Kennewick, Washington: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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Kennewick, Washington
—  City  —
Location of Kennewick, Washington
Coordinates: 46°12′13″N 119°9′33″W / 46.20361°N 119.15917°W / 46.20361; -119.15917
Country United States
State Washington
County Benton
Government
 - Type Council-Manager
 - City council Mayor Steve Young
Sharon Brown
Don Britain
Bob Olson
John Hubbard
Bob Parks
Paul Parish
 - City manager Bob Hammond
Area
 - City 24.3 sq mi (63.0 km2)
 - Land 22.9 sq mi (59.4 km2)
 - Water 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2)
Elevation 407 ft (124 m)
Population (2008)
 - City 63,216
 Density 2,710.3/sq mi (1,045.4/km2)
 Urban 153,851
 Metro 235,841
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 99336, 99337, 99338
Area code(s) 509
FIPS code 53-35275[1]
GNIS feature ID 1512347[2]

Kennewick is a city in Benton County in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Washington, near the Hanford nuclear site. It is the most populous of the three cities collectively referred to as the Tri-Cities (the others being Pasco and Richland). Kennewick is located along the southwest bank of the Columbia River, opposite Pasco and just south of the confluence of the Columbia and Yakima rivers. The population was 67,180 at the state Office of Financial Management's estimate in April 1, 2009.[3]

The nearest commercial airport is the Tri-Cities Airport in Pasco, a regional commercial and private airport.

Forbes magazine named Kennewick the #2 area in the United States for job growth[4], while nearby Yakima was named #1.[4] The article cites the number of scientists employed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and area farmland for this outlook.

Contents

History

Cable Bridge, Lampson Corporate headquarters, and Tri-Cities Vietnam Memorial.

Kennewick Man is the name for the remains of a prehistoric man found on a bank of the Columbia River in 1996. The remains are notable for their age (some 9,300 years), and also for having Caucasoid features, despite being indigenous. Ownership of the bones has been a matter of great controversy.

The name "Kennewick" is believed to be a native word meaning "grassy place." It has also been called "winter paradise," mostly because of the mild winters in the area. In the past, Kennewick has also been known by other names. Arguably the strangest was "Tehe" which was allegedly attributed to the reaction from a native girl's laughter when asked the name of the region.

During the 1880s, steamboats and railroads connected what would become known as Kennewick to the other settlements along the Columbia River. In 1887, a temporary railroad bridge was constructed by the Northern Pacific Railroad connecting Kennewick and Pasco. That bridge could not endure winter ice on the Columbia and was partially swept away in the first winter. A new, more permanent bridge was built in its place in 1888. Until this time, rail freight from Minneapolis to Tacoma had to cross the river via ferry.[5] A cable ferry operated between the west end of Kennewick and the Pasco side of the river from 1894 to 1931.[6]

In the 1890s, the Northern Pacific Irrigation Company installed pumps and ditches to bring water for agriculture in the Kennewick Highlands. Once there was a reliable water source, orchards and vineyards sprung up all over the Kennewick area. Strawberries were another successful crop.[7]

Kennewick was officially incorporated on February 5, 1904. In 1912, there was an unsuccessful bid to move the seat of Benton County from Prosser to Kennewick.[8]

In 1915, Kennewick was connected to the Pacific Ocean with the opening of the Dalles-Celilo Canal.

Attractions

Columbia River crossed by Cable Bridge, which connects Pasco (left) and Kennewick (right)

Kennewick is the host city of the Tri-City Americans of the Western Hockey League, as well as of the Indoor Football League's Tri-Cities Fever. They both play their home games in the Toyota Center, which hosts many other regional events. Every year during the summer, hydroplane racing takes place at the Water Follies event on the Columbia River. Residents from all of southeastern Washington come to Kennewick to shop in the city's commercial district, the center point of which is Columbia Center Mall. Also, every year in August, there is the Benton-Franklin County Fair held at the fairgrounds. Kennewick is also the site of the annual Titanium Man (International Distance) and Plutonium Man (Half-Iron Distance) triathlons.

Geography

The view from Badger Mountain Centennial Preserve in Richland looking toward south Richland (foreground), Kennewick (upper right) and Pasco (across the Columbia River). Taken in January, this photo does not show the spring flower display.

