From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Khasi is an Austro-Asiatic language spoken
primarily in Meghalaya
state in India by the Khasi people. Khasi is part of the
Khasi-Khmuic group of languages, and is
distantly related to the Munda branch of the Austroasiatic
family, which is found in east-central India.
Although most of the 865,000 Khasi speakers are found in
Meghalaya state, the language is also spoken by a number of people
in the hill districts of Assam
bordering with Meghalaya and by a sizable population of people
living in Bangladesh,
close to the Indian border.
Khasi is rich in folklore and folktale, and behind most of the
names of hills, mountains, rivers, waterfalls, birds, flowers, and
animals there is a story.
In the past, the Khasi language had no script of its own. William Carey attempted to
write the language with the Eastern Nagari script between
1813 and 1838. A large number of Khasi books were written in the Eastern
Nagari script, including the famous book Ka Niyiom Jong Ka
Khasi or The Rule of the Khasis, which is an
important manuscript of the Seng Khasi religion. The Welsh missionary, Thomas Jones, in 1841 wrote
the language in the Roman script. As a result, the orthography of the
language in Roman script is quite similar to that of Welsh
orthography. As it was more easily adapted to the Khasi
language, the Roman script for Khasi was adopted.
- Capital letters A, B, K, D, E, G, Ng, H, I, Ï, J, L, M, N, Ñ,
O, P, R, S, T, U, W, Y.
- Small letters a, b, k, d, e, g, ng, h, i, ï, j, l, m, n, ñ, o,
p, r, s, t, u, w, y.
||is ‘Kyrkhu U Blei’ in Khasi and means ‘God Bless’. (Greeting
Good Morning, Good Afternoon, Good Evening)
|Phi long kumno?
||How are you? In short it is also used as “Kumno?”
||I am fine.
||Short form response to ‘Kumno?’ meaning ‘like this’.
||dhal / lentils
|Ai biang seh
||Please give again (serve again).
|Ai um seh
||Please give water.
|Ai ja seh
||Please give food (rice).
|Ai jyntah seh
||Please give (side dish) vegetable / meat.
|Ai kwai seh
||Please give ‘kwai’.
|Hangno? / Shano?
||Thank you very much.
|Kumno ngan leit sha Ward’s Lake?
||How do I go to Ward’s Lake?
|Katno ka dor une / kane?
||What is the price of this? (une is masculine gender, kane is
feminine gender and ine
is neutral gender)
|Reply is “Shong suk.”
||Literal meaning is “Stay happy.”