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Common military ranks
Officers
Navies Armies Air forces
Admiral of
the Fleet
Marshal / Field Marshal Marshal of
the Air Force
Admiral General Air Marshal
Commodore Brigadier Air Commodore
Captain Colonel Group Captain
Commander Lt. Colonel Wing Commander
Lt. Commander Major / Commandant Squadron Leader
Lieutenant Captain Flight Lieutenant
Sub-Lieutenant Lieutenant Flying Officer
Ensign 2nd Lieutenant Pilot Officer
Midshipman Officer Cadet Officer Cadet
Seamen, soldiers and airmen
Warrant Officer Sergeant Major Warrant Officer
Petty Officer Sergeant Sergeant
Leading Seaman Corporal Corporal
Seaman Private Aircraftman

Leading Seaman (LS or L/S) is a junior non-commissioned rank or rate in navies, particularly those of the Commonwealth. When it is used by NATO nations, leading seaman has the rank code of OR-4. It is often equivalent to the army and air force rank of corporal and some navies use corporal rather than leading seaman.

The rank is used in the navies of Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, Ghana, India, the Irish Republic, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom.

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Australia

The badge in the Royal Australian Navy is the fouled anchor over the word "Australia", worn on the shoulders, or the fouled anchor worn on the left sleeve, depending on what uniform is worn at the time. It is senior to Able Seaman but junior to Petty Officer. Leading Seaman or Leading Hand which it is also known as is the equivalent of Corporal in the Royal Australian Air Force and The Australian Army

Canada

In the Canadian Navy, Leading Seaman (LS) is senior to the rank of Able Seaman, and junior to Master Seaman (which is actually an appointment of Leading Seaman). Its Army and Air Force equivalent is Corporal and it is part of the cadre of junior non-commissioned officers, and one of the Junior Ranks. In French the rank is Matelot de 1re classe (Mat 1).

The rank insignia of the Leading Seaman is two gold chevrons, point down, worn on both upper sleeve of the Service Dress tunic, and in gold thread on black slip-ons on other uniforms. The former rank insignia worn in the Royal Canadian Navy was a foul anchor; thus Leading Seamen are colloquially termed killicks, from a demotic term for an anchor. This tradition was inherited from the Royal Navy.

Leading Seamen are generally initially addressed as "Leading Seaman Bloggins"(Dependent on which ship), and thereafter as "Leading Seaman". The same rank title is used for female members.

Leading Seamen generally mess and billet with other Seamen and their Army and Air Force equivalents: Privates, Corporals, and Master Corporals. Their mess on naval bases or installations is generally named the "Junior Ranks Mess".


Also, in Canada, specifically the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, a killick is a rudimentary anchor, composed of large rocks enclosed in a a wooden cage. This term originates from the Irish influences on Newfoundland English. This type of anchor ( albeit a much larger version) was also placed on land at times, to serve as a landmark of the coastline in foggy sailing conditions. http://www.worldwidewords.org/weirdwords/ww-kil1.htm

United Kingdom

File:UK RN OR4.gif
A Royal Navy leading rate's rank insignia

The rate of Leading Seaman, Leading Hand or Leading Rating in the Royal Navy is senior to Able Seaman and junior to Petty Officer. It is approximately equivalent to Corporal in the other services, although used to be considered junior to that rank (but always senior to Lance-Corporal). The badge is the fouled anchor (an anchor with a length of rope twisted around it), worn on the upper arm in formal uniform and on the shoulder slides in working dress.

Specialists use the "Leading" before their speciality (e.g. Leading Writer, Leading Cook, Leading Regulator).

A Leading Seaman is often jocularly referred to as a "killick", a type of homemade anchor.

