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Bundesarchiv DVM 10 Bild-23-61-01, Kleiner Kreuzer "Karlsruhe".jpg
SMS Karlsruhe
Class overview
Builders: Germaniawerft and Howaldtswerke
Operators: German Empire
Preceded by: Magdeburg class
Succeeded by: Graudenz class
Planned: Two
Completed: Two
Lost: Two
General characteristics
Class and type: Karlsruhe class light cruiser
Displacement: 4,900 (6,191 full load)
Length: 139 m
Beam: 13.7 m
Draught: 5.79 m
Propulsion: 2 shaft Navy turbines, 26,000 shp
Speed: 27.8 knots (51 km/h)
Complement: 120+
Armament: 12 × 105 mm (4.1 in) SKL/ 45cal (8 × 1), 2 × 500 mm (19.7 in) TT, 120 mines

The Karlsruhe class of light cruisers was a pair of two ships built for the German Imperial Navy before the start of World War I. Both of the ships were sunk during the war, the SMS Karlsruhe by an accidental explosion, and the SMS Rostock at the Battle of Jutland.

Contents

Design

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Dimensions and machinery

The ships of the Karlsruhe class were 139 m long at the waterline, and 142.2 m in length overall. They had a beam of 13.7 m, and a draught of 5.79 m. The ships displaced 4,900 tonnes normally, and 6,191 tonnes fully laden.[1] They were powered by 2-shaft Navy turbines, which produced 26,000 shp, and a rated top speed of 27.8 knots (51.5 km/h). However, in trials, Karlsruhe achieved 37,885 shp (28,251 kW) and a top speed of 28.5 knots (52.8 km/h), while Rostock was able to drive her turbines to 43,628 shp (32,533 kW), and a top speed of 29.3 knots (54.3 km/h).[1]

Armament

The ships carried the same armament as the preceding Magdeburg class light cruisers. They were armed with twelve 105mm (4.1 in) guns, mounted in single turrets. Two turrets were located fore in a pair, two aft in a similar situation, and four on either side of the middle of the ship. The ships were also armed with two 500mm (19.7 in) torpedo tubes, and 120 mines.

Armor

The Karlesruhe class ships were also armored with the same protection layout as on the preceding Magdeburg class ships. They had an armored belt that was 2.5 inches (64 mm) thick at the strongest points, and reducing to 0.5 inches (13 mm) in weaker, less critical areas of the ship. The deck was also protected by armor plate, ranging from 2.5 inches (64 mm) to 1 inch (25 mm) in thickness.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "WWI Naval Combat". http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/cruisers/sms-karlsruhe.html. Retrieved February 17, 2008.  

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