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Khujand
Хуҷанд
Khujand square
Khujand is located in Tajikistan
Khujand
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 40°17′N 69°37′E / 40.283°N 69.617°E / 40.283; 69.617
Country Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Province Sughd
Area
 - Total 40 km2 (15.4 sq mi)
Elevation 300 m (984 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 149,000
Area code(s) 00 992 3422
Website www.khujand.tj

Khujand (Tajik: Хуҷанд,خجند), also transliterated as Khudzhand, Russian: Худжанд, formerly Khodjend or Khodzhent until 1936 and Leninabad (Leninobod, Ленинобод, لنین‌آباد) until 1991, is the second-largest city of Tajikistan. It is situated on the Syr Darya River at the mouth of the Fergana Valley. The population of the city is 149,000 (2000 census), down from 160,000 in 1989. It is also the capital of the northernmost province of Tajikistan, now called Sughd.

Contents

History

Classical authors state Alexander of Macedon founded a Greek settlement near the site of today's Khujand in 329 BC called the city of Alexandria Eschate (Ἀλεξάνδρεια Ἐσχάτη) or "Alexandria The Furthest" - modern Khujand. It would have formed a bastion for the Greek settlers against the Scythian tribes to the north of the Syr Darya, which the Greeks called the Jaxartes River. It became a major staging point on the northern Silk Road.

Khujand - a view from the river

During much of its history Khujand like the rest of Central Asia was once a part of the Persian Empire and its history is a part of the Persian history. Some of the famous Persian poets and scientists come from this city.

Khujand was captured by the Arabs in the 8th century and strongly resisted the Mongol hordes five centuries later. Timurids ruled the area including the whole Tajikistan before it became part of the Kokand Khanate. In 1866, Central Asia was occupied by Russia, pushing back the borders of Kokand Khanate.

The city was renamed Leninabad on October 27, 1939, and re-established on December 23, 1970. It reverted to its original name in 1992 after the breakup of the Soviet Union, and is now in the republic of Tajikistan.

See also

References

This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
  • Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West from the Weilue 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265. Draft annotated English translation. [1] (See under the heading for "Northern Wuyi").

External links

Coordinates: 40°17′N 69°38′E / 40.283°N 69.633°E / 40.283; 69.633

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