The Full Wiki

Kh-25ML: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


(Redirected to Kh-25 article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(NATO reporting name: AS-10 'Karen')
Kh-25MP (AS-12 'Kegler')
Type tactical air-to-surface missile
anti-radar missile (Kh-25MP)
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1975-current
Used by Russia
Production history
Designed 1971-1975
Manufacturer Zvezda-Strela
Weight Kh-25ML :299 kg (659 lb)[1]
Kh-25MP :315 kg (694 lb)[2]
Length Kh-25ML :370.5 cm (12 ft 2 in)[1]
Kh-25MP 1VP :425.5 cm (167.5 in)[2]
Kh-25MP 2VP :435.5 cm (171.5 in)[2]
Diameter 27.5 cm (10.8 in)[1]

Warhead High explosive, shell-forming
Warhead weight Kh-25MP :86 kg (190 lb)[2]

Wingspan 75.5 cm (29.7 in)[1]
Kh-25ML :10 km (5.4 nmi)[1]
Kh-25MP :up to 40 km (22 nmi)[2]
Speed Kh-25ML :1,370–2,410 km/h (850–1,500 mph)[1]
Kh-25MP :1,080–1,620 km/h (670–1,000 mph)[2]
Laser, passive radar, TV, IR, satnav, active radar depending on variant
MiG-21,[3] MiG-23/27,[3] MiG-29,[3] Su-17/20/22,[3] Su-24,[3] Su-25,[3] Su-27[3]
Kh-25MP : MiG-23/27,[4] Su-17/22,[4] Su-24,[4] Su-25[4]

The Kh-25/Kh-25M (Russian: Х-25; NATO:AS-10 'Karen') is a family of Russian lightweight air-to-ground missiles with a modular range of guidance systems and a range of 10 km.[1] The anti-radar variant (Kh-25MP) is known to NATO as the AS-12 'Kegler' and has a range up to 40 km.[2] Designed by Zvezda-Strela, the Kh-25 is derived from the laser-guided version of their Kh-23 (AS-7 'Kerry'). It has now been succeeded by the Kh-38 family, but the Kh-25 remains in widespread use.



Based on an air-to-air missile, the beam-riding Kh-66 had been the Soviet Union's first air-to-ground missile for tactical aircraft, entering service in 1968.[5] However it proved difficult to use in practice as the launch aircraft had to dive towards the target. A version with radio-command guidance, the Kh-23, was first tested in 1968 but problems with the guidance system meant that it would not enter service for another five years.[6] So in 1971 work began on a version with a semi-active laser seeker, which became the Kh-25.[5] This was initially known in the West as the Kh-23L.[7] State testing began on 24 November 1974, and the Kh-25 entered production in 1975.[5]

Work began on an anti-radar missile derived from the Kh-66[4] in 1972, using a passive radar seeker and SUR-73 autopilot.[5] The long-range Kh-31 anti-radar missile came out of the same project.[5] The Kh-27 began state testing on a Mig-27 on 8 August 1975[5] but did not enter service until 2 September 1980.[5] It was assigned the NATO reporting name AS-12 'Kegler' and in effect it replaced the much heavier Kh-28 (AS-9 'Kyle').[4]

In 1973 Victor Bugaiskii was appointed head engineer of the bureau and he started work on combining the Kh-23M, Kh-25 and Kh-27 into a single modular system to reduce costs and improve tactical flexibility.[5] This was completed by the end of 1978,[5] resulting in the Kh-25MP (anti-radar), Kh-25ML (laser-guided) and Kh-25MR (radio-guided) family. NATO continued to refer to these as the AS-12 and AS-10 respectively, even though they could now be switched by a simple change of seeker head.


The Kh-25 is very similar to the later version of the Kh-23, with cruciform canards and fins.

The Kh-25MP has two versions of its homing head, 1VP and 2VP, sensitive to different frequencies.[2]

Operational history

The original Kh-25 entered service with the Soviet Air Force between 1973-5, equipping the MiG-23, MiG-27 'Flogger' and Su-17M.[3] Since then it has been cleared for use on the MiG-21 'Fishbed', MiG-29 'Fulcrum', Sukhoi Su-17/20/22 'Fitter', Su-24 'Fencer', Su-25 'Frogfoot' and Su-27 'Flanker'.[3] It can also be carried by attack helicopters such as the Ka-50.

The Kh-25MP can be fitted to the MiG-23/27, Su-17/22, Su-24 and Su-25.[4]


NATO refers to all of the Kh-25 family as AS-10 'Karen' apart from the anti-radar variants. An "M" designation stands for "Modulnaya" - modular (seeker head).

  • Kh-25 (Izdeliye 71, Kh-23L) - original laser-guided variant
  • Kh-25ML - semi-active laser guidance with tandem warhead that can penetrate 1 metre (39 in) of concrete[8]
  • Kh-25MA - active radar guidance, first offered for export in 1999[3]
  • Kh-25MAE - Kh-25MA update announced for export in August 2005 with Ka-band seeker, probably Phazotron's PSM which can detect a tank at 4,000 m (4,370 yd) and which can also be used on the Kh-25MA[8]
  • Kh-25MS - satellite navigation (GPS or GLONASS)[3]
  • Kh-25MSE - export version of Kh-25MS, announced August 2005[8]
  • Kh-25MT - TV guidance[3]
  • Kh-25MTP - infra-red guidance[3]
  • Kh-25R/Kh-25MR - radio-command guidance[3]
  • Kh-27 (Kh-27/M, AS-12 'Kegler') - original anti-radiation missile
  • Kh-25MP (AS-12 'Kegler') - modular anti-radiation variant[4]
  • Kh-25MPU (AS-12 'Kegler') - Updated Kh-25MP[4]

Training rounds have "U" designations, so eg for the Kh-25ML there is :

  • Kh-25MUL - combat training Kh-25ML[1]
  • Kh-25ML-UD - functional training missile[1]
  • Kh-25ML-UR - sectional training missile[1]

Similar weapons

  • Kh-23M (AS-7 'Kerry') - predecessor to the Kh-25 had some technology "backported" from the Kh-25
  • Kh-29 (AS-14 'Kedge') - put the Kh-25 laser guidance on a heavier warhead
  • Kh-59 (AS-13 'Kingbolt') - longer range Kh-25, with heavier warhead and TV guidance
  • Kh-38 - successor to the Kh-25
  • AGM-65 Maverick - similar lightweight missile in US service which has seen numerous guidance and warhead variants
  • AGM-45 Shrike - US equivalent to the Kh-25MP anti-radar missile

External links

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Kh-25ML". Tactical Missiles Corporation. 2004.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Kh-25MP". Tactical Missiles Corporation. 2004.  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Kh-25 (AS-10 'Karen')", Jane's Air-Launched Weapons, 2008-08-01,, retrieved 2009-02-07  
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Kh-25MP, Kh-25MPU (AS-12 'Kegler')", Jane's Air-Launched Weapons, 2008-08-01,, retrieved 2009-02-07  
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i (Word 97 DOC) History of JSC Tactical Missile Corporation, pp. 4–6,, retrieved 2009-02-26  
  6. ^ Friedman, Norman (1997), The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapons Systems, Naval Institute Press, p. 235, ISBN 9781557502681,  
  7. ^ "Kh-23, Kh-66 Grom (AS-7 'Kerry')", Jane's Air-Launched Weapons, 2008-08-01,, retrieved 2009-02-07  
  8. ^ a b c Friedman, Norman (2006), The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapon Systems (5 ed.), Naval Institute Press, p. 838, ISBN 9781557502629,  


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address