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Kibaale District
—  District  —
District location in Uganda
Coordinates: 00°58′N 30°59′E / 0.967°N 30.983°E / 0.967; 30.983
Country  Uganda
Capital Kibaale
Area
 - Total 4,400 km2 (1,698.8 sq mi)
 - Land 3,545 km2 (1,368.7 sq mi)
 - Water 855 km2 (330.1 sq mi)
Elevation 1,130 m (3,707 ft)
Population (2010 Estimate)
 - Total 523,700
 Density 147.7/km2 (382.5/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Website http://www.kibaale.go.ug

Kibaale District, sometimes spelled as Kibale District, is a district in western Uganda. Like most other Ugandan districts, it is named after its 'chief town', Kibaale, where the district headquarters are located.

Contents

Location

Kibaale District is bordered by Hoima District to the north, Kiboga District to the northeast, Mubende District to the southeast, Kyenjojo District to the south, Kabarole District to the southwest and Bundibugyo District, across Lake Albert to the west. The district headquarters at Kibaale are located approximately 219 kilometres (136 mi), by road, west of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city. [1] The coordinates of the district are:00 58N, 30 59E.

Overview

Kibaale District stretches out on the Central Plateau at an altitude between 680 metres (2,230 ft) and 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) above sea level. The climate is tropical with relatively reliable rainfall that ranges between 1,000 millimetres (39 in) and 1,500 millimetres (59 in), spread over two productive agricultural seasons. The wet seasons between September to December and March to May are intercepted by two dry periods.

The district consists of three counties, each of which has a commercial centre, namely: [2]

  • Buyaga County – The largest county
  • Bugangaizi County
  • Buyanja County – The smallest

Kibaale is the largest settlement of Buyaga County. The largest town in the district is Kagadi in Buyaga County followed by Karuguuza in Buyanja County. Kibaale located near Karuguuza is the location of the district headquarters. A main trunk road was built in 1997, as a result of co-operation between the governments of Uganda and Ireland. The road connects the towns of Mubende, Kakumiro, Kibaale and Kagadi.

History

Kibaale District is part of the Kingdom of Bunyoro, one of the ancient traditional monarchies in Uganda. The other districts in Bunyoro are: Bulisa District, Masindi District and Hoima District. The district is part of an area known as “Lost Counties”.

In 1900, the 1900 Uganda Agreement defined the boundaries of Buganda Kingdom, including the important areas of Bunyoro south and east of the Kafu River. The area soon became known as the “Lost Counties”. The counties were included as a sub-national territorial element of Buganda Kingdom. The administration of the “Lost Counties” as well as Bunyoro itself was modelled on the Buganda political system and under the leadership of Baganda chiefs. In addition to land the Baganda held political and administrative positions from village chief and upwards. The Baganda also controlled schools and churches in the “Lost Counties”, and Luganda was the only native language allowed in public institutions. Buganda was at the center of the colony while Bunyoro remained as a subsidiary territory.

After a referendum in 1964 the counties of Buyaga and Bugangaizi, the present Kibaale District, were to Bunyoro Kingdom, and subsequently political and administrative control shifted from Baganda to Banyoro hands. President Obote abolished the kingdoms in 1967, but the counties remained part of Bunyoro District. In 1974 Bunyoro was divided into North Bunyoro and South Bunyoro, which were renamed Hoima and Masindi Districts in 1980. In 1991 Buyaga and Bugangaizi separated from Hoima District and became Kibaale District.

Population

In 2002 the district had a population of about 413,400 inhabitants, according to the national census. The annual population growth rate of the district is estimated at 3.0%. It is estimated that the population of the district in 2010 is approximately 523,700. See table below:

Kibaale District Population Trends
Year Estimated Population
2002 413,300
2003 425,700
2004 438,500
2005 451,600
2006 465,200
2007 479,200
2008 493,500
2009 508,400
2010 523,700

Kibaale is a socially heterogeneous district with more than thirty two (32) registered ethnic groups, but only half of the population are Banyoro, and the remainder are of Ugandan immigrant origin. About 60% of the population are Catholics, 30 % belong to the Church of Uganda, and 3% are registered as Muslims. The district, like most of western Uganda, is a predominantly rural area, with an average population density of around 150 persons per km². Only about 1% of the inhabitants live in urban settlements.

Economic activities

Agriculture is the mainstay of the district economy although only 12 percent of the arable land is currently cultivated. The population is mainly engaged in subsistence production of food crops such as sweet potatoes, cassava, millet, beans, bananas and groundnuts. Bananas cover an estimated 14,400 hectares (56 sq mi), of which 90% are for brewing enguuli, the undistilled precursor of Uganda Waragi.[3]

External link

See also

References

Coordinates: 0°59′N 31°05′E / 0.983°N 31.083°E / 0.983; 31.083

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