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Karenia (dinoflagellate)
Karenia brevis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Chromalveolata
Phylum: Dinoflagellata
Class: Dinophyceae
Genus: Karenia

Karenia is a genus of 12[1] species of dinoflagellates which were formerly included in the genus Gymnodinium.[2]

A number of species cause red tides, including Karenia brevis off the coast of Florida and Karenia mikimotoi which was first described in Japan, but is now found in the Atlantic ocean as well, probably spread by ballast water.[3]


  • Karenia asterichroma[1]
  • Karenia bicuneiformis[1]
  • Karenia brevis[1]
  • Karenia brevisulcata[1]
  • Karenia concordia[1]
  • Karenia cristata[1]
  • Karenia digitata[1]
  • Karenia longicanalis[1]
  • Karenia mikimotoi[1]
  • Karenia papilionacea[1]
  • Karenia selliformis[1]
  • Karenia umbella[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Karenia". Algaebase.  
  2. ^ Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø (2000). "Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates". Phycologia 39: 302–317.  
  3. ^ "Karenia mikimotoi". Algaebase.  


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