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This article is about Kedesh on the Israeli-Lebanese border, see also Kadesh or Kadesh (South of Israel) .

The ruins of the ancient Canaanite village of Kedesh are located within the modern Kibbutz Malkiya in Israel on the Israeli-Lebanese border.[1]

Kedesh was first documented in the Book of Joshua as a Canaanite citadel that was conquered by the Israelites under the leadership of Joshua. Ownership for Kedesh was turned over, by lot, to the tribe of Naphtali and subsequently, at the command of God, Kedesh was set apart by Joshua as one of the Cities of Refuge along with Shechem and Kiriath Arba (Hebron) (Joshua 20:7).

In the 8th century BCE during the reign of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser III king of Assyria took Kedesh and deported its inhabitants to Assyria (2 Kings 15:29).

Later, in the 5th century BCE Kedesh may have become the capital for the Persian controlled, Tyrian administrated province of the Upper Galilee[2].

In 259 BC Kedesh was mentioned by Zenon, a traveling merchant from Egypt[3].

Between 145 BC and 143 BC Kedesh (Cades) was overthrown by Jonathan Maccabeus in his fight against the Seleucid king Demetrius I Soter [4] [5]. It remains abandoned until this day. Tel Kedesh continues to be excavated by the University of Michigan.



In the Book of Judges, the great oak tree in Zaanaim is stated to be near Kedesh (Judges 4:11).

See also

External links


  1. ^ Negev and Gibson, 2005, p. 278.
  2. ^ Berlin, Andrea and Herbert, Sharon (2005). "Life and Death on the Israel-Lebanon Border". Biblical Archaeology Review 31 (5), 34-43.
  3. ^ Papyrus Cairo Zenon I 59.004
  4. ^ 1 Maccabees 11:63-74 (text)
  5. ^ Antiquities of the Jews 13.154-62; The Wars of the Jews 2.459, 4.104.


  • Negev, Avraham; Gibson, Shimon (2005), Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land, Continuum International Publishing Group, ISBN 0826485715, 9780826485717  

Coordinates: 33°06′42″N 35°31′46″E / 33.111638°N 35.529517°E / 33.111638; 35.529517


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

Meaning: sanctuary

  1. A place in the extreme south of Judah (Josh 15:23). Probably the same as Kadesh-barnea (q.v.).
  2. A city of Issachar (1Chr 6:72). Possibly Tell Abu Kadeis, near Lejjun.
  3. A "fenced city" of Naphtali, one of the cities of refuge (Josh 19:37; Jdg 4:6). It was assigned to the Gershonite Levites (Josh 21:32). It was originally a Canaanite royal city (Josh 12:22), and was the residence of Barak (Jdg 4:6); and here he and Deborah assembled the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali before the commencement of the conflict with Sisera in the plain of Esdraelon, "for Jehovah among the mighty" (9, 10). In the reign of Pekah it was taken by Tiglath-Pileser (2Kg 15:29). It was situated near the "plain" (rather "the oak") of Zaanaim, and has been identified with the modern Kedes, on the hills fully four miles north-west of Lake El Huleh. It has been supposed by some that the Kedesh of the narrative, where Barak assembled his troops, was not the place in Upper Galilee so named, which was 30 miles distant from the plain of Esdraelon, but Kedish, on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, 12 miles from Tabor.
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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