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The Honourable
 Kevin Rudd 
MP


Incumbent
Assumed office 
3 December 2007
Deputy Julia Gillard
Preceded by John Howard

Incumbent
Assumed office 
4 December 2006
Preceded by Kim Beazley

Incumbent
Assumed office 
3 October 1998
Preceded by Graeme McDougall

Born 21 September 1957 (1957-09-21) (age 52)
Nambour, Queensland, Australia
Political party Australian Labor Party
Spouse(s) Thérèse Rein
Alma mater Australian National University
Profession Diplomat
Civil servant
Religion Anglican
Signature
Website PM.gov.au and KevinPM.com.au

Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957) is the 26th and current Prime Minister of Australia and federal leader of the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP). Under Rudd's leadership, the Labor Party won the 2007 federal election on 24 November against the incumbent centre-right Liberal/National coalition government led by John Howard (see Howard Government). The first ministry of the Rudd Government was sworn in by the Governor-General, Michael Jeffery, on 3 December 2007.

Contents

Early life and family

Kevin Rudd (left), 1974 'Youth Speaks for Australia' contest winner at age 17

Rudd was born in Nambour, Queensland to parents Albert Rudd and Margaret née DeVere, and grew up on a dairy farm in nearby Eumundi.[1] Farm life, which required the use of horses and guns, is where he developed his life-long love of horse riding and shooting clay targets.[2] His father, a share farmer and Country Party member, died when Rudd was 11 and the family was compelled to leave the farm under hardship.[3] Rudd joined the Australian Labor Party in 1972 at the age of 15.[4] He boarded at Marist College Ashgrove in Brisbane[5] and was dux of Nambour State High School in 1974.[6]

Rudd is of English and Irish descent.[7] His paternal 4th great-grandparents were English: Thomas Rudd and Mary Cable (she was from Essex). Thomas arrived from London, England in 1801, Mary in 1804.

Rudd studied at the Australian National University in Canberra where he resided at Burgmann College and graduated with First Class Honours in Arts (Asian Studies). He majored in Chinese language and Chinese history, became proficient in Mandarin and acquired a Chinese alias, Lù Kèwén (traditional Chinese: 陸克文 or in simplified Chinese: 陆克文).[8]

Rudd's thesis on Chinese democracy activist Wei Jingsheng[9] was supervised by Pierre Ryckmans, the eminent Belgian-Australian sinologist.[10] During his studies Rudd cleaned the house of political commentator Laurie Oakes to earn money.[11] In 1980 he continued his Chinese studies at the Mandarin Training Center of National Taiwan Normal University in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.[12] Delivering the annual Gough Whitlam Lecture at Sydney University on "The Reforming Centre of Australian Politics" in 2008, Rudd praised the former Labor Prime Minister for implementing educational reforms, saying he was:

... a kid who lived Gough Whitlam's dream that every child should have a desk with a lamp on it where he or she could study. A kid whose mum told him after the 1972 election that it might just now be possible for the likes of him to go to university. A kid from the country of no particular means and of no political pedigree who could therefore dream that one day he could make a contribution to our national political life.[13]

In 1981, Rudd married Thérèse Rein whom he had met at a gathering of the Australian Student Christian Movement during his university years. They have three children: Jessica (born 1984), Nicholas (born 1986) and Marcus (born 1993).[14] Rudd's nephew, Van Thanh Rudd is a Melbourne-based artist.[15]

Entry into politics

In 1981 Rudd joined the Department of Foreign Affairs, where he served until 1988. He and his wife spent most of the 1980s overseas posted at the Australian embassies in Stockholm, Sweden and later in Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Returning to Australia in 1988, he was appointed Chief of Staff to the Labor Opposition Leader in Queensland, Wayne Goss. He became Chief of Staff to the Premier when the Labor Party won office in 1989, a position he held until 1992, when Goss appointed him Director-General of the Office of Cabinet. In this position Rudd was arguably Queensland's most powerful bureaucrat.[10] In this role he presided over a number of reforms including development of a national program for teaching foreign languages in schools. Rudd was influential in both promoting a policy of developing an Asian languages and cultures program which was unanimously accepted by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in 1992 and later chaired a high level Working Group which provided the foundation of the strategy in its report, which is frequently cited as "the Rudd Report".[16]

During this time he underwent a cardiac valve transplant operation (Ross procedure), receiving a cadaveric aortic valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease.[17]

After the Goss government lost office in 1995, Rudd was hired as a Senior China Consultant by the accounting firm KPMG Australia. He held this position while unsuccessfully contesting the federal seat of Griffith at the 1996 federal election. He contested the seat again at the 1998 election and won.

Member of Parliament

Rudd made his first speech to the Australian House of Representatives on 11 November 1998.[18] His most publicised local cause was opposition to a suggested parallel runway at Brisbane Airport, against which he organised one of Brisbane's largest public demonstrations, receiving massive media coverage. His commitment to the issue reduced when the airport altered its plans with the support of Queensland premier Peter Beattie, removing Rudd's constituency from projected flightpaths and, with the advice of the airport's 3PR adviser, renaming it a "staggered" runway, rendering the Rudd campaign's widely distributed "No Parallel Runway" posters out-of-date. The development received legally binding permission to proceed in 2007 under the Howard Government.

Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs: 2001–2005

Kevin Rudd in November 2005

Rudd was promoted to the Opposition front bench following the 2001 election and appointed Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs. In 2002 he met with British intelligence and helped define the position Labor would take in regards to the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

There is no debate or dispute as to whether Saddam Hussein possesses weapons of mass destruction. He does. There's no dispute as whether he's in violation of UN Security Council resolutions. He is.[19]

After the fall of Saddam he would criticise the Howard Government over its support for the United States, while maintaining Labor's position of support for the Australian-American alliance.

