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The term Kaurava (Sanskrit: कौरव) is a Sanskrit term, that means a descendant of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahābhārata.

The term is used in the Mahābhārata with two meanings:

  • The wider meaning, to represent all the descendants of Kuru. This meaning, which includes the Pandava brothers, is sometimes used in the Mahābhārata, especially in some of the earlier parts.
  • The commoner and narrower meaning, to represent the elder line of the descendants of King Kuru. This restricts it to the children of King Dhritarashtra, as his line is the elder line of descent from Kuru. It excludes the children of the younger brother Pandu, who founds his own line, the Pandava.

The rest of this article deals with the Kaurava in the narrower sense, that is the children of Dhritarashtra, by Queen Gandhari. When referring to these, a more specific term is also frequently encountered - Dhārtarāṣṭra, a derivative of Dhṛtarāṣṭra (Dhritarashtra).

According to the standard texts, Gandhari wanted a hundred sons, and Vyasa granted her a boon that she would have these. Another version says that she was unable to have any children for a long time and she eventually became pregnant, but did not deliver for two years, after which she gave birth to a lump of flesh. Vyasa cut this lump into a hundred and one pieces, and these eventually developed into a hundred boys and one girl.

This story should be read in view of the dispute over the succession to the throne of the kingdom. It attributes a late birth to Duryodhana, the eldest son of Dhritarashtra, despite his father's early marriage. This legitimises the case for his cousin Yudhisthira to claim the throne, since he could claim to be the eldest of his generation.

Although all hundred sons have been named, only the first few are normally mentioned in the Mahābhārata. The first five are:

All the male sons of Dritarashtra were killed in the great battle at Kurukshetra.

Sons of the Kauravas fought in the Great War. Duryodhana had 29 sons of which few survived. Upon the death of Dushasan, the second kaurava, Purujit was made Kaurava Yuvaraja. After his death, Sudarsha was made the Yuvaraj. After the defeat of all, Ashwathhama crowned Durmukha, youngest son of Duryodhana as next King and continued struggle.

Contents

The Kauravas

To quote from Mahabharata, Sambava Parva, Section CXV (http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m01/m01116.htm)
And during the time when Gandhari was in a state of advanced pregnancy, there was a maid servant of the Vaisya class who used to attend on Dhritarashtra. During that year, O king, was begotten upon her by the illustrious Dhritarashtra a son endued with great intelligence who was afterwards named Yuvutsu. And because he was begotten by a Kshatriya upon a Vaisya woman, he was subject to the constant taunts of the kauravas.

"Thus were born unto the wise Dhritarashtra
- a hundred sons who were all heroes and mighty chariot-fighters, and
- a daughter over and above the hundred, and
- another son Yuyutsu of great energy and prowess begotten upon a Vaisya woman.'"

The Kauravas

  1. . Duryodhana
  2. . Dussaasana
  3. . Dussaha
  4. . Dussalan
  5. . Jalagandha
  6. . Sama
  7. . Saha
  8. . Vindha
  9. . Anuvindha
  10. . Durdharsha
  11. . Subaahu
  12. . Dushpradharsha
  13. . Durmarshana
  14. . Durmukha
  15. . Dushkarna
  16. . Karna
  17. . Vikarna
  18. . Sala
  19. . Sathwan
  20. . Sulochan
  21. . Chithra
  22. . Upachithra
  23. . Chithraaksha
  24. . Chaaruchithra
  25. . Saraasana
  26. . Durmada
  27. . Durvigaaha
  28. . Vivilsu
  29. . Vikatinanda
  30. . Oornanaabha
  31. . Sunaabha
  32. . Nanda
  33. . Upananda
  34. . Chithrabaana
  35. . Chithravarma
  36. . Suvarma
  37. . Durvimocha
  38. . Ayobaahu
  39. . Mahabaahu
  40. . Chithraamga
  41. . Chithrakundala
  42. . Bheemavega
  43. . Bheemabela
  44. . Vaalaky
  45. . Belavardhana
  46. . Ugraayudha
  47. . Sushena
  48. . Kundhaadhara
  49. . Mahodara
  50. . Chithraayudha
  51. . Nishamgy
  52. . Paasy
  53. . Vrindaaraka
  54. . Dridhavarma
  55. . Dridhakshathra
  56. . Somakeerthy
  57. . Anthudara
  58. . Dridhasandha
  59. . Jaraasandha
  60. . Sathyasandha
  61. . Sadaasuvaak
  62. . Ugrasravas
  63. . Ugrasena
  64. . Senaany
  65. . Dushparaaja
  66. . Aparaajitha
  67. . Kundhasaai
  68. . Visaalaaksha
  69. . Duraadhara
  70. . Dridhahastha
  71. . Suhastha
  72. . Vaathavega
  73. . Suvarcha
  74. . Aadithyakethu
  75. . Bahwaasy
  76. . Naagadatha
  77. . Ugrasaai
  78. . Kavachy
  79. . Kradhana
  80. . Kundhy
  81. . Bheemavikra
  82. . Dhanurdhara
  83. . Veerabaahu
  84. . Alolupa
  85. . Abhaya
  86. . Dhridhakarmaavu
  87. . Dhridharathaasraya
  88. . Anaadhrushya
  89. . Kundhabhedy
  90. . Viraavy
  91. . Chithrakundala
  92. . Pradhama
  93. . Amapramaadhy
  94. . Deerkharoma
  95. . Suveeryavaan
  96. . Dheerkhabaahu
  97. . Sujaatha
  98. . Kaanchanadhwaja
  99. . Kundhaasy
  100. . Virajass
  101. . Yuyutsu *
  102. . Dussala(Daughter)

(*Yuyutsu is the son of Dhrutharaastrar in a vysya maid servent . During the kurushethra war he joined with pandavas. He was the caretaker of king Parikshit, son of Abhimanyu, when Parikshit was a minor)[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ Puranic Encyclopedia of Vettom Mani. Mahabharata Aadiparvam – chapter 67 Compiled by T.J.Neriamparampil

External links

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