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Kata'ib Hezbollah
Participant in the Iraq War
Active March 2007-Present
Leaders Unknown
Headquarters Sadr City, Baghdad
Area of
operations
Southern Iraq and Baghdad
Part of Iraqi Insurgency
Originated as Mahdi Army, Special Groups
Allies Special Groups
Opponents MultinationalForce-IraqDUI.svg Coalition,  United States, Iraq New Iraqi Army
Battles/wars Iraq War
For other uses of Hezbollah, see Hezbollah (disambiguation).

Kata'ib Hezbollah or Hezbollah Brigades is a Shi'a Iraqi Insurgent group which has been active since 2007 in the Iraq War, not to be confused with the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah. It is said to be an offshoot of the "Special Groups", which are the Iranian backed elements of the Mahdi Army. Katai'b Hezbollah is a separate and independent organization and not part of the Mahdi Army and its Special Groups and Mahdi Army. According to the American forces it receives funding, training, logistics, and material from Iran's Quds Force. Claims which are denied by Iran.[1] Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, an adviser to Iran's Quds Force is known to be a senior adviser to Kata'ib Hezbollah. The US state department has also claimed Hezbollah provided weapons and training for the group.[2] The group is known for uploading its videos of attacks on American forces on the internet.[3]

In Summer 2008 US and Iraqi Forces launched a crackdown against Kata'ib Hezbollah (and the Special Groups). At least 30 of its members were captured during those months. Many of the group's leaders were captured and as result much of the leadership fled to Iran.[4][5]

On July 2, 2009 the group was added to the "U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations". The group is held responsible for numerous IED bombings, mortar, rocket and RPG attacks as well as sniper operations, targeting US and Iraqi Forces and the Green Zone, including a November 2008 rocket attack that killed two U.N. workers.[6]

In December, 2009, the group is said to have intercepted the unencrypted video feed of MQ-1 Predator UAVs above Iraq.[7]

See also

References

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