Well, what Secretary Powell and the US seems to have said is that he now has grave doubts about the accuracy of the case he put to the United Nations about the claim that Iraq possessed biological weapons laboratories – the so-called mobile trailers. And here in Australia, that formed also part of the government's argument on the war. I think what it does is it adds to the fabric of how the Australian people were misled about the reasons for going to war.[20]

Rudd's policy experience and parliamentary performances during the Iraq war made him one of the better known members of the Labor front bench. When Opposition Leader Simon Crean was challenged by his predecessor Kim Beazley in June, Rudd did not publicly commit himself to either candidate.[21] When Crean finally resigned in late November, Rudd was considered a possible candidate for the Labor leadership,[22] however, he announced that he would not run in the leadership ballot, and would instead vote for Kim Beazley.

Rudd was predicted by some commentators to be demoted or moved as a result of his support for Beazley following the election of Mark Latham as Leader, but he retained his portfolio. Relations between Latham and Rudd deteriorated during 2004, especially after Latham made his pledge to withdraw all Australian forces from Iraq by Christmas 2004 without consulting Rudd.[23] After Latham failed to win the October 2004 federal election, Rudd was again spoken of as a possible alternative leader. He retained his foreign affairs portfolio and disavowed any intention of challenging Latham.

When Latham suddenly resigned in January 2005, Rudd was visiting Indonesia and refused to say whether he would be a candidate for the Labor leadership.[24] Such a candidacy would have required him to run against Beazley, his factional colleague. "The important thing for me to do is to consult with my colleagues in the party", he said.[25] After returning from Indonesia, Rudd consulted with Labor MPs in Sydney and Melbourne and announced that he would not contest the leadership. Kim Beazley was subsequently elected leader.

In June 2005 Rudd was given expanded responsibilities as the Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Security and, also, the Shadow Minister for Trade.

Leader of the Opposition

Kevin Rudd (right) and Julia Gillard (left) at their first press conference as Leader and Deputy Leader of the Australian Labor Party, 4 December 2006
Labour Day 2007. From right to left: Grace Grace (state Labor MP for Brisbane Central), Kevin Rudd, his son Nicholas Rudd, and Queensland Premier Anna Bligh.

A November 2006 Newspoll opinion poll indicated voter support for Rudd was double that for Beazley.[26] In December 2006, Beazley declared open the positions of Leader and Deputy leader of the Labor Party, and Rudd announced his candidacy for the leadership.[27][28] Fellow Labor MP Julia Gillard ran alongside Rudd for Deputy Leader against Jenny Macklin. The vote took place on 4 December 2006. Rudd was elected Leader with 49 votes to Beazley's 39, and Gillard was elected unopposed as Deputy Leader after Macklin withdrew from the ballot.[29]

At his first press conference as leader, having thanked Beazley and former deputy leader Jenny Macklin, Rudd said he would offer a "new style of leadership", and would be an "alternative, not just an echo" of the Howard government. He outlined the areas of industrial relations, the war in Iraq, climate change, Australian federalism, social justice, and the future of Australia's manufacturing industry as major policy concerns. Rudd also stressed his long experience in state government, as a diplomat and also in business before entering federal politics.[30]

Rudd and the ALP soon overtook the government in both party and leadership polling. The new leader maintained a high media profile with major announcements on an "education revolution",[31] federalism,[32] climate change,[33] a National Broadband Network,[34] and the domestic car industry.

Since 2002, Rudd appeared regularly in interviews and topical discussions on the popular breakfast television program Sunrise, along with federal Liberal MP Joe Hockey. This was credited with helping raise Rudd's public profile.[35] Rudd and Hockey ended these appearances in April 2007 citing the increasing political pressures of an election year.[36]

On 19 August 2007, it was revealed that Rudd, with New York Post editor Col Allan and Labor backbencher Warren Snowdon, had briefly visited a strip club in New York in September 2003. When he realised it was a strip club, he left.[37] The incident generated a lot of media coverage, but made no impact on Rudd's popularity in the polls.[38] Indeed, some people believe that the incident may have enabled Rudd to appear "more human" and lifted his popularity.[39]

2007 election victory

Kevin Rudd campaigning with Kerry Rea in Bonner on 21 September 2007

Electoral writs were issued for an Australian federal election on 17 October 2007.

On 21 October 2007 Rudd presented strongly in a televised debate against incumbent prime minister John Howard.[40]

On 14 November 2007, Kevin Rudd officially launched the ALP election campaign with a policy of fiscal restraint, usually considered the electoral strength of the opposing Liberal party. Rudd proposed Labor spending measures totalling $2.3 billion, contrasting them to $9.4 billion Rudd claimed the Liberals had promised, declaring: "Today, I am saying loud and clear that this sort of reckless spending must stop."[41][42][43][44]

The election was held on 24 November 2007. Labor's win was coined a 'Ruddslide' by the media and was underpinned by the considerable support from Rudd's home state of Queensland, with the state result recording a two party preferred swing of 7.53 percent.[45][46] The nationwide swing was 5.44 percent to Labor, the 3rd largest swing at a federal election since two party estimates began in 1949.

As foreshadowed during the election campaign, on 29 November Rudd directly chose his frontbench, breaking with more than a century of Labor tradition whereby the frontbench was elected by the Labor caucus, with the leader then given the right to allocate portfolios.[47][48]

Prime minister

Prime Minister Rudd's approval rating.

On 3 December 2007, Rudd was sworn in as Prime Minister by the Governor-General, Major General Michael Jeffery.[49] Rudd is the first Prime Minister to make no mention of the Queen in his oath of office.[50][51]

Kevin Rudd is the second Queenslander to lead his party to a federal election victory, the first being Andrew Fisher in 1910. Rudd is the first Prime Minister since World War II not to come from either New South Wales or Victoria.

