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Kanhangad
Bekal Fort Beach
Kanhangad
Location of Kanhangad
in Kerala and India
Coordinates 12°18′0″N 75°5.4′0″E / 12.3°N 75.09°E / 12.3; 75.09
Country  India
State Kerala
District(s) Kasaragod
Population 65499 (2001)
Official languages Malayalam
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Climate
Temperature
• Summer
• Winter
Tropical monsoon (Köppen)

     35 °C (95 °F)
     20 °C (68 °F)

Kanhangad (Malayalam: കാഞ്ഞങ്ങാട്) is a city and a municipality in Kasaragod district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is 28 km from the district headquarters of Kasaragod. Kanhangad is also known as the Commercial Hub of Kasaragod district. Spiritual centers Nithyanandashram and Anandashram, located here have attracted people from different parts of the world. The tourist spot Bekal Fort is also located within its proximity.

Contents

Kanhangad Town

Hosdurg (Puthiya Kotta in Malayalam and Hosa Durga in Tulu meaning "new fort"),a kilometer south of the town center Kottachery, hosts the municipal office, Taluk Office, Sub_registrars office,Municipal Town Hall, Sales Tax Office, Assistant Director of Agricultures Office, Block Development office, District Hospital, PWD Guest House, Water Authority Office,Government Higher Secondary School ( Board School),Little Flower Girls Higher Secondary School,chinmaya vidyalaya,Soil conservation office,RDOs office, Sub Treasury, Hosdurg Service Cooperative Bank, other administrative offices, the police station, and the civil and criminal courts, arangadi. The court complex is located 300 m south west near the fort. The nearest airport is at Mangalore, 85 km away.

Transport

Very good transport road and rail transport system prevails here. The bus station is presently located at Kottachery but will soon be shifted to Alamipally where a new bus station is under construction. Alamipally is 2.5 km south of the present bus station at Kottachery along the route to Nileshwar. Both KSRTC buses and Private buses uses the same bus station and bus service to major destinations in Kerala , Mangalore, Bangalore, Mumbai and Madikeri are available. The Railway Station is located at Kottachery 200 m west of the present bus stand and is a major one in the Malabar zone. Except three trains like Rajadhani Express, Gandhidham Express and Jammu Thavi all other trains have a stop here and the ticket booking is fully computerised with a single counter. There are three platforms, the PF No.1 is for trains towards Kannur, PF No 2 is for trains towards Mangalore and PF No 3 is for trains via Kankanady towards Mumbai. Hired autorickshaw facility from here is available during most part of the day.

Kanhangad Village

South of Kanhangad, almost 4 km from the heart of the town is the village Kanhangad. The National Highway 17 which meets the road from Kanhangad Town at Kanhangad South, passes through the centre of this village.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[1], Kanhangad had a population of 65,499. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Kanhangad has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 74%. In Kanhangad, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The most widely spoken language is Malayalam. Other prominent languages spoken by communities living here include Konkani, Tulu and Kannada. A large number of GSB brahmin community (who speaks Konkani) lives here. The famous Gowda Saraswat brahmin temple, Lakshmi Venkatesh temple (LV temple) is situated in kanhangad. There is also a small Palghat Iyer Brahmin community which speaks a mix of Malayalam and Tamil.

Economy

Agriculture and fishing are the primary source of income for residents of the region. The soil and topography allow for a diverse selection of crops. Rubber, pepper, cashew and ginger are the important crops that are grown in the eastern part of the region, which comprises forests and hilly areas. In the coastal areas, coconut, paddy and tobacco are cultivated. The regional economy used to be agricultural, but this has changed; Kanhangad was once famous for its tobacco production.

Since the oil boom of the 80’s, young people have migrated to the oil producing Gulf countries in pursuit of lucrative job opportunities. This has considerably changed the economic situation and life style of the residents. Now most of the families depend on money sent by family members working in the Gulf and other regions.

