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Karate
(空手)
Karatedo.svg
Hanashiro Chomo.jpg
Hanashiro Chōmo
Also known as Karate-dō (空手道)
Focus Striking
Hardness full contact to non contact
Country of origin Ryūkyū Kingdom Ryūkyū Kingdom / Japan Japan (from Ryukyu Islands indigenous fighting methods and Chinese kenpō[1][2] and further explored in Japan)
Creator Sakukawa Kanga; Matsumura Sōkon; Itosu Ankō; Arakaki Seishō; Higaonna Kanryō; Gichin Funakoshi; Motobu Chōki
Parenthood Chinese martial arts, indigenous martial arts of Ryukyu Islands (Naha-te, Shuri-te, Tomari-te)[1][2]
Olympic sport Not voted in 2005 (for 2012) or in 2009 (for 2016)
.Karate (空手?) (Japanese pronunciation: [kaɽate]  ( listen), English: /kəˈrɑːtiː/) is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan.^ This also means " martial arts " in Japanese.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you are wondering, the spelling and pronunciation of this martial arts style in English comes from the Cantonese pronunciation of these characters.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Purists in Okinawa will claim that "Okinawa Kenpo" or "Ryukyu Hon Kenpo" is the original and true version of this martial art from the old kingdom.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was developed from indigenous fighting methods called te ( literally: "hand"?) and Chinese kenpō.^ Karate is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands from indigenous fighting methods and Chinese kenpō.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The literal meaning of these characters is "empty hand method".
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wei Kun Do, also focuses on developing methods whereby a practitioner can hit without getting hit, fight without fighting and perceive in any situation despite an opponents size and strength.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1][2] .Karate is a striking art using punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes, and open-handed techniques such as knife-hands (karate chop).^ Karate is a martial art that uses weaponless techniques such as punching and kicking to overcome the opponent.

^ Occasionally elbow strikes, slaps punches and body throws are used.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It uses both kicking and striking techniques.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Grappling, locks, restraints, throws, and vital point strikes are taught in some styles.^ Grappling, locks, restraints, throws, and vital point strikes are taught in some styles.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anta explained mental self defense, stricking vital points taught defense against a sucker punch and gun defense.

^ It employs joint locks, pressure points, throws, kicks, and other strikes.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] A karate practitioner is called a karateka (空手家?).
.Karate developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom prior to its 19th century annexation by Japan.^ James Says: February 3rd, 2006 at 8:21 am What the hell are you talking about, Karate only came to japan at the end of the 19th century.

^ The 19th World Karate Championships returned to its origin in Japan after being held abroad for the last 31 years.
  • Northern District Karate, Sydney Australia 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC ndkarate.com [Source type: General]

^ YOUTH KARATE CAMP - JAPAN 2010 Good luck to all the students travelling from Evolution Martial Arts to the upcoming 2010 Youth Karate-Do Development Training Camp in Japan.
  • Northern District Karate, Sydney Australia 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC ndkarate.com [Source type: General]

.It was brought to the Japanese mainland in the early 20th century during a time of cultural exchanges between the Japanese and the Ryukyuans.^ Motobu is an early 20th century karate-ka and teacher and acknowledged as one of the most capable fighters of his time.
  • FightingArts.com - Estore Catalog - Videos: Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.fightingarts.com [Source type: General]

^ He trained under his father, Minoru Mochizuki, one of the greatest martial arts master of the time, who in turn trained directly under Gichin Funakoshi, the man who brought karate to the Japanese mainland in 1921.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Funakoshi introduced Shotokan to Japan in the early 20th century.

.In 1922 the Japanese Ministry of Education invited Gichin Funakoshi to Tokyo to give a karate demonstration.^ The show included demonstrations and performances in Karate-Do, kendo, sumo, taiko (Japanese drums), tea ceremony, marching band, choir, bagpipe band and a joint orchestra.
  • Northern District Karate, Sydney Australia 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC ndkarate.com [Source type: General]

^ Many have tried to give a Chinese origin to Kenpo Karate, but the fact is, Kenpo is a Japanese/Chinese art.
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He trained under his father, Minoru Mochizuki, one of the greatest martial arts master of the time, who in turn trained directly under Gichin Funakoshi, the man who brought karate to the Japanese mainland in 1921.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1924 Keio University established the first university karate club in Japan and by 1932, major Japanese universities had karate clubs.^ The club is led by Sensei Kenichi Haramoto, who holds a 6th degree black belt and is a certified instructor of the Japan Karate Association.

^ The first dojo where Tani taught his style was opened in Kobe, Japan in 1946 and named Shuko Kai, meaning the "Way for All" Club.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.[4] In this era of escalating Japanese militarism,[5] the name was changed from 唐手 ("Chinese hand") to 空手 ("empty hand") – both of which are pronounced karate – to indicate that the Japanese wished to develop the combat form in Japanese style.^ On the other hand, Chinese styles are Form and Set based.
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some see this style as a variation of the "Empty Hand Method" (Karate-do).
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Karate also shows a Chinese origin as kara in Japanese means both empty and China .
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

[6] .After the second world war, Okinawa became an important United States military site and karate became popular among servicemen stationed there.^ Kajukenbo and Kenpo (Kara-ho) were originated in Hawaii before the islands became an official part of the United States.
  • The World's Martial Arts Information Center 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.martialinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gichin Funakoshi is considered by the Karate World as the one person who popularized Karate and was the individual responsible for turning it from a small Island (Okinawa) art to something the world could enjoy and benefit from.
  • FightingArts.com - Estore Catalog - Videos: Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.fightingarts.com [Source type: General]

^ The late Pat Morita, karate kid man , 17 January 2006 Author: Clinton Yuen (yuenw003@hawaii.rr.com) from United States .
  • The Karate Kid (1984) 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC us.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Karate Kid (1984) 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7]
.The martial arts movies of the 1960s and 1970s served to greatly increase its popularity and the word karate began to be used in a generic way to refer to all striking-based Oriental martial arts.^ Least of all the martial art itself.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ A resource for all styles of martial arts .

^ GREATEST martial arts movies.
  • 10 Greatest Martial Arts Movies of All Time | Experience Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.experiencemartialarts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .Karate schools began appearing across the world, catering to those with casual interest as well as those seeking a deeper study of the art.^ Pro Martial Arts NO KARATE EXPERIENCE NEEDED to own your own well-recognized karate school.
  • Martial Arts franchises - Martial Arts business for sale � Franchise Gator.com 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: News]

^ This is the title of the Goju-Ryu Karate-Do school of martial arts .
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This text presents the teachings of the legendary karate master Shoshin Nagamine, founder of the World Matsubayashi School of Shorin-ryu karate.
  • FightingArts.com - Estore Catalog - Books: Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.fightingarts.com [Source type: General]

Shigeru Egami, Chief Instructor of Shotokan Dojo, opined "that the majority of followers of karate in overseas countries pursue karate only for its fighting techniques...Movies and television...depict karate as a mysterious way of fighting capable of causing death or injury with a single blow...the mass media present a pseudo art far from the real thing."[9] Shoshin Nagamine said "Karate may be considered as the conflict within oneself or as a life-long marathon which can be won only through self-discipline, hard training and one's own creative efforts." [10]
.For many practitioners, karate is a deeply philosophical practice.^ It has influenced many of the full-contact schools of karate, emphasizing realistic combat, physical toughness and practicality.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Karate-do teaches ethical principles and can have spiritual significance to its adherents. .Gichin Funakoshi ("Father of Modern Karate") titled his autobiography Karate-Do: My Way of Life in recognition of the transforming nature of karate study.^ He trained under his father, Minoru Mochizuki, one of the greatest martial arts master of the time, who in turn trained directly under Gichin Funakoshi, the man who brought karate to the Japanese mainland in 1921.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nakamura offers exceptionally rich discussion and explanation of the concept of karate do and its meaning and significance as a way of life.
  • FightingArts.com - Estore Catalog - Books: Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.fightingarts.com [Source type: General]

^ Gichin Funakoshi, who trained under several Okinawan Karate masters, developed his own style of Karate that he named Shotokan.

.Today karate is practiced for self-perfection, for cultural reasons, for self-defense and as a sport.^ It can be practiced as sport, combat sport, or self-defense.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LIGHTNING EURO KARATE™ is a complete system of street-practical self-defense, giving you concrete, easy-to-apply skills, and the know-how to compete against experienced fighters.
  • LIGHTNING EURO KARATE™ - Legendary European Karate from the World Reknown Grandmaster Gary Wasniewski 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC lightningeurokarate.com [Source type: General]

^ In fact, the word “savate” means “old shoe.” It has its roots in street fighting but today is practiced as sport.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2005, in the 117th IOC (International Olympic Committee) voting, karate did not receive the necessary two thirds majority vote to become an Olympic sport.^ TKD and Judo are only two martial arts sports to make it to Olympics.
  • Martial Arts Trailer - Video 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] Web Japan (sponsored by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs) claims there are 23 million karate practitioners worldwide.[12]

Contents

History

Okinawa

.Karate began as a common fighting system known as te (Okinawan: ti) among the Pechin class of the Ryukyuans.^ A major Japanese style of karate, Shito-Ryu is the blend of the two great Okinawan karate traditions of Naha-te and Shuri-te known for its breath of kata and its founder’s mastery of kata applications.
  • FightingArts.com - Estore Catalog - Videos: Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.fightingarts.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the founder of Kenpo Karate was not Ed Parker but rather his instructor, Professor William (Willie) K. S. Chow, who began calling his system "Kenpo Karate" in 1949.
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beginning in late summer, 1960, Ed Parker began adding forms to his Kenpo Karate and created what became known as "Traditional Kenpo".
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

.After trade relationships were established with the Ming dynasty of China by King Satto of Chūzan in 1372, some forms of Chinese martial arts were introduced to the Ryukyu Islands by the visitors from China, particularly Fujian Province.^ Defensive form of martial arts .
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some were martial arts discipline specific.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

^ Wing Tsjun (WT) comes from China and belongs to the Kung-Fu (Chinese for hard work) family of martial arts.

.A large group of Chinese families moved to Okinawa around 1392 for the purpose of cultural exchange, where they established the community of Kumemura and shared their knowledge of a wide variety of Chinese arts and sciences, including the Chinese martial arts.^ They write: Martial Arts Online.

^ Looking for family martial arts .
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ He has profound martial arts knowledge.