In office, Rudd and the ALP government have set records for popularity in Newspoll polling.[52][53]

Environment

In opposition, Rudd called climate change "the greatest moral, economic and social challenge of our time" and called for a cut to greenhouse gas emissions by 60% before 2050.[54] On 3 December 2007, as his first official act after being sworn in, Rudd signed the Kyoto Protocol.[55] On 15 December 2008, Rudd released a White Paper on reducing Australia's greenhouse gas emissions. The White Paper includes a plan to introduce an emissions trading scheme in 2010 that is known as the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme and gave a target range for Australia's greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 of between 5% and 15% less than 2000 levels. The White Paper was criticised by environmental groups and the Federal Government's climate change advisor, Professor Ross Garnaut. On 4 May 2009 Rudd announced that the Government will delay implementing an emissions trading scheme until 2011.[56]

Parliamentary apology to the Stolen Generations

Kevin Rudd on television in Federation Square, Melbourne, apologising to the stolen generations.

As the parliament's first order of business, on 13 February 2008, Rudd read an apology directed to Indigenous Australians for the stolen generations. The apology, for the policies of successive parliaments and governments, passed unanimously as a motion by both houses of parliament, and was publicly well received; most criticisms were of Labor for refusing to provide victims with monetary compensation as recommended in the Bringing them Home report, and that the apology would not alleviate disadvantage amongst Indigenous Australians.[57][58][59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66] Rudd pledged the government to bridging the gap between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Australian health, education and living conditions, and in a way that respects their rights to self-determination.[67]

Industrial relations

WorkChoices, the industrial relations regime introduced by the Howard government, is being overhauled.[68] Rudd's 2007 policy included the phasing out of Australian Workplace Agreements over a period of up to five years, the establishment of a simpler awards system as a safety net, the restoration of unfair dismissal laws for companies with under 100 employees (probation period of 12 months for companies with less than 15 employees), and the retention of the Australian Building and Construction Commission until 2010. It retains the illegality of secondary boycotts, the right of employers to lock workers out, restriction of union right of entry to workplaces, and restrictions on workers' right to strike.[69] Rudd also outlined the establishment of a single industrial relations bureaucracy called Fair Work Australia, which will play a far more interventionist role than the Howard Government's Fair Pay Commission.[70]

Some unions claim it to be "WorkChoices Lite", although the most fundamental elements will be reversed[71] and since then, changes have been made to the legislation which accommodate some union demands. This has led to employer concern over the legislation, as more rigid and expensive wage and other outcomes with employees will be particularly difficult for many businesses to afford during an economic downturn.[72] Business groups have argued that this will contribute to job losses and negative growth in the near future.

Economy

Kevin Rudd (back row, fourth from right) at the G-20 Leaders Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy.
See also: 2008 Australian federal budget, 2009 Australian federal budget

Upon election to office, the Rudd government announced a five point plan to combat inflation.[73] The first budget of the Rudd government was delivered by Treasurer Wayne Swan in May 2008 and a projected surplus of $21.7 billion was announced.[74] As the global recession began to take hold, the Government guaranteed bank deposits and announced two stimulatory spending packages.[75][76] The first was worth $10.4 billion and announced in late 2008,[77][78] and the second worth $42 billion was announced in February 2009.[79] After initially raising interest rates to combat inflation, the The Reserve Bank cut official interest rates several times in increments of up to 1 percent, and is currently sitting at 3 percent, the lowest since 1960.[80] The second budget, released in May 2009, projected a $57.6 billion deficit for 2009–10. The majority of the deficit was created by a loss of taxation revenue as a result of the recession, with the rest made up in stimulus and other spending. The recession is expected to remove $210 billion in taxation revenue from the budget over the next four years.[81]

Iraq War

In accordance with a Multinational Force Iraq agreement with the new Iraqi Government,[82] Labor's plan to withdraw the Australian Defence Force contingent was completed on 28 July 2009, three days ahead of the deadline.[83]

Afghanistan War

Rudd has supported Australian involvement in Afghanistan, as has the Opposition, despite the growing number of Australian casualties. On the 29th of April 2009, Rudd committed 450 extra troops to the region.[84]

Australia 2020 Summit

In February 2008 Rudd announced the Australia 2020 Summit, held from 19–20 April 2008, which brought together 1000 leading Australians to discuss ten major areas of policy innovation.[85] The summit voted in favour of a plebiscite on Australia relinquishing "ties" to the United Kingdom followed by a referendum on the model for an Australian republic,[86] a bill of rights and the re-formation of an Indigenous peak representative body similar to ATSIC, which was abolished by the Howard Government in 2005.

Findings released in April 2009 reported that nine ideas were to be immediately enacted and that the government was deliberating on other ideas proposed.[87]

Education

During the election, Rudd promised a "digital education revolution", including provision of a computer on the desk of every upper secondary student. The program initially stalled with state governments asserting that the proposed funding was inadequate. The federal government has increased proposed funding from $1.2 billion to $2 billion,[88] and will not mandate that a computer must be provided to each upper secondary student.[89] Negotiations with the states are continuing.[90][citation needed]

Political positions

Economics

In his first speech to parliament, Rudd stated that:

Competitive markets are massive and generally efficient generators of economic wealth. They must therefore have a central place in the management of the economy. But markets sometimes fail, requiring direct government intervention through instruments such as industry policy. There are also areas where the public good dictates that there should be no market at all. We are not afraid of a vision in the Labor Party, but nor are we afraid of doing the hard policy yards necessary to turn that vision into reality. Parties of the Centre Left around the world are wrestling with a similar challenge – the creation of a competitive economy while advancing the overriding imperative of a just society. Some call this the 'third way'. The nomenclature is unimportant. What is important is that it is a repudiation of Thatcherism and its Australian derivatives represented opposite. It is in fact a new formulation of the nation's economic and social imperatives.[91]

Rudd is critical of free market economists such as Friedrich Hayek,[92] although Rudd describes himself as "basically a conservative when it comes to questions of public financial management", pointing to his slashing of public service jobs as a Queensland governmental advisor.[93] In The Longest Decade by George Megalogenis, Rudd reflected on his views of economic reform undertaken in the past couple of decades:

