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History of Japan



Kanshō (寛正 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Chōroku and before Bunshō. This period spanned from December 1460 through February 1466.[1] The reigning emperors were Go-Hanazono-tennō (後花園天皇 ?) and Go-Tsuchimikado-tennō (後土御門天皇 ?).[2]


Change of era

  • 1460 Kanshō gannen (寛正元年 ?): The era name was changed to mark an event or a number of events. The old era ended and a new one commenced in Chōroku 4.

Events of the Kanshō era

Until former-Emperor Go-Komatsu died in 1433, Go-Hanazono held only a title. Although he may have been identified as the formal head of the Daïri or the Imperial "government", the fact-of-the-matter was that any real authority in the court was wielded by his "retired" uncle. During these years, Go-Komatsu exercised indirect powers in a uniquely Japanese a practice known as cloistered rule. After Komatsu's death, Go-Hanazono enjoyed 30 years of direct imperial rule; and after he did step down from the Chrysanthemum Throne, Go-Hanozano intended that the conventional pattern of indirect government by cloistered emperors would be resumed.

  • August 21, 1464 (Kanshō 5, 19th day of the 7th month): Go-Hanazono resigned his throne in favor of his son, would be known as Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado.[3]

After Go-Hanazono gave up the throne, there were no further abdications until 1586 (Tenshō 14), when Emperor Ogimachi gave over the reigns of government to a grandson who would come to be known as Emperor Go-Yozei. The dearth of abdications is attributable to the disturbed state of the country and to the fact that there was neither any dwelling in which an ex-emperor could live nor any excess funds in the treasury to support him.[4] In this instance, the former emperor lived another seven years after he descended from the throne. At age 52, Go-Hanazono died on January 18, 1471 (Bunmei 3, 12th month).[5]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kanshō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 478; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 331-351.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 351.
  4. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, pp. 340-341.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 356.


External links

Kanshō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
Gregorian 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:



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