Kay Bailey Hutchison: Wikis

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Kay Bailey Hutchison


Incumbent
Assumed office 
June 14, 1993
Serving with John Cornyn
Preceded by Bob Krueger

In office
1991–1993
Governor Ann Richards
Preceded by Ann Richards
Succeeded by Martha Whitehead

In office
1972–1976

Born July 22, 1943 (1943-07-22) (age 66)
Galveston, Texas
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) John Pierce Parks (1967-1969, Divorced)

Elton Ray Hutchison (1978-present)

Children Kathryn Bailey Hutchison (adopted)
Houston Taylor Hutchison (adopted)
Brenda Hutchison (stepdaughter)
Julie Hutchison (stepdaughter)
Residence Dallas, Texas
Alma mater University of Texas at Austin
University of Texas School of Law
Occupation Attorney, journalist, bank executive, politician
Religion Episcopalian

Kathryn Ann Bailey Hutchison, known as Kay Bailey Hutchison (born July 22, 1943), is the senior United States Senator from Texas. She is a member of the Republican Party. In 2001, she was named one of the thirty most powerful women in America by Ladies Home Journal. The first woman to represent Texas in the U.S. Senate, Hutchison also became the first Texas U.S. senator to receive more than four million votes in a single election.

Hutchison is the most senior female Republican senator, and fifth most senior female senator, having assumed office in June 1993 behind Senators Barbara Mikulski (D-MD, 1987), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA, 1992), Barbara Boxer (D-CA, Jan. 1993), and Patty Murray (D-WA, Jan. 1993).

Contents

Family life

Hutchison was born in Galveston to the former Kathryn Ella Sharp and Allan Abner Bailey, Jr.,[1] an insurance agent. She has two brothers, Allan and Frank. Hutchison grew up in La Marque, Texas.

She married her first husband, John Pierce Parks, a medical student, on April 8, 1967; they divorced in 1969.[2] She married her second husband, Ray Hutchison, in Dallas on March 16, 1978.[3] They have two adopted children: Kathryn Bailey and Houston Taylor, both adopted in 2001. She also has two stepdaughters, Brenda and Julie, from her husband's previous marriage. Ray Hutchison is a former member of the Texas Legislature, a former state Republican chairman, and ran an unsuccessful bid for the Texas governorship, having lost the Republican nomination in 1978 to Bill Clements of Dallas. He is a senior partner with the law firm of Vinson & Elkins.

Hutchison and her family have their primary residence in Dallas, where her children attend school.[4] She has a second house in Virginia, where she lives when the Senate is in session. In August 2009 she put her Virginia house up for sale, and her campaign stated, "She's no longer going to be in the United States Senate. She's coming home to Texas. That's why it's for sale."[5]She has also purchased a house in Nacogdoches, Texas.

She is a supporter of the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation where she is an honorary board member.[6]

Education and early career

She received her bachelor of arts degree from the University of Texas at Austin in 1962, where she was a cheerleader and a sister of Pi Beta Phi sorority. She received her J.D. from the University of Texas School of Law in 1967. Following her graduation from law school, she was the legal and political correspondent for KPRC-TV in Houston. Hired by Ray Miller, host of the long-running The Eyes of Texas anthology series, Hutchison was the first female onscreen newswoman in Texas.

In 1972, Hutchison was elected to the Texas House of Representatives from a district in Houston. She served until 1976. She was vice-chairman of the National Transportation Safety Board from 1976 to 1978. She was a candidate for election to the United States House of Representatives in 1982 for the Dallas-based 3rd District, but was defeated in the primary by Steve Bartlett. She temporarily left politics and became a bank executive and businesswoman.

1993 Senate special election

Hutchison was elected Texas State Treasurer in 1990 and served until June 1993 when she ran against Senator Bob Krueger for the right to complete the last two years of Lloyd Bentsen's term. Bentsen had resigned in January 1993 to become Secretary of the Treasury in the Clinton administration. Krueger had been appointed by Texas Governor Ann Willis Richards to fill the seat until a replacement was elected.

A field of 24 candidates sought to fill Bentsen's unexpired term, in the May 1993 special election.[7] The top two vote-getters were Hutchison (593,338, or 29 percent) and Krueger (593,239, also 29 percent). Two conservative Republican congressmen, Joe Barton of Dallas (284,135 or 13.9 percent) and Jack Fields of Houston (277,560, or 13.6 percent) split pro-life voters. Their combined vote was 561,695, still a third-place finish. A fifth candidate, Democrat Richard W. Fisher, polled 165,564 votes (8.1 percent); the remaining candidates had about 6 percent combined.