The Hawke and Keating governments delivered a massive program of economic reform, and they didn't shy away from taking on their own political base when they knew it was in the national interest. Think tariffs. Think cuts to the marginal tax rate. Think enterprise bargaining. Think how unpopular all of those were with the trade union movement of Australia. Mr Howard, on the other hand, never took on his own political base in the prosecution of any significant economic reform. His reform agenda never moved out of the ideological straitjacket of the 1970s and 1980s. Think industrial relations. Think consumption tax. And think also of the explosion in untargeted welfare... When the economic circumstances change, and the demands of a competitive economy change, Mr Howard never adjusted and never took the lead when it came to new ideas. Look at climate change. Look at infrastructure policy. Look at education policy. Look at early childhood education. There's a mountain of economic evidence about the importance of those policy domains to Australia's future.[94][95]

In early 2009[96], in the wake of the global financial crisis[97], Rudd stated "that the great neo-liberal experiment of the past 30 years has failed", and that "Neo-liberalism and the free-market fundamentalism it has produced has been revealed as little more than personal greed dressed up as an economic philosophy. And, ironically, it now falls to social democracy to prevent liberal capitalism from cannibalising itself." Rudd called for a new era of "social capitalism" from social democrats such as himself and U.S. President Barack Obama to "support a global financial system that properly balances private incentive with public responsibility".[98][99]

Nationhood and foreign policy

Kevin Rudd (left) and then-US President George W. Bush (right) meet at APEC Australia 2007 in Sydney.
Kevin Rudd (right) and current US President Barack Obama (left) meet in Washington DC.

As shadow foreign minister, Rudd reformulated Labor's foreign policy in terms of "Three Pillars": engagement with the UN, engagement with Asia, and the US alliance.[100]

Although disagreeing with the original commitment to the Iraq War, Rudd supports the continued deployment of Australian troops in Iraq, but not the continued deployment of combat troops. Rudd is also in favour of Australia's military presence in Afghanistan.[101]

Rudd backs the road map for peace plan and defended Israel's actions during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, condemning Hezbollah and Hamas for violating Israeli territory.[102]

The Prime Minister also pledged support for East Timor stating that Australian troops will remain in East Timor for as long as East Timor's government wants them to.[103]

Rudd also gave his support for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia,[104] before Australia officially recognised the republic.[105] This decision sparked protests of the Serbian Australian community against Rudd.[106]

The question of Republicanism in Australia was raised following the failed 1999 referendum, and although Rudd is a republican, he has indicated that no referendum will take place in the near future.[107] In 2008 Rudd recommended the appointment of Quentin Bryce as the first female Governor-General of Australia to Queen Elizabeth II.

Society and religion

Some commentators have described Rudd as a social conservative.[108][109] While moving to remove financial discrimination against LGBT couples, he has remained opposed to same-sex marriage:[110]

I have a pretty basic view on this, as reflected in the position adopted by our party, and that is, that marriage is between a man and a woman.[110]

In a conscience vote in 2006, Rudd supported legislation to transfer regulatory authority for the abortion-inducing drug RU486 from the federal Minister For Health to the Therapeutic Goods Administration, removing the minister's veto on the use of RU486 in Australia.[111][112]

Rudd and his family attend the Anglican church of St John the Baptist in Bulimba in his electorate. Although raised a Roman Catholic, Rudd began attending Anglican services in the 1980s with his wife.[4] In December 2009, Rudd was spotted at a Catholic Mass to commemorate the canonisation of Mary MacKillop, in which he was administered with the Holy Communion. Rudd's actions provoked criticism and debate among both among political and religious circles.[113][114] A report by The Australian quoted that Rudd embraced Anglicanism but at the same time did not formally renounce his Catholic faith.[115]

Rudd is the mainstay of the parliamentary prayer group in Parliament House, Canberra.[116] He is vocal about his Christianity and has given a number of prominent interviews to the Australian religious press on the topic.[117] Rudd has defended church representatives engaging with policy debates, particularly with respect to WorkChoices legislation, climate change, global poverty, therapeutic cloning and asylum seekers.[118][119] In an essay in The Monthly,[118] he argued:

A [truly] Christian perspective on contemporary policy debates may not prevail. It must nonetheless be argued. And once heard, it must be weighed, together with other arguments from different philosophical traditions, in a fully contestable secular polity. A Christian perspective, informed by a social gospel or Christian socialist tradition, should not be rejected contemptuously by secular politicians as if these views are an unwelcome intrusion into the political sphere. If the churches are barred from participating in the great debates about the values that ultimately underpin our society, our economy and our polity, then we have reached a very strange place indeed.

He cites Dietrich Bonhoeffer as a personal inspiration in this regard.[120]

In May 2008, Rudd was drawn into the controversy over photographic artist Bill Henson and his work depicting unclothed adolescents as part of a show due to open at an inner-city gallery in Sydney. In a televised interview, Rudd stated that he found the images "absolutely revolting"[121][122][123] and that they had "no artistic merit".[124] These views swiftly drew censure from members of the 'creative stream' who attended the recent 2020 Summit convened by Rudd, led by actor Cate Blanchett.[125]