.The political centralization of Okinawa by King Shō Hashi in 1429 and the 'Policy of Banning Weapons,' enforced in Okinawa after the invasion of the Shimazu clan in 1609, are also factors that furthered the development of unarmed combat techniques in Okinawa.^ Modern ninjutsu deals only with techniques relevant to armed and unarmed combat, but the original discipline included meteorology and geography—necessary for assassins, but not martial artists.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kixa Central Power Ancient Indonesian Knowledge, developing the natural inner strength of the body through breathing techniques called Central Power.
  • Resources for Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: General]

[2]
.There were few formal styles of te, but rather many practitioners with their own methods.^ There are a variety of Martial Arts styles and this Knol will explore and describe as many as possible within the realm of hand to hand, exhibition and self defense.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was no longer Kenpo, but rather Ed Parker's own style which he continued to call Kenpo as American Kenpo.
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

.One surviving example is the Motobu-ryū school passed down from the Motobu family by Seikichi Uehara.^ Over many years the system was passed down and improved within a close circle of friends and family.

^ One of the oldest traditions is KATA. Since as early as the 600 A.D., kata has been passed down from master to student.
  • Tenafly Shukokai Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.shukokai.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] .Early styles of karate are often generalized as Shuri-te, Naha-te, and Tomari-te, named after the three cities from which they emerged.^ Okinawa Te and to-de Naha-te Shuri-te KARATE UNIFORM: GI .
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

^ A major Japanese style of karate, Shito-Ryu is the blend of the two great Okinawan karate traditions of Naha-te and Shuri-te known for its breath of kata and its founder’s mastery of kata applications.
  • FightingArts.com - Estore Catalog - Videos: Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.fightingarts.com [Source type: General]

^ In cases where an art or a style has multiple names or spellings, they appear on the same line, separated by a semi-colon.
  • The World's Martial Arts Information Center 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.martialinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] .Each area and its teachers had particular kata, techniques, and principles that distinguished their local version of te from the others.^ Seen for the first time in action is the famed Jiyu Hon Kumite, Motobu’s famous 12 fighting drills – the close-in man-on-man fighting techniques that distinguished his art from other early karate masters who stressed kata.
  • FightingArts.com - Estore Catalog - Videos: Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.fightingarts.com [Source type: General]

^ Few teachers can help others the acheive their own skill level but in this series you will get all the background knowledge and training techniques to elevate you skills and technique.
  • LIGHTNING EURO KARATE™ - Legendary European Karate from the World Reknown Grandmaster Gary Wasniewski 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC lightningeurokarate.com [Source type: General]

Members of the Okinawan upper classes were sent to China regularly to study various political and practical disciplines. .The incorporation of empty-handed Chinese wu shu into Okinawan martial arts occurred partly because of these exchanges.^ Great films demonstrating the true nature of martial arts and specifically Buddhism integrated into Kung Fu.
  • 10 Greatest Martial Arts Movies of All Time | Experience Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.experiencemartialarts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These arts are useful vehicles in the pursuit of truth related to realistic martial art" Chinese Boxing Institute International to research, educate and analyse realistic martial arts and in particular the arts that use and study various energy elements.The study of energy and principles constitute the focus of the study.
  • Resources for Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: General]

^ If you are wondering, the spelling and pronunciation of this martial arts style in English comes from the Cantonese pronunciation of these characters.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Traditional karate kata bear a strong resemblance to the forms found in Fujian martial arts such as Fujian White Crane, Five Ancestors, and Gangrou-quan (Hard Soft Fist; pronounced "Gōjūken" in Japanese).^ This also means " martial arts " in Japanese.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Defensive form of martial arts .
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a form of hard, strike-oriented martial art.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[15] Further influence came from Southeast Asia— particularly Sumatra, Java, and Melaka[citation needed]. .Many Okinawan weapons such as the sai, tonfa, and nunchaku may have originated in and around Southeast Asia.^ The most famous practitioner is Fumio Demura, who has written several books on Shito Ryu and traditional Okinawan martial arts weapons, such as the sai, nunchaku and tonfa.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is because many words were "borrowed" from the original Chinese when Japan did not have a written language and simply absorbed Chinese characters into their language around the 5th century.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Original copies of the book were valued possessions of many of the founders of early 20th century Okinawan karate.
  • FightingArts.com - Estore Catalog - Books: Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.fightingarts.com [Source type: General]

Sakukawa Kanga (1782–1838) had studied pugilism and staff (bo) fighting in China (according to one legend, under the guidance of Kosokun, originator of kusanku kata). In 1806 he started teaching a fighting art in the city of Shuri that he called "Tudi Sakukawa," which meant "Sakukawa of China Hand." This was the first known recorded reference to the art of "Tudi," written as 唐手. .Around the 1820s Sakukawa's most significant student Matsumura Sōkon (1809–1899) taught a synthesis of te (Shuri-te and Tomari-te) and Shaolin (Chinese 少林) styles.^ Forms were only taught to the most advanced students, not because they were advanced, but because they are part of the Kenpo tradition, and the Way of Kenpo requires knowing traditions.
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the title of the martial art (style of Kung Fu) that is taught to the monks and students in the Shaolin Buddhist Monastery.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In early 1962 Ed Parker changed both the style he taught and renamed his new style "Chinese Kenpo"; and no Ed Parker student was taught Kenpo Karate after January, 1962.
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

.Matsumura's style would later become the Shōrin-ryū style.^ Exit the traditional elaborate costumes and enter the muscular, skin-bearing, bloody martial arts style that would become a trademark for director Chang Cheh.
  • 10 Greatest Martial Arts Movies of All Time | Experience Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.experiencemartialarts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ankō Itosu
Grandfather of Modern Karate
.Matsumura taught his art to Itosu Ankō (1831–1915) among others.^ These two characters mean "iron palm", the martial arts technique taught by Brian Gray and others.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Itosu adapted two forms he had learned from Matsumara. These are kusanku and chiang nan[citation needed]. .He created the ping'an forms ("heian" or "pinan" in Japanese) which are simplified kata for beginning students.^ Beginning in late summer, 1960, Ed Parker began adding forms to his Kenpo Karate and created what became known as "Traditional Kenpo".
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This judo program is for all sizes and shapes of students wishing to begin instruction in this traditional Japanese martial art and self-defense method.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.In 1901 Itosu helped to get karate introduced into Okinawa's public schools.^ Re: Class for 5-year-old daughter to help with balance (Nov 1999) I also would like to recommend West Wind Karate school on San Pablo.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ It was created in 1964 by Seiken Shukumine, who previously founded the Gensei Ryu school of karate in Okinawa Japan.

.These forms were taught to children at the elementary school level.^ I am a former Oakland elementary and middle school teacher, I can tell you that many children instinctively want to PUNCH or KICK when they get angry.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

Itosu's influence in karate is broad. .The forms he created are common across nearly all styles of karate.^ Members are from all styles and forms.

^ Masutatsu Oyama, the founder of the kyokushin karate, had in mind creating the most effective martial art by applying the BUDO philosophy, and removing all unnecessary "extras".
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

^ Kenpo Karate WWW Server by Paul Wood(Has information about all styles of Kenpo or Kempo.

.His students became some of the most well known karate masters, including Gichin Funakoshi, Kenwa Mabuni, and Motobu Chōki.^ He trained under his father, Minoru Mochizuki, one of the greatest martial arts master of the time, who in turn trained directly under Gichin Funakoshi, the man who brought karate to the Japanese mainland in 1921.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beginning in late summer, 1960, Ed Parker began adding forms to his Kenpo Karate and created what became known as "Traditional Kenpo".
  • Kenpo Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC kenpokarate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nagamine, arguably the best known student of Chotuku Kyan, is one of the few Okinawan masters who has written about his art in any length.
  • FightingArts.com - Estore Catalog - Books: Karate 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.fightingarts.com [Source type: General]

Itosu is sometimes referred to as "the Grandfather of Modern Karate."[16]
In 1881 Higaonna Kanryō returned from China after years of instruction with Ryu Ryu Ko and founded what would become Naha-te. One of his students was the founder of Gojū-ryū, Chōjun Miyagi. .Chōjun Miyagi taught such well-known karateka as Seko Higa (who also trained with Higaonna), Meitoku Yagi, Miyazato Ei'ichi, and Seikichi Toguchi, and for a very brief time near the end of his life, An'ichi Miyagi (a teacher claimed by Morio Higaonna).^ Note: This title can be pronounced in Chinese, but would only be used or well-known by Chinese people who practice this Japanese martial art (rare).
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is known for its evasive footwork, such the signature-move circle walking and spiraling, coiling, drilling, spinning, and twisting movements, as well as palm heel strikes.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anyone who spends the time and effort to learn this incredible martial art can walk through life with confidence.
  • Resources for Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: General]

.In addition to the three early te styles of karate a fourth Okinawan influence is that of Kanbun Uechi (1877–1948).^ Shotokan has few of the circular movements found in Okinawan styles of karate, and does not rely on body conditioning and supplementary training exercises.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is one of the four original Okinawan karate styles.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 2002 My 8-year-old took karate classes - Tang Soo Do was the style - in LA for three years.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

At the age of 20 he went to Fuzhou in Fujian Province, China, to escape Japanese military conscription. While there he studied under Shushiwa. He was a leading figure of Chinese Nanpa Shorin-ken at that time.[17] .He later developed his own style of Uechi-ryū karate based on the Sanchin, Seisan, and Sanseiryu kata that he had studied in China.^ I find it disturbing because each style, whether it be karate, gung-fu, tai kwon do, etc, has it's own history, philosophy and culture from which it began.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Shukokai is a cluster of related styles of Karate developed by Chojiro Tani in the late 1940s.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Karate originated in Okinawa, and Uechi Ryu is one of the four original styles.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]

Japan

Masters of karate in Tokyo (c. 1930s)
Kanken Toyama, Hironori Ohtsuka, Takeshi Shimoda, Gichin Funakoshi, Motobu Chōki, Kenwa Mabuni, Genwa Nakasone, and Shinken Taira (from left to right)
.Gichin Funakoshi, founder of Shotokan karate, is generally credited with having introduced and popularized karate on the main islands of Japan.^ Shotokan is one of the four main karate schools in Japan.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Credit is given that karate started in China, but migrated and became refined, and vastly popular in Japan.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many practitioners would prefer that Shotokan revert to a traditional, non-sports martial art as conceived by founder Gichin Funakoshi.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Actually many Okinawans were actively teaching, and are thus equally responsible for the development of karate.^ Chi Sao drills develop contact sensitvity and thus produces reflex responses in a relatively shorter period of time than other arts do.
  • Martial Arts Trailer - Video 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Again because of karate how many people actually get to meet there hero’s growing up let alone become friends with one of the three.