During the campaign Krueger charged that Hutchison was a "country club Republican" and insensitive to the feelings of minorities.[8] In January, the Houston Chronicle reported that both Hutchison and Fields had promised to serve a maximum of two six-year terms in the Senate as part of her support for term limit legislation for members of Congress. In April, the Dallas Morning News reported that Hutchison had repeated her pledge to serve only two terms in the U.S. Senate, if elected, and had also said term limits ought to cover all senators, including Senator Phil Gramm (Republican), who had been elected in 1984 and re-elected in 1990. (He would stay in the Senate until 2002.) The term-limits legislation never passed, and Hutchison has said that she would not leave the Senate in the absence of such legislation, because doing so would unilaterally hurt Texas at the expense of other states in the seniority-driven institution.

After the initial voting, most of the Barton and Fields voters switched to Hutchison, who won the runoff, 1,188,716 (67.3 percent) to 576,538 (32.7 percent). Lower turnout in the runoff resulted in a decrease in Krueger's vote total, by 17,000. Hutchison became the first woman to represent Texas in the U.S. Senate.

Following Hutchison's election in 1993, Texas has had two sitting Republican U.S. senators.

1993–1994 prosecution

Shortly after the special election victory, Travis County authorities, led by Democratic district attorney Ronnie Earle, raided Hutchison's offices at the State Treasury looking for proof of allegations that Hutchison used state equipment and employees on state time to help with her campaign. She was indicted by a grand jury in September 1993 for official misconduct and records tampering.

The case against Hutchison was heard before State District Judge John Onion in February, 1994. During pre-trial proceedings, the judge announced that he would make no rulings on the admissibility of evidence prior to the trial. The evidence was to include data from tapes maintained by Treasury employees. Hutchison had allegedly given instructions that the data be deleted from the department's computers (during the course of the trial, the data — enclosed in a pizza box — were turned over to the Travis County DA's office).

This was a ruling DA Earle considered critical. Earle felt that it was a technique designed to torpedo his case, because Onion could rule mid-trial that certain important evidence was inadmissible under the Texas Rules of Evidence.[9]

Following Onion's ruling, Earle declined to proceed with his case. Though he had intended to continue the case later, Onion declined to give Earle that opportunity. The judge instead swore in a jury and immediately ordered the panel to acquit Hutchison when no evidence had been presented to them by Earle. The acquittal barred any future prosecution of Hutchison.[9] That year, Earle granted reporters access to the files he had amassed to make his case against Hutchison.[9]

1994 and 2000 Senate elections

In 1994, the election for her first full term, Hutchison received 2,604,281 votes (60.8 percent) to 1,639,615 votes (38.3 percent) cast for Democrat Richard W. Fisher, the son-in-law of the late Republican Congressman James M. Collins, who had also run in the special election the year before.

In 2000 she defeated Democrat Gene Kelly, with 4,082,091 (65 percent) to 2,030,315 (32.2 percent). She carried 237 of the 254 counties, including one of the most Democratic counties, Webb County (Laredo). This was the only time since the early 1900s that Webb County had supported a Republican candidate for any office on a partisan ballot. More than four million Texans voted for Hutchison that year — still the record highest number of actual votes ever cast in Texas for a non-presidential candidate (George W. Bush received 4,526,917 votes in Texas in the 2004 election).

2006 Senate election

Speculation began in 2004 that Hutchison would run for Governor of Texas in 2006, challenging current Governor Rick Perry in the Republican primary. However, on June 17, 2005, Hutchison announced that she would seek reelection to the Senate instead, reneging on an earlier promise to a two-term limit. Many political analysts speculated that she did not believe she could defeat Perry in the GOP primary because of his popularity among Christian conservatives, while her Senate seat was unlikely to face a serious threat.

Hutchison's Democratic opponent in the November 2006 general election was former Houston attorney and mediator Barbara Ann Radnofsky (born July 8, 1956), who had not previously run for public office. Radnofsky received 44 percent of the vote in the primary and won a runoff election against Gene Kelly with 60 percent of the vote. Kelly had been the unsuccessful Democratic nominee against Hutchison in 2000. Libertarian Scott Lanier Jameson (born July 1, 1966), a real estate consultant from Plano, also ran for the seat.

