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Catherine of Bohemia
Duchess consort of Austria and Bavaria;
Electress consort of Brandenburg
Statue of Catherine of Bohemia and Luxembourg
Consort in Austria
Consort in Bavaria
c.1350 - 27 July 1365
19 March 1366 – 15 November 1379
Spouse Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria
Otto V, Duke of Bavaria
House House of Luxembourg
House of Wittelsbach
House of Habsburg
Father Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Blanche of Valois
Born 19 August 1342
Prague, Bohemia
Died 26 April 1395 (aged 52)

Catherine of Bohemia (Prague 19 August 1342 – 26 April 1395) was the second daughter of Emperor Charles IV and Blanche of Valois.

Contents

Childhood and family

Catherine was born on 19 August 1342, her sister Margaret was born in 1335 so Catherine was the second child of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and his first wife Blanche of Valois, a daughter of Charles of Valois. In 1348 Catherine's mother Blanche died aged thirty two, Blanche never bore Catherine another sibling so in 1349 her father married Anna of Bavaria, the marriage bore one son, Wenceslas. Anna died in 1353 without bearing her father a surviving child. That same year Catherine's father married Anna von Schweidnitz who bore Catherine two half siblings, Elisabeth and a son that her father had wished for Wenceslaus, King of the Romans. Catherine was eighteen when her father married Elizabeth of Pomerania (Anna von Schweidnitz had died the previous year), Catherine was five years Elizabeth's senior. Among Elizabeth's children were Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor and Anne of Bohemia who married Richard II of England.

Marriages

In 1350 when Catherine was eight years of age she married Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, the marriage was a political one arranged by her father to make peace between Austria and the Holy Roman Empire. After fifteen years of marriage Rudolph died, Catherine hadn't bore him any children so his titles passed to his brother Leopold III, Duke of Austria.

On 19 March 1366, Catherine married a second time to Otto V, Duke of Bavaria since the childless dukes Louis VI, Duke of Bavaria and Otto had already promised Catherine's father the succession in Brandenburg in 1364.

Charles invaded Brandenburg in 1371 since Otto neglected his government. Two years later Otto officially resigned against a huge financial compensation and retired in Bavaria. This was the end of the Wittelsbach rule in Brandenburg. Otto kept the electoral dignity and was accepted as nominal co-regent by Stephen II. Otto then spent his time in Wolfstein castle in Landshut with amusements.

Ancestors

Catherine's ancestors in three generations
Catherine of Bohemia Father:
Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Paternal Grandfather:
John the Blind
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Margaret of Brabant
Paternal Grandmother:
Elizabeth of Bohemia
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Judith of Habsburg
Mother:
Blanche of Valois
Maternal Grandfather:
Charles of Valois
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Philip III of France
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Isabella of Aragon
Maternal Grandmother:
Mahaut of Châtillon
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Guy III of Châtillon
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Marie of Brittany

References

German nobility
Preceded by
Ingeborg of Mecklenburg
Electress consort of Brandenburg
1366 – 1373
Succeeded by
Joanna of Bavaria
Preceded by
Margaret of Cleves
Duchess consort of Bavaria
1366-1379
Succeeded by
Margaret of Austria
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Katharine of Bohemia
Duchess consort of Austria and Bavaria;
Electress consort of Brandenburg

File:KatkaLuc
Statue of Katharine of Bohemia and Luxembourg
Consort in Austria
Consort in Bavaria
c.1350 - July 27, 1365
March 19, 1366 - November 15, 1379
Spouse Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria
Otto V, Duke of Bavaria
House House of Luxembourg
House of Wittelsbach
House of Habsburg
Father Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Blanche of Valois
Born 19 August 1342
Prague, Bohemia
Died 26 April, 1395 (aged 52)

'Katharine of Bohemia' (Prague 19 August 1342 – 26 April 1395) was the second daughter of Emperor Charles IV and Blanche of Valois.

Contents

Childhood and family

Katharine was born on 19 August 1342, her sister Margaret was born in 1335 so Katharine was the second child of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and his first wife Blanche of Valois, a daughter of Charles of Valois. In 1348 Katharine's mother Blanche died aged thirty two, Blanche never bore Katharine another sibling so in 1349 her father married Anna of Bavaria, the marriage bore one son, Wenceslas. Anna died in 1353 without bearing her father a surviving child. That same year Katharine's father married Anna von Schweidnitz who bore Katharine two half siblings, Elisabeth and a son that her father had wished for Wenceslaus, King of the Romans. Katharine was eighteen when her father married Elizabeth of Pomerania (Anna von Schweidnitz had died the previous year), Katharine was five years Elizabeth's senior. Among Elizabeth's children were Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor and Anne of Bohemia who married Richard II of England.

Marriages

In 1350 when Katharine was eight years of age she married Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, the marriage was a political one arranged by her father to make peace between Austria and the Holy Roman Empire. After fifteen years of marriage Rudolph died, Katharine hadn't bore him any children so his titles passed to his brother Leopold III, Duke of Austria.

On March 19, 1366, Katharine married a second time to Otto V, Duke of Bavaria since the childless dukes Louis VI, Duke of Bavaria and Otto had already promised Katharine's father the succession in Brandenburg in 1364.

Charles invaded Brandenburg in 1371 since Otto neglected his government. Two years later Otto officially resigned against a huge financial compensation and retired in Bavaria. This was the end of the Wittelsbach rule in Brandenburg. Otto kept the electoral dignity and was accepted as nominal co-regent by Stephen II. Otto then spent his time in Wolfstein castle in Landshut with amusements.

Ancestors

Katharine's ancestors in three generations
Katharine of Bohemia Father:
Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Paternal Grandfather:
John the Blind
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Margaret of Brabant
Paternal Grandmother:
Elizabeth of Bohemia
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Judith of Habsburg
Mother:
Blanche of Valois
Maternal Grandfather:
Charles of Valois
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Philip III of France
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Isabella of Aragon
Maternal Grandmother:
Mahaut of Chatillon
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Guy III of Châtillon
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Marie of Brittany

References

Template:Start box |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Ingeborg of Mecklenburg |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Electress of Brandenburg
1366 – 1373 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Joanna of Bavaria |- Template:End box

Template:Start box |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Margaret of Cleves |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Duchess of Bavaria
1366-1379 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Margaret of Austria |- Template:End box


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