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Kankō (寛弘 ?) was a Japanese era (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Chōhō and before Chōwa. This period spanned the years from 1004 through 1012. The reigning emperors were Ichijō-tennō (一条天皇 ?) and Sanjō-tennō (三条天皇 ?).[1]


Change of Era

  • 1004 Kankō gannen (寛弘元年 ?): The era namewas changed to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kankō 6, on the 20th day of the 7th month of 1004.[2]

Events of the Kankō Era

  • March 17, 1008 (Kankō 5, 8th day of the 2nd month): The former-Emperor Kazan died at the age of 41.[3]
  • July 16, 1011 (Kankō 8, 13th day of the 6th month): In the 5th year of Emperor Ichijō's reign (一条天皇5年), he abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Sanjō is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).[4]
  • July 15, 1011 (Kankō 8, 22nd day of the 6th month ): Daijō-tennō Ichijō died at the age of 32.[5]
  • November 21, 1011 (Kankō 8, 24th day of the 10th month): Daijō-tennō Reizei, who was Emperor Sanjō's father, died at age 62.[6]


  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 150-155; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 302-307; Varley, Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 192-195.
  2. ^ Brown, p. 305.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 154; Brown, p. 306
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 154; Brown, p. 307; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44. [A distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.]
  5. ^ Brown, p. 306.
  6. ^ Titsingh, p. 155; Brown, p. 306.


External links

Kankō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
Gregorian 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:



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