Radnofsky faced an uphill battle in a state that has not elected a Democrat statewide since 1994, as George W. Bush's landslide reelection as governor in 1998 had helped carry Republicans into all the other statewide offices. In the August 2006 Rasmussen poll, Hutchison led her opponent by 30 percentage points — 61 to 31.[10] The Survey USA Poll, which is not a head-to-head matchup, but only lists approval ratings of incumbents, found Hutchison with a 61 percent approval rating.[11] The Zogby poll, in contrast, showed a closer result, but still showed Hutchison with a 17.3 percent lead — the highest of any incumbent Republican Zogby tracks.[12] The authors stated "...Republican Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, who got 65 percent of the vote in 2000, is a safe bet to win a third term."

On election night 2006, Hutchison won re-election to another term, winning 2,661,789 votes (61.7%). Radnofsky won 1,555,202 votes (36.04%).[13] Radnofsky only won in base Democratic areas, carrying only border counties with strong Hispanic majorities, such as El Paso and Webb (Laredo) and in Travis County (Austin). Hutchison won everything else, having won majorities in 236 of the state's 254 counties.

2010 gubernatorial election

On August 17, 2009, Senator Hutchison formally announced that she was a Republican candidate for Governor of Texas and positioned herself as a moderate alternative to Governor Rick Perry. Perry criticized Hutchison for her pro-choice position and received endorsements from social conservatives in the state.[14] Although Hutchison led Perry in polls taken in early 2009 and was perceived by many to be the front-runner in the race, by the fall her lead had evaporated and she consistently trailed the incumbent in the final months before the primary. Hutchison accumulated a list of high profile endorsements that included George H. W. Bush, James Baker, Dick Cheney, and several current and former congressmen and Cabinet secretaries. However, a relatively good state economy and dissatisfaction with Congress created a political environment that Perry was able to capitalize on. Hutchison lost the primary to Perry, 31 to 53 percent, with the remainder of the vote going to Debra Medina, a dark horse candidate with ties to the Tea Party movement.

Political views

Hutchison serves on the following Senate committees: Appropriations; Commerce, Science and Transportation; Rules and Administration; Veterans' Affairs. During her time in the Senate, Hutchison has been a strong supporter of NASA.

Hutchison speaking.

In June 2000, Hutchison and her Senate colleagues coauthored Nine and Counting: The Women of the Senate. In 2004, her book, American Heroines: The Spirited Women Who Shaped Our Country, was published.

From 2001 to 2007, Hutchison served as Chairwoman of the Senate Republican Conference (caucus), making her the fifth-ranking Republican in the Senate behind Majority Leader Bill Frist, Majority Whip Mitch McConnell and conference chairman Rick Santorum, and Policy Chairman Jon Kyl. In 2007, Hutchison succeeded Jon Kyl as the Policy Chair for Senate Republicans, the fourth ranking leadership position in the Republican caucus behind Minority Leader McConnell, Minority Whip, and conference chairman Kyl.

The National Journal ranked Hutchison as follows in its 2004 rankings, which are based on various key votes relating to economic policy, social policy, and foreign policy: "Economic: 26% Liberal, 73% Conservative; Social: 38% Liberal, 60% Conservative; Foreign: 0% Liberal, 67% Conservative. Although a loyal Conservative Republican she has been known to cross over to the other side on a few issues. She is more likely to do this than either Phil Gramm or his successor John Cornyn." A poll that was released on June 19, 2007, shows that Hutchison has an approval rating of 58%, with 34% disapproving.[15]

Hutchison broke ranks with her Republican collegues and opposed an attempt to stall the Democrats' health-care bill in the Senate [16].

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Abortion

Hutchison supports the legality of abortion and considers herself pro-choice. She has however frequently voted for restricting abortion. Her average score from the NRLC between the years of 1997 and 2010 is 93%, with her highest score being 100% and lowest being 75%. [17] NARAL Pro-Choice Texas executive director Sara Cleveland once said, "by our definition, Sen. Hutchison's voting record does not indicate that she is pro-choice."[18] She also believes that the decision of the United States Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade was appropriate and should not be overturned,[19] but is opposed to the Freedom of Choice Act because it would restrict the right of states to impose restrictions on abortion. In the past years NARAL has given her ratings of 0%, 7%, 20%, and 0%, indicating that her voting record mostly favored enacting proposed abortion restrictions.[20]

She has served on the Advisory Board of The Wish List (Women in the Senate and House) a Political Action Committee, which contributes to pro-choice female Republican candidates for Congress. She is no longer on the board[21] and the PAC did not endorse her in 2006.[22]

While in the Texas House of Representatives (1973 to 1977), Hutchison worked, along with Sarah Weddington (the attorney who won the Roe v. Wade case), to protect rape victims from having their names published.