^ Okinawan Shorin-ryu Karate Homepage by Stephen Rittersporn( The home page of Okinawan Shorin-ryu Karate teaching the traditional Okinawan art of Shorin-ryu Karate-Do.

.Funakoshi was a student of both Asato Ankō and Itosu Ankō (who had worked to introduce karate to the Okinawa Prefectural School System in 1902).^ We introduce our sports Kickboxing, Karate, and the JET-KI-DO Self-Defence System (NO own martial art).

^ Mabuni Kenwa, was an Okinawan karate master who studied both Gojo ryu and shorin ryu.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was created in 1964 by Seiken Shukumine, who previously founded the Gensei Ryu school of karate in Okinawa Japan.

.During this time period, prominent teachers who also influenced the spread of karate in Japan included Kenwa Mabuni, Chōjun Miyagi, Motobu Chōki, Kanken Tōyama, and Kanbun Uechi.^ The club is led by Sensei Kenichi Haramoto, who holds a 6th degree black belt and is a certified instructor of the Japan Karate Association.

^ It was created in 1964 by Seiken Shukumine, who previously founded the Gensei Ryu school of karate in Okinawa Japan.

^ Mabuni Kenwa, was an Okinawan karate master who studied both Gojo ryu and shorin ryu.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This was a turbulent period in the history of the region. .It includes Japan's annexation of the Okinawan island group in 1872, the First Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895), the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905), the annexation of Korea, and the rise of Japanese militarism (1905–1945).^ The Japanese occupiers forbade the Okinawans from meeting in groups, so they communicated through kata.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Japan was invading China at the time, and Funakoshi knew that the art of Tang/China hand would not be accepted; thus the change of the art's name to "way of the empty hand." The suffix implies that karatedō is a path to self knowledge, not just a study of the technical aspects of fighting. .Like most martial arts practiced in Japan, karate made its transition from -jutsu to - around the beginning of the 20th century.^ It is one of the most authentic martial arts movies ever made.
  • 10 Greatest Martial Arts Movies of All Time | Experience Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.experiencemartialarts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the martial art invented in Japan and known as "Judo" around the world.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a specific type of martial arts (Karate) from Okinawa, Japan.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The "" in "karate-dō" sets it apart from karate-jutsu, as aikido is distinguished from aikijutsu, judo from jujutsu, kendo from kenjutsu and iaido from iaijutsu.^ They teach a variety of arts including Karate, Judo, Aikido, and Jiu Jitsu.

^ I teach a style called Cuong Nhu which is a blend of karate, judo and aikido.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ I teach a style called Cuong Nhu which is an eclectic blend of arts, primarily judo, karate and aikido.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

Gichin Funakoshi
Founder of Shotokan Karate
.Funakoshi changed the names of many kata and the name of the art itself (at least on mainland Japan), doing so to get karate accepted by the Japanese budō organization Dai Nippon Butoku Kai.^ Least of all the martial art itself.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ He trained under his father, Minoru Mochizuki, one of the greatest martial arts master of the time, who in turn trained directly under Gichin Funakoshi, the man who brought karate to the Japanese mainland in 1921.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many others ranging from sword arts, Japanese language, food, religion, etc.

Funakoshi also gave Japanese names to many of the kata. The five pinan forms became known as heian, the three naihanchi forms became known as tekki, seisan as hangetsu, Chintō as gankaku, wanshu as empi, and so on. .These were mostly political changes, rather than changes to the content of the forms, although Funakoshi did introduce some such changes.^ It is quite similar to Tai Chi Chuan but rather than moving through a series of forms and moves, involves strenuous held poses.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Funakoshi had trained in two of the popular branches of Okinawan karate of the time, Shorin-ryū and Shōrei-ryū.^ Shotokan has few of the circular movements found in Okinawan styles of karate, and does not rely on body conditioning and supplementary training exercises.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A friend of mine at the time was training at the Karate club that was being held at Pontiac Northern High School .

^ He trained under his father, Minoru Mochizuki, one of the greatest martial arts master of the time, who in turn trained directly under Gichin Funakoshi, the man who brought karate to the Japanese mainland in 1921.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Japan he was influenced by kendo, incorporating some ideas about distancing and timing into his style.^ Get some insight and ideas about what competitors have to consider when showing up for the weigh-in.
  • Bodybuilding.com - MMA Fighting Articles! 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.bodybuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I run a studio in Emeryville on San Pablo Avenue that successfully incorporates children into some of the adult classes in the evening and on Saturdays.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.He always referred to what he taught as simply karate, but in 1936 he built a dojo in Tokyo and the style he left behind is usually called Shotokan after this dojo.^ Florida Orlando Lugo Rey Bushido-kan Dojo Shotokan Karate 1517 Lake Highland Dr. .

^ Michael Nolan explores the art of kenpo, chin na, and kobudo, @ broward community college.on all ) Doshi-Kai Shotokan Karate Dojo by Robert Plotkin(The Doshi-Kai Shotokan Karate Dojo in Acton, Massachusetts is taught by Sensei Nagao Matsuyama.

^ The first dojo where Tani taught his style was opened in Kobe, Japan in 1946 and named Shuko Kai, meaning the "Way for All" Club.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The modernization and systemization of karate in Japan also included the adoption of the white uniform that consisted of the kimono and the dogi or keikogi—mostly called just karategi—and colored belt ranks.^ History of karate belt colors” .
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

^ Even the six-year-olds at the school call each other Mr. Smith or Ms. Jones and they always bow to higher ranking belts and to teachers.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ This term theoretically applies to anyone with rank (above white belt).
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both of these innovations were originated and popularized by Jigoro Kano, the founder of judo and one of the men Funakoshi consulted in his efforts to modernize karate.^ The styles of modern karate can fall into one of two kategories.
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

^ For more info, Kano(founder of Judo)loved the ganme of go, which used white and black pieces denoting beginner and master) they also used a kyu and da […] more .
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

^ In the earliest beginnings of the colored belt system, it was simply a means for Jigoro Kano (founder of judo) to help himself keep track of his […] more .
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

In 1922, Hironori Ohtsuka attended the Tokyo Sports Festival, where he saw Funakoshi's karate. Ohtsuka was so impressed with this that he visited Funakoshi many times during his stay. Funakoshi was, in turn, impressed by Ohtsuka's enthusiasm and determination to understand karate, and agreed to teach him. .In the following years, Ohtsuka set up a medical practice dealing with martial arts injuries.^ Martial Arts for Aggressive 5-year-old .
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Academy of Karate Martial Arts Supplies is one of the largest martial arts supply companies in the USA and has been serving martial arts enthusiasts for over 17 years.

^ Professor Jiang has been studying and practicing martial arts for over 75 years, and has been teaching for over 60 years.

.His prowess in martial arts led him to become the Chief Instructor of Shindō Yōshin-ryū jujutsu at the age of 30, and an assistant instructor in Funakoshi's dojo.^ Chief Instructor Bob Liedke is an Internationally known martial arts writer and star of Panther Production video series, "Safe Escape Aikido."
  • Resources for Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC sportsvl.com [Source type: General]

^ This is also the first Kanji of the Japanese martial arts titles of Judo and Jujutsu (Jujitsu).
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think most children under about age 11-12 really aren't ready, mentally and physically, to begin practicing a combative martial art.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.By 1929, Ohtsuka was registered as a member of the Japan Martial Arts Federation.^ My son has taken martial arts there for 4 years and is a member of the Black Belt Club.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ It is my hope that you see that we really value you as a customer and fellow member of Community Martial Arts.
  • Community Martial Arts School in Evansville and Mount Vernon Indiana 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC communitymartialarts.com [Source type: General]

^ Reality Connection Martial Arts Federation posted by George Berard for Sensei Walt Lysak ( elwood@javanet.com ).

Okinawan karate at this time was only concerned with kata. .Ohtsuka thought that the full spirit of budō, which concentrates on defence and attack, was missing, and that kata techniques did not work in realistic fighting situations.^ By: Jamie Hale Find out how Ryan Farhat did in his first MMA fight and his thoughts coming into it...
  • Bodybuilding.com - MMA Fighting Articles! 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.bodybuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before that, Okinawan styles had relied on katas (forms) and predefined attack and defense techniques only.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He experimented with other, more combative styles such as judo, kendo, and aikido.^ Others just have more fighting experience.
  • Martial Arts Trailer - Video 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Often a combination of Chinese martial arts such as Shaolin Kung Fu with Japanese martial arts such as Karate, Jujutsu (Jujitsu), Aikido, and others.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I teach a style called Cuong Nhu which is a blend of karate, judo and aikido.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.He blended the practical and useful elements of Okinawan karate with traditional Japanese martial arts techniques from jujitsu and kendo, which led to the birth of kumite, or free fighting, in karate.^ This also means " martial arts " in Japanese.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Different schools and styles of Japanese martial arts use different terms.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kendo , or the “way of the sword,” is the Japanese martial art of sword fighting.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ohtsuka thought that there was a need for this more dynamic type of karate to be taught, and he decided to leave Funakoshi to concentrate on developing his own style of karate: Wadō-ryū.^ We hope you will gain more insight into this dynamic karate system founded by the late Karate Master, Kancho Hideyuki Ashihara.

^ There are photos of Canadian martial artists, explanations of techniques, background information on various styles, links, and more.

^ Shukokai is a cluster of related styles of Karate developed by Chojiro Tani in the late 1940s.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1934, Wadō-ryū karate was officially recognized as an independent style of karate. .This recognition meant a departure for Ohtsuka from his medical practice and the fulfilment of a life's ambition—to become a full-time martial artist.^ All kinds of martial artists (and non-martial artists who are interested in the martial arts) from all kinds of styles visit #martial to discuss, share knowledge and have a good time with respectful people.

^ Discover what most martial artists wish they knew about real life knockdown, drag out combat.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

Ohtsuka's personalized style of Karate was officially registered in 1938 after he was awarded the rank of Renshi-go. .He presented a demonstration of Wadō-ryū karate for the Japan Martial Arts Federation.^ This is a specific type of martial arts (Karate) from Okinawa, Japan.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Masutatsu Oyama, the founder of the kyokushin karate, had in mind creating the most effective martial art by applying the BUDO philosophy, and removing all unnecessary "extras".
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

^ Great films demonstrating the true nature of martial arts and specifically Buddhism integrated into Kung Fu.
  • 10 Greatest Martial Arts Movies of All Time | Experience Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.experiencemartialarts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They were so impressed with his style and commitment that they acknowledged him as a high-ranking instructor.^ Now that they are in high enough ranks to be in classes with adults, I started, too.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.The next year the Japan Martial Arts Federation asked all the different styles to register their names; Ohtsuka registered the name Wadō-ryū.^ Least of all the martial art itself.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Different schools and styles of Japanese martial arts use different terms.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has no martial arts in it at all.
  • 10 Greatest Martial Arts Movies of All Time | Experience Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.experiencemartialarts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1944, Ohtsuka was appointed Japan's Chief Karate Instructor.^ The club is led by Sensei Kenichi Haramoto, who holds a 6th degree black belt and is a certified instructor of the Japan Karate Association.