See also

References

  1. ^ Kevin Rudd: The Biography
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  3. ^ Duff, Eamonn; Walsh, Kerry-Anne (11 March 2007). "A disputed eviction and a tale of family honour". The Sun-Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2007/03/10/1173478729097.html. Retrieved 2007-03-11. 
  4. ^ a b Marriner, Cosima (9 December 2006). "The lonely road to the top". Sydney Morning Herald. p. 33. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2006/12/08/1165081157750.html. Retrieved 2007-05-27. 
  5. ^ Marriner, Cosima (27 April 2007). "It's private – the school he wants to forget". The Sydney Morning Herald: pp. 1. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2007/04/26/1177459877747.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap1. 
  6. ^ "Genesis of an ideas man". The Australian. 5 December 2006. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20876,20870748-28737,00.html. Retrieved 2006-12-05. 
  7. ^ Kevin Rudd's ancestry
  8. ^ John Garnaut (26 November 2007). "China's leaders slow to tackle inflation". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax). http://business.smh.com.au/chinas-leaders-slow-to-tackle-inflation/20071125-1cqe.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap1. ; Hamish McDonald (1 December 2007). "Tough role, especially as the boss is the diplomat". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax). http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2007/11/30/1196394619036.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap1. ; Jennifer Chou (3 December 2007). "Kevin Rudd, aka Lu Kewen". The Weekly Standard (WorldwideStandard.com). http://www.weeklystandard.com/weblogs/TWSFP/2007/12/kevin_rudd_aka_lu_kewen.asp. ; "A man of reason and foresight takes the reins". China Daily (China.org.cn). 4 December 2007. http://www.china.org.cn/english/international/234328.htm. 
  9. ^ ABC (2008). PM Chinese activist puts hope in Rudd. Retrieved 14 April 2008.
  10. ^ a b Stuart, Nicholas (2007). Kevin Rudd: an unauthorised biography. Scribe. ISBN 9781921215582. 
  11. ^ Overington, Caroline (9 December 2006). "McKew impressed to the max". The Australian. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,21124932-2702,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  12. ^ "澳洲大選變天 中國通陸克文勝出". China Daily News. 24 November 2007. http://www.cdnnews.com.tw/20071125/news/jdxw/010000002007112420253449.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
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  14. ^ "Rudd walks daughter down the aisle". AAP/The Age. 5 May 2007. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2007/05/05/1177788454802.html. Retrieved 2007-11-25. ; Merrit, Chris (30 January 2007). "Ms Rudd follows Ms Howard ... it's the law". The Australian. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,21139500-2702,00.html. Retrieved 2007-11-25. ; Zwartz, Barney (9 December 2006). "ALP's new man puts his faith on display". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/news/in-depth/rudd-puts-his-faith-on-display/2006/12/08/1165081151409.html. Retrieved 2006-12-09. ; Carmel Egan (3 December 2006). "Kevin Rudd". http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2006/12/02/1164777852646.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap1. Retrieved 2007-10-26. ; "Kevin Rudd – Member for Griffith". Australian Labor Party. http://alp.org.au/people/qld/rudd_kevin.php. Retrieved 2007-01-30. 
  15. ^ Brushing up on Rudd's politics The Age, June 11, 2007. Accessed May 7, 2009.
  16. ^ Henderson, Deborah (2002), "Shaping Australia's Future", Asia Education Foundation News: 22–23, http://eprints.qut.edu.au/archive/00003245/01/3245.pdf ; Rudd, Kevin (1994), Asian languages and Australia's economic future : a report prepared for the Council of Australian Governments on a proposed national Asian languages/studies strategy for Australian schools, Brisbane: Queensland Government Printer, ISBN 0724257675 
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  18. ^ Kevin Rudd (11 November 1998). "First Speech to Parliament". Parliament of Australia. http://www.aph.gov.au/house/members/firstspeech.asp?id=83T. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  19. ^ Lateline - 24/9/2002: Labor to decide position on Iraq attack. Australian Broadcasting Corp
  20. ^ "Interview: Shadow Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd". Transcripts by category: Politics. Seven Network. 4 April 2004. http://seven.com.au/sundaysunrise/politics_040404_rudd. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  21. ^ "Lateline". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 7 June 2003. http://www.abc.net.au/lateline/content/2003/s874357.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-09. 
  22. ^ McGrath, Catherine (28 November 2003). "Beazley, Latham, Rudd in ALP leadership lineup". AM. http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2003/s999123.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-09. 
  23. ^ Brissenden, Michael (30 March 2004). "Howard on front foot over troops". The 7.30 Report. http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2004/s1077381.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-09. 
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  28. ^ "Editorial: ALP in fight with the wrong enemy". The Australian. 2 December 2006. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,20856315-601,00.html. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
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  30. ^ "Press Conference". Australian Labor Party. 4 December 2006. http://www.alp.org.au/media/1206/pcloo040.php. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  31. ^ Rudd vows education revolution
  32. ^ Rudd calls on states to corner PM
  33. ^ Rudd unveils climate change blueprint
  34. ^ Labor's $4.7 billion broadband plan
  35. ^ Brissenden, Michael (1 December 2006). "Rudd Challenge". Stateline Canberra (ABC). http://www.abc.net.au/stateline/act/content/2006/s1803326.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-04. 
  36. ^ "Sunrise spots too hard: Rudd". News Ltd. 16 April 2007. http://www.news.com.au/story/0,4057,21563847-2,00.html. 
  37. ^ Rudd in strip joint: 'Oh no, this won't do'
