. of Cawnpore. Pop. (1901), 10,139. It was founded, according to tradition, by Vasudeva, at the end of the 4th century A.D. In 1196 it fell to Kutab-ud-din, the viceroy of Mahommed Ghori, and during the subsequent Mahommedan period it played a large part in the annals of this part of India. About the middle of the 18th century it passed into the hands of the Mahrattas. It was captured by the British in 1803, and since 1806 has remained in British possession. In May 1858 Sir Hugh Rose (Lord Strathnairn) defeated here a force of about io,000 rebels under the rani of Jhansi. Kalpi had a mint for copper coinage in the reign of Akbar; and the East India Company made it one of their principal stations for providing the "commercial investment." The old town, which is beside the river, has ruins of a fort, and several temples of interest, while in the neighbourhood are many ancient tombs. There is a lofty modern tower ornamented with representations of the battles of the Ramayana. The new town lies away from the river to the south-east. Kalpi is still a centre of local trade (principally in grain, ghi and cotton), with a station on the Indian Midland railway from Jhansi to Cawnpore, which here crosses the Jumna. There are manufactures of sugar and paper.


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