Tourism

  • Nithyanand Ashram, a spiritual center frequented by people from various Indian states, is located in Hosdurg and is about 2 km from the Hosdurg bus stand. Abode of Swami Nithyananda has been a must visit site for all those who seek spiritual blessings from the Swamiji. A full size statue of a sitting Swami Nityananda made of pancha-loha is one of the attractions of the ashram. Also a network of nice caves or narrow enclosures within the base of the Nithayanad Ashram is a must see if you have a chance to visit the fort. The swamiji spent rest of his life in Vajreshwari in Bombay and also had an Ashram at that place.
  • Hosdurg Fort (half a kilometre south of Kanhangad) is renowned for its chain of forts built by Somashekara Nayak of Keladi Nayaka dynasty of Ikkeri. The Naiks were worshippers of Shiva and followers of Shringeri Sharada Peetam. There is a shiva temple on south west side of the fort. Government offices and quarters have been constructed in this fort and a private English medium school was also constructed within the fort during the 1980s, neglecting the need for preservation of this historic fort. The school is one of the best educational insititute in the town and was used to be run by congregation of Italian Sisters.
  • Beautiful Mosques are located on almost every 3–5 km on coastal roads of the town. A prominent feature that attracts the attention of travelers in Kanhangad town center is a tall minaret, a contribution from the wealthy merchants of the town who are predominantly Muslim[citation needed]. Sufi cultures and traditions also prevailed in the region until early 1970s.
  • Anandashram (5 km from Kanhangad) is an internationally renowned spiritual center founded by Swami Ramdas in 1939. It offers a quiet, peaceful ambiance best suited for meditation and spiritual studies. Swami Ramadas had extensively travelled throughout India and is author of many books.
  • Alami Palli, located in south kanhangad is also one of the oldest mosques in the town.
  • Arangadi Juma Masjid and Parambath Magham Shareef are also Important Places
  • "Guruvanam" is a spiritual center, 6 km from Kanhangad via Arai bridge near Monacha. The main attraction is a stream of water flowing from the mouth of a statue of a cow[citation needed]. This is called 'paapa nashini ganga' [source from Ganga]".
  • Bekal Fort is a 300-year old fort, one of the largest and best preserved forts in Kerala, lies 10 km north of Kanhangad. Its beaches have helped it become the focal point for the development of tourism in north Kerala. The Bekal Fort is the biggest fort in Kerala. The fort is believed to be built by Ikkeri Shivappa Nayaka. A Hanuman temple is located at the entrance of the fort. The construction resembles the Portuguese fort at Kannur St.Angelo's Fort.
  • Adot Vana Durga temple, Bellikoth, where the Sahashrachandika Yaagam was conducted for the prosperity of the people living all over the world.
  • Ranipuram is a hill station which is about 48 km east of Kanhangad on the Panathoor road branching off at Panathady and lies 1016 m above sea level, adjacent to Bhagamandala forest range. A wild life sanctuary has been proposed for this area, combining with reserve forest of Ranipuram and Kottancherry along with reserve forests of Karnataka as Ranipuram Wildlife Sanctuary.

Climate

The southwest monsoon starts towards the end of May or the beginning of June, heralded by thunderstorms and holds till September when the rain fades out. October brings in the northeast monsoon. Dry weather sets in by the end of December. January and February are the coolest months of the year. March, April and May are very hot.

Rivers

Only one river passes through Kanhangad. The Arayi River originates from the Madikai Panchayat and passes from east Kanhangad towards south and drains to the Nileshwar River.

Agriculture

Kanhangad was once known for its sweet potato crop and tobacco cultivation. West Kanhangad had extensive cultivation of sweet potato during the second and third crop season and was a major source of income to the local people. Hence a variety of Sweet Potato the Kanhangad Local was identified from the area. The crop is vanishing with increased aggression from housing and development activities. Paddy cultivation in the Bella region, Karat Vayal, Arayi tract, puthiyakandam, and in patches along the west coast comes to about 140 hectares. Coconut is the major crop of the area with a productivity of 50 nuts per palm per year. West Coast Tall and hybrid TxD varieties are cultivated here.

Schools and Colleges

  • Little Flower Girls' Senior Secondary Convent School,Hosdurg
  • Durga higher secondary school, Hosdurg
  • Crescent English Medium School, Ajannur
  • Christ C.M.I public school, Mavungal
  • Government High School, Hosdurg
  • Iqbal Higher Secondary School
  • Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Kanhangad
  • Govt. U.P. School, Melangot
  • BC Kunhambu Memorial English Medium School
  • Kareemul Islamiya Alp School Arangadi
  • GVHSS Kanhangad(South)

Institutions for higher education include Nehru Arts & Science College, Agricultural College, Swamy Nithyananda Polytechnic and the Private Paramedical Institution.

Hospitals

Relatively good Medical care is available here. The District Hospital is the most important of them. It is located at Chemmatamvayal along the NH17. Some buses go through that route. Usually when one travels from Kannur or Mangalore towards Kanhangad by bus, get down at Alamipalli and hire an Autorickshaw paying Rs 30 ( 3.5 km). Other hospitals include Care and Cure Hospital at Kanhangad South, City Hospital at Kotachery, Padmapolyclinic at North Kanhangad, Deepa Nursing Home at Kunnummal, Sachidanana Institute of Med Sciences(SIMS) Hospital at Mavungal near Highway, Manzoor Hospital,Surgi care hospital,kanhangad nursing home,etc,

Personalities

Kanhangad has been the home town of eminent personalities such as Maha Kavi P. Kunhiraman Nair, a famous poet, Sri. K. Madhavan, a Veteran Communist leader, Vidwan P. Kelu Nair, an author and freedom fighter and C.M.Padmanabhan Nair, a former leader of the socialist party. Shri Kotacheri Manmohan Shenoi former Chairman UCO bank (1985-1990) was born here.

References

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