^ He was chief instructor of the nonprofit Topanga Karate School in California and practiced martial arts from 1955 until his untimely death in November, 1998.

.Isshin-ryū is a style of Okinawan karate founded by Shimabuku Tatsuo, a student of Motobu Chōki, and named by him on January 15, 1956. Isshin-ryū karate is largely a synthesis of Shorin-ryū karate, Gojū-ryū karate, and Kobudō.^ Kyokushin kaikan , which translates to “the society of the ultimate truth,” is a style of stand-up, full contact karate, founded in 1964 by Masutatsu Oyama.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is one of the four original Okinawan karate styles.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mabuni Kenwa, was an Okinawan karate master who studied both Gojo ryu and shorin ryu.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The name means, literally, "one heart method."^ The literal meaning of these characters is "empty hand method".
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His given name "Xiao-Long" literally means "little dragon".
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The style, while not very popular in Okinawa, spread to the United States via the Marines stationed on the island after they returned home, and has also spread to other countries.^ In the United States, tai chi has gained great popularity as an aid to good health.

^ Systema , a popular Russian style of martial arts has roots that date back to the 10th century and is deeply woven into the history and terrain of this country.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After the passing of Shimabuku, many variations of the system formed and exist to this day.^ Over many years the system was passed down and improved within a close circle of friends and family.

^ I asked many friends who's children were enrolled in various forms of martial arts at various locations.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.A new form of karate called Kyokushin was formally founded in 1957 by Masutatsu Oyama (who was born a Korean, Choi Yeong-Eui).^ Masutatsu Oyama, the founder of the kyokushin karate, had in mind creating the most effective martial art by applying the BUDO philosophy, and removing all unnecessary "extras".
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

^ Kyokushin kaikan , which translates to “the society of the ultimate truth,” is a style of stand-up, full contact karate, founded in 1964 by Masutatsu Oyama.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FAQ karate lessons online On this site you will find an introduction to the Kyokushin Karate in the form of free karate lessons .
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

Kyokushin is largely a synthesis of Shotokan and Gōjū-ryū. .It teaches a curriculum that emphasizes contact, physical toughness, and full contact sparring.^ It has influenced many of the full-contact schools of karate, emphasizing realistic combat, physical toughness and practicality.
  • Martial Arts - a knol by Richard Bailey 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because of its emphasis on physical, full-force sparring, Kyokushin is now often called "full contact karate", or "Knockdown karate" (after the name for its competition rules).^ Name me at least one full contact fighter who can afford jumping in the ring...
  • Martial Arts Trailer - Video 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also note, than in the Kyokushin karate the blocks are often performed as strikes (against the attacking part of the opponent's body).
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

.Many other karate organizations and styles are descended from the Kyokushin curriculum.^ It is different from many other karate schools.
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

^ Kyokushin karate is well recognized and used as part of the military training in many countries.
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

The World Karate Federation recognizes these styles of karate in its kata list
  • Shōtōkan-ryū
  • Shitō-ryū
  • Gōjū-ryū
  • Wadō-ryū
The World Union of Karate-do Organizations (WUKO)[19] recognizes these styles of karate in its kata list.
.Many schools would be affiliated with, or heavily influenced by, one or more of these styles.^ Lacky on December 13th, 2008 Bruce Lee would be insulted if one were to claim that he practiced an indirect, Chinese style of fighting.
  • 10 Greatest Martial Arts Movies of All Time | Experience Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.experiencemartialarts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you would like more information about my school, you can visit my website www.skillsforsafeliving.com or call 428-1979.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ A school that emphasizes the philosophy of the martial art, and which has more of a gentle approach would be best.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

Practice

.Karate can be practiced as an art (budō), as a sport, as a combat sport, or as self defense training.^ Kids do martial arts; men do the Self Defense Training System.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

^ His unique mix of skills, training and profession ideally suited him for writing on a topic where body awareness, psychological perspective and physical training are important in the practice of the art.

^ If you recall I order three sets of The Self Defense Training System™.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

.Traditional karate places emphasis on self development (budō).^ October 2005 I am looking for a karate class for my shy 7 year old to learn self defense and develop confidence.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

[20] .Modern Japanese style training emphasizes the psychological elements incorporated into a proper kokoro (attitude) such as perseverance, fearlessness, virtue, and leadership skills.^ His unique mix of skills, training and profession ideally suited him for writing on a topic where body awareness, psychological perspective and physical training are important in the practice of the art.

^ The styles of modern karate can fall into one of two kategories.
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

^ Taekwondo was born in Korea with influences of Chinese and Japanese styles, combined with traditional Korean combat skills.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sport karate places emphasis on exercise and competition.^ Plowden was the first to teach me how to win, that second place wasn’t ok if you wanted bigger things in sport karate.

^ Until recently the martial arts community placed little emphasis on this element of sports preparation.
  • Bodybuilding.com - MMA Fighting Articles! 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.bodybuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Weapons (kobudō) is important training activity in some styles.^ Traditional style training, weapons, and professional student programs.

.Karate training is commonly divided into kihon (basics or fundamentals), kata (forms), and kumite (sparring).^ Download Karate Training Videos by Nick Lukich(Founded by Sensei Jason Armstrong 5th Dan Shito-ryu and affiliated 7th and 8th Dan masters, DownloadKarate offers training videos that play on your PC. Kata, Kumite, Bunkai, Kihon, and Zen philospy are covered.

^ You can learn karate by yourself, especially if you had some basic training already.
  • Kyokushin Karate lessons online 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC karate.snowcron.com [Source type: General]

^ Wado-Ryu Karate ] I Hate Snow [ in: Wado-Ryu Karate ] Kata [ in: Wado-Ryu Karate ] Equipment Training [ in: Wado-Ryu Karate ] Live Chat [ in: Wado-Ryu Karate ] Yousef Mahmoud — The Egyptian Shotokan Champ.
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

Kihon

.Karate styles place varying importance on kihon.^ Some see this style as a variation of the "Empty Hand Method" (Karate-do).
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Typically this is performance in unison of a technique or a combination of techniques by a group of karateka. Kihon may also be prearranged drills in smaller groups or in pairs.

Kata

Motobu Chōki in Naihanchi-dachi, one of the basic karate stances
Kata (:かた) means literally "shape" or "model." Kata is a formalized sequence of movements which represent various attack and defense postures. These postures are based on idealized combat applications.
Some kata use low and wide stances. This practice develops leg strength, correct posture, and gracefulness. Vigorous arm movements enhance cardiovascular fitness and upper body strength. Kata vary in number of movements and difficulty. .The longer kata require the karateka to learn many complex movements.^ The kids learn and memorize many "movements," much like dances and they are given as much time as they need to perfect those movements.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.Diligent training and correct mindfulness lead to real understanding of combat principles.^ These valuable tools and combat principles have increased the realism and value of our self protection system.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

^ By: Alwyn Cosgrove Applying these principles - I have come up with ten (and a half) training guidelines for the combat athlete that must be present to ensure competitive success!
  • Bodybuilding.com - MMA Fighting Articles! 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.bodybuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First of all, after training in Close Combat only for a few weeks I realized how The Self Defense Training System™ was superior to other self-defense systems.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

Physical routines were a logical way to preserve this type of knowledge. The various moves have multiple interpretations and applications. .Because the applicability for actual self-defense is so flexible there is no definitively correct way to interpret all kata.^ No, I replied, this is The Self Defense Training System™ it's a little more brutal combatives system I teach to to operators.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

^ First of all, after training in Close Combat only for a few weeks I realized how The Self Defense Training System™ was superior to other self-defense systems.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

^ There are no martial arts secrets, just the hardcore, lethal tactics of the Self Defense Training System.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

That is why only high ranking practitioners are qualified to judge adequate form for their own style. .Some of the criteria for judging the quality of a performance are: Absence of missteps; correct beginning and especially ending; crispness and smoothness; correct speed and power; confidence; and knowledge of application.^ It is well known for it's speed and power, it's smooth circular body movements and its flexible footwork.

.Kata with the same name are often performed differently in other styles of karate.^ Often a combination of Chinese martial arts such as Shaolin Kung Fu with Japanese martial arts such as Karate, Jujutsu (Jujitsu), Aikido, and others.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We know you have different black belts in many styles can you name the styles you have black belts in?

Kata are taught with minor variations among schools of the same style. Even the same instructor will teach a particular kata slightly differently as the years pass.
To attain a formal rank the karateka must demonstrate competent performance of specific required kata for that level. The Japanese terminology for grades or ranks is commonly used. Requirements for examinations vary among schools.

Kumite

Sparring in Karate is called kumite (組手:くみて). .It literally means "meeting of hands."^ The literal meaning of these characters is "empty hand method".
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Kumite is practiced both as a sport and as self-defense training.^ If you recall I order three sets of The Self Defense Training System™.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

^ Kids do martial arts; men do the Self Defense Training System.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

^ The Self Defense Training System™ taugh me to protect my most valuable asset...ME! Very Best Regards, Rhonda Y. Wall Stationed in Kabul, Afghanistan .
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

Levels of physical contact during sparring vary considerably. Full contact karate has several variants. .Knockdown karate (such as Kyokushin) uses full power techniques to bring an opponent to the ground.^ I appreciate their philosophy that the kids are not ever to mention at school that they take karate and the over-riding idea that having the power means you don't have to use it.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Every week I have walked out of the gym with powerful techniques that I could put to immediate use.
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

^ Karate is a martial art that uses weaponless techniques such as punching […] more .
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

In Kickboxing variants ( for example K-1), the preferred win is by knockout. Sparring in armour (bogu kumite) allows full power techniques with some safety. .Sport kumite in many international competition under the World Karate Federation is free or structured with light contact or semi contact and points are awarded by a referee.^ New Jersey Newark Shotokan Karate-do International Federation Of New Jersey Shotokan Karate 239 Lyons Avenue 07112 +1-973-926-1422 .

^ Semi Free Kumite - Shotokan Karate .
  • Martial Arts Trailer - Video 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In structured kumite (Yakusoku - prearranged), two participants perform a choreographed series of techniques with one striking while the other blocks.^ These two characters mean "iron palm", the martial arts technique taught by Brian Gray and others.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The form ends with one devastating technique (Hito Tsuki).^ This system teaches one to study movement rather then a large catalog of techniques and forms.

