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Kauhava
—  Town  —
Kauhavan kaupunki
Church of Kauhava

Coat of arms
Location of Kauhava in Finland
Coordinates: 63°06′N 023°04′E / 63.1°N 23.067°E / 63.1; 23.067Coordinates: 63°06′N 023°04′E / 63.1°N 23.067°E / 63.1; 23.067
Country Finland
Region Southern Ostrobothnia
Sub-region Seinäjoki sub-region
Charter 1867
City rights 1986
Government
 - City manager Harri Mattila
Area (2009-01-01)[1]
 - Total 1,328.44 km2 (512.9 sq mi)
 - Land 1,313.75 km2 (507.2 sq mi)
 - Water 14.69 km2 (5.7 sq mi)
Area rank 80th largest in Finland
Population (2009-12-31)[2]
 - Total 17,544
 - Density 13.35/km2 (34.6/sq mi)
Population rank 65th largest in Finland
Population by native language [3]
 - Finnish 98.8% (official)
 - Swedish 0.5%
 - Others 0.7%
Population by age [4]
 - 0 to 14 17.4%
 - 15 to 64 61.5%
 - 65 or older 21%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.75%
Website www.kauhava.fi

Kauhava is a town and municipality of Finland.

It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Southern Ostrobothnia region, 400 kilometres (250 mi) northwest of Helsinki and by the main railway from Helsinki to Oulu. The town has a population of 17,544 (31 December 2009)[2] and covers an area of 1,328.44 square kilometres (512.91 sq mi) of which 14.69 km2 (5.67 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 13.35 inhabitants per square kilometre (34.6 /sq mi).

Knife making is a traditional industry in Kauhava, and many Finns recognize the name of this small town because of knives made there. At one time, as many as five different knife-making enterprises were underway in the town, but today there is only one – Iisakki Järvenpää Oy, which has been making knives in Kauhava since 1879.

Puukko (one of the styles of Finnish knife) made in Kauhava are sometimes referred to as being in the Ostrobothnian style.

Each June sees the Kauhava International Knife Festival, lasting a couple of (very sunny) days and including knife exhibitions, knife making and knife throwing.

As with many Finnish localities, there are museums in Kauhava (Kauhava-Seura). One in the center of town features both the knifemaking tradition as well as the local textiles, which are striking. An out-of-place fishing lure is one interesting feature of this museum. Another museum on the outskirts of Kauhava features the 19th century home and farm of Iisakin Jussi. It provides an accurate view of late 19th century life in Western Finland. The Iisakin Jussi House in not open during the winter months.

The surrounding country is flat and well suited to agriculture, alternating between fields and forests. The town probably takes its name from the small river which passes through it.

Kauhava is the home of the Finnish Training Air Wing.

The surrounding municipalities of Alahärmä, Kortesjärvi and Ylihärmä were consolidated with Kauhava on 1 January 2009.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

References

External links

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