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Coordinates: 11°8′28.32″S 27°6′16.74″E / 11.1412°S 27.10465°E / -11.1412; 27.10465

Province du Katanga
(Provincial flag) (Provincial Seal)
Country  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Capital Lubumbashi
Largest city Lubumbashi
National language KiSwahili, Tshiluba
Land area¹ 496 871 km²
Governor Moïse Katumbi Chapwe
Population


Density
4 125 000
(est. 1998)

8.30/km²
Districts 5
Cities 3
Demonym Katangan
Official Website Province du Katanga
Territorial Organisation - Cities


Katanga is a southern province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Between 1971 and 1997, its official name was Shaba Province. Under the new constitution, the province is to be replaced by four smaller provinces by February 2009. Its regional capital is Lubumbashi (formerly Elisabethville in French, Elisabethstad in Dutch). Its area is 518,000 km² (larger than California and 16 times larger than Belgium, its former colonial ruler). Katanga has a population of about 4.1 million. Farming and ranching are carried out on the Katanga Plateau. The eastern part of the province is a rich mining region, which supplies cobalt, copper, tin, radium, uranium, and diamonds. The capital city, Lubumbashi, is the second largest city in the Congo.

Contents

New provinces

In 2009, the name of Katanga will survive only as Haut-Katanga Province, one of the four new provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The other three new administrative divisions carved out of former Katanga are: Tanganyika Province, Lualaba Province and Haut-Lomami Province.

History

In the past, Katanga has struggled significantly for independence from the rest of the country.

Government

Moïse Katumbi Chapwe, a businessman, is the governor of Katanga province. He took office on 24 February 2007.[1]

Economy

Copper mining is an important part of the economy of Katanga province.[2] Cobalt mining by individual contractors is also prevalent. There are a number of reasons cited for the discrepancy between the vast mineral wealth of the province and the failure of the wealth to increase the overall standard of living.[3] Gecamines is the state owned mining company which has monopoly concessions in the province.

Medical care

The Jason Sendwe Hospital is the largest hospital in the province. It is located in Lubumbashi.

Climate

Katanga has a wet and dry season. Rainfall is about 49 inches per year (120 cm).[4]

Geography

The province forms the Congolese border with Angola and Zambia. The province also borders Tanzania, although Katanga province and Tanzania do not share a land border but the border is within Lake Tanganyika.

Education

The University of Lubumbashi is the largest university in the province and one of the largest in the country. The university is located in the northern part of Lubumbashi city. The Faculté Méthodiste de Théologie (FMT) is a Methodist seminary which is accredited within the university system.

TESOL, the English Language School of Lubumbashi, is a secondary school that serves the expatriate community. It was founded in 1987 on the grounds of the now defunct French School.[5]

Transportation

Katanga Province has limited railway service centered around Lubumbashi. Reliability is limited. The area also has an airport called Luano Airport which is located northeast of Lubumbashi.

Media

Katanga province is served by television broadcasts. Radio-Télévision Nationale Congolaise (RTNC) has a transmitter in Lubumbashi that re-transmits the signal from Kinshasha. In 2005, new television broadcasts by Radio Mwangaza began in Lubumbashi.

Notable Katangans

See also

References

External links



Katanga Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Cities
  • Lubumbashi (capital) || Communes : Annexe, Kamalondo, Kampemba, Katuba, Kenya, Lubumbashi, Ruashi
  • Kolwezi - || Communes : Dilala, Manika
  • Likasi || Communes : Panda, Kikula, Likasi, Tshituru
Territorial districts
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