  38. ^ Rudd avoids poll slide after strip club revelations
  39. ^ Rudd on last chance
  40. ^ Heywood, Lachlan (21 October 2007). "Worm turns against Howard". www.news.com.au. http://www.news.com.au/couriermail/story/0,23739,22624834-952,00.html. 
  41. ^ Rudd warns of Howard's 'reckless spending'Lateline transcript
  42. ^ Rudd undercuts Howard 'This sort of reckless spending must stop'Canberra Times
  43. ^ Flailing Howard is tossed from power in Australian 'Ruddslide'
  44. ^ Laurie Oakes Rudd calm in the crisis – The Mercury, 24 November 2008
  45. ^ "Qld support underpins Rudd's landslide". ABC News. 2007-11-25. http://www.abc.net.au/news/video/2007/11/25/2100641.htm. 
  46. ^ "Qld set at battle ground for federal election". The 7.30 Report. 8 March 2007. http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2007/s1867103.htm. 
  47. ^ Ben Worsley (29 September 2007). "Rudd seizes power from factions". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/09/29/2046939.htm. 
  48. ^ "Rudd hands out portfolios". ABC News. 29 November 2007. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/11/29/2105169.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  49. ^ Kevin Rudd sworn in as Prime Minister – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
  50. ^ Australia's new PM is sworn in – but refuses to swear allegiance to the Queen | the Daily Mail
  51. ^ australianpolitics.com » Kevin Rudd Sworn In As Australia’s 26th Prime Minister
  52. ^ Brendan Nelson's record low approval rating: news.com.au 19/2/2008
  53. ^ Nelson defends record low poll figures, The Australian
  54. ^ Rule of reckless vows The Weekend Australian December 27/28 2008 page 20
  55. ^ "Australia ratifies Kyoto Protocol". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2007-12-03. http://www.smh.com.au/news/environment/rudd-signs-kyoto-deal/2007/12/03/1196530553203.html. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  56. ^ Rodgers, Emma (4 May 2009). "Rudd confirms ETS delay". ABC News. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/05/04/2560078.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  57. ^ Text of the apology
  58. ^ Steve Lewis (28 January 2008). "Rudd in a hurry to say sorry". The Daily Telegraph (News Limited). http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,23118012-421,00.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  59. ^ "Tears in Melbourne as PM delivers apology". The Age (Fairfax). 13 February 2008. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2008/02/13/1202760345721.html. Retrieved 2008-02-13. 
  60. ^ Speech by Kevin Rudd to the Parliament: February 13, 2008
  61. ^ Kevin Rudd's apology to stolen generations 'a shield' over indigenous failures
  62. ^ AAP (27 January 2008). "Apology will bridge indigenous gap: Rudd". The Age (Fairfax). http://news.theage.com.au/apology-will-bridge-indigenous-gap-rudd/20080127-1of9.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  63. ^ "Govt sets Stolen Generations apology date". ABC News Online (ABC). 30 January 2008. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/01/30/2150281.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  64. ^ "Thousands greet Stolen Generations apology". ABC News Online (ABC). 13 February 2008. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/02/13/2161452.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-13.  Kevin Rudd's apology to stolen generations 'a shield' over indigenous failures
  65. ^ One year anniversary of apology, but reparations still far off; Reconciliation prospects ride on first-anniversary Rudd report card
  66. ^ Rudd under fire a year after apology to Aborigines
  67. ^ "Govt promises action after apology". ABC News (ABC). 13 February 2008. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/02/13/2161776.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-13. ; Calma, Tom (2008-09-24). "UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Australia should sign". Koori Mail (Lismore, NSW: Budsoar) (435): p. 27. 
  68. ^ Sid Marris (25 January 2008). "Labor pushes for national system". The Australian (News Limited). http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,23104407-2,00.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  69. ^ Ross Gittins (2007-09-03). "Coalition and Labor narrow industrial relations gap". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/news/business/coalition-and-labor-narrow-industrial-relations-gap/2007/09/02/1188671793954.html. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
  70. ^ "PM promises not to extend Work Choices". The Age (Fairfax). 2007-10-15. http://www.theage.com.au/news/National/Fielding-noncommittal-on-ALPs-IR-plan/2007/10/15/1192300644672.html. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
  71. ^ WorkChoice Lite? That's a load of emotive nonsense: The Age 29/11/2008
  72. ^ Restaurant award hikes hard to stomach | The Australian
  73. ^ Rudd outlines five-point plan to combat inflation
  74. ^ Swan confident stockpile will help fight inflation on smh.com.au; Swan has reprised election promises, though doesn't go much beyond that on theage.com.au; A real son of the ALP – Opinion – theage.com.au
  75. ^ RBA Governor confirms recession
  76. ^ Budget may be forced into deficit: Rudd
  77. ^ Rudd unveils $10.4 billion stimulus plan: The Age 14/10/2008
  78. ^ The Australian
  79. ^ Govt unveils $42b stimulus: SMH 3/2/2009
  80. ^ China buoys economy – RBA: SMH 5/5/2009
  81. ^ Records abound in tough budget: SMH 12/5/2009
  82. ^ The decision to partially withdraw was noted in Kelton, Maryanne (April–June 2008). "The 2007 Australian federal election and a 'steadfast, straight-talking' alliance". Social Alternatives 27 (2): 17–22. ISSN 0155-0306. 
  83. ^ AUSTRALIA ENDS IRAQ TROOP PRESENCE
  84. ^ Expect more Afghanistan deaths says Kevin Rudd as force boosted to 1550: The Australian 30/4/2009
  85. ^ "2020 summit not just another talkfestwork = The Australian". News Limited. 4 February 2008. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,23153777-16741,00.html. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  86. ^ "Law Library > Global Legal Monitor > News and Events > Summit Recommends Republic". Law Library of Congress. http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_409_text. Retrieved 10 March 2009. 