In free sparring (Jiyu Kumite), the two participants have a free choice of scoring techniques. The allowed techniques and contact level are primarily determined by sport or style organization policy, but might be modified according to the age, rank and sex of the participants. .Depending upon style, take-downs, sweeps and in some rare cases even time-limited grappling on the ground are also allowed.^ Take Your FREE 30 day Test Drive, plus shipping (for a limited time) .
  • Martial Arts Training, Self Defense Training, Mixed Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.theselfdefenseco.com [Source type: General]

^ Using J.K.D. Concepts we train in Basic and Advanced Punching and Kicking, Unarmed and Armed Offensive and Defensive, Trapping, Grappling and Take Downs, Ground Work.

Free sparring is performed in a marked or closed area. The bout runs for a fixed time (2 to 3 minutes.) The time can run continuously (Iri Kume) or be stopped for referee judgment. .In light contact or semi contact kumite, points are awarded based on the criteria: good form, sporting attitude, vigorous application, awareness/zanshin, good timing and correct distance.^ All Korean or Korean based martial disciplines that focus on self defense rather than sport applications are welcome.

[21] .In full contact karate kumite, points are based on the results of the impact, rather than the formal appearance of the scoring technique.^ All Korean or Korean based martial disciplines that focus on self defense rather than sport applications are welcome.

^ The consensus is that rather than a type or style of martial arts , this is a technique for refining hand position and strengthening of hands in order to strike blows for with maximum force and effect.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Dojo Kun

In the bushidō tradition dojo kun is a set of guidelines for karateka to follow. These guidelines apply both in the dojo (training hall) and in everyday life.

Conditioning

Okinawan karate uses supplementary training known as hojo undo. This utilizes simple equipment made of wood and stone. The makiwara is a striking post. The nigiri game is a large jar used for developing grip strength. These supplementary exercises are designed to increase strength, stamina, speed, and muscle coordination.[22] Sport Karate emphasises aerobic exercise, anaerobic exercise, power, agility, flexibility, and stress management.[23] All practices vary depending upon the school and the teacher.

Sport

.Gichin Funakoshi (船越 義珍) said, "There are no contests in karate."^ His instructor said there is no yellow belt, he […] more .
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

^ The colored belt ranking system soon was adapted for Karate, and was first used by Sensei Gichin Funakoshi and his Shotokan Karate schools.
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

[24] In pre-World War II Okinawa, kumite was not part of karate training.[25] .Shigeru Egami relates that, in 1940, some karateka were ousted from their dojo because they adopted sparring after having learned it in Tokyo.^ This was (to my opinion) bad for the majority of kids (because they learn to learn by pressure).
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

[26]
Karate is divided into style organizations. These organizations sometimes cooperate in non-style specific sport karate organizations or federations. Examples of sport organizations are AAKF/ITKF, AOK, TKL, AKA, WKF, WUKO and WKC [27]. .Organizations hold competitions (tournaments) from local to international level.^ World United TaeKwonDo Championship Organization by Khia Branch(Not for profit corporation established to assist local student compete in international championships.

.Tournaments are designed to match members of opposing schools or styles against one another in kata, sparring and weapons demonstration.^ Your one stop source on the web for martial arts information on styles, tournaments (NASKA), and much more!.

.They are often separated by age, rank and sex with potentially different rules or standards based on these factors.^ As students pass through the ranks taking grading examinations they are awarded with different colored belts.
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

^ My children are ages 7 and 8, so they attend a different class from the 4 and 5 year olds.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.The tournament may be exclusively for members of a particular style (closed) or one in which any martial artist from any style may participate within the rules of the tournament (open).^ They host a complete circuit of tournaments specifically for young martial artists up to 17 yrs old.

^ Second goal is to educate other martial artists about our style.

^ He writes: This small but growing page is dedicated to martial artists of all styles.

Some style organizations, like kyokushinkai and Shotokan prefer to stay within their own system and compete with their own rules.
.The World Karate Federation (WKF) is the largest sport karate organization, and it is recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as being responsible for karate competition in the Olympic games.^ World United TaeKwonDo Championship Organization by Khia Branch(Not for profit corporation established to assist local student compete in international championships.

^ New Jersey Newark Shotokan Karate-do International Federation Of New Jersey Shotokan Karate 239 Lyons Avenue 07112 +1-973-926-1422 .

^ This is one of the most widespread types of martial arts in the world as well as being an Olympic sport.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The WKF has developed common rules governing all styles. The national WKF organisations coordinate with their respective National Olympic Committees.
Karate does not have 2012 Olympic status. .In the 117th IOC Session (July 2005), karate received more than half of the votes, but not the two-thirds majority needed to become an official Olympic sport.^ Judo provides much more than sports skills.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Clearly they cared more about sucking me in and extracting my money than they did about teaching my kids Karate.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Well, I believe, i.e., in our dojo people say, that there is more than just physical technique about karate and more than just sweat in the belt :) […] more .
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

WKF karate competition has two disciplines: sparring (kumite) and forms (kata) Competitors may enter either as individuals or as part of a team. Evaluation for kata and kobudō is performed by a panel of judges, whereas sparring is judged by a head referee, usually with assistant referees at the side of the sparring area. Sparring matches are typically divided by weight, age, gender, and experience.
The WKF accepts only one organization per country. .The World Union of Karate-do Organizations (WUKO)[28] offers different styles and federations a world body they may join, without having to compromise their style or size.^ We also have information on martial arts organization that you may join called U.F.A. and T.K.O. Our styles are 5 Animals and 5 Families Kung-Fu, visit our web site to learn more about us, our organization, classes, and products.

^ They write: We offer a close look into the ancient and modern training of the Ninja, without having to hand over any money.

.The WUKO accepts more than one federation or association per country.^ How do people pursue martial arts if they cannot commit more than one class per week, but are willing to continue consistently over a long period of time?
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.Different karate style and sport organizations use different competition rule systems, ranging from light contact as used in the WKF, WUKO and WKC kumite rule sets, to full contact karate as seen in the Knockdown karate rules variations used by the Kyokushinkai, Ashihara karate, Shidokan, Seidokaikan and many other style organizations.^ Some see this style as a variation of the "Empty Hand Method" (Karate-do).
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^ He writes: This page is a general martial arts page, with brief descriptions of many different styles.

^ There are many others ranging from sword arts, Japanese language, food, religion, etc.

.Or the Bogu kumite rules variant known as Koshiki karate (full contact with protective padding) used in the All Japan Koshiki Karate-Do Federation [29] sport organization.^ They write: All out, full contact (+ stick.

^ All Karate Home About Contact us Privacy Legal Advertising Links Link to us Valid XHTML Copyright © 2003 - 2010 All-Karate.com.
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

.Still other sport organizations like the Shinkaratedo Federation [30] in Japan, use Gloved karate rules (called so because they wear boxing gloves) that resembles kickboxing.^ Use the strength of the opponent Wing Tsjun does not see itself as a sport, because real-life self defence does not, unfortunately, follow the rules of a sport.

^ They write: Free Martial Arts Ezine to all practicioners of karate, kung-fu, boxing, grappling arts.

^ Karate is a martial art that uses no blades of weapons other than the "natural weapons" that God gave to humans (fists and feet).
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.Within the United States, rules may still be under some jurisdiction from state sports authorities, such as the state boxing commission.^ Under that context, places such as the Budo Dojo define it this way: An unshakable mind and an immovable spirit is the state of fudoshin.
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^ Under that context, places such as the Budo Dojo define it this way: The spirit of zanshin is the state of the remaining or lingering spirit.
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^ Under that context, places such as the Budo Dojo define it this way: The state of shoshin is that of a beginners mind.
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Rank

A young student graduates up a rank in belt in front of his dojo.
.In 1924 Gichin Funakoshi, founder of Shotokan Karate, adopted the Dan system from judo founder Jigoro Kano[31] using a rank scheme with a limited set of belt colors.^ History of karate belt colors” .
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

^ The colored belt ranking system soon was adapted for Karate, and was first used by Sensei Gichin Funakoshi and his Shotokan Karate schools.
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

^ In the earliest beginnings of the colored belt system, it was simply a means for Jigoro Kano (founder of judo) to help himself keep track of his […] more .
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

Other Okinawan teachers also adopted this practice. .In the Kyū/Dan system the beginner grades start with a higher numbered kyū (e.g., 10th Kyū or Jukyū) and progress toward a lower numbered kyū.^ Some schools are known to grade beginners for their 10th Kyu, which may have its reason in being able to collect an extra grading fee.
  • All-Karate.com - History of karate belt colors 14 January 2010 11:54 UTC www.all-karate.com [Source type: General]

The Dan progression continues from 1st Dan (Shodan, or 'beginning dan') to the higher dan grades. Kyū-grade karateka are referred to as "color belt" or mudansha ("ones without dan/rank"). Dan-grade karateka are referred to as yudansha (holders of dan/rank). Yudansha typically wear a black belt. .Requirements of rank differ among styles, organizations, and schools.^ Different schools and styles of Japanese martial arts use different terms.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Kyū ranks stress stance, balance, and coordination. Speed and power are added at higher grades. Minimum age and time in rank are factors affecting promotion. Testing consists of demonstration of techniques before a panel of examiners. This will vary by school, but testing may include everything learned at that point, or just new information. .The demonstration is an application for new rank (shinsa) and may include kata, bunkai, self-defense, routines, tameshiwari (breaking), and/or kumite (sparring).^ The concepts which make Taido unique include: three-dimensional movements, the combination of defense and counter-attack, the application of scientific principles to body movement, outlined methods for creating new techniques, and emphasis on the practitioner's relationship with society.

^ All Korean or Korean based martial disciplines that focus on self defense rather than sport applications are welcome.

^ New York New York Vee-arnis -jitsu Arnis Jiu-Jitsu Muay Thai Self Defense 25 Park Place 10007 +1- 212-349-3131 .

Black belt testing may also include a written examination.

Dishonest practice

.Due to the popularity of martial arts, both in mass media and reality, a large number of disreputable, fraudulent, or misguided teachers and schools have arisen, approximately over the last 40 years.^ Martial Arts for Aggressive 5-year-old .
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ I have been studying and teaching martial arts for over 40 years.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Add a school to the martial arts school locator .

.Commonly referred to as a "McDojo"[32] or a "Black Belt Mill," these schools are commonly headed by martial artists of either dubious skill or business ethics.^ Grand Valley Martial Arts Home Page sent to me by John de la Hoz ( jdelahoz@rmwest.com ) who is the head instructor in the school.

