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Coordinates: 51°29′01″N 0°16′41″W / 51.4837°N 0.2780°W / 51.4837; -0.2780

Kew
Kew is located in Greater London
Kew

 Kew shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ195775
London borough Richmond
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town RICHMOND
Postcode district TW9
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Richmond Park
London Assembly South West
List of places: UK • England • London

Kew is a place in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in South West London.

The Parish Church of Saint Anne, Kew

Kew is best known for being the home of the Royal Botanic Gardens (now a World Heritage Site). Other points of interest include Kew Palace and The National Archives (previously known as the Public Record Office).

Kew village refers to several attractive parades of shops adjoining Kew Gardens station. It contains a mixture of independent retailers, several restaurants, including the well-reviewed The Glasshouse, and numerous cafes. Most of Kew developed in the late 19th century, following the arrival of the District Line of the Underground, and is characterised by large detached or semi-detached houses. It is a popular residential area because of its transport links and proximity to Kew Gardens.

Among those buried at Saint Anne's Church, Kew, are Richard Levett, Lord Mayor of London and former owner of Kew Palace and members of his family, including Lincoln's Inn barrister Levett Blackborne, who sold Kew Palace to the Royal family.[1] Also buried at Saint Anne's are William Aiton, first keeper of the gardens at Kew; English portrait and landscape painter Thomas Gainsborough; Sir William Hooker, director of the Royal Gardens at Kew, and father of English botanist and explorer Joseph Dalton Hooker; Rev. Thomas Haverfield, chaplain to the Duke of Sussex, a son of King George III; and Johann Zoffany, German neoclassical painter active in England.[2]

Contents

Etymology

The name Kew is a combination of two words: the Old French kai (landing place; 'quay' derives from this) and Old English hoh (spur of land). The land spur is the bend in the Thames. The name was recorded in 1327 as Cayho.[3]

Education

Transport and locale

The South Circular Road (the A205) passes through Kew, with Kew Road providing the main road link to Richmond. The M4 motorway starts a short distance north of Kew, providing access to Heathrow Airport and the west. The A316 road starts in Chiswick and continues over Chiswick bridge and junctions with the south circular at Chaulker's corner.

In the 17th Century, the Kings Road was created by Charles II to travel to Kew and Hampton Court. It remained the Kings Private Road until 1830. However, people with the right connections were able to obtain a pass to use it. By the 1960s the King's Road had become famous for its fashionable boutiques and its association with the Swinging Sixties.

Since 1869 rail services have been available from Kew Gardens station, with services from both London Underground (District Line) and National Rail.

Nearest places
Shops adjoining Kew Gardens station
Nearest tube station
Bridges

Quotes

I am His Highness' dog at Kew;
Pray tell me, sir, whose dog are you?
Epigram, engraved on the Collar of a Dog which I gave to his Royal Highness (Frederick, Prince of Wales)— Alexander Pope, 1688-1744
Lilac in Kew Gardens

'Trams and dusty trees.
Highbury bore me. Richmond and Kew
Undid me.'

The Waste Land, 1922 (T.S.Eliot), 1888-1965

Go down to Kew in lilac-time, in lilac-time, in lilac-time;
Go down to Kew in lilac-time (it isn't far from London!)
And you shall wander hand in hand with love in summer's wonderland ;
Go down to Kew in lilac-time (it isn't far from London!)

The Barrel-Organ, Alfred Noyes, 1880 - 1958

Sport and leisure

Kew has several sport clubs and gyms including Putney Town Rowing Club and Richmond Gymnastics Association.

Kew is also home to local football club, Kew Park Rangers. The club began in 1997 in Westerly Ware, a small park by Kew Bridge. Word quickly spread at the local school that there was a kick about on Saturday mornings and more children arrived until there were regularly about 10-12 children.

As the crowd of children grew, along side tournament and further development ambitions, the club decided to become official and registered for the Surrey County FA. Richmond Council eventually came up with a team pitch and a move to North Sheen Recreational Park in North Road was secured. Kew Park Rangers Football Club was born in the summer of 1999, and continues to grow year on year.

Gallery

References

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

KEW, a township in the Kingston parliamentary division of Surrey, England, situated on the south bank of the Thames, 6 m. W.S.W. of Hyde Park Corner, London. Pop. (1901), 2699. A stone bridge of seven arches, erected in 1789, connecting Kew with Brentford on the other side of the river, was replaced by a bridge of three arches opened by Edward VII. in 1903 and named after him. Kew has increased greatly as a residential suburb of London; the old village consisted chiefly of a row of houses with gardens attached, situated on the north side of a green, to the south of which is the church and churchyard and at the west the principal entrance to Kew Gardens. From remains found in the bed of the river near Kew bridge it has been conjectured that the village marks the site of an old British settlement. The name first occurs in a document of the reign of Henry VII., where it is spelt Kayhough. The church of St Anne (1714) has a mausoleum containing the tomb of the duke of Cambridge (d. 1850) son of George III., and is also the burialplace of Thomas Gainsborough the artist, Jeremiah Meyer the painter of miniatures (d.1789), John Zoffany the artist (d. 1810), Joshua Kirby the architect (d. 1774), and William Aiton the botanist and director of Kew Gardens (d. 1793).

The free school originally endowed by Lady Capel in 1721 received special benefactions from George IV., and the title of "the king's free school." The estate of Kew House about the end of the 17th century came into the possession of Lord Capel of Tewkesbury, and in 1721 of Samuel Molyneux, secretary to the prince of Wales, afterwards George II. After his death it was leased by Frederick prince of Wales, son of George II., and was purchased about 1789 by George III., who devoted his leisure to its improvement. The old house was pulled down in 1802, and a new mansion was begun from the designs of James Wyatt, but the king's death prevented its completion, and in 1827 the portion built was removed. Dutch House, close to Kew House, was sold by Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, to Sir Hugh Portman, a Dutch merchant, late in the 16th century, and in 1781 was purchased by George III. as a nursery for the royal children. It is a plain brick structure, now known as Kew Palace.

The Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew originated in the exotic garden formed by Lord Capel and greatly extended by the princess dowager, widow of Frederick, prince of Wales, and by George III., aided by the skill of William Aiton and of Sir Joseph Banks. In 1840 the gardens were adopted as a national establishment, and transferred to the department of woods and forests. The gardens proper, which originally contained only about II acres, were subsequently increased to 75 acres, and the pleasure grounds or arboretum adjoining extend to 270 acres. There are extensive conservatories, botanical museums, including the magnificent herbarium and a library. A lofty Chinese pagoda was erected in 1761. A flagstaff 159 ft. high is made out of the fine single trunk of a Douglas pine. In the neighbouring Richmond Old Park is the important Kew Observatory.


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