  87. ^ Nine ideas adopted from Rudd's 2020 Summit; Australia 2020 summit final report; Government response to the Australia 2020 Summit
  88. ^ Govt adds $807m to school computer deal: Sydney Morning Herald 28/11/2008
  89. ^ Rudd's school computer promise comes unplugged
  90. ^ NSW students to get promised laptops: Sydney Morning Herald 30/11/2008
  91. ^ Rudd, Kevin (11 November 1998). "First Speech to Parliament". Parliament of Australia. http://www.aph.gov.au/house/members/firstspeech.asp?id=83T. Retrieved 2006-12-09. 
  92. ^ Rudd, Kevin (16 November 2006). "What's Wrong with the Right". http://www.labor.com.au/media/1106/spefaistra160.php. Retrieved 2008-01-15. ; Hartcher, Peter (14 October 2006). "Howard's warriors sweep all before them". Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/opinion/howards-warriors-sweep-all-before-them/2006/10/13/1160246325222.html?page=fullpage. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  93. ^ "New Labor Leader Outlines Plan". The 7.30 Report. 4 December 2006. http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2006/s1804034.htm?page=fullpage. Retrieved 2006-12-05. ; "Labor elects new leader". The 7.30 Report. 4 December 2006. http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2006/s1804032.htm?page=fullpage. Retrieved 2006-12-05. 
  94. ^ Rudd's story time: The Age 24/5/2008
  95. ^ Labor eHerald: The Longest Decade launch 23/5/2008
  96. ^ The Global Financial Crisis by Kevin Rudd 2009-02
  97. ^ The Road to Recovery by Kevin Rudd 2009-07-25
  98. ^ Time for a new world order: PM – Canberra Times 31/1/2009
  99. ^ Australia’s Rudd Says States Must ‘Save Capitalism From Itself’: Bloomberg 31/1/2009
  100. ^ Sheridan, Greg (9 December 2006). "ALP's pillar of wisdom". The Australian. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,20897623-601,00.html. Retrieved 2006-12-09. 
  101. ^ "Afghan, Iraq wars are not the same: Rudd". The Age. 23 February 2007. http://www.theage.com.au/news/National/Afghan-Iraq-wars-are-not-the-same-Rudd/2007/02/23/1171733986257.html. Retrieved 2007-02-24. 
  102. ^ "Rudd: Hamas, Hezbollah and Lebanon in 'violation'". Australian Jewish News. 18 July 2006. http://www.ajn.com.au/news/news.asp?pgID=1130. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  103. ^ "Rudd pledges support for East Timor". The Sydney Morning Herald. 15 February 2008. http://news.smh.com.au/rudd-pledges-support-for-east-timor/20080215-1sdr.html. Retrieved 2006-02-28. 
  104. ^ "Rudd backs independent Kosovo". News Ltd. 18 February 2008. http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,23231533-29277,00.html. 
  105. ^ "Australia Recognises the Republic of Kosovo". Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 19 February 2008. http://www.foreignminister.gov.au/releases/2008/fa-s034_08.html. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  106. ^ "Protesters want Kosovo decision reversed". Nine MSN. 22 February 2008. http://news.ninemsn.com.au/article.aspx?id=381016. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  107. ^ Michael Perry (27 January 2008). "Queen Elizabeth must die or abdicate for Australian republic". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSSYD6635920080128. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  108. ^ Henderson, Gerard (2008-06-03). "Luvvies Labor's loss over Henson". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/gerard-henderson/luvvies-labors-loss-over-henson/2008/06/02/1212258733548.html. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  109. ^ Gawenda, Michael (2007-11-17). "Desperately seeking Kevin". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/news/in-depth/desperately-seeking-kevin/2007/11/16/1194766958567.html?page=5. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  110. ^ a b Donald, Peta (2007-10-18). "Howard, Rudd make pitch to Christian voters". AM (ABC Radio). http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2007/s2001400.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
  111. ^ "MPs to vote on RU486 control". ABC. 16 February 2006. http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2006/s1571075.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  112. ^ "RU486 for Australia?". Australian Parliamentary Library. 29 November 2005. http://www.aph.gov.au/Library/pubs/rn/2005-06/06rn19.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-27. 
  113. ^ Mary MacKillop 'likely' to become saint smh.com.au, PETER VENESS, December 14, 2009
  114. ^ Rudd exploiting MacKillop sainthood for own gain: Abbott, The Independent Weekly, 14 Dec, 2009
  115. ^ Rudd's decision to take holy communion at Catholic mass causes debate, The Australian, December 16, 2009
  116. ^ "Abbott attacks Rudd on religion in politics". The Age. 2007-01-27. http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/abbott-attacks-rudd-on-religion-in-politics/2007/01/27/1169788728527.html?s_cid=rss_age. Retrieved 2007-11-26. 
  117. ^ Woodall, Helen (November 2003). "Kevin Rudd talks about his faith". The Melbourne Anglican. http://www.media.anglican.com.au/tma/2003/11/rudd.html. Retrieved 2006-12-04. ; Egan, Carmel (3 December 2006). "Kevin Rudd". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/kevin-rudd/2006/12/02/1164777852646.html. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  118. ^ a b Rudd, Kevin (October 2006), "Faith in Politics", The Monthly: 22–30 
  119. ^ Rudd, Kevin (26 October 2005). "Christianity and Politics" (PDF xxx KB). pp. 9. http://www.kevinrudd.com/_dbase_upl/051026%20New%20College%20Lecture.pdf. Retrieved 2006-12-04. ; "Anglican leader joins IR debate". ABC news. 11 July 2005. http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200507/s1411059.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  120. ^ "Tony Jones speaks to Kevin Rudd". Lateline. 2 October 2006. http://www.abc.net.au/lateline/content/2006/s1753915.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  121. ^ Rudd revolted – Arts – Entertainment – smh.com.au
  122. ^ Rudd stands by criticism of Henson images – National – theage.com.au
  123. ^ Rudd 'revolted' at art of naked children
  124. ^ PM says Henson photos have no artistic merit | The Australian
  125. ^ Blanchett joins chorus against Henson attack – Local News – News – General – The Canberra Times

