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Coordinates: 56°N 159°E / 56°N 159°E / 56; 159

Kamchatka Krai (English)
Камчатский край (Russian)
Map of Russia - Kamchatka Krai (2008-03).svg
Coordinates: n/a
Coat of Arms Flag
Coat of arms of Kamchatka Oblast.svg
Coat of arms of Kamchatka Krai
Flag of Kamchatka Krai.svg
Flag of Kamchatka Krai
Anthem: None
Administrative center Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Established July 1, 2007[1]
Political status Krai
Federal District Far Eastern[2]
Economic region Far Eastern[3]
Area[4] 472,300 km2 (182,356.0 sq mi)
- Rank within Russia 10th
Code
ISO 3166-2:RU
91
RU-KAM
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population[5] 358,801 inhabitants
- Rank within Russia 76th
- Density 0.8 /km2 (2.1/sq mi)
- Urban[5] 81.1%
- Rural[5] 18.9%
Official language(s) Russian[6]
Government (as of December 2008)
Governor Alexey Kuzmitsky[7]
Legislative body Legislative Assembly[8]
Charter Charter of Kamchatka Krai
Official website
http://www.kamchatka.gov.ru/

Kamchatka Krai (Russian: Камча́тский край) is a federal subject of Russia. It is a krai formed July 1, 2007 as a result of the merger of Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug, after a referendum held on the issue on October 23, 2005. The administrative centre is the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. The okrug retains the status of a special administrative division of the krai under the name of Koryak Okrug.

The merger united the Russian Federation's constituent parts on the Kamchatka Peninsula. The krai is a part of the country's Far Eastern Federal District.

Contents

Administrative divisions

Demographics

  • Births (2008 Jan-Nov) : 3,673 (11.55 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2008 Jan-Nov) : 3,554 (11.17 per 1000)[9]
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Vital statistics for 2007

Source:[10]

  • Births: 3,931 (11.32 per 1000, 11.36 for urban areas & 11.20 for rural areas).
  • Deaths: 3,863 (11.13 per 1000, 10.49 for urban areas & 13.63 for rural areas).
  • Natural Growth Rate: +0.02% per year (+0.09% for urban areas & -0.24% for rural areas).

After nearly two decades, Kamchatka recorded a net natural population growth instead of decline in 2007. However in first half of 2008, the trend was reversed and population decline was observed again, partly due to increased mortality rate among the rural population.

Ethnic Composition

According to 2002 Census:

Out of those who stated their nationality in Census, around 91.85% of the population is White (Slav, Germanic, Finnic or Moldvin), while close to 4.46% is indigenous (Mostly Koryak). (A small number of Russian speaking Cossacks and other nationalities boycotted the census, refusing to state their nationality. In Kamchatka close to 3.3% refused to state their nationality).

Ethnic Group Pop Percent
Total population 358,801 100.00%
Total White 318,943 88.89%
Russians 290,108 80.85%
Ukrainians 20,870 5.82%
Belorussians 3,489 0.97%
Mordivians 1,170 0.33%
Germans 707 0.20%
Moldavians 662 0.18%
Udmurts 503 0.14%
Other White 1,434 0.40%
Total Tribal 15,497 4.32%
Koryaks 7,328 2.04%
Itelmens 2,296 0.64%
Kamchadals 1,881 0.52%
Evens 1,779 0.50%
Chukchis 1,487 0.41%
Aleuts 446 0.12%
Other Tribal 280 0.08%
Total Turkic/Caucassian/Asian 12,673 3.53%
Tatars 3,617 1.01%
Koreans 1,749 0.49%
Azerbaijanians 1,311 0.37%
Chuvash 1,292 0.36%
Armenians 948 0.26%
Bashkirs 575 0.16%
Other Asian 3,181 0.89%
Not Stated 11,602 3.23%
Other 86 0.02%

Notes

  1. ^ Law #2-FKZ, Article 4
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 1. Федеральные округа», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 1. Federal Districts, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-17.  
  5. ^ a b c Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-17.  
  6. ^ According to Article 68.2 of the Constitution of Russia, only republics have the right to establish official languages other than Russian
  7. ^ Official website of Kamchatka Krai. Alexey Alexeyevich Kuzmitsky (Russian)
  8. ^ Official website of the Legislative Assembly of Kamchatka Krai (Russian)
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ [2]

References

  • Государственная Дума Российской Федерации. Федеральный конституционный закон №2-ФКЗ от 12 июля 2006 г. «Об образовании в составе Российской Федерации нового субъекта Российской Федерации в результате объединения Камчатской области и Корякского автономного округа». (State Duma of the Russian Federation. Federal Constitutional Law #2-FKZ of July 12, 2006 On Establishing Within the Russian Federation of a New Federal Subject of the Russian Federation as a Result of the Merger of Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug. ).

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