Kansas's 2nd congressional district: Wikis

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Kansas's 2nd congressional district
KS district 2-108th.gif
Current Representative Lynn Jenkins (R)
Population (2000) 672,102
Median income $37,855
Ethnicity 89.0% White, 5.1% Black, 1.0% Asian, 3.8% Hispanic, 1.3% Native American, 2.0% other
Cook PVI R+9

Kansas' 2nd congressional district is a congressional district covering most of eastern Kansas, except for the core of the Kansas City Metropolitan Area. It encompasses less than a quarter of the state. The capital of Topeka is included in this district. The 2nd district is represented by Republican Lynn Jenkins. Jenkins defeated former 2nd district Republican Representative Jim Ryun in the 2008 Republican primary. She then defeated Democrat Nancy Boyda in the 2008 election and was sworn in to office on January 6, 2009.

Contents

History

Kansas had but one representative in the U.S. House of Representatives until after the census of 1870, which showed that the state was entitled to three members of the lower branch of the national legislature. In 1872 three Congressmen-at-large were elected, but by the act of March 2, 1874, the legislature divided the state into three districts. The second district was composed of the counties of Montgomery, Wilson, Labette, Cherokee, Crawford, Neosho, Bourbon, Allen, Anderson, Linn, Miami, Franklin, Johnson, Douglas and Wyandotte.

No changes were made in until after the census of 1880, which gave the state seven Congressmen. On March 5, 1883, Governor Glick approved an act of the legislature which reduced the second district to only include the counties of Wyandotte, Johnson, Douglas, Miami, Franklin, Anderson, Linn, Allen and Bourbon.

Although the census of 1890 showed the population of Kansas to be large enough to entitle the state to eight Congressmen, no additional district was created until 1905. By the act of March 9, 1905, the state was divided into eight districts with the second district being composed of the counties of Wyandotte, Johnson, Douglas, Miami, Franklin, Anderson, Linn, Allen and Bourbon.[1]

Reapportionment for 2002 placed the western half of Lawrence as well as Miami County into the district and cut out the counties of Geary, Montgomery and Nemaha.

Demographics

Following redistricting after the U.S. Census in 2000,[2] there were 672,102 people, 257,856 households, and 173,309 families residing in the district. The population density was 47.6/mi² over a land area of 14,133 square miles. There were 280,213 housing units at an average density of 19.8/mi². The racial makeup of the district is 89.01% White, 5.06% Black or African American, 1.26% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.52% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.81% of the population.

There were 257,856 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.48% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.79% were non-families. 26.73% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.63% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the district the population distribution by age is 25.34% under the age of 18, 11.88% from 18 to 24, 27.54% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.54% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females there were 99.08 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.85 males.

The median income for a household in the district is $37,855, and the median income for a family was $47,095. Males had a median income of $32,033 versus $24,230 for females. The per capita income for the district was $18,595. About 7.1% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Among the population aged 16 years and older, 64.5% was in the civilian labor force and 1.9% were in the armed forces. Of the employed civilian workers, 20.6% were government workers and 7.5% were self-employed. Management, professional, and related occupations employed 32.3% of the work force and sales and office occupations employ 25.4%. Only 0.8% were employed in farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. The largest employment by industry was: educational, health and social services, 24.5%; manufacturing, 12.3%; and retail trade, 11.4%. Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining industries only employed 3.0%.

Representatives

Congress Congressman Term Party Residence
89th (1965–1967) Chester L. Mize 1965–1967 Republican Atchison
90th (1967–1969)
91st (1969–1971)
92nd (1971–1973) William Robert Roy 1971–1975 Democratic Topeka
93rd (1973–1975)
94th (1975–1977) Martha Elizabeth Keys 1975–1979 Democratic Manhattan
95th (1977–1979)
96th (1979–1981) James Edmund Jeffries 1979–1983 Republican Atchison
97th (1981–1983)
98th (1983–1985) Jim Slattery 1983–1995 Democratic Topeka
99th (1985–1987)
100th (1987–1989)
101st (1989–1991)
102nd (1991–1993)
103rd (1993–1995)
104th (1995–1997)
 
Sam Brownback[A] 1995–1996 Republican Topeka
Jim Ryun[A] 1996–2007 Republican Topeka, then Lawrence
105th (1997–1999)
106th (1999–2001)
107th (2001–2003)
108th (2003–2005)
109th (2005–2007)
110th (2007–2009) Nancy Boyda 2007–2009 Democratic Topeka
111th (2009–2011) Lynn Jenkins 2009– Republican Topeka
Notes
  1. ^ a b Brownback resigned on November 27, 1996, retroactive to November 7, after he was elected to the Senate in a special election on November 5, filling the vacancy left by the resignation of Bob Dole.

See also

References

  1. ^ Frank W. Blackmar, ed (1912). "Congressional Districts". Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc .... I. Chicago: Standard Pub Co. pp. 400–401. http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/1912/c/congressional_districts.html.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

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