External links

Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Graeme McDougall
Member for Griffith
1998–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Kim Beazley
Leader of the Australian Labor Party
2006–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Kim Beazley
Leader of the Opposition of Australia
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Brendan Nelson
Preceded by
John Howard
Prime Minister of Australia
2007–present
Incumbent

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Kevin Michael Rudd MP (born 21 September 1957) is the 26th Prime Minister of Australia and leader of the federal Australian Labor Party (ALP).

Sourced

  • Compassion is not a dirty word. Compassion is not a sign of weakness. In my view, compassion in politics and in public policy is in fact a hallmark of great strength. It is a hallmark of a society which has about it a decency which speaks for itself. [1]
  • We have seen this complete right wing takeover of modern liberalism, and it is an ugly spectacle to behold.[1]
  • When you analyse it carefully, it is about a family’s ability to stay together and have time together. We all know, with our fractured lives in this place, how difficult it becomes when we as human beings cannot spend time with one another. However, the problem is that these industrial relations laws now set that disease in place right across the nation in every workplace, in every part of the country. What I fear most of all is the ultimate impact of this on the fabric of Australian family life.[1]
    • Speaking of the Workchoices Act introduced by the Howard government in March 2006.
  • Labor’s message then is this: we believe in a strong economy; we believe also in a fair go for all, not just for some.[1]
  • I say to those opposite: we intend to prevail in this battle of ideas, on the ground, right through to the next election. We intend to prevail.[1]
  • When it comes to labour market reform, here's the difference between us and John Howard: John Howard regards labour as just like any other economic commodity. We actually see labour as made up of human beings. These are human beings with an intrinsic dignity. When they go to the workplace, they're not just like a lump of wood or a piece of coal, these are human beings, and they should be treated properly as people with intrinsic rights. [2]
  • The major challenges of climate change, the major challenge of the economy and manufacturing, the major challenges in education, and how do we turbo-charge our national education system to create the knowledge base for the future of the Australian economy. These are the sorts of areas that you're going to see detailed policy plans from us in the weeks and months ahead... [2]
  • Labor has a universal position of opposition to the death penalty both at home and abroad... It is not possible in our view to be selective in the application of this policy. [3]
    • Statement made in 2002.
  • ... no diplomatic intervention will ever be made by any government that I lead in support of any individual terrorist's life. We have only indicated in the past, and will maintain a policy in the future, of intervening diplomatically in support of Australian nationals who face capital sentences abroad.[3]
    • Response to a backlash following statements made by Robert McClelland, days before the fifth anniversary of the 2002 Bali bombings, who said that Labor would campaign internationally to stop executions of terrorists.
  • John Howard's credibility on the entire Iraq war has been torpedoed by John Howard's own intelligence agency.[4]
  • Everyone's entitled to their point of view but that's seriously a weird one.[5]
    • Response to Liberal MP Danna Vale's comment that Australia's rising abortion rate indicated that it might become a Muslim nation in 50 years.
  • [But] we should not be kowtowing to anybody when it comes to freedom in this country.[6]
  • If he has any self-respect he would resign over this matter, the negligence is so gross.[7]
  • This goes to demonstrate the fact that John Howard established this inquiry in order to bring about his own absolution, not to bring about any form of accountability.[8]
    • Response to John Howard's interview with the Cole Inquiry.
  • My name is Kevin, I'm from Queensland, and I'm here to help.[9]
    • Address to the Labor Party conference, 2007
  • That means temporary borrowings. People have to understand that because there's going to be the usual political shit storm, sorry, political storm.[10]
    • On borrowing money during the w:Late-2000s recession. The remark became infamous, with many believing that the line (and use of a swear word) was scripted.

References

  1. a b c d e Rudd's first speech as Labor leader. The Australian (December 5, 2006). Retrieved on 13 February, 2008.
  2. a b Rudd's new vision for the nation. ABC Local Radio (December 5, 2006). Retrieved on 13 February, 2008.
  3. a b ALP in 'me-too' policy mess over death penalty. The Age (October 10, 2007). Retrieved on 13 February, 2008.
  4. Howard under fire over Iraq. CNN (July 17, 2003). Retrieved on 13 February, 2008.
  5. Attacks on Abbott cheap and nasty, says Pell. The Age (February 15, 2006). Retrieved on 13 February, 2008.
  6. Mainstream media takes a cautious line over blasphemous cartoons. Sydney Morning Herald (February 7, 2006). Retrieved on 13 February, 2008.
  7. Cole has no power to find against ministers: Rudd. Lateline. ABC TV (April 10, 2006). Retrieved on 13 February, 2008.
  8. Labor says outcome of inquiry is stacked. The Advertiser (April 13, 2006). Retrieved on 13 February, 2008.
  9. "World briefing: Too clever by half: Australia's quarrel with its new PM" Simon Tisdall. The Guardian. London (UK): Apr 9, 2008. pg. 17
  10. Rudd 'slip-up' creates a 'shit storm'. w:The Sydney Morning Herald (March 9, 2009). Retrieved on 22 April, 2009.
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Simple English

Kevin Rudd
[[Image:‎|225px|Kevin Rudd]]


In office
3 December 2007 – 24 June 2010
Preceded by John Howard
Succeeded by Julia Gillard

Born 21 September 1957
Nambour Q.L.D
Political party Australian Labor Party

Kevin Rudd (born 21 September 1957) is the Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs. He was the 26th Prime Minister of Australia and the leader of the federal Australian Labor party. He won the federal 2007 election and was Australia's 26th prime minister until 24 June 2010, when his deputy Julia Gillard challenged and replaced him.[1] Following the 2010 Australia election, he became Foreign Minister.

Before he was elected to Parliament, Rudd was a diplomat and a government worker. He lived and worked in China as a diplomat, so spoke really good Chinese. Rudd won a seat in Parliament in 1998. The Australian Labor party elected him the Leader of the Opposition in December 2006. After 11 years of the Liberal Party being in power, Rudd won the 2007 federal election. During the election he talked a lot about work agreements (industrial relations laws) and global warming. As prime minister he signed the Kyoto Protocol and "apologised" to Aboriginal Australians for bad things done by the government long ago. He spoke about human rights in China in the Chinese language to Chinese students. Australia and China were doing lots of trade, but the Chinese government did not like this talk. He also supported the Afghanistan war and took Australian troops out of the Iraq conflict.

Rudd was Prime Minister at the beginning of the Global Financial Crisis. His government, with Wayne Swan as treasurer, gave out lots of money really fast to try and keep the economy going. Australia did not have a recession, but management of this money started to bring problems to Rudd, who before was always popular.

Rudd had an idea for a new tax on miners, which made them unhappy. He also decided to delay his promises about Global Warming. With these things happening, the Labor Party decided to make Julia Gillard their leader and so Rudd stopped being prime minister. He was really sad. Gillard promised that Rudd would be made Foreign Minister if they won the 2010 election.

After the 2010 Election, Gillard chose Rudd to be Foreign Minister.

References

Prime Ministers of Australia
Barton | Deakin | Watson | Reid | Fisher | Cook | Hughes | Bruce | Scullin | Lyons | Page | Menzies | Fadden | Curtin | Forde | Chifley | Holt | McEwen | Gorton | McMahon | Whitlam | Fraser | Hawke | Keating | Howard | Rudd | Gillard







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