^ However, some schools or dojos may reserve this title for a holder of a black belt.
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^ My son has taken martial arts there for 4 years and is a member of the Black Belt Club.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

Philosophy

Gichin Funakoshi interpreted the "kara" of Karate-dō to mean "to purge [oneself] of selfish and evil thoughts. For only with a clear mind and conscience can [the practitioner] understand that [knowledge] which he receives." Funakoshi believed that one should be "inwardly humble and outwardly gentle." Only by behaving humbly can one be open to Karate's many lessons. This is done by listening and being receptive to criticism. He considered courtesy of prime importance. He said that "Karate is properly applied only in those rare situations in which one really must either down another or be downed by him." .Funakoshi did not consider it unusual for a devotee to use Karate in a real physical confrontation no more than perhaps once in a lifetime.^ Clearly they cared more about sucking me in and extracting my money than they did about teaching my kids Karate.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Once a year you get to participate in karate tournament in Berkeley where you get to either follow a std program or use your own imagination in designing your presentation.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

.He stated that Karate practitioners must "never be easily drawn into a fight."^ Karate Fighting School by Ken Owen( ) 123 by hs( 54) Online Auto Insurance Quotes by Panki(State by State Guide to Auto Insurance.

It is understood that one blow from a real expert could mean death. It is clear that those who misuse what they have learned bring dishonor upon themselves. He promoted the character trait of personal conviction. In "time of grave public crisis, one must have the courage...to face a million and one opponents." He taught that indecisiveness is a weakness.[33]

Etymology

.Hypothetically, any unarmed combat system could accurately be called "karate" since the Japanese phrase literally means "empty hand."^ The literal meaning of these characters is "empty hand method".
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^ When you practice karate, you do so with empty hands (no weapons).
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^ In Chinese, this would be "chan dao" with the same literal meaning as the Japanese title.
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This is not necessarily an acceptable conclusion. To separate fact from fancy requires understanding issues of nationalism, lineage, primacy, and philosophy.

Chinese Hand

.Karate was originally written as Chinese hand in kanji.^ This is because many words were "borrowed" from the original Chinese when Japan did not have a written language and simply absorbed Chinese characters into their language around the 5th century.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the variant form of the original Chinese character which is commonly used in modern Japan Kanji.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note: The first character is kanji (originally a Chinese character now used in Japanese) it still holds the same meaning in Chinese.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was later changed to a homophone meaning empty hand.^ The literal meaning of these characters is "empty hand method".
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The original use of the word karate in print is attributed to Ankō Itosu. .He wrote it with the kanji 唐手:からて (Tang Dynasty hand) rather than the present usage of 空手:からて (empty hand).^ The consensus is that rather than a type or style of martial arts , this is a technique for refining hand position and strengthening of hands in order to strike blows for with maximum force and effect.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Tang Dynasty of China ended in AD 907. The kanji representing it remained in use in Okinawa as a way to refer to China generally.[34] .Thus the word karate was originally a way of expressing "Chinese hand," or "martial art from China."^ It's used in China by just a handful of martial arts styles/studios.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the very Chinese way to express " Martial Arts ".
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^ Wing Tsjun (WT) comes from China and belongs to the Kung-Fu (Chinese for hard work) family of martial arts.

.
Since there are no written records it is not known definitely whether the kara in karate was originally written with the character 唐 meaning China or the character 空 meaning empty.^ This is because many words were "borrowed" from the original Chinese when Japan did not have a written language and simply absorbed Chinese characters into their language around the 5th century.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was a time when Chinese characters were the written form of many languages in places known in modern times as North Korea, South Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Mainland China, and a significant portion of Malaysia.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The literal meaning of these characters is "empty hand method".
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

During the time when admiration for China and things Chinese was at its height in the Ryūkyūs it was the custom to use the former character when referring to things of fine quality...
.It should be noted that use of the written character is possibly linked to the origins of karate from China.^ They write: This site has useful links to Kickboxing in EUROPE and is written in German.

Empty Hand

.The original use of "Chinese hand," "Tang hand," “Chinese fist,” or "Chinese techniques" (depending on interpretation of 唐手) reflects the documented Chinese influence on karate.^ This title does kind of make sense in Chinese, but only to those Chinese who practice "kong shou dao" (karate) or when used in the context of martial arts .
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the variant form of the original Chinese character which is commonly used in modern Japan Kanji.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Martial Arts 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Drunken Fist is a traditional Chinese martial art / technique of Kung Fu.
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.The first documented use of a homophone of the logogram pronounced kara by replacing the character meaning Tang Dynasty (唐 から) with the character meaning empty (空 から) took place in Karate Kumite.^ It has the same pronunciation but a different first character which means "Tang" as in the Tang Dynasty.
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^ The first character literally means fist.
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^ The first character means five.
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.This is a book by Hanashiro Chōmo (1869–1945) which was published in August 1905. In the early 20th century Japan did not have good relations with China.^ This is because many words were "borrowed" from the original Chinese when Japan did not have a written language and simply absorbed Chinese characters into their language around the 5th century.
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In 1932 Japan attacked China and occupied its northern territory. At that time referring to Chinese origins of karate was considered politically incorrect.[35]
.
In 1933, the Okinawan art of karate was recognized as a Japanese martial art by the Japanese Martial Arts Committee known as the "Butoku Kai". Until 1935, "karate" was written as "唐手" (Chinese hand).^ This also means " martial arts " in Japanese.
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^ A Japanese martial arts title/concept .
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^ This is the title of the Uechi-Ryu Karate-Do school of Okinawan martial arts .
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.But in 1935, the masters of the various styles of Okinawan karate conferred to decide a new name for their art.^ New Jersey Chatham Ott`s Okinawan Karate Isshinryu Karate Kempo Karate 230 Main Street 07928 +1-973-635-1000 .

^ Some see this style as a variation of the "Empty Hand Method" (Karate-do).
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^ Illinois Marseilles Okinawan Martial Arts Academy Okinawan Shuri-rue Karate Main Street 61341 +1-815-795 .

.They decided to call their art "karate" written in Japanese characters as "空手" (empty hand).^ The last two express "karate" - technically they express "empty hand".
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^ When you practice karate, you do so with empty hands (no weapons).
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^ Some see this style as a variation of the "Empty Hand Method" (Karate-do).
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[14]

Nomenclature

Another nominal development is the addition of (道:どう) to the end of the word karate. . is a suffix having numerous meanings including road, path, route, and way.^ The second character means "method", "path", and "the way".
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.It is used in many martial arts that survived Japan's transition from feudal culture to modern times.^ Many martial arts studios incorrectly pronounce this like "she foo".
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^ Note: This title can be pronounced in Chinese, but would only be used or well-known by Chinese people who practice this Japanese martial art (rare).
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^ He writes: This page is a general martial arts page, with brief descriptions of many different styles.

.It implies that these arts are not just fighting systems but contain spiritual elements when promoted as disciplines.^ The unique type of training and discipline of the fighting arts takes you on a journey (the way) to develop an inner strength as well as your fighting skills.

^ July 2005 I would like to find some martial arts classes for my 3YO daughter that focus on strength, discipline and physical awareness and not fighting.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Books on Martial Arts, Healing disciplines, spiritual traditions.

In this context is usually translated as "the way of." Examples are aikido (合気道:あいきどう), judo (柔道:じゅうどう), and kendo (剣道:けんどう). .Thus karatedō is more than just empty hand techniques.^ For him, time is meaningless and proper form and technique is far more important than speed.
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^ He is a wonderful teacher and gives the kids much more than just classes.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ The consensus is that rather than a type or style of martial arts , this is a technique for refining hand position and strengthening of hands in order to strike blows for with maximum force and effect.
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It is The Way Of The Empty Hand.

Karate outside Japan

Canada

Karate began in Canada in the 1930s and 1940s as Japanese people immigrated to the country. Karate was practiced quietly without a large amount of organization. During the second World War, many Japanese-Canadian families were moved to the interior of British Columbia. .Masaru Shintani, at the age of 13, began to study Shorin-Ryu karate in the Japanese camp under Kitigawa.^ Shorin-Ryu (Japanese) .
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In 1956 after 9 years of training with Kitigawa, Shintani traveled to Japan and met Hironori Otsuka (Wado Ryu). .In 1958 Otsuka invited Shintani to join his organization Wado Kai, and in 1969 he asked Shintani to officially call his style Wado.^ We also have information on martial arts organization that you may join called U.F.A. and T.K.O. Our styles are 5 Animals and 5 Families Kung-Fu, visit our web site to learn more about us, our organization, classes, and products.

[36]
.In Canada during this same time, karate was also introduced by Masami Tsuruoka who had studied in Japan in the 1940s under Tsuyoshi Chitose.^ The club is led by Sensei Kenichi Haramoto, who holds a 6th degree black belt and is a certified instructor of the Japan Karate Association.

In 1954 Tsuruoka initiated the first karate competition in Canada and laid the foundation for the National Karate Association.
.In the late 1950s Shintani moved to Ontario and began teaching karate and judo at the Japanese Cultural Center in Hamilton.^ I teach a style called Cuong Nhu which is an eclectic blend of arts, primarily judo, karate and aikido.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Japanese Cultural Arts Center posted by A.H.Diamantstein ( Hendryk@ix.netcom.com ).

^ I find it disturbing because each style, whether it be karate, gung-fu, tai kwon do, etc, has it's own history, philosophy and culture from which it began.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

In 1966 he began (with Otsuka's endorsement) the Shintani Wado Kai Karate Federation. During the 1970s Otsuka appointed Shintani the Supreme Instructor of Wado Kai in North America. In 1979, Otsuka publicly promoted Shintani to hachidan (8th dan) and privately gave him a kudan certificate (9th dan), which was revealed by Shintani in 1995. Shintani and Otsuka visited each other in Japan and Canada several times, the last time in 1980 two years prior to Otsuka's death. Shintani died May 7, 2000.[36]

Korea

.Due to past conflict between Korea and Japan, most notably during the Japanese occupation in the 20th century, the influence of karate on Korean martial arts is a contentious issue.^ This also means " martial arts " in Japanese.
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^ This is a specific type of martial arts (Karate) from Okinawa, Japan.
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^ A Japanese martial arts title/concept .
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.From 1910 until 1939, many Koreans migrated to Japan[37] and were exposed to Japanese martial arts.^ This also means " martial arts " in Japanese.
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^ A Japanese martial arts title/concept .
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^ This is often titled as "Ryukoseishin" in many Japanese martial arts .
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.After regaining independence from Japan, many Korean martial arts schools were founded by masters with training in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean martial arts.^ This also means " martial arts " in Japanese.
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^ Different schools and styles of Japanese martial arts use different terms.
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^ Translations are available in Chinese, Japanese and Korean.

