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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

KEF or Kef can mean:

  • KEF, the British loudspeaker manufacturer
  • The IATA airport code for Keflavík International Airport near Reykjavík, Iceland
  • El Kef (also transliterated as Al-Kāf or Le Kef), a city in northwestern Tunisia
  • Kultura Esperanto Festivalo, a Nordic Esperanto cultural festival
  • The SIL code for the Kpessi language
  • The Knowledge Exploitation Fund of the Welsh Development Agency
  • Another spelling of Keif and/or Kief (Arabic narcotic use term)
  • The name of the Arabic letter Kaf ك in the Ottoman Turkish language.
  • The name of a letter of the fictional Gorean alphabet (used as a symbol) in John Norman's series of Gor books
  • Korea Employers Federation
  • A style of Armenian traditional dance music popular particularly among Armenian Americans in the 1950s and 1960s

KEF is a British-based loudspeaker manufacturer with international distribution. It was founded in 1961 by electrical engineer Raymond Cooke. In 1991, the New York Times characterized it as a "leading" audio company in Europe, also "well known to American audiophiles".[1]


External links

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

KEF, more correctly El-Kef (the Rock), a town of Tunisia, 125 m. by rail S.S.W. of the capital, and 75 m. S.E. of Bona in Algeria. It occupies the site of the Roman colony of Sicca Veneria, and is built on the steep slope of a rock in a mountainous region through which flows the Mellegue, an affluent of the Mejerda. Situated at the intersection of main routes from the west and south, Kef occupies a position of strategic importance. Though distant some 22 m. from the Algerian frontier it was practically a border post, and its walls and citadel were kept in a state of defence by the Tunisians. The town with its half-dozen mosques and tortuous, dirty streets, is still partly walled. The southern part of the wall has however been destroyed by the French, and the remainder is being left to decay. Beyond the part of the wall destroyed is the French quarter. The kasbah, or citadel, occupies a rocky eminence on the west side of the town. It was built, or rebuilt, by the Turks, the material being Roman. It has been restored by the French, who maintain a garrison here.

The Roman remains include fragments of a large temple dedicated to Hercules, and of the baths. The ancient cisterns remain, but are empty, being used as part of the barracks. The town is however supplied by water from the same spring which filled the cisterns. The Christian cemetery is on the site of a basilica. There are ruins of another Christian basilica, excavated by the French, the apse being intact and the narthex serving as a church. Many stones with Roman inscriptions are built into the walls of Arab houses. The modern town is much smaller than the Roman colony. Pop. about 6000, including about ioo Europeans (chiefly Maltese).

The Roman colony of Sicca Veneria appears from the character of its worship of Venus (Val. Max. ii. 6, § 15)to have been a Phoenician settlement. It was afterwards a Numidian stronghold, and under the Caesars became a fashionable residential city and one of the chief centres of Christianity in North Africa. The Christian apologist Arnobius the Elder lived here.

See H. Barth, Die Kiistenlander des Mittelmeeres (1849); Corpus Inscript. Lat., vol. viii.; Sombrun in Bull. de la soc. de geog. de Bordeaux (1878). Also Cardinal Newman's Callista: a Sketch of the Third Century (1856), for a "reconstruction" of the manner of life of the early Christians and their oppressors.

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