Pistol ban controversy

Hutchison proposed the "District of Columbia Personal Protection Act," which drew 31 cosponsors in the United States Senate, while drawing 157 cosponsors from the House. This bill would have protected gun rights of DC citizens by dismantling the handgun bans the city had in place for thirty years. DC's law states that one may not possess a rifle or shotgun unless it is in disassembled and inoperative form, and may not possess pistols in any form. The law was recently struck down in a U.S. Supreme Court ruling, District of Columbia v. Heller.

Education

Hutchison is a strong supporter of single-sex education in public schools. In 2001, she worked with Senator Hillary Clinton (D-NY) to write provisions into the No Child Left Behind Act (specifically sections 5131.a.23 and 5131c) authorizing single-sex education in public schools. Section 5131c required the Department of Education to write new regulations facilitating single-sex classrooms; this provision led to the publication of new regulations by the Department of Education in 2006 which do in fact facilitate single-sex education in public schools. She is a supporter of the U.S. Public Service Academy.

Environmental record

In 2006, Hutchison received more campaign contributions from members of large oil and gas corporations than any other member of Congress.[23] In 2005, Hutchison voted against prohibiting oil leasing in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and has supported legislation promoting drilling in the refuge in 2002 and 2003. In 2005 she also voted against including oil and gas smokestacks in the Environmental Protection Agency's mercury regulations.[24][25] In 1999, she voted to remove funding for renewable and solar energy, although she has more recently stated she supports the development of alternative energy sources.[26] According to the League of Conservation Voters environmental scorecard, Hutchison received a rating of zero — the lowest possible score — in the 104th Congress.[27] However, they have since upgraded her to a grade of 18% in the 110th Congress[28]

Term limits

Senator Hutchison has proposed limiting Texas governors to two four-year terms.[citation needed]

Earmarks and appropriations

Senator Hutchison supports the practice of earmarking as a way to bring Federal government money to her constituents. Senator Hutchison, through her assignment on the Senate's appropriations committee, has been influential in directing Federal funds to projects in her state. In FY 2008 and FY 2009, Hutchison sponsored or co-sponsored 281 earmarks totaling almost $500 million. In an interview with the Austin American-Statesman, Hutchison expressed her pride in the practice as a way to, "garner Texans' fair share of their tax dollars." [29]

Senator Hutchison's earmarks and appropriations have been criticized as pork barrel projects or pet projects by the non-partisan government watchdog group Citizens Against Government Waste. CAGW recognized Hutchison's efforts by naming her "Porker of the Month" in October 2009, based on her extensive legislative history, in addition to her request for 149 such pork projects worth $1.6 billion in FY 2010.[30]

Bailouts

Senator Hutchison voted for the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008.[29], which authorized the creation of the Troubled Assets Relief Program.

Political future

Hutchison announced her intention to resign her Senate post sometime during the autumn of 2009 in order to challenge Texas Governor Perry for the Republican Party nomination.[31] State Republican Chairman Cathie Adams later called upon Hutchison to clarify when she would vacate the Senate so that other Republican candidates can make preparation for their races.[32]

On November 13, 2009, Hutchison announced that she would not resign from the Senate seat until after the March 2, 2010 primary.[33] She has not made any formal announcements regarding this issue since losing the March 2 primary.

