Khorezm People's Soviet Republic: Wikis


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Хорезмская Народная Советская Республика
Khorezm People's Soviet Republic



Capital Khiva
Language(s) Uzbek
Religion Sunni Islam, Sufism (Naqshbandi), Judaism
Government Socialist republic
 - 1920-1921 Hoji Pahlavon Niyoz Yusuf
 - 1924-1925 Temurkhoja Yaminoghli
Historical era Interwar period
 - Abdication of Sayid Abdullah, last Khan of Khiva 2 February 1920
 - Established 26 April 26, 1920 1920
 - National delimination of Soviet Central Asia 17 February 1925 1925

Khorezm People's Soviet Republic (Russian: Хорезмская Народная Советская Республика, Khorezmskaya Narodnaya Sovetskaya Respublika) was created as the successor to the Khanate of Khiva in February 1920, when the khan abdicated in response to popular pressure, and officially declared by the First Khorezm Kurultay (Assembly) on 26 April 1920. On 20 October 1923, it was transformed into the Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic (Russian: Хорезмская Социалистическая Советская Республика, Khorezmskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Sovetskaya Respublika).[1]

500 roubles coin of 1920-21.

The Khorezm SSR only survived until 17 February 1925, when it was divided between Uzbek SSR, Turkmen SSR, and Karakalpak Autonomous Oblast as part of the delimitation of Central Asia according to nationalities.




Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee

  • Hoji Pahlavon Niyoz Yusuf (2 February 1920 - March 1920)

Chairman of the Provisional Government

  • Jumaniyoz Sulton Muradoghli (March 1920 - 30 April 1920)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Assembly of People's Representatives

  • Hoji Pahlavon Niyoz Yusuf (30 April 1920 - 6 March 1921)
  • Qoch Qoroghli (6 March 1921 - 15 May 1921) (Chairmen of Provisional Revolutionary Committee)
  • Khudoybergan Divanoghli (15 May 1921 - 23 May 1921)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee

  • Mulla Nozir (23 May 1921 - June 1921)
  • Allabergan (June 1921 - September 1921)
  • Ata Maqsum Madrahimoghli (September 1921 - 27 November 1921)
  • Jangibay Murodoghli (27 November 1921 - 23 June 1922)
  • Abdulla Abdurahmon Khojaoghli (23 June 1922 - 20 October 1923)
  • K. Safaroghli (20 October 1923 - 1924)
  • Sultonkari Jumaniyoz (1924)
  • Temurkhoja Yaminoghli (1924 - 17 February 1925)


The Khorezm People's National Republic bordered on the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic to the north and to the south and on the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic to the east. Its western border was a rough continuation of the western coast of Aral Sea, bordering on what was then the Kirghiz ASSR (today's western Kazakhstan). It had an area of 62,200 km2 (24,000 sq mi) and a population of more than 600,000 people, mainly Uzbeks, Turkmens, Karakalpaks, and Kazakhs. Its capital was Khiva.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b Khorezm People's Soviet Republic: Big Soviet Encyclopedia on-line edition (Russian)

External links


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