.For example, Choi Hong Hi, a significant figure in taekwondo history, studied Shotokan karate in Japan.^ John's Fitness Center and its affiliated schools take great pride in teaching its students traditional TaeKwon-Do from the teachings of General Choi Hong Hi, Founder of TaeKwon-Do.

[38] .Karate also provided an important comparative model for the early founders of taekwondo in the formalization of their art inheriting some kata and the belt rank system.^ From Japanese, you will see this title romanized as "zendo", which is the brand name of a board game, and also a title used by some martial arts studios and karate dojos.
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^ The whole graduation system in martial arts seems to support unsocial behaviour with some kids (which can also be observed with immature adults, by the way).
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ October 2002 My son is interested in ''karate'' and I'm trying to compare the different kinds of martial arts available.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

It should be noted that contemporary taekwondo is technically very different from karate (e.g. relies much more on legs than hands, involves more high kicks, more jumps, etc).

Soviet Union

Karate appeared in the Soviet Union in the mid-1960s, during Khruschev's policy of improved international relations. The first Shotokan clubs were opened in Moscow's universities.[39] .In 1973, however, the government banned karate—together with all other foreign martial arts—endorsing only the Soviet martial art of sambo.^ Least of all the martial art itself.
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^ It will only be understood in the context of martial arts .
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^ Together, these three Kanji create a title that is defined as "immovable mind" within the context of Japanese martial arts.
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Failing to suppress these uncontrolled groups, the USSR's Sport Committee formed the Karate Federation of USSR in December 1978.[39] On 17 May 1984, the Soviet Karate Federation was disbanded and all karate became illegal again. .In 1989, karate practice became legal again, but under strict government regulations, only after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1992 did independent karate schools resume functioning, and so federations were formed and national tournaments in authentic styles began.^ This title does kind of make sense in Chinese, but only to those Chinese who practice "kong shou dao" (karate) or when used in the context of martial arts .
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^ Good site by Sandra-xa( ) Jeff Bateman's School of Karate by Renshi Jeff Bateman( Renshi Jeff Bateman is a 6th Dan under Master Tadashi Yamashita.

^ He was chief instructor of the nonprofit Topanga Karate School in California and practiced martial arts from 1955 until his untimely death in November, 1998.

[40]

United Kingdom

.In the 1950s and 1960s, several Japanese karate masters began to teach the art in the United Kingdom.^ They teach a variety of arts including Karate, Judo, Aikido, and Jiu Jitsu.

^ From Japanese, you will see this title romanized as "zendo", which is the brand name of a board game, and also a title used by some martial arts studios and karate dojos.
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^ Often a combination of Chinese martial arts such as Shaolin Kung Fu with Japanese martial arts such as Karate, Jujutsu (Jujitsu), Aikido, and others.
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In 1965, Tatsuo Suzuki began teaching Wadō-ryū in London. .In 1966, members of the former British Karate Federation established the Karate Union of Great Britain (KUGB) under Hirokazu Kanazawa as chief instructor[41] and affiliated to JKA.^ He was chief instructor of the nonprofit Topanga Karate School in California and practiced martial arts from 1955 until his untimely death in November, 1998.

^ UK Karate Wales by Tim Evans(Technical and Hard Training in a Safe Friendly Dojo.Thirty Years of Experience with Japanese and British Instructors.

Keinosuke Enoeda came to England at the same time as Kanazawa, teaching at a dojo in Liverpool. Kanazawa left the UK after 3 years and Enoeda took over. .After Enoeda’s death in 2003, the KUGB elected Andy Sherry as Chief Instructor.^ He was chief instructor of the nonprofit Topanga Karate School in California and practiced martial arts from 1955 until his untimely death in November, 1998.

Shortly after this, a new association split off from KUGB, JKA England.
An earlier significant split from the KUGB took place in 1991 when a group lead by KUGB senior instructor Steve Cattle formed the English Shotokan Academy [3](ESA). .The aim of this group was to follow the teachings of Taiji Kase, formerly the JKA chief instructor in Europe, who along with Hiroshi Shirai created the World Shotokan Karate-do Academy (WKSA), in 1989 in order to pursue the teaching of “Budo” karate as opposed to what he viewed as “sport karate”.^ The club is led by Sensei Kenichi Haramoto, who holds a 6th degree black belt and is a certified instructor of the Japan Karate Association.

^ The head instructor, Ken Koba, is a nice, soft, and real martial artist who is dedicate to teach karate, and it is not money oriented program.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ It was created in 1964 by Seiken Shukumine, who previously founded the Gensei Ryu school of karate in Okinawa Japan.

.Kase sought to return the practice of Shotokan Karate to its martial roots, reintroducing amongst other things open hand and throwing techniques that had been side lined as the result of competition rules introduced by the JKA. Both the ESA and the WKSA (re-named the Kase-Ha Shotokan-Ryu Karate-do Academy[4] (KSKA) after Kase’s death in 2004) continue following this path today.^ An early-morning walk through any city in China near a park or open area will yield a view of Chinese people practicing this ancient technique.
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^ He writes: Hello, my Name is Glen Henry and my sight includes Goju Ryu Karate, Shinto Muso ryu Jodo and Zen Nippon Renmei Iaido.

^ From Japanese, you will see this title romanized as "zendo", which is the brand name of a board game, and also a title used by some martial arts studios and karate dojos.
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United States

.After World War II, members of the US military learned karate in Okinawa or Japan and then opened schools in the USA. In 1945 Robert Trias opened the first dojo in the United States in Phoenix, Arizona, a Shuri-ryū karate dojo.^ You can find information about the Teoul Moon system and schools teaching it in the United States.

^ It was created in 1964 by Seiken Shukumine, who previously founded the Gensei Ryu school of karate in Okinawa Japan.

In the 1950s, Edward Kaloudis, William Dometrich (Chitō-ryū), Ed Parker (Kenpo), Cecil Patterson (Wadō-ryū), Gordon Doversola (Okinawa-te), Louis Kowlowski, Don Nagle (Isshin-ryū), George Mattson (Uechi-ryū), Paul Arel (Sankata, Kyokushin, and Kokondo) and Peter Urban (Gōjū-kai) all began instructing in the US.
.Tsutomu Ohshima began studying karate while a student at Waseda University, beginning in 1948, and became captain of the university's karate club in 1952. He trained under Shotokan's founder, Gichin Funakoshi, until 1953. Funakoshi personally awarded Ohshima his sandan (3rd degree black belt) rank in 1952. In 1957 Ohshima received his godan (fifth degree black belt), the highest rank awarded by Funakoshi.^ He was a 7th degree black belt in Shotokan Karate.

^ Good site by ccl-onlinetr( ) Good site by Alexaps( ) Good site by Alexaps( ) Good site by Alexaps( ) yahoo by saravanan( Iam studying karate in india ,club name is alan thilak karate .

^ Requirements for 11th Degree Black Belt posted by Dawne.

.This remains the highest rank in SKA. In 1952, Ohshima formalized the judging system used in modern karate tournaments.^ Once a year you get to participate in karate tournament in Berkeley where you get to either follow a std program or use your own imagination in designing your presentation.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

However, he cautions students that tournaments should not be viewed as an expression of true karate itself.
.Ohshima left Japan in 1955 to continue his studies at UCLA. He led his first U.S. practice in 1956 and founded the first university karate club in the United States at Caltech in 1957. In 1959 he founded the Southern California Karate Association (SCKA), as additional Shotokan dojos opened.^ Good site by ccl-onlinetr( ) Good site by Alexaps( ) Good site by Alexaps( ) Good site by Alexaps( ) yahoo by saravanan( Iam studying karate in india ,club name is alan thilak karate .

^ Southern Illinois University Martial Arts Club posted by Vincent Fields ( vincentfields@hotmail.com ).

^ The club is led by Sensei Kenichi Haramoto, who holds a 6th degree black belt and is a certified instructor of the Japan Karate Association.

The organization was renamed Shotokan Karate of America in 1969.
.In the 1960s, Jay Trombley (Gōjū-ryū), Anthony Mirakian (Gōjū-ryū), Steve Armstrong, Bruce Terrill, Richard Kim (Shorinji-ryū), Teruyuki Okazaki (Shotokan), John Pachivas, Allen Steen, Sea Oh Choi (Hapkido), Gosei Yamaguchi (Gōjū-ryū), and J. Pat Burleson all began teaching martial arts around the country.^ Least of all the martial art itself.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ He writes: The martial arts have a tremendously creative potential for teaching young people to resolve conflict peacefully and create fine moral character.

^ All martial artists and martial arts enthusiasts are welcome to enjoy and contribute to our world wide articles, classifieds, links, and space ads.

[42]
.In 1961 Hidetaka Nishiyama, a co-founder of the JKA and student of Masatoshi Nakayama, began teaching in the United States.^ John's Fitness Center and its affiliated schools take great pride in teaching its students traditional TaeKwon-Do from the teachings of General Choi Hong Hi, Founder of TaeKwon-Do.

^ You can find information about the Teoul Moon system and schools teaching it in the United States.

Takayuki Mikami were sent to New Orleans by the JKA in 1963.
In 1964, Takayuki Kubota, founder of Gosoku-ryū, relocated the International Karate Association from Tokyo to California.
Seido Karate was founded by Tadashi Nakamura
In 1970 Paul Arel founded Kokondo Karate which is a sister style of Jukido Jujitsu developed in 1959. Kokondo synthesized techniques and kata from Arel's previous experience in Isshin Ryu, Sankata & Kyokushin Karate.

