From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kiedrich is a community in the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis in the
Regierungsbezirk of Darmstadt
in Hesse, Germany.
The community lies in the Rheingau on the south slope of the Taunus, some 2 km north of
the town of Eltville am
Rhein and 3 km from the banks of the Rhine.
Kiedrich borders in the north on the community of Schlangenbad and in
the east, south and west on the town of Eltville.
Kiedrich had its first documentary mention in a document from
the Archbishopric of Mainz. Although
the document is not dated, it is known to have come from Archbishop
(937-954). About 1160, building work began on Scharfenstein Castle.
Winegrowing in Kiedrich was first mentioned
as early as 1131.
The community belonged to Electoral Mainz (the Archbishopric),
passing in 1806 to the Duchy of Nassau. In
1866 it passed to Prussia.
Kiedrich managed to avoid being amalgamated with any other
municipality in the course of Hesse’s municipal restructuring.
The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the
Through political activities in the three parties that are
active in Kiedrich (SPD, CDU, FDP), Kiedrichers have also been
involving themselves in the framework of the local Agenda 21.
The office of mayor in Kiedrich is currently held by Winfried
Steinmacher (SPD), who was directly elected in the first vote in
November 2005 with 77.7% of the vote.
The Late Gothic organ in the parish church with its
roughly 950 pipes and particularly beautiful sound is Germany’s
oldest playable organ. The Kiedrich Choir (boys, girls and men)
has, according to documents, been practising since 1383 the
liturgical Latin plainsong at services in the so-called Mainz
choral dialect by Gothic notes, which is only preserved here.
With the bells – the oldest from 1389 – the Gothic can be not
only seen in Kiedrich, but also heard.
Owing to its Gothic churches, Kiedrich is also
called Schatzkästlein der Gotik (“Little Treasure Chest of
Worth seeing are:
- The Catholic pilgrimage church consecrated to Saint Valentine –
completed in 1493 – and the neighbouring Saint Michael’s Chapel
(Michaelskapelle) from1444 with its ossuary and great two-sided candlestick Madonna (from about
- the Renaissance
Town Hall from 1585
- at the churchyard wall, the oldest market well in the Rheingau,
from 1541 with Kiedrich’s coat of arms and the old Mainz overlord,
Elector and Cardinal Albrecht von Brandenburg’s arms.
- Burg Scharfenstein
(castle, built about 1160, in ruins since the 16th century) was
part of Archiepiscopal Mainz’s border fortifications. The tower
(keep), which is still standing, along with the Wheels of Mainz,
has been borne as a charge in the community seal from the
time of the oldest known court seal of about 1420.
- Benefactor and patron Baronet Sir John Sutton’s (1820-1873)
house, today the well known Weil wine estate.
- Virchow-Quelle (spring), lithium-laden saltspring
with healing powers (24°).
- Champagnerfest (first Sunday in June, organizer:
- Rieslingfest (last weekend in June, organizer:
Ausschuss Kiedricher Rieslingfest)
- Hahnwaldlauf (walk, early July, organizer:
- Adventsbasar (first day in Advent, organizer: local
- Schnorrerrallye (Thursday before Ash Wednesday,
organizer: Kiedricher Carneval Verein Sprudelfunken)
- Rosenmontagszug (parade, Shrove Monday, organizer: Kiedricher
Carneval Verein Sprudelfunken)
- Mundartmatinée (first Sunday in August, organizer:
Community of Kiedrich)
In Kiedrich, many high-grade wines are grown. The vineyards
(Weinlagen) Gräfenberg, Wasseros, Klosterberg, Sandgrub
and Turmberg, as well as the greater winegrowing area
(Großlage) Heiligenstock are said to be the Rheingau’s top
wines. The Kiedrich winemakers’ winegrowing tradition goes back to
the year 1480, when wine was already being grown by the winemaker’s
house that is still in business now, under the name Adelsgut
The local winemakers’ coöperative has existed since 1893, making
it the oldest one in the Rheingau.
St. Valentinushaus, psychiatric hospital founded in 1884, today
also a nursing home.
- Chorschule neben der Kirche, school endowed by Baronet John
Sutton in 1865 for vocal training and promotion of plainsong.
- John-Sutton-Schule, primary school of the
Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis: Jena plan school, set opening times,
whole-day care including lunch until 16:00 through coöperation with
the parent initiative Betreuende Grundschule.
- Integrative Kindertagesstätten "Hickelhäusje" und "St.
Valentin": whole-day care, “wood” group
- secondary schools in Eltville am Rhein, Geisenheim and
- John Sutton, patron and endower of the choral school
- Anton Raky, oil drilling pioneer, grew up in Kiedrich and
developed a special boring bit during his apprenticeship
- Gerson Stern, writer, lived from 1920 to 1937 in Kiedrich and
wrote his novel Weg ohne Ende (1934) here.
Scholl, world-famous countertenor, former Kiedrich choirboy,
- Clemens Jöckle: Kiedrich im Rheingau. (= Kunstführer;
Nr. 1465). 9. Auflage. Schnell und Steiner, Regensburg 1997, ISBN
- Josef Staab: Kiedrich in alten Ansichten. Europäische
Bibliothek, Zaltbommel 1992, ISBN 90-288-5174-7
- Josef Staab (publisher): St.-Valentinuskirche in Kiedrich.
1493–1993. Zur 500Jahrfeier ihrer Vollendung. Katholisches
Pfarramt St. Valentin, Kiedrich 1993, ISBN 3-921865-04-2
- Josef Staab, Bruno Kriesel, Rudolf Fenzl: Kiedrich im
Rheingau, das gotische Weindorf. Geschichte, Kunst, Kultur von
A-Z. Förderkreis Kiedricher Geschichts- und Kulturzeugen,
Kiedrich 2003, ISBN 3-9808438-4-X
- Förderkreis Kiedricher Geschichts- und Kulturzeugen e.V.
"Kiedricher Persönlichkeiten aus sieben Jahrhunderten", ISBN
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.