See also


File:2010 Haiti earthquake USAID relief
Killick, in relation to the city of Port-au-Prince

Killick (formerly the Admiral Killick Haitian Navy base[1]; also called Point Killick[2]) is the Haitian Coast Guard base in Port-au-Prince.[3] It is the main base for the Coast Guard.[4] It is the other port for the city, aside from the main Port international de Port-au-Prince. It is located about 10 miles outside of downtown Port-au-Prince, and is about a century old.[1] The base is named after Admiral Hamilton Killick of the Haitian Navy, whom scuttled his own ship, the La Crete-a-Pierrot, a 940-ton screw gunship, by igniting the magazine, and went down with the ship, instead of surrendering to German forces, in 1902, at Gonaives, Haiti.

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Facilities

The base is approximately an acre in size.[4]

The port facilities at Killick are able to handle boats of up to 40-footers.[5] There were two piers, a north pier and a south pier. The north pier was destroyed in the 12 January 2010 quake.[6]

A heliport is attached to the base.[7]

History

The base was set up during the 1915-1934 occupation of Haiti by the United States. It was a US Marine base.[8]

The base was used by UN MINUSTAH forces at the time of the 7.0 magnitude 2010 January 12 earthquake in Port-au-Prince. Stationed at the base was a battalion of Sri Lankan UN peacekeepers, and a Uruguayan maritime police unit also with the UN.[1] The Haitian Coast Guard units on base were a 28-footer and a 40-footer.[4]

2010 7.0 earthquake

The base was damaged in the 12 January 2010 7.0 earthquake.[9] Only a handful of structures remained standing at the base. Many destroyed structures appeared to have the roof collapsed down, while the four walls collapsed outwards.[1] The main administrative building, mess hall, and depot were severely damaged. The south pier was damaged, and the north pier collapsed.[6] The heliport was also non-operable as a result of the quake.[7]

Crews from USCGC Tahoma and USCGC Mohawk are helping to rebuild the base.[9] After the tremblor, a field hospital was set up at the base to treat victims of the quake.[10] On the 18th, USS Gunston Hall anchored at the base, and started relief operations.[11] The crew of Gunston Hall made the heliport operational again.[7] As of 9 February 2010, the south pier was mostly operational again. A floating pier had been set up, which has cranes. A second floating pier is on its way. The harbour is being used as an entry port for aid to Haiti.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Washington Post, "Coast Guard cutter delivers medical supplies, help; 'we saved a lot of lives'", Spencer S. Hsu, 15 January 2010 (accessed 22 January 2010)
  2. ^ Jax Air News, "The angel boat gets due respect", Jose Irazuzta, 18 February 2010 (accessed 23 February 2010)
  3. ^ Associated Press, "Haiti to relocate 400,000 quake homeless", Lynne Sladky, 21 January 2010 (accessed 22 January 2010)
  4. ^ a b c Keys Net, "Key West-based 'Mohawk' crew: 'We felt their pain' in Haiti", Sean Kinney, 27 January 2010 (accessed 28 January 2010)
  5. ^ Miami Herald, "Haiti seaport damage complicates relief efforts", Martha Brannigan Crline, 14 January 2010 (accessed 22 January 2010)
  6. ^ a b c Wired, "Rebooting Haiti’s Quake-Ravaged Coast Guard", Nathan Hodge, 10 February 2010 (accessed 10 February 2010)
  7. ^ a b c Daily Press, "From Little Creek, USS Gunston Hall makes a lifesaving detour", Hugh Lessig, 22 January 2010 (accessed 23 January 2010)
  8. ^ Chicago Tribune, "Haitian hardship, 15 years later", Mark Silva, 13 January 2010 (accessed 22 January 2010)
  9. ^ a b Navy Times, "CG continues evacuations, clears port", Susan Schep, 19 January 2010 (accessed 22 January 2010)
  10. ^ All Headline News, "US Officials In Haiti Promise More Ports Of Entry Getting Operational", Tejinder Singh, 19 January 2010 (accessed 22 January 2010)
  11. ^ WVEC, "Navy in Hampton Roads answers call to duty in Haiti", 13News, 19 January 2010 (accessed 22 January 2010)








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