Khmer: Wikis

  
  
  

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Khmer may refer to:

  • Srok Khmer the modern Kingdom of Cambodia
  • Khmer people, the ethnic group to which the great majority of Cambodians belong
    • Khmer Krom, Khmer people living in the Delta and the Lower Mekong area
    • Khmer Loeu, the Mon-Khmer highland tribes in Cambodia
  • Khmer language, the language of the Khmer and the official language of Cambodia
  • Khmer script, the script used to write the Khmer and Khmer Loeu languages
  • Khmer cuisine, the dominant cuisine in Cambodia
  • Khmer architecture, the architecture of Cambodia
  • Khmer Empire, which ruled much of Indochina from the 9th to the 13th centuries
  • Khmer Republic, the name of Cambodia from 1970 to 1975
  • Khmer Issarak, anti-French, Khmer nationalist political movement formed in 1945
  • Khmer Serei, anti-communist and anti-monarchist guerrilla force founded by Cambodian nationalist Son Ngoc Thanh
  • Khmer Sar (White Khmer), pro-US force formed by Khmer Republic's defence minister Sak Sutsakhan.
  • Khmer (album), a 1997 jazz album by Nils Petter Molvær

Political terms coined by Norodom Sihanouk based on the word 'Khmer':

  • Khmer Rouge, a Cambodian Communist political group and guerrilla movement
  • Khmer Viet Minh Cambodian communists who lived in exile in North Vietnam after the 1954 Geneva Conference.
  • Khmer Bleu, Sihanouk's domestic opponents on the right, whom he so named to distinguish them from his domestic opponents on the left, the 'Khmer Rouge'

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Khmer phrasebook article)

From Wikitravel

Khmer is the main and official language of Cambodia.

Khmer script
Khmer script

Pronunciation guide

Knowing a few Khmer words, while unnecessary, will help you earn some respect while in Cambodia.

  • If you are male the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'baht' as in the sound of a sheep followed by a hard T.
  • If you are female the word for 'yes' is pronounced 'jah' as in the first part of 'jar'.
  • The word for 'no' is pronounced 'otDay' with a short 'ot with an emphasis on the D following.
  • The word for 'thank you' is pronounced 'awkunh' sounds a little like raccoon.
  • To express greater thanks (thank you very much), use the word 'awkunh ch'ran'.
  • The word for 'hello' is pronounced 'sue-saw-day' with sue as in a woman's name, saw as in a thing you cut with, and day as in sunday.
  • The word for 'sorry' is pronounced 'somtoh'.
  • The word for 'toilet' is pronounced 'dakuhn' or 'pahkuhn' Similarly to how you would pronounce the kunh in thank you, but with a short 'ba' in front.
  • Scooter/mopeds with carriages pulled behind are called a 'tuk-tuk' better pronounced with the U sound from the back of your throat, like tulk-tulk.
  • Scooter/mopeds by themselves are pronounced 'moto' with an emphasis on 'mo'.
  • Rickshaws are called 'cyclo'. The cy is pronounced like the word see.
Hello. 
. (Chum riep sueh)
Hello. (informal
. (sues dei)
How are you? 
 ? (sok sabbai te?)
Fine, thank you. 
. (la'or, arkhun)
What is your name? 
 ? (Lok chmuah ey?)
My name is ______ . 
______ . (Knyom chmuah _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
. (Reek ree-AY dae bahn skoal loak )
Please. 
. (Soum)
Thank you. 
. (Aw khun)
You're welcome. 
. (Muhn ay te or Unjuhn)
Yes. 
. (ja female) (baaht men)
No. 
. (ot te)
Excuse me. (getting attention
. (soum doh)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. (soum doh)
I'm sorry. 
. (soum doh)
Goodbye 
. (chum riep leah)
Goodbye (informal
. (leah sen heuy)
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. (khnyom ot seu cheh niyeay pia'saa khmae te)
Do you speak English? 
 ? (Cheh niyeay pia'saa Anglais baan te?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? (Mean neak nass cheh Onglayh te?)
Help! 
 ! (Chouay!)
Look out! 
 ! (Moul sen!)
Good morning. 
. (arun sour sdei )
Good afternoon. 
. (tiveah sour sdei )
Good evening. 
. ( )
Good night. 
. (reah-trey sour sdei )
Good night (to sleep
. ( )
I don't understand. 
. (Min yul dtey)
Where is the toilet? 
 ? (Bangkun now ey nah?)

Numbers

Although Khmer uses base-10 numbers, the numbers for 1-9 are effectively spoken as base-5. Thus, six (bpram mouy) literally means five (bpram), one (mouy); whereas sixteen (dop bpram mouy) is ten (dop), five (bprum), one (mouy).

In practice, the word 'sep' is often omitted from the numbers for 30-90. However, it is generally considered more proper to include the word.

0  
๐ (soun)
1  
๑ (mouy)
2  
๒ (pii)
3  
๓ (bey)
4  
๔ (bourn)
5  
๕ (pbram)
6  
๖ (pbram muoy)
7  
๗ (pbram pii)
8  
๘ (pbram bey)
9  
๙ (pbram bourn)
10 
๑๐ (dop)
20 = m'pai
30 = sam sep
40 = sae sep
50 = ha sep
60 = hok sep
70 = chet sep
80 = bpet sep
90 = gow sep
100 = mouy roy (or m'roy)
1000 = mouy poan (or m'poan)
10,000 = mouy meun (or m'meun)
100,000 = mouy sen (or m'sen)
Time = Moung

Clock time

What time is it? = Moung bon maan?
Moung mouy tngai (day) = 1 pm
Moung mouy yup (night) = 1 am

Duration

Hour = moung
Minute = natii

Days

Day = tngai (ថ្ងៃ)
One day = mouy tngai (១ ថ្ងៃ)
Monday = Chunn (ច័ន្ទ)
Tueday = Onkear (អង្គារ)
Wednesday = Pourt (ពុធ)
Thursday = Pror-hoah (ព្រហស្បត្តិ៍)
Friday = Sok (សុក្រ)
Saturday = Sau (សៅរ៍)
Sunday = A-dtut (អាទិត្យ)

Months

Month = Khae

Year

Year = Chnam

Writing time and date

Year - Chnam

Red- Pberh Kraw Hom
Blue- Pberh Kiew
Yellow- Pberh Leung
White- Pberh Saw
Black- Pberh Kmao
Green- Pberh Bai thong
Orange- Pberh Theuk Kruoit
Pink- Pberh Pikah-Chook
Purple - Pberh Swvai
Ride = Cheeh

Bus and train

Train = Ah-teh-plung

Directions

Right = sa-daam
Left = ch-veng
Straight = throng
Backward = touy crouw

Taxi

Money- Loii

Eating

Ngam (to eat) mahop (food) Baii (rice)

Shopping

ne ke ghtu

Driving

baaww (to drive) laan (car)

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Etymology

Attributed to the Pali term Khemara, meaning one who is wholesome; the elision form, Kmera (ក្មេរ), is found in ancient stone inscriptions.

Proper noun

Singular
Khmer

Plural
-

Khmer

  1. The national language of Cambodia part of the Mon-Khmer language family.
  2. A member of an ethnolinguistic group that constitutes most of the population of Cambodia.

Synonyms

Related terms

Translations

External links








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