Committee assignments

References

  1. ^ Ancestry of Kay Bailey Hutchison
  2. ^ http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/hutchison-hyche.html#R9M0J1L4H
  3. ^ http://www.hillnews.com/news/051904/marriage.aspx
  4. ^ Manu Raju, "Hutchison pressured to stay in Senate", Politico, January 15, 2009.
  5. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/news/texassouthwest/stories/082109dntexhutchisonhouse.fcd1dfd7.html
  6. ^ MMRF Honorary Board
  7. ^ http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/external/pre-election/profilesstates/TX.html?SITE=OKTULELN&SECTION=POLITICS&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT
  8. ^ Senator Trails in Texas, and Slugs Alone New York Times 1993-06-03
  9. ^ a b c Rozen, Miriam (June 23, 1994). "The Case Against Kay". Houston Press. http://www.houstonpress.com/1994-06-23/news/the-case-against-kay/. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  10. ^ http://www.rasmussenreports.com/2006/State%20Polls/August%202006/TexasSenate.htm
  11. ^ http://www.surveyusa.com/client/PollReport.aspx?g=ca95974e-73b1-4317-ab3e-791e5ece016d
  12. ^ http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/info-flash06.html?project=elections06-ft&h=495&w=778&hasAd=1&mod=blogs
  13. ^ http://elections.sos.state.tx.us/elchist.exe
  14. ^ "Kay Bailey Hutchison kicks off run for Texas governor". The Dallas Morning News. August 17, 2009. http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/dn/latestnews/stories/081709dnmetkbh.ebeb3717.html. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  15. ^ http://www.surveyusa.com/client/PollReport.aspx?g=59e13048-8ca9-4fc8-9302-dc8681fe64b0
  16. ^ Tea Party groups protest Hutchison's moves on health care bill BENNING, TOM and GILLMAN, TODD J. The Dallas Morning News December 22, 2009. Accessed December 27, 2009
  17. ^ http://www.capwiz.com/nrlc/home/
  18. ^ http://www.texastribune.org/stories/2010/jan/21/abortion-answer/
  19. ^ U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 108th Congress - 1st Session, On the Amendment (Harkin Amdt. No. 260 ).
  20. ^ http://www.vote-smart.org/issue_rating_category.php?can_id=S0852103
  21. ^ http://www.rnclife.org/faxnotes/2005/may05/05-05-06.html
  22. ^ http://www.thewishlist.org/2005-2006_Candidates.htm
  23. ^ Big Oil's 10 favorite members of Congress - MSN Money
  24. ^ Public Theology: Senate Vote on Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
  25. ^ Kay Bailey Hutchison on the Issues
  26. ^ Rice University | News & Media
  27. ^ Environmental Zeroes and Heroes of the 104th Congress
  28. ^ http://capwiz.com/lcv/bio/keyvotes/?id=552&congress=1111&lvl=C
  29. ^ a b http://www.statesman.com/news/content/region/legislature/stories/2009/09/28/0928gopgov.html
  30. ^ http://www.cagw.org/site/PageServer?pagename=news_porkerofthemonth_2009_October
  31. ^ "Hutchison set to declare for governor today". San Antonio Express News. 17 Aug 2009. http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/local_news/53371477.html. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  32. ^ ""Cathie Adams refuses to withdraw endorsement of Rick (Perry)"". ricvskay.blogspot.com, October 26, 2009. http://rickvskay.blogspot.com/2009/10/cathie-adams-refuses-to-withdraw.html. Retrieved October 28, 2009. 
  33. ^ Jay root (November 13). "Hutchison won't resign seat before Texas primary". http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2010270476_apustexasgovernorhutchison.html. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ann Richards
Texas State Treasurer
1991 – 1993
Succeeded by
Martha Whitehead
United States Senate
Preceded by
Bob Krueger
United States Senator (Class 1) from Texas
1993 – present
Served alongside: Phil Gramm, John Cornyn
Incumbent
United States order of precedence
Preceded by
Bob Bennett
R-Utah
United States Senators by Seniority
33rd
Succeeded by
Jim Inhofe
R-Oklahoma

External links

Media


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Kathyrn Ann Bailey Hutchison (born 1943-07-22), usually known as Kay Bailey Hutchison, is the senior United States Senator from Texas. She is a member of the Republican Party.

Sourced

  • Then came the dress, the tapes, and the Federal grand jury. The attempt to obstruct and cover-up grew, expanded, and developed a life of its own. It overpowered the underlying offense itself. A new strategy was required, fast: The President was advised: `Admit the sex, but never the lies.' Shift the blame; change the subject. Blame it on the plaintiff in the Arkansas case. Blame it on her lawyers. Blame it on the Independent Counsel. Blame it on partisanship. Blame it on the majority members of the House Judiciary Committee. Blame it on the process.
  • And secondly, I certainly hope that if there is going to be an indictment that says something happened, that it is an indictment on a crime and not some perjury technicality where they couldn't indict on the crime and so they go to something just to show that their two years of investigation was not a waste of time and taxpayer dollars.

External links

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