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Khasi language: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Khasi
Khasi
Spoken in India, Bangladesh
Total speakers 865,000 mainly in Meghalaya, India (1997)
Language family Austro-Asiatic
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 kha
ISO 639-3 kha

Khasi is an Austro-Asiatic language spoken primarily in Meghalaya state in India by the Khasi people. Khasi is part of the Khasi-Khmuic group of languages, and is distantly related to the Munda branch of the Austroasiatic family, which is found in east-central India.

Although most of the 865,000 Khasi speakers are found in Meghalaya state, the language is also spoken by a number of people in the hill districts of Assam bordering with Meghalaya and by a sizable population of people living in Bangladesh, close to the Indian border.

Khasi is rich in folklore and folktale, and behind most of the names of hills, mountains, rivers, waterfalls, birds, flowers, and animals there is a story.

Contents

Script

In the past, the Khasi language had no script of its own. William Carey attempted to write the language with the Eastern Nagari script between 1813 and 1838. A large number of Khasi books were written in the Eastern Nagari script, including the famous book Ka Niyiom Jong Ka Khasi or The Rule of the Khasis, which is an important manuscript of the Seng Khasi religion. The Welsh missionary, Thomas Jones, in 1841 wrote the language in the Roman script. As a result, the orthography of the language in Roman script is quite similar to that of Welsh orthography. As it was more easily adapted to the Khasi language, the Roman script for Khasi was adopted.

Alphabet

  • Capital letters A, B, K, D, E, G, Ng, H, I, Ï, J, L, M, N, Ñ, O, P, R, S, T, U, W, Y.
  • Small letters a, b, k, d, e, g, ng, h, i, ï, j, l, m, n, ñ, o, p, r, s, t, u, w, y.

Khasi text sample

Khasi language English
Khublei (khu-blei) is ‘Kyrkhu U Blei’ in Khasi and means ‘God Bless’. (Greeting equivalent to

Good Morning, Good Afternoon, Good Evening)

Phi long kumno? How are you? In short it is also used as “Kumno?”
Nga khlain I am fine.
Kumne Short form response to ‘Kumno?’ meaning ‘like this’.
Um Water
Ja (cooked) rice
Dohkha (doh-kha) fish (meat)
Dohsyiar (doh-syiar) chicken (meat)
Dohsniang (doh-sni-ang) pork
Dohblang (doh-bl-ang) mutton
Jyntah (jyn-tah) dish (meat/vegetable)
Jhur (jh-ur) vegetable
Dai dhal / lentils
Mluh (ml-uh) salt
Duna (du-na) less
Sohmynken (soh-myn-ken) chilly
Ai biang seh Please give again (serve again).
La biang enough
Ai um seh Please give water.
Ai ja seh Please give food (rice).
Ai jyntah seh Please give (side dish) vegetable / meat.
Ai aiu? Give what?
Ai kwai seh Please give ‘kwai’.
Aiu? What?
Mynno? When?
Hangno? / Shano? Where?
Kumno? How?
Khublei shibun. Thank you very much.
Thiah suk. Good Night.
Kumno ngan leit sha Ward’s Lake? How do I go to Ward’s Lake?
Katno ka dor une / kane? What is the price of this? (une is masculine gender, kane is feminine gender and ine

is neutral gender)

Leit suk. Happy Journey.
Reply is “Shong suk.” Literal meaning is “Stay happy.”

Numbers

1 wei
2 ar
3 lai
4 saw
5 san
6 hynriew
7 hynniew
8 phra
9 khyndai
10 shipew
20 arphew
30 laiphew
40 sawphew
50 sanphew
60 hynriewphew
70 hynniewphew
80 phraphew
90 khyndaiphew
100 shispah
200 arspah
300 laispah
400 sawspah
500 sanspah
600 hynriewspah
700 hynniewspah
800 phraspah
900 khyndaispah
1000 shihajar

References

External links


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