Film and popular culture

Karate spread rapidly in the West through popular culture. .In 1950s popular fiction, karate was at times described to readers in near-mythical terms, and it was credible to show Western experts of unarmed combat as unaware of Eastern martial arts of this kind.^ This is the Japanese term for a room or hall in which martial arts are taught.
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^ May 2007 I am interested in starting my kids in a martial arts class of some kind, but I don't know anything about martial arts.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Re: 5-year-old son wants to take "karate" (10/02) Hi, You inquired about martial arts for 5 year olds.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

[43] .By the 1970s, martial arts films had formed a mainstream genre that propelled karate and other Asian martial arts into mass popularity.^ Defensive form of martial arts .
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^ Both of my sons are interested in learning karate or other form of martial arts.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ One of the most disturbing things I found when looking for a martial arts class for my two kids, then 9 and 11, was the mixture of styles and form many "martial arts" studios have.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Martial Arts Classes for Kids 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

[44]
  • The Karate Kid (1984) is a film relating the fictional story of an American adolescent's introduction into karate.[45]
  • Chuck Norris: Karate Kommandos(1986), animated children's show, with Chuck Norris himself appearing to reveal the episode and the moral contained in the episode.
Film stars and their styles
Practitioner Fighting style
Sonny Chiba Gōjū-ryū and Kyokushin
Sean Connery Kyokushin
Fumio Demura Shitō-ryū
Dolph Lundgren Kyokushin
Jean-Claude Van Damme Shotokan
Michael Jai White Kyokushin, Shotokan, and Gōjū-ryū
Richard Norton Gōjū-ryū
Cynthia Luster Gōjū-ryū
Wesley Snipes Shotokan
Glen Murphy Kyokushin

Mixed martial arts

.Karate is practiced by some mixed martial arts fighters.^ His unique mix of skills, training and profession ideally suited him for writing on a topic where body awareness, psychological perspective and physical training are important in the practice of the art.

^ Professor Jiang has been studying and practicing martial arts for over 75 years, and has been teaching for over 60 years.

^ Note: This title can be pronounced in Chinese, but would only be used or well-known by Chinese people who practice this Japanese martial art (rare).
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[44] [46]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Higaonna, Morio (1985). Traditional Karatedo Vol. 1 Fundamental Techniques. pp. 17. ISBN 0-87040-595-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d http://www.wonder-okinawa.jp/023/eng/001/001/index.html history of Okinawan Karate
  3. ^ Bishop, Mark (1989). Okinawan Karate. pp. 153–166. ISBN 0-7136-5666-2.  Chapter 9 covers Motobu-ryu and Bugeikan, two 'ti' styles with grappling and vital point striking techniques. Page 165, Seitoku Higa: "Use pressure on vital points, wrist locks, grappling, strikes and kicks in a gentle manner to neutralize an attack."
  4. ^ "唐手研究会、次いで空手部の創立". Keio Univ. Karate Team. http://www.keiokarate.net/column/page01.html. Retrieved 2010-03-14. (Japanese)
  5. ^ Miyagi, Chojun (1993) [1934]. McCarthy, Patrick. ed. Karate-doh Gaisetsu [An Outline of Karate-Do]. pp. 9. ISBN 4-900613-05-3. 
  6. ^ Draeger & Smith (1969). Comprehensive Asian Fighting Arts. pp. 60. ISBN 978-0-87011-436-6. 
  7. ^ Bishop, Mark (1999). Okinawan Karate Second Edition. pp. 11. ISBN 978-0-8048-3205-2. 
  8. ^ Dr. Gary J. Krug: the Feet of the Master: Three Stages in the Appropriation of Okinawan Karate Into Anglo-American Culture
  9. ^ Shigeru, Egami (1976). The Heart of Karate-Do. pp. 13. ISBN 0-87011-816-1. 
  10. ^ Nagamine, Shoshin (1976). Okinawan Karate-do. pp. 47. ISBN 978-0-8048-2110-0. 
  11. ^ News from the 117th IOC
  12. ^ Web Japan
  13. ^ Bishop, Mark (1989). Okinawan Karate. pp. 154. ISBN 0-7136-5666-2.  Motobu-ryū & Seikichi Uehara
  14. ^ a b Higaonna, Morio (1985). Traditional Karatedo Vol. 1 Fundamental Techniques. pp. 19. ISBN 0-87040-595-0. 
  15. ^ Bishop, Mark (1989). Okinawan Karate. pp. 28. ISBN 0-7136-5666-2.  For example Chōjun Miyagi adapted Rokkushu of White Crane into Tenshō
  16. ^ Patrick McCarthy, footnote #4
  17. ^ Kanbun Uechi history
  18. ^ Hokama, Tetsuhiro (2005). 100 Masters of Okinawan Karate. Okinawa: Ozata Print. pp. 28. 
  19. ^ WUKO World Union of Karate-do Organizations
  20. ^ International Traditional Karate Federation (ITKF)
  21. ^ World Karate Federation Competition Rules
  22. ^ Higaonna, Morio (1985). Traditional Karatedo Vol. 1 Fundamental Techniques. pp. 67. ISBN 0-87040-595-0. 
  23. ^ Mitchell, David (1991). Winning Karate Competition. ISBN 0-7136-3402-2 pages = 25. 
  24. ^ Shigeru, Egami (1976). The Heart of Karatedo. pp. 111. ISBN 0-87011-816-1. 
  25. ^ Higaonna, Morio (1990). Traditional Karatedo Vol. 4 Applications of the Kata. pp. 136. ISBN 0-87040-848-9. 
  26. ^ Shigeru, Egami (1976). The Heart of Karatedo. pp. 113. ISBN 0-87011-816-1. 
  27. ^ World Karate Confederation
  28. ^ WUKO - World Union of Karate-Do Organizations
  29. ^ http://www.koshiki.org/ World Koshiki Karatedo Federation
  30. ^ Shinkaratedo Renmei
  31. ^ Hokama, Tetsuhiro (2005). 100 Masters of Okinawan Karate. Okinawa: Ozata Print. pp. 20. 
  32. ^ [1] A Chronological History of the Martial Arts: Douglas Coupland's novel Generation X, which defined McJob as "a low-pay, low prestige, low-dignity, low benefit, no-future job in the service sector," appears in paperback, and within weeks, the term "McDojo" appeared at rec.martial-arts as a description of franchise martial art schools run by people with more ego than talent.
  33. ^ Funakoshi, Gichin. "Karate-dō Kyohan - The Master Text" Tokyo. Kodansha International; 1973.
  34. ^ [2] Names of China
  35. ^ http://www.newpaltzkarate.com/article/Article1SA.html, Levitz, Maurey (1998) What's In A Name? How the meaning of the term karate has changed, New Paltz Karate Academy, Inc.
  36. ^ a b Robert, T. (2006). "no title given". Journal of Asian Martial Arts (this issue is not available as a back issue) 15 (4). http://journalofasianmartialarts.com/cms2/journal-issues/15.html. 
  37. ^ Nozaki, Yoshiko; Hiromitsu Inokuchi, Tae-young Kim. "Legal Categories, Demographic Change and Japan’s Korean Residents in the Long Twentieth Century". http://www.japanfocus.org/products/details/2220. Retrieved 2007-02-19. 
  38. ^ "A History Of Taekwon Do". http://utf.whsites.net/history.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  39. ^ a b karate-shotokan.net
  40. ^ "History of Shotokan (Russian)". http://karate-shotokan.net/php/his.php. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  41. ^ International Association of Shotokan Karate (IASK)
  42. ^ The Original Martial Arts Encyclopedia, John Corcoran and Emil Farkas, pgs. 170-197
  43. ^ For example, Ian Fleming's book Goldfinger (1959, p.91-95) describes the protagonist James Bond, an expert in unarmed combat, as utterly ignorant of Karate and its demonstrations, and describes the Korean 'Oddjob' in these terms: Goldfinger said, "Have you ever heard of Karate? No? Well that man is one of the three in the world who have achieved the Black Belt in Karate. Karate is a branch of judo, but it is to judo what a spandau is to a catapult...". Such a description in a popular novel assumed and relied upon Karate being almost unknown in the West.
  44. ^ a b "Contender Shores Up Karate’s Reputation Among U.F.C. Fans". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/23/sports/23karate.html. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  45. ^ "The Karate Generation". Newsweek. 2010-02-18. http://www.newsweek.com/id/85866. 
  46. ^ "Lyoto Machida and the Revenge of Karate". Sherdog. http://www.sherdog.com/news/articles/Lyoto-Machida-and-the-Revenge-of-Karate-17521. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Karate
Wikipedia de
See also karate

German

Etymology

From Japanese 空手

Proper noun

Karate n.
  1. karate

Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

.From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!^ Your one stop source on the web for martial arts information on styles, tournaments (NASKA), and much more!.

^ It's more like a very deeply relaxed state of mind and body, where a professionally trained hypnotherapist guides you to a place where constructive changes can be made in your mind and body.
  • martial arts NLP and hypnosis for karate judo taikwondokung fu muay thai hapkido aikido 6 January 2010 10:27 UTC martial-arts-hypnosis.com [Source type: General]

Kangaroo

Developer(s) Ultravision
Publisher(s) Froggo
Release date Atari 2600:
1983 (NA)
Genre 2D fighter
Mode(s) Single player
Versus
Age rating(s) N/A
Atari 2600
Platform(s) Atari 2600
Input Atari 2600 Joystick
Credits | Soundtrack | Codes | Walkthrough


Stub
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This article uses material from the "Karate" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|right|200px|A karate student wearing a karategi.]]

Karate is a form of fighting (called a martial art) which originated in Okinawa, an island in Japan. Karate uses all parts of the human body as a weapon such as the hand, fist, elbow, leg and knee.

History of Karate

Gichin Funakoshi, a school teacher from the Japanese island of Okinawa, introduced Karate to mainland Japan in the early 1900s. Traditional karate is different from boxing, wrestling and kickboxing: in karate, there is just as much importance on the strength of the mind and good manners as there is on strength of the body.

Karate became more known around the world because of Karate movies in the 1960s and 1970s. Now people all over the world learn Karate.

After World War II, Karate also became popular in Korea, where it was known under the name "tangsudo". The full name of Karate is "Karate-do" which means "the way of the empty hand" in English. A person who does Karate is called a "Karateka". There are many different styles of Karate including Shotokan, Wado ryu, Goju ryu and Kyokushinkai.

Famous Karateka include: Gichin Funakoshi, his cousin Kenneth Funakoshi, Shigeru Egami, Masutatsu Oyama, Chuck Norris and Fumio Demura.

Karate Clothing

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File:Obi-gokyū.jpg
Coloured belts for Karate.

When people practice Karate, they wear special clothes called a karategi. The karategi is made up of a white jacket and white pants. People who practice Karate also wear a coloured belt, which tells other people how good they are at Karate. Two people wearing different coloured belts mean one has practised Karate more than the other, and has a higher level of belt.

Different schools of Karate have different colours of belts for their ranks. You cannot know precisely how good they are without either asking them or knowing how their school arranges the belt colours in ranks. Usually the black belt is for the masters.

Some schools have several degrees of black belts. They show this by having a white stripe, called a Dan, on the one end of the belt, for the black belt degree the person has. For instance a "3 Dan black belt" would have 3 white stripes on his black belt and would be higher ranked than a "1 Dan black belt".

Other pages


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 24, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Karate, which are similar to those in the above article.








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