Kennewick is located at 46°12′13″N 119°9′33″W / 46.20361°N 119.15917°W / 46.20361; -119.15917 (46.203475, -119.15927).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.3 square miles (63 km²), of which, 22.9 square miles (59.4 km²) of it is land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²) of it (5.67%) is water.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 183
1910 1,219 566.1%
1920 1,684 38.1%
1930 1,519 −9.8%
1940 1,918 26.3%
1950 10,126 427.9%
1960 14,244 40.7%
1970 15,212 6.8%
1980 34,397 126.1%
1990 42,155 22.6%
2000 54,693 29.7%
Est. 2008 63,216 15.6%
source:[10][11]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 54,693 people, 20,786 households, and 14,176 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,384.9 people per square mile (920.9/km²). There were 22,043 housing units at an average density of 961.2/sq mi (371.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.93% White, 1.14% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 2.12% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 9.4% from other races, and 3.37% from two or more races. 15.55% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.2% were of German, 9.6% English, 8.5% Irish and 8.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 84.6% spoke English and 12.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 20,786 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,213, and the median income for a family was $50,011. Males had a median income of $41,589 versus $26,022 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,152. About 9.7% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public schools located in the city are part of the Kennewick School District. The Kennewick School District has thirteen elementary schools (Amistad, Canyon View, Cascade, Eastgate, Edison, Hawthorne, Lincoln, Ridge View, Southgate, Sunset View, Vista, Washington, Westgate), four middle schools (Park, Highlands, Desert Hills, Horse Heaven Hills), three high schools: Kennewick High School (the Lions), Kamiakin High School (the Braves), and Southridge High School (the Suns), and a vocational school operated by Kennewick and other local school districts, the Tri-Tech Skills Center.

Slurpee Capital of the World Controversy

Kennewick aspired to become the Slurpee Capital of the World in 2008, a title which has been held by Winnipeg, Canada, for the past 8 years. Don Mariotto, who owns the only 7-Eleven in Kennewick (located 3606 W. Clearwater Ave.), told Franchising.com: “My customers love Slurpees, so I said to myself, ‘Move over Manitoba, Kennewick is king.”’ Mariotto declared Kennewick the slurpee capital of the world in July 2008.

However, Sheila Calder, a 7-Eleven spokeswoman, said “Winnipeg still has the title for the ninth consecutive year,”. On July 11, 2008, the convenience store chain handed Winnipeg the award for being the market with the highest annual sales and consumption of the drinks on the planet.

Calder said the international Slurpee capital honour goes to the urban market area with sales of the highest number of “cups on average per store,” and Kennewick is about 100 cup sales behind Winnipeg.[12] The controversy still rages however, because while Winnipeg had the "highest number of cups on average per store" during 2007, Kennewick leads the world in Slurpee sales dollars and number of cups sold for 2008 through July 31, 2008[citation needed]. On, July 10, 2009 A United States representative of 7-Eleven reported that Kennewick sells more Slurpees than any store in the world.[13]

Famous residents

Sister cities

Kennewick has the following sister cities:[15]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Rank of Cities and Towns by April 1, 2009 Population Size" (PDF). Washington State Office of Financial Management (web site). 2009-04-01. http://www.ofm.wa.gov/pop/april1/rank2009.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  4. ^ a b Weiss, Tara; Schmitt, Emily. "Where The Jobs Are, Spring 2009". Forbes.com. March 10, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2010. The article is linked to "In Pictures: Best Cities For New Jobs This Spring".
  5. ^ First trains cross the Northern Pacific Railroad bridge spanning the Columbia River between Pasco and Kennewick on December 3, 1887. at HistoryLink.org. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  6. ^ Kershner, Jim. "Ed Timmerman completes work on a cable ferry across the Columbia near present-day Richland in September 1894." HistoryLink.org. January 8, 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
  7. ^ Gibson, Elizabeth. "Benton County -- Thumbnail History". HistoryLink.org. March 29, 2004. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
  8. ^ Gibson, Elizabeth. "Voters fail to move Benton County seat from Prosser following rivalry with Benton City and Kennewick on November 5, 1912." HistoryLink.org. May 29, 2006. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 323.
  11. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Washington 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-53.csv. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  12. ^ Red Deer Advocate
  13. ^ Winnipeg Free Press. September 7, 2009. "10 years of brain freeze: We're No. 1 Slurpee sippers again" by Matt Preprost. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  14. ^ Kraemer, Kristin. "That perfect shot". Tri-City Herald. page C1. May 25, 2003. Archive copy by Google News Archive Search. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
  15. ^ "Sister Cities, States, Counties & Ports". State of Washington. Retrieved February 28, 2010.

External links

Coordinates: 46°12′13″N 119°09′33″W / 46.203475°N 119.15927°W / 46.203475; -119.15927


Simple English

Kennewick is a city in the state of Washington.








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