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Kepulauan Seribu National Park: Wikis

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Kepulauan Seribu
Thousand Islands
—  Regency  —
Coordinates: 5°36′S 106°33′E / 5.6°S 106.55°E / -5.6; 106.55Coordinates: 5°36′S 106°33′E / 5.6°S 106.55°E / -5.6; 106.55
Country  Indonesia
Province Jakarta
Capital Pramuka Island
Government
 - Regent
Area
 - Total 8.7 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Population
 - Total 20,000
 - Density 2,298.9/km2 (5,954/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
One of the 105 islands of the archipelago

Thousand Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Seribu) is the only regency of Jakarta, Indonesia. A string of 105 islands stretching 45 kilometres north into the Java Sea, with the closest lying in Jakarta Bay only a few kilometres off mainland Jakarta.

With total land area of 8.7 km² the population is about 20,000. Pulau Pramuka is the regency seat of the Thousand Islands although the most populated island is Panggang. The area is a marine national park although development is allowed on 37 of the islands. Some islands are uninhabited, others have resorts and a number of them are privately owned by wealthy Jakartans.

Contents

Administrative

Formally a regency of North Jakarta, it is divided into 2 subdistricts:

Trade

Fishing is the main trade of the islands. However, there has been a drop in the value of the trade due to overfishing by fishing vessels operating in the area.

Islands

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Paradiso Islands / Onrust Archaeology Park

In 1972 Ali Sadikin, then governor of Jakarta, declared Onrust Island a protected historical site. In 2002 the administration made Onrust and its three neighbors - Cipir, Kelor and Bidadari - an archaeological park to protect the artifacts and ruins on the islands that date back to the time of the Dutch East India Company.

The Onrust Archeaology Park consists of four islands that are relatively close to Jakarta, within at most two kilometers from each other and that form a rough square. In 1800 HMS Sybille, HMS Daedalus, HMS Centurion and HMS Braave entered the area, which they referred to as Batavia Roads, and captured five Dutch armed vessels in all and destroyed 22 other vessels.

  • Palau Onrust: The Dutch called this island Eijland Onrust (Dutch for "Unrest"). Onrust is also known as Palau Kapal (Ship Island) or Palau Damar Besar. Onrust was the site of a major shipyard and five sided fort that had belonged to the by then defunct Dutch East India Company. The Dutch had to rebuild the naval base on Onrust several times due to British attacks, such as the one in 1800. The last restoration was in 1840. In 1883 the explosion of Krakatoa sent a huge tidal wave that destroyed the last Dutch naval base on the island. During the 19th Century Onrust held a sanitorium for people suffering from tuberculosis and a quarantine station for pilgrims returning from the for pilgrims returning from the Hajj to Mecca. The quarantine barracks took up some two-thirds of the island and could hold 3,500 pilgrims. (As a side note, it was the pilgrim flow to Mecca that caused the Netherlands Trading Society to establish a bank branch in Jeddah in 1926. Until 1948 this was the only bank of any kind in what is now Saudi Arabia. This bank branch became what is now Saudi Hollandi Bank. Over the years erosion reduced Onrust from its original 12 hectares to 7.5 hectares (2002). The administration then built concrete retaining walls around the island but these are now in a dilapidated state.
  • Palau Kahyangan [Heaven Island]: The Dutch originally named this Kuyper Eiland or Cuyper Eijland.(The British called it Kuyper Island, Kuyper's Island or Cooper's Island). Under the Dutch there was a shipyard here too. Under the Indonesians it came to be called Palau Cipir. In the early 20th Century a narrow, floating bridge linked Cipir and Onrust islands. At the time, it too functioned as a quarantine station.
  • Palau Bidadari (Heavenly Nymphs/Angels' Island). The Dutch named the island Purmerent eiland after the town of Purmerend in Holland. In 1850 the Dutch built a Martello tower (Menara Martello) here as part of a set of fortifications that protected the approaches to Batavia. The tower was operational until 1878, when it became a storage site. It too was badly damaged by the Krakatoa explosion, and was abandoned in 1908. All that remains now is the base up to a meter or two above ground. Bidadari was also known as Pulau Sakit (Sick Island) as it housed a leper colony during the 1600s. More recently, the island came to be called "Angel Island", to honor the leprosarium that had been there. Bidadari is now a resort island with some tourist facilities.
  • Palau Kelor. The Dutch first referred to this island as Engelse (English) Onrust and started to use it as a cemetery. It then became Kerkhof eiland (Cemetary island) and eventually Kelor. There is a large circular brick building here that some call a Martello tower. It is not; photos suggest that its walls are too thin and the windows in them are too many and too large.

Other islands

Ayer and Laki are resort islands also only several kilometers offshore.

Panggang the district centre, and Kelapa the most populous island are about 15 kilometers north of Jakarta and are poor fishing villages. Panjang has the islands' only airstrip while Bira has a golf course. Kotok, Macan Besar, Putri, Pelangi, Sepa, Papa Theo, Antuk Timur, and Antuk Barat are all further off shore and have resorts.

External links

Kepulauan_Seribu_National_Park travel guide from Wikitravel


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : Southeast Asia : Indonesia : Java : West Java : Kepulauan Seribu National Park
Contents

Pulau Seribu National Park is a marine national park in West Java, Indonesia.

Get in

The most popular point to reach the islands is Marina Ancol in the north of Jakarta

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